Part 1 1791: 4,000 bales of cotton are produced 1849: 2, 246, 900 bales of cotton are produced 6 cents a lb. to 14 cents in 1857 Expanded into Arkansas

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Text of Part 1 1791: 4,000 bales of cotton are produced 1849: 2, 246, 900 bales of cotton are produced 6...

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Slide 2 Part 1 Slide 3 1791: 4,000 bales of cotton are produced 1849: 2, 246, 900 bales of cotton are produced 6 cents a lb. to 14 cents in 1857 Expanded into Arkansas and Texas Crop increase: 2,500,000 bales in 1850 to 5,300,000 in 1860 Crop Value: In 1800, $8 million: In 1860, $250 million Tobacco by 1860 : 200,000,000 lbs. to 430,000,000 lbs. Cotton Production The invention which changed the South, cotton and slavery. Slide 4 Slide 5 Trial of tears Total U.S. population was 3.5 million 700,000 slaves in the U.S. at this time. Still bought slaves through the slave trade. Slide 6 Trial of tears Total U.S. population was 18 million 2 million slaves in the U.S. at this time. 1808, importation of slaves was illegal Slave trade within the U.S. Increase of slave population was from natural reproduction Slide 7 Trial of tears 33 million U.S. population, 4 million slaves in the South Slide 8 Map Crops in South COTTON BELT, Cotton Kingdom Slide 9 Map/Cotton Belt COTTON BELT, Cotton Kingdom Slide 10 Federal Southern society was similar to a Feudal system that existed in Europe during the Dark and Middle Ages..(Manorial System) Southern society was similar to a Feudal system that existed in Europe during the Dark and Middle Ages..(Manorial System) Caste system and difficult to move up the social ladder. Caste system and difficult to move up the social ladder. Based on white supremacy and the slave was inferior. Based on white supremacy and the slave was inferior. Plantation owners Aristocracy Middle Class Small farmers Poor Whites Free Blacks, 2 nd class citizens Slaves---no rights, considered property No political or civil rights. Upper class Owned some slaves. Achieve American Dream Owned no slaves.Hated white upper classAmerican Dream Slide 11 At the Constitutional ConventionAt the Constitutional Convention 3/5s Compromise3/5s Compromise 1807, imported slaves was abolished in the U.S.1807, imported slaves was abolished in the U.S. Fugitive Slave LawFugitive Slave Law 90% of Europes cotton came from the South by 186090% of Europes cotton came from the South by 1860 1/2 of U.S. exports were from cotton1/2 of U.S. exports were from cotton More money invested in slaves than land and tools---$2 billionMore money invested in slaves than land and tools---$2 billion Facts on Slavery Conditions on a slave ship were horrible. This was called the Middle Passage. Slide 12 Picture/Slavery More slaves you had the greater social status 2/3s of presidents since independence were slaveowners Majority of Supreme Court justices were from the South Slide 13 More millionaires in the South than the NorthMore millionaires in the South than the North 75% of the cotton harvest was done by plantations with10 or more slaves.75% of the cotton harvest was done by plantations with10 or more slaves. Slave population grew from natural reproductionSlave population grew from natural reproduction There was a slave trade within the U.S.There was a slave trade within the U.S. Facts on slavery Slaves being sold at an auction was prevalent throughout the Southern U.S. right up to the Civil War. Slide 14 Picture/Cotton Kingdom No political or civil rights to protect slavesNo political or civil rights to protect slaves U.S. was the largest slave institution in the world by 1860U.S. was the largest slave institution in the world by 1860 U.S. produced 7/8s of worlds cotton supplyU.S. produced 7/8s of worlds cotton supply Peculiar Institution, to own another human being is immoral.Peculiar Institution, to own another human being is immoral. Cotton is King/King CottonCotton is King/King Cotton South was not willing to changeSouth was not willing to change Always felt isolated and threatened from the rest of the U.S.Always felt isolated and threatened from the rest of the U.S. Slide 15 Chart/Total slaves Slide 16 Chart/Life expectancy Life Expectancy of Working Men, 1830 to 1920 Slide 17 Chart: Total Deaths About 1,150,000 Southern white families owned no slaves---75% About 384,000 Southern white families owned 1 slave or more--- 25% Total of 1,534,000 Southern white families in 1860A total population of 7,981,000. (Number of slaves) % Slide 18 Statistically only 25% of Southern families owned slavesStatistically only 25% of Southern families owned slaves 384,000 Southern families owned 1 or more slaves.384,000 Southern families owned 1 or more slaves. 75% of Southern families did not own slaves.75% of Southern families did not own slaves. Chart/slave owners Slide 19 Out of the 25% of slaveowners, here is the breakdown of the number of slaves. 75% owned 1 to 9 slaves. 22% owned 10 to 49 owned slaves. 3% owned 50 or more slaves. 384,000 1860 Slide 20 Slaves resorted to revolts in the 13 colonies and later in the southern U.S.Slaves resorted to revolts in the 13 colonies and later in the southern U.S. 250 insurrections have been documented; between 1780 and 1864. 