OSH in figures: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders in ... OSH in figures: Work-related musculoskeletal

  • View
    0

  • Download
    0

Embed Size (px)

Text of OSH in figures: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders in ... OSH in figures: Work-related...

  • E u r o p e a n A g e n c y f o r S a f e t y a n d H e a l t h a t W o r k

    EUROPEAN RISK OBSERVATORY REPORT

    OSH in figures: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders

    in the EU — Facts and figures

    en

    en

    OSH in figures: W ork-related m

    usculoskeletal disorders in the EU — Facts and figures

    EU RO

    PEA N

    R ISK

    O BSERVATO

    RY R EPO

    RT

    In order to improve the working environment, as regards the protection of the safety and health of workers as provided for in the Treaty and successive Community strategies and action programmes concerning health and safety at the workplace, the aim of the Agency shall be to provide the Community bodies, the Member States, the social partners and those involved in the field with the technical, scientific and economic information of use in the field of safety and health at work.

    TE-RO -09-009-EN

    -C

    ISSN 1830-5946

    Gran Vía 33, E-48009 Bilbao Tel.: +34 944794360 Fax: + 34 944794383 E-mail: information@osha.europa.eu Price (excluding VAT) in Luxembourg: EUR 15

    E u

    r o

    p e

    a n

    A

    g e

    n c

    y

    f o

    r

    S a

    f e

    t y

    a

    n d

    H

    e a

    l t

    h

    a t

    W

    o r

    k

    h t

    t p

    : /

    / o

    s h

    a .

    e u

    r o

    p a

    . e

    u

    http://osha.europa.eu

  • How to obtain EU publications

    Publications for sale:

    via EU Bookshop (• http://bookshop.europa.eu);

    from your bookseller by quoting the title, publisher and/or ISBN number;•

    by contacting one of our sales agents directly. You can obtain their contact details on • the Internet (http://bookshop.europa.eu) or by sending a fax to +352 2929-42758.

    Free publications:

    via EU Bookshop (• http://bookshop.europa.eu);

    at the European Commission’s representations or delegations. You can obtain their • contact details on the Internet (http://ec.europa.eu) or by sending a fax to +352 2929-42758.

    European Agency for Safety and Health at Work

    OSH in figures: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders in the EU — Facts and figures

    Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union

    Price (excluding VAT) in Luxembourg: EUR 15

    2010 — 179 pp. — 21 x 29.7 cm

    ISBN 978-92-9191-261-2

    http://bookshop.europa.eu http://bookshop.europa.eu http://bookshop.europa.eu http://ec.europa.eu

  • E u r o p e a n A g e n c y f o r S a f e t y a n d H e a l t h a t W o r k

    EUROPEAN RISK OBSERVATORY REPORT

    OSH in figures: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders in the EU —

    Facts and figures

  • Authors

    Elke Schneider and Xabier Irastorza, European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA) with support from Sarah Copsey, European Agency for Safety and Health at work (EU-OSHA).

    Based on a first draft by

    Marthe Verjans, Lieven Eeckelaert and Véronique De Broeck — Institute for Occupational Safety and Health/ Institut pour la Prévention et le bien-être au travail/Instituut voor Preventie en Welzijn op het Werk (PREVENT), Belgium.

    More information on the European Union is available on the Internet (http://europa.eu).

    Cataloguing data can be found at the end of this publication.

    Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union, 2010

    ISBN 978-92-9191-261-2

    DOI: 10.2802/10952

    © European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, 2010

    Reproduction is authorised provided the source is acknowledged.

    Printed in Luxembourg

    Printed on white chlorine-free PaPer

    Europe Direct is a service to help you find answers to your questions about the European Union

    Freephone number (*):

    00 800 6 7 8 9 10 11 (*) Certain mobile telephone operators do not allow access to 00 800 numbers, or these calls may

    be billed.

    http://europa.eu

  • OSH in figures: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders in the EU — Facts and figures E

    uropEan a gEn

    cy for S afEty and H

    EaltH at W ork

    3

    Table of Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3

    List of Figures and tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

    Foreword . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

    Executive Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

    What are work-related musculoskeletal disorders? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

    Musculoskeletal disorders — the extent of the problem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

    Self-reported MSDs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

    Accidents at work linked to MSDs risk factors (e .g . lifting of loads) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18

    Absenteeism linked to musculoskeletal disorders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18

    Costs of MSDs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18

    Risk factors for MSDs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

    Some key findings highlighted . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22

    What to do . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23

    1 . Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25

    2 . Defining the problem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27

    3 . Health problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 3.1. Musculoskeletal disorders – the overall European picture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 3.1.1. Self-reported MSDs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 3.1.2. Self-reported MSDs – Variations between Member States. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 3.1.3. Recognised cases of MSDs: European Occupational Disease Statistics (EODS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 3.2. Musculoskeletal disorders – Data by gender. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 3.2.1. Self-reported MSDs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 3.2.2. Recognised occupational diseases – gender differences. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 3.3. Data by age. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 3.3.1. Self-reported MSDs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 3.4. Data by sector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 3.4.1. Self-reported MSDs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 3.4.2. Recognised cases of MSDs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 3.5. Data by occupation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 3.5.1. Self-reported MSDs by occupation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .