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  • M?& RangeC/' ^

    mm Commanders » DOCUMENT 451-00 mm Council ^

    OPTICAL SYSTEMS GROUP

    PHOTOGRAPHY, MOTION PICTURE FILM CORES AND SPOOLS, PERFORATIONS, AND OTHER

    TECHNICAL INFORMATION

    WHITE SANDS MISSILE RANGE KWAJALEIN MISSILE RANGE

    YUMA PROVING GROUND DUGWAY PROVING GROUND

    ABERDEEN TEST CENTER NATIONAL TRAINING CENTER

    ATLANTIC FLEET WEAPONS TRAINING FACILITY NAVAL AIR WARFARE CENTER WEAPONS DIVISON

    NAVAL AIR WARFARE CENTER AIRCRAFT DIVISION NAVAL UNDERSEA WARFARE CENTER DIVISION, NEWPORT

    PACIFIC MISSILE RANGE FACILITY NAVAL UNDERSEA WARFARE CENTER DIVISION, KEYPORT

    30 TH

    SPACE WING 45

    TH SPACE WING

    AIR FORCE FLIGHT TEST CENTER AIR ARMAMENT CENTER AIR WARFARE CENTER

    ARNOLD ENGINEERING DEVELOPMENT CENTER GOLDWATER RANGE

    UTAH TEST AND TRAINING RANGE

    DISTRIBUTION A: APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE; DISTRIBUTION IS UNLIMITED

    DTIC QUALTt? INSPECTED 3

    20000329 055

  • REPORT DOCUMENTATION PAGE Form Approved OMBNo. 07040188

    Public reporting burden for tfis collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. SBnd comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing this burden, to Washington Headquarters Services, Directorate for Information Operations and Reports, 1215 Jefferson Davis Highway Suite 1204, Arlington, VA 222024302, and to the Office of Management and Budget, Paperwork Reduction Project (0704-0188), Washington, DC 20503.

    1. AGENCY USE ONLY (Leave blank) 2. REPORT DATE January 2000

    3. REPORT TYPE AND DATES COVERED

    4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Photography, Motion Picture Film Cores and Spools, Perforations, and Other Technical Information.

    6. AUTHOR(S)

    7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) Optical Systems Group Range Commanders Council White Sands Missile Range, NM 88002-5110

    9. SPONSORING / MONITORING AGENCY NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) CSTE-DTC-WS-RCC Range Commanders Council White Sands Missile Range, NM 88002-5110

    5. FUNDING NUMBERS

    8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER

    Document 451-00

    10. SPONSORING /MONITORING AGENCY REPORT NUMBER

    same as block 8

    11. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES

    Supersedes Document 451-65, AD-A633162, which is now obsolete. Please remove 451-65 from distribution.

    12a. DISTRIBUTION I AVAILABILITY STATEMENT

    Distribution A: Approved for Public Release; Distribution is Unlimited.

    12b. DISTRIBUTION CODE

    13. ABSTRACT (Maximum 200 words)

    The information contained in this document is intended to provide a means of more rapidly identifying most of the cores and spools used throughout the motion picture industry. No attempt has been made to identify all of the various items that are available, but rather to list those items most widely used.

    14. SUBJECT TERMS photography, film cores, spools

    17. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF REPORT

    unclassified

    18. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF THIS PAGE

    unclassified

    19. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF ABSTRACT

    unclassified

    15. NUMBER OF PAGES 60

    16. PRICE CODE

    20. LIMITATION OF ABSTRACT

    none

    NSN 7540-01-280-5500 Standard Form 298 (Rev. 2-89) Prescribed by ANSI Std. Z39-18 298-102

  • DOCUMENT 451-00 (Formerly 451-65)

    PHOTOGRAPHY, MOTION PICTURE FILM CORES AND SPOOLS, PERFORATIONS, AND OTHER TECHNICAL

    INFORMATION

    JANUARY 2000

    Prepared by

    OPTICAL SYSTEMS GROUP RANGE COMMANDERS COUNCIL

    Published by

    Secretariat Range Commanders Council White Sands Missile Range

    New Mexico 88002-5110

    This document is available on the Range Commanders Council website at: http ://tecnet0.j cte.jcs.mil

