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PROTECTED AREAS SYSTEM PLANNING AND protected... “Comprehensive Protected Areas System Composition and Monitoring” has been prepared as a contribution to the Vth World Parks Congress

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  • “Comprehensive Protected Areas System Composition and Monitoring” has been prepared as a contribution to the Vth World Parks Congress in Durban, South Africa, September 8-17, 2003. Most countries of the world have at least a collection of protected areas, and have signed the Convention on Biological Diversity, while considerable international funding has been established to help developing countries finance their conservation commitment. Yet only few countries have systematically selected biodiversity to their protected areas. The methods and tools of this book are based on solid scientific principles as well field experiences of more than a decade of experimenting in a variety of countries. Important conservation issues include: • identification of ecosystems and species assemblages through surrogate methods • the minimum sizes of protected areas for ecologically durable conservation • costs of selected protected area systems • affordable monitoring practices with a stand-alone monitoring database. The efficient composition of protected areas systems based on solid biological criteria has become one of the most urgent issues in biodiversity conservation, as, (1) the last remaining wild areas with still unprotected species are likely to disappear over the next decade or two, (2) climate change will wipe out countless species, even in protected areas and (3) the required funding to set up and maintain the world’s protected areas is structurally inadequate.

    A diversity of scientific backgrounds and management skills and different regions of operation of the members of the ecological task force facilitated the development of methods and tools for world-wide applicability. Their joint experience unites tropical, boreal, polar, terrestrial, aquatic, zoological botanical, technical and financial management expertise.

    Dr. Ir. Daan Vreugdenhil, director of the World Institute of Conservation & Environment, has worked for 30 years in planning and management of natural resources of temperate and tropical terrestrial and aquatic environments. His career took him across 5 continents, while dealing with dry and humid tropical as well as temperate ecosystems. His background includes vegetation and animal ecology as well as natural resources and national parks management.

    Prof. Dr. John Terborgh is Professor of Environmental Science and Botany and co-director of the Center for Tropical Conservation at Duke University, in Durban, North Carolina. He is one of the driving forces behind the Wildlands Project, a far-reaching effort by scientists and activists to develop better ways of protecting nature, wilderness and biodiversity. He has carried out research in both tropical and temperate climate conditions in the Americas.

    Prof.Dr. A.M. Cleef, teaches Actuo-ecologie at Amsterdam University and Tropical Vegetation Ecology and mapping at Wageningen University. For almost four decades, he has conducted vegetation -ecological research in the Andes and the mountain ranges of Central America.

    Dr. Maxim Sinitsyn , Managing Director of the International Forest Institute in Moscow, is ad Zoo-geographer/ecologist with vast research and conservation management experience in the boreal and tropical regions of Russia.

    Dr. Gerard C. Boere is a zoo-geographer/ornithologist with a worldwide reputation in international conservation. His professional realm spans the pathways and wetlands of migratory birds from the high Siberian arctic to Southern Africa.

    Ingeniero Victor Leonel Archaga has a degree in tropical forestry and has served twice as director of the Protected Areas department of the Honduran Forest Service during which periods he was intensively involved in the conceptualisation and execution of protected areas system analysis and monitoring programme.

    Herbert H.T. Prins is professor in Tropical Nature Conservation and Vertebrate Ecology at Wageningen University, the Netherlands, since 1991. His domain of research includes mega fauna in Africa and Asia. He is member of the IUCN Species Survival Commission, Netherlands Committee IUCN, Member IUCN Committee on Ecosystem Management, etc.

