Presented and Planned by: Kim KellerAlesha PrinceKatie PoniatowskiDavid Holzen
The Kingdom of
Demographics Area: 504, 782 square km Death Rate: 9.9 deaths per 1,000 Birth Rate: 9.72 births to 1,000Age Structure: 0-14 years 14.5%15-64 years 64.4%65+ years 18.1%0.072% growth rate (primarily due to immigration)4.1 deaths to 1,000 live births 76% of population is Roman Catholic GDP (PPP) $34,60017.5% unemployment as of 2009
1814 to 1833: During reign of Fernando VII, Spanish colonies of America gain their independence, except Cuba and Puerto Rico.
1873 to 1874: The First Republic. The Republic deals w/ war in Cuba, the third Carlist war. General Pavia dissolves the Cortes and establishes the government of General Serrano. Spain History1874: General Martinez Campos rises in Sagunto and proclaims the restoration of the Bourbons under Alfonso XII.
1876 to 1878: Defeat of Carlism, which brings end to ten year war in Cuba
1895: The Cuban war of independence breaks up. Spain History Cont.1898: War w/United States puts end to Spanish colonial empire: Cuba, Puerto Rico and Philippines
1914 to 1918: Spain remained neutral in the First World War
1936 to 1939: Military rising in Morocco, headed by General Francisco Franco, spreads starting the Spanish Civil War. Republicans lose.
1939 to 1945: Spain stayed out of WW2
1955: Agreement between US and Soviet Union lets Spain enter the United Nations
1956: Sidi Mohamed ben Yusef, Moroccan Sultan, reaches agreement w/ Franco to end Spanish protectorate over Morocco.
1958: Spanish government hands over Tarfaya (an area in the South of Morocco)
1968: Spain grants Equatorial Guinea its independence (October 12th).
1969: Territory of Ifni handed over to Morocco. Border w/ Gibraltar is closed.
1973: Head of the government, Luis Carrero Blanco, is assassinated in the bombing attack by Basque separatist organization
1976: New Government proposes a bicameral Cortes and requests that workers be allowed to organize their own unions apart from the 'vertical syndicates'.
1978: Spain became a Parliamentary Monarchy.
Recent Events in Spain1980: The Basque Country and Catalonia legally decome autonomous regions.
2002: Batasuna, the political wing of the Basque terrorist organization ETA, was banned.
2004: Spain suffered its most horrific terrorist attack: 191 people were killed and 1,400 were injured in bombings at Madrid's railway station.
2005: Despite strong opposition from the Catholic Church, Spain legalized gay marriage
Recent Events Cont.Executive Branch- KingChief of State: King Juan Carlos IFigurehead of the Country of Spain1978 Relinquished absolute power 1981 Attempted military coupDuties: Commander in Chief of the Armed ForcesOn Christmas Eve gives national speechTravels across Spain and World representing Government of Spain.All rolls of King are purely Ceremonial
President/Prime MinisterJose Luis Rodriguez ZapateroApril 17, 2004- present
Elected by Congress of Deputies Indirectly elected by legislature Constitutional right to dissolve Cortes
Maria Teresa Fernandez De La Vega Duties Takes posistion of President when temporaly absentUsually handpicked by the Prime Minister from the members of the Cabinet
Vice President and Minister of Presidency
Second Vice President Elena SalgadoApril 2009- present
She is also the Minister of Economy and Finance
Duties:Manage the economic status of the nation
LEGISLATIVE BRANCHSpain directly elects a legislature, the Cortes Generales (General Courts).
This court consists of two chambers: The Congress of Deputies (Congreso de los Diputados) The Senate (Senado). --There are two essential differences between the two houses. The first is by way of electoral practice. Both are elected on a provincial basis. The number of seats in Congress is allocated in proportion to population. The second difference is in legislative power. With few exceptions, every law is approved with the votes of Congress. The Senate can make changes or refuse laws but the Congress can ignore these amendments.
Congress and Senate serve concurrent terms that run for a maximum of four.
The president of the Court is appointed by the King on proposal of General Council of the Judiciary.
The Council consists of the president of the Supreme Court, who presides, andtwenty members appointed by the King for a five-year period.
Members are nominated by the Congress of Deputies and the Senate.
