Oneg shabbos shemini

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  • OnegShabbos "North West London's Weekly Torah and Opinion Sheets

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    18th April 15 "

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    QUIZ TIME??Answers can be found on back page. Questions and Answers from Ohr Somayach Institutions www.ohr.edu and are based on Rashi

    1. What date was yom hashemini?2. Which of Aharons korbanos atoned for the Eigel Hazohov (the Golden Calf)?

    TO

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    ALPesach Is Over But Not Forgotten

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    It was well known throughout Torah Jewry at the time of the Chozeh of Lublin (Rabbi Yaakov Yitzchak Horowitz 1745-1815), that the great tzaddik and defender of Klal Yisrael would work especially hard to help any member of his family. Even distant relatives benefitted from this special privilege.

    It thus became the established practice, that prior to seeking

    a brachah from the tzaddik, a person would acquaint himself with

    their family connections.

    A very poor man, desperate for a yeshuah, (solution to his

    problems) also took counsel and Da'as Torah from the Chozeh - yet

    he couldn't easily find a family connection.

    Out of despair he did manage to trace some very distant family

    connection, but it was a shot in the dark, a very poor try.

    He entered the room of the Chozeh and before he proceeded to

    pour out his heart, he prefaced his words with his newfound, albeit

    distant, family connection.

    The Chozeh listened intently, but dismissed him with a wave

    of his hand. It's too far, we're not related, he said as he saw the

    dejected man out.

    As the man left the Chozehs room, a talmid, (pupil) Reb Naftoli

    of Ropshitz, met him and understood from his facial expression

    that he had not been successful. After hearing what he had been

    told, Reb Naftoli gave the man a piece of advice.

    Later that afternoon, as the Chozeh began to daven Minchah by beseeching HKBH, and begging Him bizchus (in the merit of) the God of Avraham, the God of Yitzchak and the God of Yaakov, he was suddenly interrupted by a tap on his shoulder.

    The unfortunate man he had previously dismissed stopped him short, exclaiming that he should not be asking for any chassadim (kindness) from HKBH bizchus the Avos Hakedoshim (Holy Patriarchs) as they are only very distantly related to us...

    The Chozeh continued davenning and afterwards he turned to the poor man, and assured him that he had just presented the winning argument and he would daven on his behalf.

    When the Beis HaLevi heard of this episode he remarked that the argument was invalid. A Zeide is a Zeide, no matter how many generations back we go. We are direct descendants of the Avos and we may rightfully ask HKBH to help us in their zechus, but a distant relative may be considered distant to the point of not really being related at all.

    As we leave Pesach behind and begin our journey through the Omer until Shavuos, it is important to remember that during this wonderful Yom Tov, we re-established a connection with our Avos - as we said so many times throughout the Leil HaSeder, Mitchilah...avoseinu and Ve'ilu lo hotzi HKBH es avoseinu... etc. Now we are able to seize the opportunity and use this special time to ask our Avos Hakedoshim to hasten the Geulah (Final Redemption) - even if we are undeserving - but at least in the zechus of our Avos!

    BeNissan nigalu ubeNissan asidin le'higael. In the month of Nissan we were redeemed [from Egypt] and in Nissan we will be redeemed in the future.

  • 2A Practical Guide to the Halochos of Communal Obligations, Mitzvas Tzedokoh and Maaser KesofimExcerpts from the sefer Easy Giving / (which includes extensive notes and comprehensive halachic sources), authored by Eli Katz and Emanuel Meyer and available from seforim shops in NW London. H

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    tzedakah book cov katz meyer Mar14 COVER SPREADS v10.indd 1

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    In Section A, we clarified the obligation to support the essential communal infrastructure and its precedence over mitzvas tzedokah. In Section B, we focus on the mitzvah of tzedokah and we started with the key sources, its rewards and its focus is exclusively on financial support for aniyim / poor people.