  • TABLE OF CONTENTS

    Page

    ABSTRACT v

    SECTIONS

    I Introduction 1-1

    II Flange Focal Distances II-l

    HI Timing Displacement III-l

    IV Aperture Openings for Cameras IV-1

    V Light Transmission of Prism Cameras V-l

    APPENDICES

    A Center Hole Specifications, Cores and Spools A-l

    B Special Cores and Spools B-l

    C Society of Motion Picture & Television Engineers (SMPTE) (Reprints) C-l

    D ASA Standards (Reprints) D-l

    E Perforation Dimensions. E-l

    *Note. Appendix C is reproduced through the courtesy of the Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers. Appendix D is reproduced through the courtesy of the American Standards Association. This material may not be reproduced from this document.

    in

  • ABSTRACT

    The information in this document is intended to provide a means of more rapidly identifying most of the cores and spools used throughout the motion picture industry. No attempt has been made to identify all of the various items that are available, but rather to list those items most widely used. Manufacturers' data sheets and/or pamphlets covering this subject for their respective products can be obtained from the specific manufacturer. The pamphlets that apply are Eastman Kodak "16mm, 35mm, and 70mm Films," Pamphlet #P-29 and Photo-Sonics technical data sheets.

  • SECTION I

    INTRODUCTION

    The purpose of this document is to present camera technical information and representations of the types of film cores and spools that are currently available on the open market. At the present time, only one company, Eastman Kodak, is supplying the test range industry with these film products. Specific technical information about these products appears in this publication. Additionally, information is included that may be of value to data reduction analysts.

    Also provided herein are representations of special cores and spools that are required specifically for high-speed camera use. These specially manufactured devices are designed to withstand the torque generated in high-speed camera operations. In addition to the identification of these cores and spools, an attempt has been made to provide technical information regarding flange focal distances, timing displacement, aperture openings for cameras, and light transmission for prism cameras.

    Appendix A of this document contains reprints of cores and spools information that was taken from Kodak Publication P-29. Pictured in appendix B are special cores and spools. Reprints of items relating to film perforation, dimensions, and usage are at appendixes C and D. Specifically, appendix C contains a tutorial on the history, standardization, and usage of various motion picture perforations and the Index to Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers (SMPTE)- Sponsored American Standards. Appendix D features reprints of two American Standard Dimensions for film perforations. Lastly, reprints of perforation and film dimensions, also taken from Kodak Publication P-29, are in appendix E.

    It is recommended that this document be used as an outline to which the user can add the latest information as it becomes known or available.

    1-1

  • SECTION II

    FLANGE FOCAL DISTANCES

    The information provided in this section could be used to manufacture lens adapters when such adapters are unavailable on the open market. The cost-cutting environment in which the ranges currently operate necessitates varying the use of the present inventory of lenses to meet customer requirements. Most test sites have lenses in their inventory that can be adapted for use on a variety of cameras. An example is the Mamiya M-645, which is normally used with the 16mm Photec V. This lens can be adapted to the Photo-Sonics 4ML and the 4B/4C. With the provided flange focal distances, an adapter can be locally manufactured for these cameras. This configuration produces a very acceptable image as well as good light transmission.

    With this information and a real need to use available lenses, a mechanical engineer should be able to implement the local manufacture of an acceptable adapter. The manufacturers of high- speed photographic equipment have shown an interest in the production of these adapters if the development and test prove profitable and a need exists.

    FILM

    ±..0005 ±..001

    BREF AREF

    CREF NOTES: 1. All dimensions are at infinity 2. "C" Mount dimension .690 (16mm) 3. "D" Mount dimension .484 (8mm) 4. GSAP Mount dimension 1.0185 (16mm)

    PHOTO-SONICS, Incorporated, 1994, Burbank, California.

    II-1

  • Back Focus or Flange Focal Distance of Camera Models Currently Used

    16MM

    MODEL NO. AREF BREF CREF -IB 1.796 -IF 1.635

    Model 6 Thin turret 1.218 1C 1.796 ID 1.891 IE 0.905 IP 0.69

    1PDL 2.047

    35MM

    MODEL NO. AREF BREF CREF 4B-4C 2.274 0.678 2.953

    Hasselblad Mount 4B-4C 2.274 0.96 3.234 4E/6E 2.274 0.678 2.953

    4M/ML 1 1.953 2.953 Model 5 2.312 Model 6 2.375 .579 2.953 Mamiya 2.4803 Pentax 1.793

    70MM

    MODEL NO. AREF BREF CREF -10M 3.346 -IB 1.938 1.015 2.953

    Hasselblad-5C 1.938 1.296 3.234 -5C 1.625

    -10A 1.938 Ilium. Fiouc.-lOA 2.25 0.703 2.953

    -10B 4.594 -5B 1.938

    -10D 1.5 -10P 2.25 0.7