Perancangan Tata Letak Fasilitas - Universitas ?· Perancangan Tata Letak Fasilitas Layout Problems…

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16/03/2015

1

Perancangan Tata Letak Fasilitas

www.aeunike.ub.ac.id

Layout Problems

Design or Optimization?

Aesthetics Aesthetics

Aesthetics Aesthetics

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Aesthetics Aesthetics

Aesthetics Aesthetics

Aesthetics Facility Layout Process

Combination of art and engineering

Many techniques available

Muthers SLP Approach (1973)

Optimization based approaches

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Systematic Layout Planning

Phase I - Determination of the location of the area where departments are to be laid out

Phase II - Establishing the general overall layout

Phase III - Establishing detailed layout plans

Phase IV - Installing the selected layout

Systematic Layout Planning Input Data and Activities

1. Flow of materials 2. Activity Relationships

6. Space Relationship

Diagram

5. Space Available 4. Space Requirements

3. Relationship Chart

8. Practical Limitations 7. Modifying Considerations

9. Develop Layout

Alternatives

10. Evaluation

AN

ALY

ZE

SEA

RC

H

SELE

CT

Source: John S. Usher class notes

Systematic Layout Planning

P Product: Types of products to be produced

Q Quantity: Volume of each part type

R Routing: Operation sequence for each part type

S Services: Support services, locker rooms, inspection stations, and so on

T Timing: When are the part types to be produced? What machines will be used during this time period?

SLP

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SLP

COPYRIGHT 2005. RICHARD MUTHER & ASSOCIATES SLP OVERVIEW

Sample relationship diagram

1 2

4

3

5

COPYRIGHT 2005. RICHARD MUTHER & ASSOCIATES SLP OVERVIEW

PLANT

KANTOR

Level 0 (Overall Layout)

DIRECTOR ROOM

MEETING ROOM

INSPECTIONSTAFF & OPERATOR OF PRODUCTION ENGINEER, OPERATOR AND

STAFF OF MAINTENANCES

6

SECRETARY

RE

CE

PT

ION

IST

down

PRIA

MARKETING

MANAGER

PRODUCTION

MANAGERR & D MANAGER

HRD

MANAGER

ADMINISTRATION

AND FINANCE

MANAGER

LOGISTICS

WANITA

MUSHOLLA

TEMPAT

WUDHU

ST

AF

MA

RK

ET

ING

ST

AF

OF

AD

MIN

IST

RA

TIO

N

AN

D

FIN

AN

CE

TEMPAT

WUDHU

KM

( PRIA)

KM

( WANITA)

5

6

1

67

5 1 8 6 4

46

11

4 4 5 4

3

954

2,5

3

1

Lantai 2 : Office Room

Jalan

Office

Office

Office

Cuttin

g m

achin

e

xy

xy

xy

xy

xy

xy

xy

xy

xy

Injection moldingGrinding machine

Rolling machine

Welding machine

Form

ing m

achin

e

2

Power Entry

2

2 Tool CabinetR

a

k

Rak

PUNCH 25 TON

MQC

Packaging

Ruang Assembly

MQC

P P P

PP P

Press machine

Ruang Supply Mesin

Ruang Perkakas

MQC

Raw Material Storage

Warehouse

Up Elevator

FP FPFP

FPFPFP

Ruang

Kesehatan

Ruang Ganti Wanita

Ruang Ganti Pria

LP

Toilet Pria Toilet Wanita

T. Wudhu PriaT. Wudhu Wanita

Mushollah Pria Mushollah Wanita

1.0e-2 m. x

1.0e-2 m.

1.0e-2 m. x

1.0e-2 m.1.0e-2 m. x

1.0e-2 m.

Kantin

Ruang Receptionist

Pos Satpam

Jalan

Jalan

1.0e-2 m. x

1.0e-2 m.

