PARAAN NG PAGTATANIM NG PAKWAN - GUIDE IN AMPALAYA...  Web viewPARAAN NG PAGTATANIM NG PAKWAN Author
PARAAN NG PAGTATANIM NG PAKWAN - GUIDE IN AMPALAYA...  Web viewPARAAN NG PAGTATANIM NG PAKWAN Author
PARAAN NG PAGTATANIM NG PAKWAN - GUIDE IN AMPALAYA...  Web viewPARAAN NG PAGTATANIM NG PAKWAN Author

PARAAN NG PAGTATANIM NG PAKWAN - GUIDE IN AMPALAYA...  Web viewPARAAN NG PAGTATANIM NG PAKWAN Author

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PARAAN NG PAGTATANIM NG PAKWAN

No. of beds = 8

No. of plants per bed = 40

Total no. of plants per 1,000 square meter = 320

lX. Other management/Pest and Diseases Management

Manual pollination is suggested when fruit set is greatly affected by rain, or if there is low pollinator population. The best time to manually pollinate is from 7 to 9 AM. Use fruit fly attractant to prevent fruit fly damage. Cover healthy fruits with fruit bag, and remove deformed or damaged fruits. There should be proper management and monitoring to assure quality fruits.

Insect pest/Disease

Control

Aphids

Lannate, Malathion

Thrips

Dicarzol

Silver leaf white fly

Powder soap, Lannate

Tomato leaf miner

Decis, Xentari

Fruit fly

Golden Crop FFA

Fusarium wilt

Crop rotation

X. Harvesting

Harvesting can be done when fruits meet the standard size base on the varietal characteristics. Usually our varieties start harvesting 45- 55 DAT.

HARBEST

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For provincial inquiries, please contact or call:

HARBEST Technology Devt. and Promotion Center, Pangasinan 0917-8173034

0917-8345837

HARBEST Cebu Branch Office, Cebu City (032)2557109 0917-3272378

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HARBEST Davao Branch Office, Davao City(082) 2240688 0917-4347922

HARBEST Leyte, Tacloban City 0906-4850972 0915-4031091

Bulacan Area

0928-7416429 0915-8792424

Bicol Area

0905-9709859

Baguio Area

0918-2133853

Quezon Area 0921-5538590

OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT

(02) 6712239 0917-5203260

CUSTOMER SERVICES DEPT.

0917-8474861 0917-8438560

HARBEST.COM

Harbest communications

Moonlight F1 Hybrid Ampalaya from Known-You Seed Co. of Taiwan

HARBEST AGRIBUSINESS CORPORATION

No. 5 Rosemarie Lane, Brgy. Kapitolyo, Pasig City

Tel. No. 6717411 to 14 Fax No. (02) 6712232

email: itx@pldtdsl.net / harbest@harbest.com.ph

AMPALAYA (Momordica charantia L.)

I. Climatic and Soil Condition

Ampalaya adapts well in hot tropical climate. It grows well and matures early if the temperature is above 25C. It should be planted in full sun, with adequate water supply. It doesnt grow well during wet season, or with strong winds. The roots can easily rot in waterlogged conditions. Fruits are also affected by too much rain.

II. Varieties Developed by Known-You Seed Co. of Taiwan

These F-1 hybrid Ampalaya cultivars are well-adapted to Philippine conditions.

Cultivar

Features

Moonrise

Early, productive, good for salad

Moonlight

Early, productive, and crispy

High Moon

Extra early, good for frying, cooking or in salad

Jadeite

Crispy and good for frying, beautiful fruit color

Jade Dragon

Early, good for cooking or in salad

Luxuriance

Early, crispy and straight fruit

lll. Seedling Care

Ampalaya seeds can be planted directly to the field or sown in Agri + Plas seedling tray. The seedlings can be transplanted 7 to 10 days after sowing, or if it has already reached 2-3 true leaf stage. To make seedlings grow uniformly, follow these simple steps:

a. Soak the seeds in water for 30 minutes.

b. Cut a little bit of the pointed portion of the seed using a nail cutter.

c. Sow the seeds in seedling tray with Growell medium and water well.

Crop rotation is recommended after the first cropping to prevent pest and diseases development. Rice or corn can be planted as alternate crops.

IV. Land Preparation

Plow and clean the planting area and make a flat bed on sandy soils and a raised bed in sandy loam or clay soils. Use 5 m between canals, 1 m between plants, 0.5 m canals, and 3 m between plots. The bed should be 15-20 cm high above the fertilized level. Use Agri + Plas silver-black plastic mulch to cover prepared plots.

V. Transplanting

It can be done 7-10 days after sowing. Be sure to water the seedlings before transplanting.

Vl. Fertilization for Every 20 Linear Meter Bed

2 sacks of Organic Matter

150 g Boron

4 kilos Complete fertilizer

1 kg Calcuim Nitrate

150 g Magnesium 150 g Furadan

Though Furadan is not a fertilizer, it is recommended to apply it as basal to control nematodes.

Drenching Schedule

Weeks after transplanting

Calcium Nitrate

Complete

1

75

-

2

150

-

3

225

75

4

75

150

5

-

225

6

-

300

The above fertilizer is measured in grams and dissolved in 16 Liters of water. 7 weeks onward, side dress plants with 1 tablespoon of complete fertilizer twice a month or when needed.

VIl. Trellis Preparation

Use bamboo pegs, ipil-ipil tree or madre de cacao as post for trellis (40

pieces at 2 feet length). There should be 104 pieces of posts at 7 feet height, at

3m x 3m distance. G.I. wire # 16 (10 kg) and 1 roll of culture net (5 x 5 x 14 m

x 90 m) will serve as support for the climbing plants

Vlll. Irrigation and Drainage

Soil moisture should be adequate throughout the early growing period to produce good plant growth. Irrigation should be applied frequently to prevent the plant from injuries in dry soil. Water consistently when flower buds start to form. It is important to maintain dryness on the area between plots. Also, pay attention for proper drainage during wet season.

40 m

2.5 m