Oneg Haggadah Companion

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North West London's Divrei Torah on Magid

Text of Oneg Haggadah Companion

  • The OnegHaggadah

    '' ' ''

    based on Maggid

    NORTH WEST LONDONS DIVREI TORAH ON THE HAGGADAH

    Companion

  • Published by JAM Events www.jam-events.comCopyright JAM Events (UK) Limited, 2015All rights reserved

    Printed in England

    In Conjunction with the Oneg Shabbos Project

    THANK YOU to all the contributors for taking time out of their busy schedules and making this Haggadah possible

    THANK YOU to Rabbi Dovid Tugendhaft & Rabbi Yonasan Roodyn for making this dream come true.

    THANK YOU Rabbi Osher Chaim Levene and The Creative RD4 Production Group

    Edited by Vicki Belovski 07877 543721Distributed by Scanprint (Tzeterlech Gehungen) 07973 449 275

    If you enjoyed this Haggadah please help in supporting the cost of production.Suggested Voluntary Donation 10

    BACS payments: to BARCLAYS BANK PLCAccount Number: 70598097 | Sort Code: 209561

    Cheques and Vouchers made payable to BHNY and sent to:Haggadah c/o JAM Events (UK) Limited, First Floor, 314 Regents Park Road London N3 2JX

  • 3 THE ONEG HAGGADAH COMPANION

    INTRODUCTION

    Rabbi Yonasan RoodynAish UK and Chief Editor of Oneg Pesach

    3,327 years ago, our ancestors prepared themselves to leave the giant prison camp that was Mitzrayim. They were downtrodden and bereft, both physically and spiritually, with nothing but a basic sense of ethnic identity. Hashem gave them a zechus, an exit visa to make them worthy of redemption: the Korban Pesach and bris mi-lah. In the context of instructing them about those mitzvos , Moshe makes a statement that lays the path for all of Jewish history.

    : :

    (-: ) : And it shall come to pass when you enter the land that Hashem will give you, as He spoke, that you shall observe this service. And it will come to pass that when your children say to you, What is this service to you? you shall say, It is a Passover sacrifice to Hashem, for He passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt when He smote the Egyptians, and He saved our houses. And the people kneeled and prostrated themselves.

    Rather than get caught up in the euphoria of the mo-ment, Moshe wants to ensure that the message of Pe-sach lasts for perpetuity. He wants Klal Yisrael to un-derstand and explain why we observe Pesach so that future generations will see themselves as part of this story. The miracles of yetzias Mitzrayim may have been a one-off event, but the lessons are timeless, real and relevant for each one of the 133 Jewish generations who have lived since then.

    On Seder night the method we use is vehi-gadta lvinchah, but the goal is far more than just im-parting information, rather it is to see ourselves as having left Mitzrayim. The purpose of Seder night is to deepen our understanding and emotional connection to the themes of Galus vgeulah that are so much a part of our history and identity. The Arizal famously says that the word Pesach is related to , peh sach a talking mouth. The mitzvah on Seder night is to talk, to relate and communicate the timeless ideas and values that are the essence of the Jewish people. vchol hamarbeh harei zo meshubach, the more we talk, discuss and de-bate, the more these ideas will become part of our con-sciousness and the more real they will become to us and our families. This Oneg Haggadah companion has been a labour of love, to provide you with new ideas and insights to share at the Sedarim. It is our hope that they will be the impetus for further discussion and that these ideas will unite generations as we go on our collective and individual journeys on these special evenings. May we be zoche to maximise the awesome potential of these evenings and experience true freedom so that next year we will eat min hazeva-chim umin hapesachim in Yerushalayim habenuyah, the rebuilt Yerushalayim.This Haggadah is also a chance for Rabbonim and Mechanchim from North West London to make a con-tribution to their own kehilla and further afield.It is a with tremendous source of pride that we are able to showcase just some of the talented mashpiim that our kehilla is blessed with. We hope to be able to give many more the opportunities to share their Torah wis-dom and insights in future publications.

  • THE ONEG HAGGADAH COMPANION 4

    Halachos for Maggid

    Rabbi Avi WeisenfeldRosh Kollel, Yerushalayim and Rav at Kav Halacha Beis Horaah

    Please note that the night of Pesach is rich with many different minhagim. What is written below is the halachah according to the conclusions of the Mishnah Brurah, and someone with a family minhag otherwise should conduct himself accordingly.