    Section B Tzedokah Chapter 1 - The Mitzvoh of Tzedokoh

    B. WHO IS OBLIGATED TO GIVE TZEDOKOH?

    1. Every person, male and female, is obligated to give tzedokoh.

    2. A child over bar or bas mitzvoh who receives pocket money, cash gifts or earnings is obligated to give tzedokoh.

    3. A child who has reached the age of chinuch, i.e. five to six years old, should be encouraged to give tzedokoh from their earnings or pocket money.

    4. An oni as defined in C.1, is expected to first take care of his own needs and those of his wife and children, and is therefore required to give only the minimal amount of tzedokoh, which is one-third of a Biblical shekel, see later chapter E (1.d)

    5. A married woman may donate a small amount on her own from her husbands earnings. In order to donate larger amounts she must have the agreement of her husband. However, she may give larger sums from her own earnings, unless her husband objects.

    C. WHO IS CONSIDERED AN ONI?

    1. An oni is someone who does not have an annual income sufficient to cover the essential household expenses of his family for that year, allowing for a basic standard of living with no luxuries, as defined by the society in which he lives.

    2. Household expenditure includes paying all overdue debts and obligations, such as groceries, full school or yeshiva fees and mortgage payments.

    3. Even someone who has a regular sufficient income, but has unexpected and essential expenses such as medical needs which he is unable to afford, is also classed as an oni for this purpose and is entitled to receive tzedokoh for this specific expenditure.

    4. If someones regular income covers his annual requirements then he is not classed as an oni and he may

    not receive tzedokoh. However, he may receive tzedokoh for future essential requirements which he would be able to afford only if he started accepting tzedokoh now; for example, funding a modest wedding for his child. Some say that this also applies to living expenses for the future when he will be unable to earn an income. For example, a person may accept tzedokoh so that he can save for a minimal basic pension in his old age, provided that setting aside savings is the norm

    5. If an onis previous standard of living was higher than the basic, and even if it was lavish, then he is permitted to receive tzedokoh in order to restore his lifestyle to its previous state.

    6. A person who is eligible to receive tzedokoh, especially if he is elderly, ill, or requires money for his childrens weddings, and refuses to accept tzedokoh thereby causing misery to himself or his family, transgresses a prohibition.

    7. An oni should not collect from the general public when he can be supported by his family, even if he does not wish to receive funds from his family.

    8. In general, a person should do his utmost to avoid receiving tzedokoh, and if necessary even work in a low-level menial job to sustain himself and his family. However, a person is permitted to dedicate himself to a life of Torah as his profession, for example, he is permitted to stay in kollel and rely on the kollel stipend for a living. In certain conditions he may also receive additional tzedokoh funds. Consequently, money donated to kollelim or to avreichim is considered tzedokoh for aniyim.

    9. An oni who is not studying full time and is fully able to work yet refuses to do so, is not entitled to receive tzedokoh. However, since you will rarely know the full situation of the oni, in terms of his family, physical or mental situation, you should not refuse to give an oni tzedokoh for this reason.

    To Be Continued

    QUIZ TIME??Answers can be found on back page. Questions and Answers from Ohr Somayach Institutions www.ohr.edu and are based on Rashi

    3. What korbanos did Aharon offer for the Jewish People?4. What was unique about the chatas offered during the induction of the Mishkan?

    Mazel Tov to Family Eli Katz on the occasion of

    Raphis wedding to Racheli Joseph

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    QUIZ TIME??Answers can be found on back page. Questions and Answers from Ohr Somayach Institutions www.ohr.edu and are based on Rashi

    5. When did Aharon bench (bless) the people with the birkas kohanim?6. Why did Moshe go into the Ohel Moed with Aharon?

    The Torah lists 24 species of birds that are forbidden - all the rest are kosher. Nevertheless because we are unsure of the identity of some of the birds listed, the din is

    of tahor neechal bemasores that we only accept a bird as kosher if there is a tradition to permit it. What, however, is the law whe