Paraeducator After-School Videoconference Series Standard #5: Learning Environments and Social Interactions

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Slide 2 Paraeducator After-School Videoconference Series Standard #5: Learning Environments and Social Interactions Slide 3 District, IU, Preschool Agency Policy Your local districts policies regarding Para educator job descriptions, duties, and responsibilities provide the final word! Slide 4 Agenda Introduction Dos and donts of behavior management Behavior basics Social skill development Build and maintain rapport with students Using universal precautions Slide 5 Standard #5 - Knowledge Areas K1 Demands of various learning environments. K2 Rules and procedural safeguards regarding the management of behaviors of individuals with exceptional learning needs. Slide 6 Standard #5 - Skill Areas S1Establish and maintain rapport with learners. S2 Use universal precautions and assist in maintaining a safe, healthy learning environment. S3 Use strategies for behavior management as directed. S4 Use strategies as directed, in a variety of settings, to assist in the development of social skills. Slide 7 Learner Outcomes Participants will: Discuss dos and donts of behavior management Describe strategies for managing behavior and teaching social skills to students Discuss demands of various learning environments List ways to build and maintain rapport with students Describe the protocol for using universal precautions Slide 8 Dos and Donts of Behavior Management Do Consult partner teacher about behavior strategies or behavior plans Speak respectfully Maintain confidentiality Model behaviors you want to see Let students know when they are behaving correctly Slide 9 Been There, Done That, Now What? Strategies to TryStrategies TriedBehaviors Slide 10 9 B BEHAVIOR 1. Form The way a behavior looks, what we observe, a precise, specific description of the behavior. 2. Function The purpose that the behavior serves To get something To avoid or delay an observable and measurable act of an individual Slide 11 If a child doesnt know how to read, we teach. If a child doesnt know how to swim, we teach. If a child doesnt know how to multiply, we teach. If a child doesnt know how to drive, we teach. If a child doesnt know how to behave, we teach? punish? Why cant we finish the last sentence as automatically as we do the others? (Herner, 1998) Slide 12 Consider this Until we have defined, taught, modeled, practiced, reinforced and re-taught, it is unethical for adults to punish Rob Horner Slide 13 Slide 14 Are the behaviors you listed related to lack of social skills? Slide 15 Slide 16 Social Skills - What to Teach! Problem solving Conversational skills Identification of feelings Management of feelings Anger control Dealing with stress Organizational skills Slide 17 Social Skills, like academic skills, are learned! Social Skills, like academic skills, must be taught! Slide 18 Social Skills -How to Teach! Use direct instruction Use rehearsal Use visuals for structure Use comics Slide 19 Problem Solving Technique My problem is_________________________________. I can solve it by: (help student to list ways) _________________________________________________ Choose one way. Do it. How did this work? Social Skills -How to Teach! Slide 20 Rehearsal Technique Social Skills -How to Teach! Slide 21 Visual Supports Social Skills -How to Teach! Slide 22 When it is too noisy, I can Listen to music Go for a walk Sit at the table Social Skills -How to Teach! Slide 23 RELAX Put your head down Sit in the quiet area Take 5 deep breaths OR Move Away Come back to the activity Social Skills -How to Teach! Slide 24 Relax Move Away Take 5 deep breaths Come back to the table If something is bothering you, you can: Social Skills -How to Teach! Slide 25 If you are upset Put your head down Have a quiet mouth Social Skills -How to Teach! Slide 26 Comic Strip Conversations A conversation between 2 or more people using simple drawings Illustrates ongoing communication Provides support to students who struggle to comprehend the quick exchange of information Turns abstract conversation into concrete representation Identifies what people say and do Emphasize what people may be thinking Carol Gray Social Skills -How to Teach! Slide 27 Comic Strip Conversation Social Skills -How to Teach! Slide 28 playground XX?X!! HAHA HA!!! You go to the bench! Slide 29 Carol Gray, Comic Book Conversations Slide 30 Building and Maintaining Rapport with Students Treat students with respect Look for opportunities to praise students Turn a negative into a positive Make their day Slide 31 Building and Maintaining Rapport with Students Respond to negative student behaviors in a professional manner Dont take it personally View as a teaching opportunity Slide 32 Been There, Done That, Now What? Strategies to TryStrategies TriedBehaviors Slide 33 And Now for Something Completely Different Universal Precautions Slide 34 Bloodborne Pathogens Bloodborne = found in blood Pathogen = disease-producing microorganism. Slide 35 Blood Borne Pathogens Excerpts from presentation by Jacki ODonnell, RN Slide 36 Standard (Universal) Precautions CDC recommendation: Blood and/or body fluid precautions should be observed for all students Individualized guidelines set up for specific settings. Hospital Dentist Day Care/School Slide 37 Blood Borne Diseases HIV Hepatitis B Hepatitis C Slide 38 Blood Borne Pathogens Contaminated surfaces are a major cause of the spread of hepatitis. HBV can survive on environmental surfaces, dried and at room temperature for at least one week. Slide 39 To Avoid Exposure To Someones Blood You Should Wear A. A girdle B. Wool mittens C. Latex or hypoallergenic gloves Slide 40 Glove Removal Grip one glove near the cuff and peel it down until it comes off inside out. Cup it in the palm of your ungloved hand. Place 2 fingers of your bare hand inside the cuff of the remaining glove. Peel that glove down so that it also comes off inside out and over the first one. Properly dispose of the gloves. Wash your hands with soap and water. Slide 41 How Would You Clean Up Broken Glass? A. With paper towels B. Broom and dustpan C. Tell one of the kids Slide 42 If You Think You Have Had an Exposure You Should A. Call an ambulance B. Tell an administrator and school nurse C. Call the cafeteria Slide 43 Remember ! If its wet, and it aint yours, dont touch it! Slide 44 When to Wash ? After going to Bathroom Before eating or preparing food After coughing or sneezing After playing outside After playing with pets After diaper changing Slide 45 HAND WASHING 101 Use warm running water, soap and friction Rub for at least 20 seconds Between fingers Underneath fingernails Rinse Dry hands with paper towel Turn off water with paper towel Dispose of towel in wastebasket Slide 46 Slide 47 That was Universal Precautions in a Slide 48 Learner Outcomes Participants will: Discuss dos and donts of behavior management Describe strategies for managing behavior and teaching social skills to students Discuss demands of various learning environments List ways to build and maintain rapport with students Describe the protocol for using universal precautions Slide 49 Save the Dates! Paraeducator Summer Training Series August 11 &August 12, 2008 2008-2009 After-school Videoconference Series October 16, 2008 Standard #6 November 13, 2008 Standard #7 February 11, 2009 Standard #8 March 10, 2009 Standard #9 April 28, 2009 - Standard #10