Part 26-Certs & Surveys

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Text of Part 26-Certs & Surveys

Class 1 & 2 Oral Answers ( Part 26 )

Statutory certificates for merchant shipsIssued to implement various international and local conventions. Issued by appropriate authority.

ConventionSOLAS 74 The Merchant Shipping (Safety Convention) Regulations 1984 The Merchant Shipping (Safety Convention) (Amendment) Regulations 2000 Certificates Passenger Ship Safety Certificate Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificate Cargo Ship Safety Radio Certificate Safety Management Certificate Document of Compliance

ConventionInternational Convention on Load Lines, 1966, as modified by the Protocol 1988. The Merchant Shipping (Load Line) Regulations, 2000 Certificates International Load Line Certificate

ConventionInternational Convention on Tonnage Measurement of Ships,1969 The Merchant Shipping (Tonnage) Regulations 1985. Certificates International Tonnage Certificate (1969)

Other Safety Certificates ConventionThese additional safety certificates are an extension of the requirements of SOLAS 74 as modified by the 1988 Protocol. Certificates International certificate of fitness for the carriage of dangerous chemical in bulk. (For chemical tankers) International certificate of fitness for the carriage of liquefied gases in bulk. (For gas carriers) 1

Class 1 & 2 Oral Answers ( Part 26 )

ConventionMARPOL 73/78 Prevention of pollution of the sea act (chapter 243) Prevention of Pollution of the Sea (Oil) (Amendment) Regulations 2000 Prevention of Pollution of the Sea (Noxious Liquid Substances in Bulk) (Amendment) Regulations 2000 Certificates International Oil Pollution Prevention Certificate International Pollution Prevention Certificate for the Carriage of Noxious Liquid Substances in Bulk.

ConventionInternational Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage, 1992 International Convention on the Establishment of an International Fund for Oil Pollution Damage, 1992 SINGAPORES M.S (CIVIL LIABILITY AND COMPENSATION FOR OIL POLLUTION) ACT 1998 Certificates CLC certificate

Certificate of classAwarded to new or existing vessels. On completion of special survey. Reports of special survey have been submitted by surveyors. Reports to be approved by the committee. Then a certificate of class is issued.

Outlines of initial survey procedures for classification:Issuance and innovation of rules and regulations for classification. Examination and approval of calculations, drawings, specifications, basic and detail lay out. Materials used for construction, assembly process, finishing inspection and testing. Quality assurance of welding and welders competency. Supervision of the followings: Component assembly. Ship construction Control and compliance with; Classification rules 2

Class 1 & 2 Oral Answers ( Part 26 ) Statutory requirements Marine fitness. Testing of: Components and systems Sea-trial performance Verification and certification of: Capabilities Features and qualities.

Classification SocietiesThe construction of merchant ships is considerably influenced and regulated by a number of organizations and their various requirements. Classification societies, with their rules and regulations relating to classification, provide a set of standards for sound merchant ship construction. These rules have been developed over many years. These rules are based on experience, practical knowledge. These rules are based on considerable research and investigation. Classification society is a private and non profit making body.

Roles of classification societies:The classification societies operate by publishing rules and regulations relating to the structural efficiency and the reliability of propelling machinery and equipment. These rules are a result of years of experience, research and investigation into ship design and construction. They are in fact a set of standards. A classification society exists to classify or `arrange in order of merit' such ships as are built according to its rules or are offered for classification. A classed ship is therefore considered to have a particular standard of seaworthiness. They are authorized on behalf of government: To inspect and survey the ships. To ensure that the ships are being built to certain standards. To ensure by subsequent surveys and inspection that the vessel has maintained her standard with respect to: Structural strength Equipment 3

Class 1 & 2 Oral Answers ( Part 26 ) Seaworthiness All the major maritime nations have their own societies, examples include, Lloyds in the UK, and ABS in USA. Consultation takes place on matters of common interest through the International Association of Classification Societies (IACS). There is no compulsion on a ship owner to have his ship classed. The insurance premiums depend upon the class of a ship - the higher the standard the lower the premium. A classed ship is shown to be of sound construction and a safe means of transport of cargo and passengers.

