DAUNTING ADVERSITIES VS MODERN WORKING WOMEN
BY R.VAISHNAVI. 3 rd yr,EEE DEPT,KLNCE
Women have come a long way and today are no less than a super women juggling well their family and professional lives Today the contribution of women to the world has increased Tremendously 47% of the workforce are women They are Moving into positions of key importance within family economy In some cases they are the sole bread winner But still they suffer from certain limitations unlike their male counterparts
ECONOMIC RECESSION: Ongoing economic global downturn of 2007 sent nearly 1 million moms out of work While women lost jobs ,some men also did in male dominated industries, Thus resulted in role swaps leading to unexpected family clashes. Also, a two earner couple family or a single mother family relying on womens income bagged financially back
WOMEN SUFFER HIGH RATES OF UNEMPLOYMENT
LACK OF PROFESSIONAL ADVANCEMENTWorking mothers cut back to part time jobs lose the opportunities of promotion and benefits such as healthcare In addition, working mothers are hired later, fired earlier, paid less and promoted more slowly than women or men without children. Research shows that if a woman includes any information on her Resume indicating she has children, she has a tougher time getting a job than women who don t have children
Research at Cornell university took place ,creating hypothetical job seekers with stronger resumes The result was U.S Companies opted for 84% of women without children than 47% of working mothers
Salary dropped by 37%
Often suffer from stress and fatigue Lose focus in both work and family
. The end result is that neither situation is healthy or productive
FAMILY LEAVE POLICIES: allows employees to take time off from work to care for their families, deal with emergencies, or recuperate from a serious illness with a guaranteed job when they return. Job- and benefit-protected family leaves for working parents include maternity, paternity, child rearing, care for ill child, time to accompany Child for the 1st day to school
MATERNITY LEAVE: ILO created standard(revised in 1952) to offer 12-14 weeks of this Leave Most developed countries offer 2-6 months of this leave with 80-100% of her earnings In February, 2009, a massive extension of maternity leave across Europe was voted for by the Women s Rights Committee of the European Parliament to make it compulsory for employers to pay mothers for a minimum of 20 weeks on full pay.
PARENTAL LEAVE: These are gender-neutral leaves following the maternity leave Are also provided to men, they are either use or lose leave and are paid leaves Either the mom or dad can use the leave or could share them This helps creating an incentive to fathers to play active parenting role
Flexible workweek: A variation of standard workday and workweek Work at home or telecommuting Flexible reduced time Part time works
Even as women enter workforce in large numbers, they still undertake majority of unpaid household work and childcare. The skills of women are increasingly needed for national economy to grow and this behooves government to increase employment rates of mothers. But without cultural attitude change working mothers will continue to struggle to balance work and family responsibilities.