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Dean l 0320195 l Ms. Iffa l FNBE Aug 2014 l Taylors University1ENBE l Final Project l Part A - Report l A Better Future Town Representation l

TRIFLAKEA Better Future TownTeo Kuo Chien I 0320195Foundation in Natural & Build EnvironmentAugust 2014

Dean l 0320195 l Ms. Iffa l FNBE Aug 2014 l Taylors University2ENBE l Final Project l Part A - Report l A Better Future Town Representation l

ContentIntroductionCity VS. TownInvestigation & Collecting DataThe New X Town : TRIFLAKEConclusion

ENBE l Final Project l Part A - Report l l

Dean l 0320195 l Ms. Iffa l FNBE Aug 2014 l Taylors University3ENBE l Final Project l Part A - Report l A Better Future Town Representation l

1.IntroductionThe idea of this project is to understand the component and elements of a city and what makes a better future city. According to few of the past Ancient city like Babylon, Greek and Roman. There are some good point in the past cities but also bad ones. So this x town should be much more better compare to the past with all the guildlines and histories of planning or building a great city.

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Dean l 0320195 l Ms. Iffa l FNBE Aug 2014 l Taylors University4ENBE l Final Project l Part A - Report l A Better Future Town Representation l

2.City VS. TownCity is a large and permanent human settlement. There is no fixed or standard of a city therefore all city have its own specialities , function, history background and many more. Introduction for city

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Dean l 0320195 l Ms. Iffa l FNBE Aug 2014 l Taylors University5ENBE l Final Project l Part A - Report l A Better Future Town Representation l

Cities and towns are differentiated primarily by an areas demography and its geography. In simple terms, cities are larger dwelling places than towns.

Cities cover a wider area than towns and as cities advance, they may sometimes incorporate or merge with surrounding areas. Towns on the other hand do not generally expand into other areas in the same way as cities.

Cities are more densely populated than towns. Towns, as mentioned earlier, are smaller than cities but bigger than villages. Unlike towns, most cities are the seat of most of a regions administrative functions, that is to say, most of the important administrative offices are situated in the cities.

The governance of cities is handled by corporate bodies whereas municipal bodies rule the towns. Generally a mayor is the head of a city corporation, while a chairman is the head of a municipality. The centre of power mainly rests in the cities and not in the towns.

Unlike the towns, cities are generally well planned and have proper sanitation, drinking water, roads and other modern amenities.

The first towns were those where people no longer did farming but were engaged in other occupations and trade. As towns expanded, this led to the formation of cities.City VS. TownDifferences

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Dean l 0320195 l Ms. Iffa l FNBE Aug 2014 l Taylors University6ENBE l Final Project l Part A - Report l A Better Future Town Representation l

Though the classification of an area as a town or city is related to its population; different countries have different methods of making this classification. In the US, a city is just a legal term that means an urban area with autonomous power. In other countries, the word may not have such a legal basis and is generally just used to refer to a large settlement.

Summary

1. Cities are larger than towns and more densely populated.2. As cities advance, they may sometimes merge with, or incorporate surrounding areas. Towns on the other hand, tend not to do this.3. The centre of power mainly rests in the cities and not in the towns. Most of the important administrative offices are situated in the cities.4. Corporate bodies rule the cities; municipalities, the towns. A mayor is the head of a city corporation, while a chairman is the head of a municipality.5. In the US, city is a legal term that means an urban area with autonomous power. In other countries, the word does not have a legal basis but refers to a large settlement.City VS. TownDifferences

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Dean l 0320195 l Ms. Iffa l FNBE Aug 2014 l Taylors University7ENBE l Final Project l Part A - Report l A Better Future Town Representation l

3. Investigation and Collecting DataThe ancient metropolis of Babylon is one of the most famous cities of the ancient world and today can be found near the town of Al-Hillah in modern-day Iraq.

Founded almost five thousand years ago, the city on the Euphrates has seen empires rise and fall and has been the centre of the highest forms of culture and the most brutal wars and devastation.

