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    ERSONALIT

    Y

    Presented By:- Laxmi priya sahu(14mfc004)Sahoo pratiujyoti(14mfc034)

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    The sum total of ways in which an individualreacts and interacts with others.

    Personality is a pattern of stable states andcharacteristics of a person that influences hisor her behavior toward goal achievement

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    DEFINITION

    ersonality - A relatively stableset of characteristics thatinfluences an in ivi ual!sbehavior

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    ERSONALITY DETER"INANTS

    Heredity

    Environment

    Situation

    Family

    Social

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    T#EORIES

    Trait Theory

    Psychoanalytic Theory

    Humanistic Theory

    Social learning Theory

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    Measures Of Personality

    Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI Instrument measuring !ung"s t#eory of

    individual di$erences Based on %arl !ung"s t#eories- - people are fundamentally di$erent

    - people are fundamentally ali&e - people #ave preference com'inations

    for e traversion)introversion* perception* ud ment

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    T#e Myers-Briggs TypeIndicator(MBTI

    Personality test that taps four characteristics and classifiespeople into 1 of 16 personality types.

    Personality TypesExtroverted vs. Introverted E or I! "

    #ensing vs. Intuitive # or $!

    Thin%ing vs. &eeling T or &!'udging vs. Perceiving P or '!

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    E troverted vs, Introverted

    E troverted individuals are outgoing* socia'le* and assertive,Introverts are uiet and s#y,

    Sensitive vs, Intuitive

    Sensing types are practical and prefer routine and order, T#eyfocus on details, Intuitive rely on unconscious processes and loo&at t#e .'ig picture/,

    T#in&ing vs, Feeling

    T#in&ing types uses reason and logic to #andle pro'lems,Feelings types rely on t#eir personal values and emotions,

    !udging vs, Perceiving

    !udging types 0ant control* and prefer t#eir 0orld to 'e orderedand structured, Perceiving types are 1e i'le and spontaneous,

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    Myers-Briggs SixteenPrimary Traits

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    E traversion2greea'leness

    %onscientiousnessEmotional sta'ility

    Openness to e perience

    T#e Big Five Personality Traits

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    ExtroversionThis trait inclu es characteristicssuch as e$citability% sociability%tal&ativeness% assertiveness% anhi'h a(ounts of e(otionale$)ressiveness*Sociable% 're'arious% an assertiveI love e$cite(ent an a( a cheerful)erson

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    AgreeablenessThis )ersonality i(ensioninclu es attributes such as trust%altruis(% &in ness% affection% another )rosocial behaviours*Good-natured, coo erative, andtrusting!Peo le "nd me #arm and generousand sel$ess

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    onsc ent ousne

    ss+o((on features of this i(ension inclu ehi'h levels of thou'htfulness% ,ith 'ooi()ulse control an 'oal- irectebehavioursRes)onsible% e)en able% )ersistent%achieve(ent oriente an or'ani e * eo)le fin (e reliable an I &ee) ( yhouse clean

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    Stability&ndividuals high in this trait tend to

    ex erience emotional instability,anxiety, moodiness, irritability, andsadness!

    calm, sel'-con"dent, secure( ositive) versus nervous,de ressed, and insecure(negative)!am very moody & o'ten 'eel sad anddo#n

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    Ex erienceThis trait 'eatures characteristicssuch as imagination and insight,and those high in this trait also tendto have a broad range o'

    interests!&maginativeness, artistic,sensitivity, and intellectualist

    & am a verycurious erson + en oychallenges

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    Ma+or Personality 2ttri'utesIn1uencing OB

    Authoritative

    ocus o'%ontrol

    achiavellianism

    &ntroverts.Extroverts

    Personality Traits Sel' Esteem

    /is0 ta0ing

    Sel'-Monitorin

    Ty e A + B

    Achievement orientation

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    TYPE- A Person 0#o is al0ays in a #urry* is

    e tremely competitive and is often#ostile and irrita'le,

    TYPE- . Person 0#o is al0ays rela ed*

    incompetent and easy going, PROA+TI/E PERSONALITY

    Personality

    Ty es

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    ProactivePersonality1Identi3es opportunities*s#o0s initiative* ta&esaction* and perseveresuntil meaningful c#ange

    occurs,%reates positive c#angein t#e environment*

    regardless or even in

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    ersonality Ty)es

    TY E A1. are always moving( wal%ing(

    and eating rapidly)*. feel impatient with the rate at

    which most events ta%eplace)

    +. strive to thin% or do two ormore things at once)

    ,. cannot cope with leisure time)-. are obsessed with numbers(

    measuring their success interms of how many or howmuch of everything they

    ac uire.

    TY E .

    1. never suffer from a senseof time urgency with its

    accompanying impatience)*. feel no need to display or

    discuss either theirachievements oraccomplishments)

    +. play for fun and relaxation(rather than to exhibit theirsuperiority at any cost)

    ,. can relax without guilt.

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    Main assumptions oft#eories

    One4 t#at personality traits are relatively sta'leand t#erefore predicta'le over time

    T0o4 Personality traits are relatively sta'le acrossdi$erent situations

    T#ree4 trait t#eories ta&e into account t#atpersonality consists of a num'er of di$erenttraits* and t#at some people #ave 5more" or 5less"of eac# trait t#an ot#ers

    Four4 some traits are more closely interrelatedt#anot#er traits and tend to occur toget#er

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    Strengt#s and 6imitations of traitt#eories

    Provide useful descriptions of personalityand its structure

    Provided t#e foundation of valid and

    relia'le personality devices %an lead people to accept and use

    oversimpli3ed classi3cations anddescriptions

    7nderestimate socio-cultural in1uences on'e#aviour

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    HANK YO