Text of POETRY TOOLBOX â€“ POETIC DEVICES Mr. Sabolcik West Forsyth HS 2012
POETRY TOOLBOX POETIC DEVICES Mr. Sabolcik West Forsyth HS 2012
IN THIS PRESENTATION, WE WILL COVER THE FOLLOWING: Poetic Devices Rhyme Rhythm Refrain Imagery
Rhyme - When similar or identical sounds are repeated at the ends of words POETIC DEVICE West is Best! Little Miss Muffet, sat on her tuffet, I am Sabolcik. He is Sabolcik.
WRITE A WORD THAT RHYMES WITH EACH OF THE FOLLOWING Goat Mood Fool Plane Honey 2 Chainz
2 Major Types of Rhyme Internal Rhymes in the middle of a line External Rhymes at ends of lines
2 KINDS OF RHYME INTERNAL But the raven, sitting lonely on the placid bust, spoke only, Nothing further then he uttered - not a feather then he fluttered Edgar Allan Poe, The Raven EXTERNAL What this grim, gaunt, and ominous bird of yore Meant in croaking `Nevermore. Edgar Allan Poe, The Raven
Different Rhyme Schemes pattern of rhyme between lines of a poem or song For example: Roses are Red Violets are Blue Pencils have lead Sabolcik loves all of you. A B A B
Your Turn! Choose a song and analyze the rhyme scheme of 6-8 lines. They must be SCHOOL APPROPRIATE lyrics.
Rhythm - What words you accent or stress in a line of poetry -The beat of the poem -Fast, slow, accelerating, etc. POETIC DEVICE The wind in her hair over there The chair that sat with her hair Eyes on eyes Fire and lye in the river sky on I
THE BEST WAY TO DETERMINE RHYTHM IS TO SPEAK THE POEM. ANY VOLUNTEERS? Gaily bedight, A gallant knight, In sunshine and in shadow, Had journeyed long, Singing a song, In search of Eldorado. But he grew old- This knight so bold- And o'er his heart a shadow Fell as he found No spot of ground That looked like Eldorado. -Keep the rhythm! -Try tapping your toe while you read it out loud! -Think about what kind of beat or pattern it has! -Is it long or short? Flowing or choppy? -Does it sound like anything familiar? -Are there any patterns or is it random?
REFRAIN Repeated line or group of words in a poem. Like a chorus. Adds importance to the words repeated. Helps the phrase stick in your mind.
SPOT THE REFRAIN! It was not I that ate the pie Bobby said that he would give me his right shoe For a piece of the sweet treat And I thought that it would be nice to have another shoe But no, It was not I that ate that pie Jimmy caught a sniff while sneaking thorugh our yard He would give me a fistful of mice for just one slice I told him I needed a left shoe, But no, It was not I that ate that pie Then Mary walked by my door, I told her she could test the rest For the the smallest peck, But no, It was not I that ate that pie.
Subject In poetry, the subject is basically what were talking about. It is the idea or thing the poet is concerned with. Some poems have multiple subjects. How is this different than theme? Subject can be one word. Theme is the moral or lesson. The subject is what the moral or lesson is about!
Gaily bedight, A gallant knight, In sunshine and in shadow, Had journeyed long, Singing a song, In search of Eldorado. But he grew old This knight so bold And oer his heart a shadow Fell as he found No spot of ground That looked like Eldorado.
Different Types of Poetry Lyric Narrative Epic Haiku Sonnet
Lyric Poem Highly musical verse that expresses the thoughts, observations, and feelings of a single speaker
Lyric Poem Example Turn back the heart you've turned away Give back your kissing breath Leave not my love as you have left The broken hearts of yesterday But wait, be still, don't lose this way Affection now, for what you guess May be something more, could be less Accept my love, live for today.
Narrative Poem A poem that tells a story (a narrative)
Narrative Poem Example I place my tiny hand in his as we walk to Papas Fishing Hole. I hand him a wiggling night crawler fighting for his life. The deadly hook squishes through the worms head, and I watch the brown guts ooze out.
Epic Poem Long narrative poem about the deeds of gods or heroes.
Haiku Japanese poem of three-line verse form 5 syllables 7 syllables 5 syllables
Haiku Example An old silent pond... A frog jumps into the pond, splash! Silence again.
Sonnet 14 line lyric poem written in rhymed iambic pentameter.
Miltons On His Blindness When I consider how my light is spent (a) Ere half my days, in this dark world and wide, (b) And that one talent which is death to hide, (b) Lodged with me useless, though my soul more bent (a) To serve therewith my Maker, and present (a) My true account, lest he returning chide; (b) "Doth God exact day-labor, light denied?" (b) I fondly ask; but Patience to prevent (a) That murmur, soon replies, "God doth not need (c) Either man's work or his own gifts; who best (d) Bear his mild yoke, they serve him best. His state (e) Is Kingly. Thousands at his bidding speed (c) And post o'er land and ocean without rest; (d) They also serve who only stand and wait." (e)