    INTRODUCTION TO MAGGID

    On the night of Pesach, there is a mitzvah to relate the miracles and everything that took place on the night of the fifteenth of Nissan. This is learned from the words of the Torah " "1 Zach-or es hayom hazeh asher yetzatem miMitzrayim. One should have the intention (either verbally or by think-ing) to fulfil the obligation of talking about Yetzias Mitzrayim.2

    Q. Why is there no brachah on the mitzvah of relat-ing the story of leaving Mitzrayim?A. This is a question that has been a topic of discus-sion for hundreds of years,3 and there are numerous answers offered. The answer given by many is that the brachah made on kiddush at the start of the Seder cov-ers this mitzvah also (since Yetzias Mitzrayim is mentioned in Kiddush).4

    TELLING CHILDREN

    There is a special mitzvah to relate the story of how the Jews left Mitzrayim to ones children. The source for this is the passuk: " ... Vehigadatah lvinchah bayom hahu lemor. Even if one does not have a son to whom to tell the story, there is nevertheless a mitzvah to relate the story to others, and even to oneself. In fact, Chazal tell us that the more one expounds on the story with all its intricate details, the better it is.5

    There is a mitzvah to distribute sweets or other treats to children in order to prompt them to ask questions6 and to keep them sitting and interested in the Seder.

    Q. Which children are included in this mitzvah?A. Any child who understands what he is being told is included. Although it is difficult to set a specific age, some poskim state that it can start from approximately three years old.7

    Q. Is it also a mitzvah to tell ones daughters?A. Yes.8 Women also have an obligation to listen to the story of Yetzias Mitzrayim, and should listen or recite at least some of the main parts of the haggadah.9

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    Q. Is it a mitzvah to tell ones grandchildren?A. According to some opinions it is.10 If one has his grandchildren around the table, it is sufficient that the grandfather recites the haggadah, even though the father of the young children does not say anything to his own children about the story.11 Some poskim suggest that the father of the children add some detail, to fulfil this mitzvah.12

    Q. How can one full this mitzvah to its fullest?A. One fulfils his mitzvah by simply reading the hagga-dah. However, one must understand what he is saying. Additionally, one should ensure that he explains the story to the children in a manner that they can fully understand. This means that one may have to translate or explain various parts of the haggadah for them on their level to ensure that they appreciate what is be-ing said.13 The haggadah should be read slowly, and patiently, in an atmosphere of joy and happiness.14

    Q. Does this mitzvah still apply if ones son is older and even wise enough to know all the information?A. Yes, no matter how old and wise ones son is, there is a mitzvah for a father to relate the miracles and hap-penings to his son.

    Q. Should the haggadah be said out loud?A. Yes.15 This is true even when one is conducting the Seder alone.16 The minhag is that the person leading the Seder says it loud enough for all those seated to hear, and everyone else says it quietly along with him.

    Q. May the haggadah be said in any position?A. It should be said sitting, not standing. Furthermore, it should not be said leaning.17

    Q. Is one allowed to speak during the dierent parts of the haggadah?A. One should not say mundane things during the hag-gadah, as the haggadah is similar to davening.18 Only what is necessary (including for a mitzvah such as say-ing asher yatzar) may be said.

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    .

  • 5 THE ONEG HAGGADAH COMPANION

    Rabbi Shmuel Roitenbarg Pardes House Primary School

    Looking through the haggadah, we see that children seem to play a very prominent role. In the beginning of Maggid we have the children asking the four ques-tions of the Mah nishtanah. Soon after this the Baal Haggadah explains the four different type of chil-dren with their questions and our responses to them. Why do Chazal place the emphasis on the children here?Moreover, if we look at the constant back and forth of Moshe Rabbeinu with Paroh over the release of the Yidden, we see Moshes emphasis on the children. The dialogue is as follows:Paroh asks, Mi vami haholchim Who are they that shall go?Moshe replies, Binareinu uvizkeineinu nelech We will go with our young and with our old.Paroh refuses, saying, Lechu na hagevarim vivdu es Hashem ki osah atem mevakshim Go now you that are men, and serve Hashem, for that is what you desire.