Parkir Mobil

Parkir Sepeda

Motor

B

B

A D D A A

RE

ST

AR

EA

Jalan Raya Rungkut Industri

18 m

24 m

4 m Receiving Area

Delivering Area14 m

3 m 3 m 4 m 4 m

3 m 3 m 3 m 2.5 m 2.5 m 2 m 6 m 2 m

4 m

3 m

2 m

4.5 m

4.5 m

6 m

8 m

6 m

Daerah Penerimaan

Daerah Pengiriman

PARKIR

DIRECTOR ROOM

MEETING ROOM

INSPECTIONSTAFF & OPERATOR OF PRODUCTION ENGINEER, OPERATOR AND

STAFF OF MAINTENANCES

6

SECRETARY

RE

CE

PT

IO

NIS

T

down

PRIA

MARKETING

MANAGER

PRODUCTION

MANAGERR & D MANAGER

HRD

MANAGER

ADMINISTRATION

AND FINANCE

MANAGER

LOGISTICS

WANITA

MUSHOLLA

TEMPAT

WUDHU

ST

AF

M

AR

KE

TIN

G

ST

AF

O

F A

DM

IN

IS

TR

AT

IO

N

AN

D

FIN

AN

CE

TEMPAT

WUDHU

KM

( PRIA)

KM

( WANITA)

5

6

1

67

5 1 8 6 4

46

11

4 4 5 4

3

954

2,5

3

1

Lantai 2 : Office Room

Level 1 Detail Layout

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5

Jalan

Office

Office

Office

Cuttin

g m

achin

e

xy

xy

xy

xy

xy

xy

xy

xy

xy

Injection moldingGrinding machine

Rolling machine

Welding machine

Form

ing m

achin

e

2

Power Entry

2

2 Tool CabinetR

a

k

Rak

PUNCH 25 TON

MQC

Packaging

Ruang Assembly

MQC

P P P

PP P

Press machine

Ruang Supply Mesin

Ruang Perkakas

MQC

Raw Material Storage

Warehouse

Up Elevator

FP FPFP

FPFPFP

Ruang

Kesehatan

Ruang Ganti Wanita

Ruang Ganti Pria

LP

Toilet Pria Toilet Wanita

T. Wudhu PriaT. Wudhu Wanita

Mushollah Pria Mushollah Wanita

1.0e-2 m. x

1.0e-2 m.

1.0e-2 m. x

1.0e-2 m.1.0e-2 m. x

1.0e-2 m.

Kantin

Ruang Receptionist

Pos Satpam

Jalan

Jalan

1.0e-2 m. x

1.0e-2 m.

Parkir Mobil

Parkir Sepeda

Motor

B

B

A D D A A

R

ES

T

AR

EA

Jalan Raya Rungkut Industri

18 m

24 m

4 m Receiving Area

Delivering Area14 m

3 m 3 m 4 m 4 m

3 m 3 m 3 m 2.5 m 2.5 m 2 m 6 m 2 m

4 m

3 m

2 m

4.5 m

4.5 m

6 m

8 m

6 m

Daerah Penerimaan

Daerah Pengiriman

Level 1 Detail Layout

Level 2 Detail Layout

STA

F O

F A

DM

INIS

TRA

TIO

N

AN

D

FIN

AN

CE

7

ST

AF

MA

RK

ET

ING

6

5

Level 2 Detail Layout

RE

CE

PT

ION

IST

5

6

1

EN

GIN

EE

R, O

PE

RA

TOR

AN

D

STA

FF O

F M

AIN

TEN

AN

CE

S

6

4

Level 2 Detail Layout

TEMPAT

WUDHU

TEMPAT

WUDHU

4

4

KM PRIA KM WANITA

PRIA WANITA

MUSHOLLA

5

4

MEETING ROOM

6

4

0,52

ST

AF

F &

OP

ER

AT

OR

OF

PR

OD

UC

TIO

N

6

6

Special Considerations in Office Layout

Minimizing distance traveled by employees

Permitting flexibility so that the current layout can be changed, expanded or downsized easily

Providing a safe and pleasant atmosphere for people to work in

Minimizing capital and operational costs of the facility

Operations Review

Is the company outgrowing available space? Is the available space too expensive? Is the current building not in the proper location? How will a new office layout affect the organization? Are office operations too centralized or

decentralized? Does the office structure support the strategic plan? Is the office layout in tune with the company's

image?

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6

Cubicles layout Albany International Airport layout

Operations Review for MortAmerica, Inc.

Is there a significant increase in mortgage lending operations of MortAmerica, Inc.?

Are the costs of leasing and refurbishing interior space too high?

Is there a problem with the current location? For example: There is not enough space for expansion

Major attorneys offices, other related financial institutions and restaurants, are not located within a reasonable distance of MortAmerica,