Some other points to note regarding Classification SocietiesIn making Rules for vessels, classification societies generally have to :Consider, technical, commercial and political factors Be sufficiently flexible to handle changes which will be accepted by all those concerned with ship safety. Consider cost factors (especially in relation to safety standards) Be independent of any political interest Meet the requirements of the maritime community (to include, charterers, P&I clubs and others who have interests in shipping).

Condition of class certificate Provisional certificate Interim certificateIssued to a classed vessel. Issued by classification society surveyor. Enables the vessel to proceed to voyage when as per surveyor: The vessel is fit. In efficient condition. Certificates will embody surveyors recommendation for continuance of class. Subjected to the confirmation of the committee.

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Class 1 & 2 Oral Answers ( Part 26 )

Issued in the event of:Seaworthiness of the vessel in question due to: Collision Grounding Any maritime accident by which vessel sustained damage to hull/ machinery. Repair done as required. If surveyor thinks that the ship is only safe to proceed to next port for a cheaper or more thorough repair, an endorsement to be made on interim certificate as: The vessel is safe for intended passage until the next port for further repair and examination.

Load line certificateOverviewIssued under international loadline convention. Validity: 5 years. Issued by classification society.

Survey itemsStability booklet Weather tightness of hatch ways and hatch openings Machinery space openings All openings on the weather deck All ventilators on deck and their coamings. All airpipes and their coamings. All cargo ports and similar openings. All scupper inlets and discharges from enclosed spaces. Side scuttles, freeing ports. Construction of deckhouses, superstructures and their bulwark and railings on the freeboard deck. Condition of walkway Structural alteration that could effect strength of the ship. Record of particulars issued with loadline certificate.

Preparation for loadline surveyFor a loadline survey, information for preparation may be found from "Condition of assignment" issued along with loadline certificate.

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Class 1 & 2 Oral Answers ( Part 26 )

Followings items to be checked:Stability booklets available and endorsed by surveyor. Vessel's structural strength is sufficient: The decks or hulls are not badly corroded. There is no crack on deck or hull. Hatch ways and hatch openings are weather tight. Machinery space openings weather tight. All ventilators on deck and their coamings are in good condition. All openings on the weather deck are weather tight. Cargo ports and other similar openings below freeboard deck are watertight. Non-return valves, overboard discharging valves are operational. Pumping arrangements in steering flat and forepeak tanks are in good condition. Portholes, funnel flaps, sky lights in good condition and operational. Bulwarks, railings are in good condition. Deck line, loadline and draft markings are well painted. Company's ISM manual provides guidance and checklist for loadline survey.

Cargo ship safety construction certificateOverviewIssued under SOLAS convention. Validity: 5 years. Issued by classification society.

Survey itemsStructural strength Water tight doors Bilge pumping and drainage arrangements Electrical equipment and installation Emergency sources of electrical power Electric and electro hydraulic steering gears Precaution against shock, fire and other hazards of electrical origin Fire protection arrangements Boilers and machinery 6

Class 1 & 2 Oral Answers ( Part 26 ) Means of going astern Shaft Boiler feed system Steam pipe systems Air pressure systems Cooling water systems Fuel, lubricating and other oil systems Means of communications Steering gear Anchor chain and cables Means of escape Means of stopping machinery Shutting off fuel suction pipes Closing of openings

AdditionallyFor tankers 10000GT and over Two hydraulic steering gear control system Alarms for low level hydraulic fluids Independent means of restraining rudder. For specialized tankers and UMS ships, additional items.

Preparation for safety construction surveyBefore safety construction survey, followings to be checked: Structural strength of the vessel is good. No part of deck or hull is not badly corroded. Water tight doors are in good condition. Remote and local controls working properly. Bilge pumping and drainage arrangements are in good condition. Electrical equipment and installation Emergency sources of electrical power Electric and electro hydraulic steering gears Precaution against shock, fire and other hazards of electrical origin Fire protection arrangements, fixed an