Pictorial Guide to the Mammoth Cave, Kentucky (1851)_Horace Martin

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    NYPL RESEARCH LIBRARIES

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    Lbpox Library

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    rs ^ s i| # 1 1 i ^ f ^

    KENTUCKY

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    lifSfif^ If111Cii i,;iUhVni:l'':;i:i,

    TO THE

    \3gI1 Y JIEIlSJ^W(SlE^u

    JiY i'HK REVEEEND HORACE MARTIN

    NEW YORK:

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    PE@T@t[i^L ^wmTO rnK

    ^ llifH (SAl,., gKENTUCKY.

    BY THi:

    [^iWo [K]@[K^^[i o^z^iE^iroo^.

    ILLUSTRATED IN THE FIHST STYLE OF ART, BY S. WALLEN, JNO. ANDREW)J. W. ORR, AND N. ORR.

    NEW YORKSTRINGER & TOWNSEND, No. 222 BROADWAY.

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    Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 185J, by

    F RANK LESLIE,In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States, in

    and for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania.

    PHILADELPHIA:KING & BAIRD, PRINTERS, No. 9 SANSOM STREET.

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    LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.

    The Cave Hotel.Entrance to the Cave.^View of Entrance to the Cave from the Inside.Entrance to the Gothic Galleries.Bottomless Pit.

    Gothic Chapel.River Styx.The Giant's Coffin. 'Hopper's and Water Pipes.The Lover's Leap.

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    AUTHOR'S ADDRESS.

    In America, Nature seems to have purposely ope-rated on a gigantic scale. Her Lakes, her Rivers,and her Mountains, may be instanced as an attestationof what we say. Greatness and sublimity characterizethem all. Poets have sung their praises, tourists havedescribed them in all the eloquence of prose, and pain-ters have labored to illustrate them upon the canvas.They have been famed everywhere. But at the sametime, an object of Nature, as sublime as beautiful,and as great as the Andes or the Mississippi, has beencomparatively neglected,we allude to the MammothCave of Kentucky. Little has hitherto been said ofit by authors, less done towards familiarizing it to theMillion, by the painter. It is with the view of fillingup this blank, though it may be imperfectly, that thepresent work has been undertaken.We are anxious that Americans, as well as foreignersvisiting the Republic, should view the Mammoth Cave ;and we are aware of no better plan of insuring this,

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    MADE. JENNY LIND'SVISIT TO THE MAMMOTH CAVE.

    FAVORED EY JUUUS BENEDICT, ESQ.

    Early in the morning, after the close of our last concertin Nashville, we started, with a somewhat smaller partythan had hitherto accompanied us, on a trip to the MammothCave. It consisted of Mademoiselle Lind and MademoiselleAhmansen, Belletti, M. Hjortzberg, Mr. Burke, Mr. Seyton,and myself. Our road was rough, and in many instancesalmost impassable for a carriage. The rain had however,laid the dust, and although there was little of the picturesqueto be met with in the country that was stretched on eitherside of us, the fresh brilliancy of the young year sheetedtrees and meadows aUke in its budding green. After par-taking of luncheon at Teyress' Springs, and pausing todine afterwards at the Bowling Green, we arrived in thecourse of the evening, and found ourselves in comfortablelodgings, at Bell's Hotel. On the following morning wequitted this tarrying- place at nine o'clock, and had thesatisfaction of travelling over eight miles of the very worstroad we had yet traversed in the United Statescharminglybroken up with snatches of woodland and forest scenery

    2

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    \

    10 JENNY LIND's visithere bending past the edge of a jagged and abrupt glen,and then breaking into a sweep of meadow or buddingfoliage. At length we arrived at the hotel, a dismal andqueer-looking building, the roof of which was seamed withthe chance sky-lights made by age and decay, and theservice of which was performed by domestics, who werescrupulously bent on following their own fancies in themanagement of our table, for here it w^as that we breakfasted.In truth, the meal itself was excellent, and the room in whichit ^vas held, considering the time of the year, was in goodorderJenny Lind's presence, we presume, having, as isusual in hotels, railways, and steamboats, made an extraseason. Fortunately, we here met with Mr. Crcghan, theproprietor of the estate in which the Cave is situated, a mostgentlemanly and delightful person, who did us the honorsof his subterranean dominions in the most agreeable manner.It w^as about twelve o'clock that we started in his companyfor the Cave, and to avoid the pertinacious curiosity of theguests, who had been collected here by the report of Made-moiselle Lind's visit, he conducted us by a less frequentedpathway than the one usually taken to its mouth. Lampswere now procured, and as it happened, we were fortunateenough to be placed in the hands of the very Prince ofGuides. This was Stephen, who must be a well knowncharacter to those who visit this palace of the Gnomes.Half Indian and half negro, ( a singularly rare mixture ofblood,) he has been living in or about this cavern for the lastfifteen years, until he himself has begun to fancy it wouldbe impossible to quit it. Although of course, uneducated,he is essentially a clever man, and has contrived to pick upa vast amount of information from associating with everydescription of persons. Now he sports a bit of science,derived from some of the more learned visitors he has con-

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    TO THE MAMMOTH CAVE. 11ducted through the cavern, or a bit of artistic knowledofewhich has been dropped behind him by some wanderingpainter, or haply a touch of the hfe of the world beyond,which has filtered through his mind from a thousand sources.In addition to this, when it is remembered that he is as muchat home in the lengthy avenues, the gorgeous churches, andpalatial halls,

    the domes and thepits

    of this weird region,as if he had been amon

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    12 . JENNY LIND's visitby the torch of Stephen, falls into and for some momentspartially illumines the profound depths of a place which iscalled the ' Bottomless Pit ;' and, indeed, nothing could wellgive a more vivid idea of the earthly entrance to a spiritualHades than dees this place. The spot of intense and glowinglightthe unfathomable space belowthe unnatural featuresof the place, all brought out in strong relief by the unusualradiance ; and the awful silence that reigns around, unbroken,save by the whispers and muttered observations of the partywhich stands almost lost in the gloom of the silent cavern,give it a character of extreme and unutterable solemnity.What, however, must we say of the ' Star Chamber ?' Afterhaving wandered for a mile or more along what we presumedwas the principal avenue, (the height of this varies, as weshould suppose, from thirty to eighty feet,) we passed the^Giant's Coffin,' a mass of stone presupposed by the dealerin fabulous nomenclature to be the tomb of some antediluvianhero. Here the Cave widened, and we found ourselvesstanding as we seemed to emerge from it, under a broad andsable sky, spotted with unknown stars. Almost for the firstmoment you m.ight dream that you had entered upon anotherworld. The illusion is complete. Above you lies the vaultof the dark and novel heaven, seamed with apparentlycountless planets, and around you stretches the dark andweird-looking horizon, apparently dyingaway into the gloomof that strange firmament. Here also our guide shone inall his glory. First he would withdraw within the entrance,carrying the torches with him. Then the stars would dis-appear, one by one, until we were left in silence and dark-ness. Anon a crimson liQ:ht would break out amonof therocks, whose intense brilliancy would give us some idea ofthe grandeur and splendid proportions of the ^ Star Chamber,'sparkling in its brilhant glory on the glistening spots of the

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    TO THE MAMMOTH CAVE. 13sable coping. Then he would descend and move furtheroff, to throw the h'ght of the torches on others of the incrus-tati