Out of School Children in Punjab

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Out of School Children in Punjab. Looking at Access & Equity Every child enrolls in school Every child is retained in school Every child learns and makes progress Road Map To Reforms Government of Punjab . The Big Picture. Global South Asia: 42 million (or 26%) are out of school* - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


<p>Out of School Children in Punjab</p> <p>Out of School Children in PunjabLooking at Access &amp; Equity</p> <p>Every child enrolls in school Every child is retained in school Every child learns and makes progress Road Map To Reforms Government of Punjab </p> <p>The Big PictureGlobal South Asia: 42 million (or 26%) are out of school*National Pakistan: 8 million of almost 20 million school-age children are out of school* Provincial Punjab: 3.8 million from 5-9 year age group are out of school**</p> <p>* UIS 2005 **Source: Government of Punjab and UNESCO, 2010 Five year strategic plan for the promotion of literacy in the province of Punjab. 2Government InitiativesGlobal Year 2000 - Education for All Charter and the Millennium Development GoalsNational April 2010, the 18th Amendment to the constitution of Pakistan provided for Article 25-A Provincial April 2011, the Government of Punjabs Schools Roadmap to Reform Program</p> <p>Net Enrolment RateNet Enrolment Rates in Pakistan: PSLM 2010- 11 PrimaryMiddleMatriculation (6-10 yrs) (5-9 yrs)(11-13 yrs) (10-12 yrs) (14-15 yrs) (13-14 yrs)Punjab706137232514Sindh 625336192311KP64513317197Balochistan56472513146Inference: These percentages show that the magnitude of the OOSC in Pakistan remains very high despite several efforts of the Government to improve the condition of education. Net Enrolment Rates in South Asia for (Primary 6-10yrs): GMR 2011CountriesMaleFemaleTotalBangladesh858685Bhutan868887India918890Maldives979596Nepal959694Pakistan726066Sri Lanka9910099</p> <p>Understanding the Educational QuandaryDespite our countrys commitment to undertake the necessary steps to improve education, progress has been slow. Why is it so?Who are the OOSC in Punjab?What will happen when 25-A becomes a legislature? Who is thinking about resource gaps?Defining OOSCThe concept of out-of-school children implies that there is a group of children that should be in school but is notASER Pakistan survey measures OOSC as those found to be out of school either because they dropped out or because they were never enrolled in any formal education institution.</p> <p>6Calculating the OOSC22% of children in Punjab at age 5 are not enrolled in any school facility3-5 age group 49% were un-enrolled. Girls were 55%.Half of the critical period of Early Childhood years falls in this time period and this opportunity is lost when the child is not enrolled in any school. </p> <p>Source: ASER 2011-Punjab RuralCalculating the OOSC6-10yrs: 11% are out of school in Punjab (Of this the dropout rate is 2% while 9% have never been enrolled)4-9 yrs children: 17% 6-16yrs: 16% (9% never enrolled and 7% drop out). Among the OOSC (6-16yrs) 55% are girls gendered dimensions of OOSC need to be addressed urgently </p> <p>PSLM NER says 6-10 is 70% as shown in the graph above. This age bracket is only seen all over the work where as in Pakistan we look at primary from 5-10 years. If Pakistan adopts the 6-10 yrs age bracket for primary years then the NER will improve to 61%. Changing of the age bracket is also a recommendation of the National Education Policy (NEP) 2009 but this policy change has not been implemented. 8OOSC in DistrictsRajanpur and Lodhran have the highest number of OOSC (6-16yrs), 38% and 30% respectively. Moreover, many southern Punjab districts have high out of school percentages when compared to northern districts: Rawalpindi at 5% and, Chakwal and Jehlum both at 7% OOSC. </p> <p>Targeting Needed for Urgent Actions &amp; Resources for the Greatest Measureable Impact . Characteristics of OOSCAge Largest proportions of OOSC in Punjab are in the 6-10 and 14-16 years age brackets.. Learning Levels 22% are able to read Urdu sentences and 14% can read story19% are able to read English words and 10% can read sentences17% are able to do subtraction correctly and 10% are able to do division sums Gender except for 5 districts in Punjab all other districts surveyed have more out of school girls than boys </p> <p>10Characteristics of OOSC Other studies show much greater share of children who live in rural areas are out of school than those who live in urban areas (UIS 2005)Already marginalized communities such as minorities, challenged/special children also have a greater share of OOSC</p> <p>Together the interaction of gender, rural under-development and poverty combine to keep some children out of school.Is policy debate catering to these characteristics of OOSC to form a comprehensive policy?Increase in Enrolment &amp; Resource Gaps</p> <p>Resource Gaps - TransitionsPMIU Punjab- 60,153 educational institutions73% primary schools12.5% middle schools8% high schools 0.8% higher secondary schoolsFor every 6 primary schools in Punjab there is only 1 middle school in the public sector OOSC cannot be reduced with low transition opportunities from primary to post primary </p> <p>Source: ASER 2011-Punjab RuralResource GapsASER 2011 in Govt Schools of Punjab: 30% are without useable toilets 20% are without useable water.24% are without a boundary wallPMIU 2010-11 in Govt School of Punjab:D.G. Khan, Rawalpindi, RahimYar Khan and Bahawalnagar have at least 300 schools in their districts without drinking waterIn 30/36 districts, at least 100 schools are without a toilet. Worst examples: D.G.Khan with 674 schools, Bahawalnagar with 592 and Rawalpindi with 506 without toilets </p> <p>So what are the easy wins High impact and low cost... Given budgetary allocations to education, the deficit in basic facilities is startlingWhat will the government do once Article 25-A Is legislated? </p> <p>Costing for RTE 25 A needs to be done meticulouslyResource Gaps with 25-AI-SAPS 2012 In the next 15 years, the number of school-going children will increase to 19.32 m in PunjabTo cater to it, current Rs.152 billion education budget needs to be raised to Rs.337 billion15% annual increase in Budget required Table 4: Current and Future Trends of Resources in PunjabCurrent2024-25 ProjectionsDifferenceSchools61,00065,5005815Teachers 354,607499,472144,865Classrooms236,288499,47226,3184Source: I-SAPS, 2012In a future where education is free and compulsory how will the Government of Pakistan /Punjab overcome the shortfalls and cater to demand for additional necessary resources (such as more and well equipped schools, teachers and training)? </p> <p>Its tasks will include covering the growth, accommodating the influx of OOSC and improving the quality of education all at the same time</p> <p>What Now?The purpose of the policy dialogue is to highlight the critical issue of out of school children in Punjab and expect solid commitments from the panel/participants as to what steps it/they can take to overcome this Issue of OOSC </p> <p>What Now?Some policy key directions are expected from:The Department of SchoolsNon-formal and Literacy DepartmentSpecial Education DepartmentElected Representatives from AssembliesOther Departments working on Education</p> <p>How can we plan comprehensively for OOSC?ASER will continue to report each year until 2015 on trends to measure if actions were taken with impact </p> <p>Thank You</p>