    Com prehensive Protected A

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    COMPREHENSIVE PROTECTED AREAS SYSTEM COMPOSITION AND MONITORING

    Daan Vreugdenhil John Terborgh Antoine M. Cleef Maxim Sinitsyn Gerard C. Boere Victor L. Archaga Herbert H.T. Prins

    Vth W orld Parks C

    ongress edition

    Amsterdam University

    WICE

    IU C

    N

    World Bank

  • IUCN,

    The World Conservation Union Founded in 1948, The World Conservation Union brings together States, government agencies and a diverse range of non-governmental organizations in a unique world partnership: over 935 members in all, spread across some 138 countries. As a Union, IUCN seeks to influence, encourage and assist societies throughout the world to conserve the integrity and diversity of nature and to ensure that any use of natural resources is equitable and ecologically sustainable. The World Conservation Union builds on the strengths of its members, networks and partners to enhance their capacity and to support global alliances to safeguard natural resources at local, regional and global levels. IUCN Rue Mauverney 28 CH-1196 Gland, Switserland Tel : +41 22 999 00 01 Fax : +41 22 999 00 15 E-mail : [email protected] Website : http://iucn.org

    WICE World Institute For Conservation And Environment

    WICE has been founded in the Netherlands in 1989. Its mission is to initiate, develop, promote and actively participate in activities that contribute to the conservation of nature and the improvement of the environment. WICE is a highly specialized biodiversity conservation planning and management institution that works at methods to conserve biodiversity efficiently, develop user-friendly tools and management applications and promote self-financing mechanisms for protected areas systems. It is owner of http://birdlist.org , a highly informative site about conservation of nature, including birds and mammals and offers many documents about conservation for downloading. WICE Route 1, Box 111 Shepherdstown, WV25443, USA Tel: (1) 304 - 876 1077 Fax: (1) 304 - 876 1087 E-mail: [email protected] Website : http://birdlist.org Copyright: World Institute for Conservation and Environment Reproduction of most of this publication for educational or other non-commercial purposes is authorized without prior written permission from the copyright holder provided the source is fully acknowledged. Permission for reproduction of the excerpt of Bruner et al. (2001) must be acquired from Science Magazine. Reproduction of this publication for resale or other commercial purposes is prohibited without prior written permission of the copyright holder. Citation: Vreugdenhil, D., Terborgh, J., Cleef, A.M., Sinitsyn, M., Boere, G.D., Archaga, V.L., Prins, H.H.T., 2003, Comprehensive Protected Areas System Composition and Monitoring, WICE, USA, Shepherdstown, 106 pages.

    ABOUT THE TASK FORCE Dr. Ir. Daan Vreugdenhil, director of Conservation & Environment, has worked for 30 years in planning and management of natural resources of temperate and tropical terrestrial and aquatic environments. He graduated (cum laude) from Wageningen University in both vegetation and animal ecology and natural resources management. He started his career as project officer of the IYF, preparing the youth contribution to the European Conservation Year 1970. His tropical career started with a position as a resources management officer with FAO, with projects in Africa and South America. After return to the Netherlands, he became senior administrator with the Netherlands' Ministry of Works and Water, Rijkswaterstaat, where he was responsible for three different integrated programmes involving budgetary management of Euro 300,000,000 per year. In 1990 he returned to the international sphere as Chief of the Natural Resources Management Unit at DHV-Consultants, for which he developed and lead projects in Eastern Europe, Asia and Costa Rica. In 1992 he joined the Inter American Development Bank as an environmental specialist. In 1995 he became director of the World Institute for Conservation and Environment, WICE an independent thinktank and advisory institute. His work and travels have taken him to more than 70 countries of the world, in many of which he has been involved in some kind of advisory task. His life-time passion for national parks conservation culminated in coordinating this task force of independent conservationist/scientists whose joint life- time experience and expertise is reflected in the current document. Prof. Dr. John Terborgh is Professor of Environmental Science and Botany and co-director of the Center for Tropical Conservation at Duke University, in Durban, North Carolina. He is one of the driving forces of the Wildlands Project, a far-reaching effort by scientists and activists to develop better ways of protecting nature, wilderness and biodiversity with the ultimate goal to establish an effective network of nature reserves through North America. He has carried out research in both tropical and temperate climate conditions, particularly in Manu National Park in Peru. Prof. Dr. A.M. Cleef, teaches Actuo-ecologie at Amsterdam University and Tropical Vegetation Ecology and mapping at Wageningen University. For almost four decades, he has conducted vegetation and paleo-ecological research in the Andes and the mountain ranges of Central Ame

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