Physical and Mechanical Practices in Potato Dr. S.K. Dutta & Dr. Badal Bhattacharyya Department of Entomology Assam Agricultural University,Jorhat-13

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  • Physical and Mechanical Practices in PotatoDr. S.K. Dutta & Dr. Badal BhattacharyyaDepartment of EntomologyAssam Agricultural University,Jorhat-13

  • Erecting 1.25 -2 m long branches of neem plants in white grub infested areas before sunset during the peak period of activity (April - June) to attract and destroy the adults of white grubFig. 1.White grub adults (beetles) on neem tree

    Source: www.ainpwhitegrubs.com

  • Shaking the twigs of the preferred host plants like neem, guava, jamun, ber etc. of adults of white grubs and subsequent collectionof the fallen beetles in an inverted umbrella and their destruction by dipping in kerosinized jar or by burning

    Fig. 2.Collection of white grub beetles from host trees

    Source: www.ainpwhitegrubs.com Fig.3. White grub beetles collected from host trees

    Source: www.ainpwhitegrubs.com

  • Hand collection and destruction of eggs, larvae and pupae of white grub and cut worm after ploughing the soil

    Fig. 4.Hand collection of white grubs

    Source: AINP on white grubs , Department of Entomology Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat-785013

  • Hand collection of snails and slugs in a bucket containing salt water just two hours after sunsetFig. 5.Hand collection of slugs and snails

    Source: http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://blisstree.com/files

  • Use of saw dust, rice bran, wood ash as protective barrier to snails and slugsFig. 6. Saw dust Wood ash Rice bran

    Source http://www.google.com

  • Repeated ploughing of soil to destroy the paths and caves of mole crickets Fig.7. Mole cricket caves(within circles)Source: http://www.egreenlawncare.com Source: http://insects.tamu.edu/

  • Collection of Epilachna beetles and green leaf hoppers by hand nets or sweep nets to reduce the intensity of infestation Fig.8. Sweepnet Fig.9. Insect collection by sweep netSource: http://www.google.co.in

  • Use of substances such as saw dust, ashe or crushed eggshells placed around the base of plant may trap and subsequently kill the cutworm larvae by abrasive action

    Against cutworm larvae, use bait trap containing gram bran (1 kg), jaggary ( 100 gm), yeast (1gm) and chlorpyriphos (1 ml) at the time of 1st and 2nd earthing up

  • Covering of potato tubers with a 5 mm layer of dry sand, ash, rice husk or saw dust also lowers tuber moth infestation

    Fig.10.Covering of potato tubers with sandSource: http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.thedailystar.net/photo/

  • Keep the potato tubers in cold storage to reduce tuber moth infestation

    Fig.11. Potatoes in cold storageSource: http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.thedailystar.net/photo/

  • Use of light trap to collect and destroy adults of white grub, tuber moth, cut worm moth and mole cricket etc.

    Fig.12. Light trapSource: http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.thedailystar.net/photo/

  • Use of pitfall trap to collect and destroy mole crickets, field crickets and cutworm larvaeFig.13. Pitfall trapSource: http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://mcz-28168.oeb.harvard.edu/

  • Use of Yellow pan trap, sticky trap to attract and kill winged aphids, leaf hoppers, mites etc. Locally available empty yellow coloured tins coated with ordinary grease on outer surface may also be usedFig.14. Yellow pan trap and yellow sticky trapSource: http://www.google.com/imgres