Present perfect-Simple past

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Text of Present perfect-Simple past

  • 1. Estructura Sujeto + verbo auxiliar ("to have, to has") +participio pasado. I have talked to Peter. She has gone to work. We have been to London. They have learned English.

2. EstructuraSujeto + verbo auxiliar ("to have") + "not" + participiopasado. I havent talked to Peter. She hasnt gone to work. We havent been to London. They havent learned English. 3. Regular Irregular Whas-Washed Send-Sent Visit-Visited Have-Had Pack-Packed Send-Sent Clean-Cleaned Do-Done Paint-Painted Eat-Eaten 4. Auxiliary Verb PastSubject ParticipleI / You / We / SentHave TheyDone GoneBeenHas He / She / It Fixed Worked 5. Have you studied for tomorrows test? Yes , I have / No , I havent Has she been a teacher for ten years? Yes, she has / No, I hasent. Have you gone to mexico by bus? Yes, I have / No , I havent. 6. ExampleKaren has never driven a car.I have never eaten in chenese restaurant.I have never visited La basilica. 7. Use just to express actions that havehappened auxiliary have/has and before the pastparticiple Example: Maria has just finished herhomework. (not so long ago) -They have just come fromthesupermarket. - It has just started raining. 8. Use: We use yet for negative sentences andquestions. It is used for actions that you thinkhas happened. It is used to expressexpectations. (es traducido como ya o aun) Example I havent been to Europe yet. (But I expectto go there) - Has Matilda been to New York yet? - Have you studied for the test yet? - Juan hasnt proposed to Jenny yet. 9. Simple past tense is used to describeactions that have happened at an earliertime and have already complete Example She cleaned her house I broke the window He lost the keys She lent me a book 10. Present Perfect In English we use the present perfect tense when aconnection or relationship between past andpresent. Example The secretary has decided to look for a new job.Im afraid I have forgotten your name. How long have you worked here? She has been away on business since last week. 11. We oftenuse for and since whentalking about time. 12. Weuse since when we give the beginning of the time. We use for when we give the length of the time. 13. Ihave been living in Seville since lastjune. I havent seen you since last week. Yesterday I studied for three hours I have been living in Seville for 1 year I havent seen you for a week 14. Often there is very little difference betweenthe present perfect simple and the presentperfect continuous. In many cases, bothare equally acceptable. Theyve been working here for a long timebut Andy has worked here for even longer. Ive lived here for 10 years and she hasbeen living here for 12 years. 15. I have visited La basilica for one time.Yesterday I saw toVirgen de Guadalupewith my friends. 16. I HAVE SEENGLADIADOR MOVIEFOR FOUR TIMES, YESTERDAY SAWGLADIADOR MOVIEWITH MY FRIENDSAGAIN.