BIG PICTURE: What is a
What? Identify what a population pyramid is and indentify their main characteristics.
How? By understanding how to interpret population pyramids to explain development.
Why? So I can justify where people belong on a population pyramid according to their countries status.
Pg 178-179 AQA Geography Text book
A useful hint before we start
Todays lesson will be forming your formative assessment level for this
You will be completing a GCSE paper for homework.
You will not be having the use of your books so PAY EXTRA ATTENTION
Connect: Where do I belong on a
In front of you is a template of a population pyramid for the U.K
How much can you already understand?
1. Locate and circle your own age range.
2. Draw an arrow to the side of the pyramid that you belong.
3. In the space below write an estimation of the number of people in the U.K that are within the same age range as you.
4. Have a go at the extension question!
The number of people who rely on the working population to support them.
This is usually the elderly and people below the age of 16.
Who else could the dependable
population also be?
A dependable population
Activate: What are the key terms
for todays lesson?
1. Fill in the missing key terms to define what a population pyramid is.
2. Match the correct key term up to its definition.
Extension: Have a go answering the question at the bottom of the sheet
How did you do?
Missing terms in order:
Pyramid, graph, percentages, age, base,
youngest, elderly, interpreting, death rates (9 marks)
Correct Definitions: (4 marks)
Maximum marks: ? /13
Age Structure The number of babies that die, per 1,000 live births.
Gender Structure The number of children that die, per 1,000 live births.
Infant Mortality The balance between males and females in a
population. Small differences can tell us a great
deal about a country or city.
Child Mortality The proportion of each age group in a population.
This is closely linked to the level of development a
country has reached.
How do population pyramids
Just as the Demographic Transition model is split into 5 stages, population
pyramids are too.
Each stage tells us what level of economic development a country is at.
Quick challenge!Sketch a population pyramid for a poor country and a rich country
Demonstrate: How do
population pyramids work? 1.Cut out the 5 population pyramids.
2. Cut out the 5 stage descriptors.
3. Match the pyramid up to the correct descriptor.
4. Once you are happy each phase is in the correct order, stick them down.
Extension: Look at stage 5. Can you spot any big problems for the future?
Clue. Think about support for the elderly.
Reflect: Where do these people
belong on a population pyramid?
I am 45 years old. I contribute to
____ million of the
If the globe lands on you have a go at answering the question!
I am 18
years old, if
to ____ of
My country is in stage ___ of
My country is frequently in the news because
of war. I am from ___________. My country is in
stage ____ of population development.
I am from Zimbabwe/ Libya/ The Congo This
is currently the poorest country in the world.
Most people living here are between the age
of ___ and __
There are very few births in my country because the government has a law that says you can only have 1 child. I am from_______.
We are in stage ____
A low birth rate is going to be a problem in the future because.
Homework: GCSE Practise
This task will form your 2nd formative mark for this half of the module.
Exam Pro- Population pyramids
- Population DTM
Please see the grade boundaries to assess your own progress.
Idea of Grade Boundaries:
Grade Marks (/18)
F 4 or below
Additional activity= 1 merit for
completion Find an example of another country in each stage.
NOT the ones we have looked at.
By each state whether it is an:
MEDC- More Economically Developed Country.
LEDC- Less Economically Developed Country.
NIC- Newly industrialised country. (a country
whose economic development is moving from a
LEDC but is not yet at the stage of an MEDC.