250 insurrections have been documented; between 1780 and 1864. 91 African-Americans were convicted of insurrection in Virginia alone.91 African-Americans were convicted of insurrection in Virginia alone. First revolt in what became the United States took place in 1526 at a Spanish settlement near the mouth of the Pee Dee River in South Carolina.First revolt in what became the United States took place in 1526 at a Spanish settlement near the mouth of the Pee Dee River in South Carolina. Slave Revolts Slide 21 September 9, 1739September 9, 1739, twenty black Carolinians met near the Stono River, approximately twenty miles southwest of Charleston. They took guns and powder from a store and killed the two storekeepers they found there. "With cries of 'Liberty' and beating of drums"With cries of 'Liberty' and beating of drums," "the rebels raised a standard and headed south toward Spanish St. Augustine. Burned houses, and killed white opponents. Largest slave uprising in the 13 colonies prior to the American Revolution. 20 white Carolinians and 40 black Carolinians were killed before the rebellion was suppressed.Slaveowners caught up with the band of 60 to 100 slaves. 20 white Carolinians and 40 black Carolinians were killed before the rebellion was suppressed. Slave Revolts/Stono Stono County Rebellion Slide 22 Slaves resorted to revolts in the 13 colonies and later in the southern U.S. Gabriel Prosser Denmark Vessey Nat Turner Slave Revolts Slide 23 Gabriel Prosser August 30, 1800 Governor James Monroe Prosser and some 35 of his young comrades were captured and hanged. Gabriel Prosser, (1776-1800), American leader of an aborted slave uprising, whose intention was to create a free black state in Virginia. Born near Richmond, he was the son of an African mother who instilled in him the love of freedom. Inspired perhaps by the success of the black revolutionaries of Haiti, he plotted with other slaves, notably Jack Bowler, in the spring of 1800 to seize the arsenal at Richmond and kill whites. On August 30, 1800, as many as 1000 armed slaves gathered outside Richmond ready for action. A torrential downpour and thunderstorm, however, washed away a bridge vital to the insurrectionists' march; at the same time Governor James Monroe, the future president, was informed of the plot and dispatched the state militia against them. Prosser and some 35 of his young comrades were captured and hanged. Slave Revolts/Prosser Slide 24 The leader of an American slave revolt in Charleston, S.C., Denmark Vesey, b. Africa, 1767, d. July 2, 1822, had been owned by a slave-ship captain before he purchased his freedom (1800) with $600 won in a street lottery. As a freedman in Charleston, he worked at carpentry, became a leader of his church, and read antislavery literature. Determined to strike a blow against the institution that had victimized him, he devised an intricate conspiracy for an uprising in Charleston and vicinity during the summer of 1822. Informers divulged the plot, however, and 35 blacks, including Vesey, were executed. Slave Revolts/Vessey Slide 25 Nat Turner Rebellion Nat Turner, 21st August, 1831, Nat Turner was executed on 11th November, 1831. Nat Turner, a slave owned by Joseph Travis of Southampton, Virginia, believed that he had been chosen by God to lead a slave rebellion. On 21st August, 1831, Turner and seven fellow slaves, murdered Travis and his family. Over the next two days and nights, Turner's band killed around 60 white people in Virginia. Turner had hoped that this action would cause a massive slave uprising but only 75 joined his rebellion. Over 3,000 members of the state militia were sent to deal with Turner's gang, and they were soon defeated. In retaliation, more than a hundred innocent slaves were killed. Turner went into hiding but was captured six weeks later. Nat Turner was executed on 11th November, 1831. Slave Revolts/Turner Slide 26 Nat Turner Rebellion Arrest of Nat Turner Tree Nat Turner was hung on Slave Revolts/Turner Slide 27 Slave Revolts Slide 28 Besides slave revolts, slaves resorted to other ways to revolt.. Wouldnt work hard.Wouldnt work hard. Would sabotage equipment or break tools.Would sabotage equipment or break tools. Sometimes poisoned their masters food.Sometimes poisoned their masters food. Tried to escapeTried to escape Slave Revolts Slide 29 Slave Revolts would lead plantation owners to develop a series of slave laws/codes which restricted the movement of the slaves. Slaves were not taught to read or writeSlaves were not taught to read or write Restricted to the plantationRestricted to the plantation Slaves could not congregate after darkSlaves could not congregate after dark Slaves could not possess any type of firearmSlaves could not possess any type of firearm A larger slave plantation than white in some statesA larger slave plantation than white in some states Slave owners wanted to keep their slaves ignorant of the outside world because learning about life beyond the plantation could lead to more slave re

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