It is likely that Babylon was founded in the third millennium BC and rose to prominence over the next thousand years. By the 18th century BC the city was the centre of the empire of Hammurabi. However, the changing political and military nature of the region saw Babylon fought over countless times over the following centuries, with one empire or dynasty after another securing Babylon as their home.

A resurgence of an independent Babylonian empire briefly flourished towards the end of the 7th century BC under king Nebuchadnezzar II famous for building great wonders within the city, including the renowned Hanging Gardens of Babylon yet even this dynasty failed to last, with Babylon falling to Cyrus the Great, king of the Persian Empire.

In 331 BC Alexander the Great captured Babylon, and it was here he died in 323 BC. After the fall of Alexanders fledgling empire, Babylon was fought over by his surviving generals and was slowly abandoned over the following centuries.

The ruins of Babylon have suffered greatly due to looting and destructive policies, leaving little behind that captures the glory of the once-great city. Saddam Hussein also built a new version of ancient Babylon over the site.Ancient City Babylon - Introduction

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Dean l 0320195 l Ms. Iffa l FNBE Aug 2014 l Taylors University8ENBE l Final Project l Part A - Report l A Better Future Town Representation l

Ancient City Babylon History BackgroundThe empire of Hammurabi: 18th century BC

Babylon is just one among many small kingdoms in Mesopotamia when Hammurabi becomes its ruler in about 1728 BC. He defeats his rivals in the region, and establishes a society based on the rule of law (famous also for the skill of its astronomers and mathematicians). By the end of his reign the whole of Mesopotamia is under central control for the first time since the empire of Sargon, 500 years earlier.

The society over which Hammurabi presides is vividly reflected in the famous code of laws, the Code of Hammurabi, which towards the end of his life the king orders to be inscribed on a stele, or upright stone pillar - the only way, at the time, of publishing them. Troublesome neighbours to the north: 16th - 7th c. BC

Babylon is destroyed in about 1531 BC by invaders from the northwest, the Hittites (local dates are controversial at this time - see Chronology of the Near East ). But Babylon re-establishes itself a century later under the rule of intruders from the northeast. These are the Kassites, who have been gradually moving into Mesopotamia from the mountainous regions of Iran. They maintain a stable society for three centuries - from the 15th to the 12th.

Meanwhile a region to the north of Babylon has been growing in power. Its centre is Ashur, the capital city from which the Assyrians take their name. In the 7th century BC the Assyrians, under Sennacherib, overwhelm the Babylonians.

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Dean l 0320195 l Ms. Iffa l FNBE Aug 2014 l Taylors University9ENBE l Final Project l Part A - Report l A Better Future Town Representation l

The revival of Babylon: from 625 BC

Sennacherib appals many in Mesopotamia by his brutal destruction, in 689, of the ancient city of Babylon. This act leads to prolonged unrest, occasional periods of outright rebellion and, eventually, to devastating revenge.

In 625 Nabopolassar, a Chaldean, establishes a new dynasty in Babylon (it is variously described by historians as Chaldean or Neo-Babylonian). Nabopolassar attacks Assyria, allying himself with the Medes - eastern neighbours of Assyria, and technically one of their vassal states. In 612 Nineveh is captured and destroyed after a three-month siege. This brings to an abrupt end the story of Assyria. It will be absorbed, eventually, in the Persian empire. The dynasty of Nebuchadnezzar: 7th - 6th century BC

The Medes are content with the regions to the north and east, so this final Babylonian dynasty becomes the controlling power of the whole of Mesopotamia. Nabopolassar is succeeded by his son Nebuchadnezzar in 605.

Nebuchadnezzar, in a reign of more than forty years, gives Babylon its period of greatest fame. He is prominent in the Bible as the ruler who destroys Jerusalem and carries off the Jews into their Babylonian captivity. And he features in the list of the Seven Wonders of the World, as the creator of the hanging gardens of Babylon. The successors of Nebuchadnezzar on the throne of Babylon are less effective. They have the misfortune to be close neighbours of the greatest empire-builder to have emerged by this stage in history.

Ancient City Babylon History Background

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Dean l 0320195 l Ms. Iffa l FNBE Aug 2014 l Taylors University10ENBE l Final Project l Part A - Report