Each House elects, by a majority of three-fifths of its members, four members from lawyers and other legal experts of recognized professional standing with more than fifteen years of active service in their profession.
Each House nominates also by a three-fifths majority, a further six members chosen from judges and magistrates of all judicial categories currently in active service.LEGISLATIVE CONT.JUDICIAL BRANCHSupreme Court or Tribunal Supremo
Organic Law of the Judiciary, of July 1st 1985, establishes operation and control of Courts and Tribunals, together with the statute and system of incompatibilities of the members of the General Council
Its functions: appointments, promotions, inspection and the disciplinary system.
Spanish territory is divided for jurisdictional purposes in: Municipalities (municipios)
Judicial Districts (partidos judiciales), Provinces (provincias) and Autonomous Communities (Comunidades Autonomas).
Judicial Branch Cont.
In addition, Spanish law is based on civil law with judicial review.
Justice derives from people and is administered on behalf of the King by judges and magistrates of the Judiciary.
Supreme Court of Justice is the highest jurisdictional body of the State, except in maters relating to constitutional guarantees, which are incumbent on Constitutional Court.
Spains Bureaucracy Red tape has surrounded the country since Spain's existence.
It has become culturally normal and a way of life for the Spanish to have to fill paperwork out.
To live there you must has a residency visa (for out of country) This does not permit you to work in Spain.
Bureaucracy Cont.Applying for a Spanish residence visa is as fruitless as trying to ride a bicycle to the moon.
Taxes are levied by three tiers of government: the central government, autonomous regional governments and local municipalities
Till recently, Tax evasion was an encouraged way of life.
Political Parties Spanish Socialist Workers Party Partido Socialista Obrero EspanolPSOEOldest political party in SpainFounded by Pablo Iglesias 1879First time in power was during 2nd Republic Spain's leading opposition party
Political Parties Cont.Communist Party of SpainPartido Comunista de EspanaPCEFormed during revolutionary upsurge following WWIIn the mid-1950s, the PCE began vigorous efforts to break out of its isolation and adapted policies designed to bring together a broad coalition of partiesend of the Franco era the PCE, under the leadership of Santiago Carrillo, was the most effective political organization in Spain. dogmatic Marxism reduced its appeal for the electorate
Political Parties Cont.Popular Alliance Alianza PopularAPConservative right wing partyfounded in 1976 by former Franco ministers under the leadership of Fragaperceived by the electorate as both reactionary and authoritarianelections were held in June 1977, the AP garnered only 8.3 percent of the voteTeamed up with numerous other smaller parties in hopes to gain power. epic failure
Political Parties Cont.Democratic and Social Center Centro Democratico y SocialCDSFormed October 1982 by SuarezThe new centrist party fared poorly in the October general elections, gaining only two parliamentary seats. Known for mudslinging
POLITICAL CULTUREMinority groups have a number of descendants of populations from former colonies especially Equatorial Guinea
Immigrants from several Sub-Saharan and Caribbean countries.
Modern Jewish community in Spain has been formed in three waves: migration from what was formerly Spanish Morocco, the flight of Jews escaping from Nazi oppression, and immigration from Argentina.
Spanish law allows Sephardi Jews to claim Spanish citizenship.
The arrival of the Gitanos, a Romani people, began in the 16thcentury; estimates of the Spanish Gitano population fluctuate around 700,000
Distinct cultural groups within Spain include the Basques, Catalans, and Galicians.
Increasing number of Muslims, who number approximately one million in Spain
Shared identity" between the more local level or Autonomous Community and the Spanish level makes the identity question in Spain complex and far from univocal.FOREIGN POLICYFounding member of the European Union in 1993 and signed the Maastricht Treaty.
After return of democracy following the death of Franco in 1975, broke out of the diplomatic isolation of the Franco years and expand diplomatic relations, enter the European Community, and define security relations with the West.
Member of NATO since 1982
Spain's EU membership represents an important part of its foreign policy.
With the normalization of diplomatic relations with North Korea in 2001, Spain completed the process of universalizing its diplomatic relations.
Spain has maintained its special identification with Latin America.
Economy The Basque country and Catalonia are the Spanish economys main industrial regions and just five of Spain's provinces (Barcelona, Biscay, Madrid, Navarre and Oviedo, all situated