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Puberty & Adolescence Life Span - Lecture 6 Chapter 10

Puberty & Adolescence

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Puberty & Adolescence. Life Span - Lecture 6 Chapter 10. Puberty / Pre-adolescence. Rapid growth @ 2 yrs to complete 2 nd sex characteristics. Factors that influence Puberty. Heredity Climate Nutrition Gender Socioeconomic status. 4 Major Changes - Puberty. Rapid growth - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of Puberty & Adolescence

Puberty & Adolescence

Puberty & AdolescenceLife Span - Lecture 6Chapter 10Puberty / Pre-adolescenceRapid [email protected] 2 yrs to complete2nd sex characteristicsFactors that influence PubertyHeredityClimateNutritionGenderSocioeconomic status4 Major Changes - PubertyRapid growth body proportions1o sex characteristics2o sex characteristicsPuberty FrustrationsIndependence / supervisionAppearance / body changesPeer acceptance / peer frustrationAcademic success / h workloadAdult behavior / child behaviorh schedule / need for h sleepAdolescenceBeginsSexual maturityEndsCessation of growth emotional maturityCharacteristics of Adolescence Volatile emotionsInsecuritiesIntrospectionExperimentationTesting values

Puberty: Height & WeightRapid GrowthGirls before GuysFeet 1stHeighth 20 25%Weighth 15 60 lbsDisproportionate

Puberty: Development of Sex1o sex characteristicsGonads

Puberty: MaleTestesScrotumSpermTestosteroneEjaculationPenisPuberty: FemaleOvariesOvaEstrogenProgesteroneMenarcheMenopause

Puberty: Development of Sex2o sex characteristicsPubic hairAxillary hair Sebaceous glands oilApocrine glands sweat

Body Changes: PubertyMale PenisErectionsWet dreamsVoice changes

Female BreastsMenstruationCrampsPregnancyHygieneBody Changes: PubertyMale 10 11Gonad growthPubic hair12-13Growth spurt13-152o hairEjaculationVoice deepensFemale 10-11Growth spurtBreastPubic hair11-14Menarche12 132o hair

Adolescence: Height & WeightSlows after puberty16 - 1718 20

Muscle & Bone developmenth strengthh enduranceh size SoreAwkwardScoliosislateral curvature of the spine

Respiratory System G&Dh Lung size, weighti rateh performance

Nurse interventionEXERCISE!!!

GI System G&Dh size & capacity

Teeth: G&D12yrs2nd molars14 25 yrs3rd molarsWisdom teethVital SignsPulse60-90Resp16 24

Nursing interventionEXERCISE!!!

Motor DevelopmentRapid growth Clumsy *Eye-hand coordination

Sexual DevelopmentComparisonsMasturbationSexual activityEducation

STDs hPrevention education

Teen pregnancyThe pregnant adolescent has twice the mortality rate of a non-adolescent pregnant woman.Teen PregnancyWhat are the down-sides of teenage pregnancy?Rape hStrangerDate-rapePsychosocial Development: Behavior BehaviorRebelliousParental ResponseOverlookAvoid confrontationBe tolerantPick your battlesAvoid seeing behavior as a rejection of parental lovePsychosocial Development: Behavior BehaviorNeed for privacyParental ResponseOwn spaceUnderstandingOffer help step backOpen communicationPsychosocial Development: Behavior BehaviorDishonestyParental ResponseDont overreactReinforce realityBe consistentPsychosocial Development: Behavior BehaviorResponsibilityParental ResponseListenExpect uneven maturityEnc. decision making & responsibilitySet reasonable rulesPsychosocial Development: Behavior BehaviorCurfewsParental ResponseAllow unexpected delaysEnc phone contactSet exampleSocialize at home

Psychosocial Development: Behavior BehaviorFriendsParental ResponseAccept \ criticismGet to know themAvoid showing disapprovalPsychosocial development: PubertyAttitudeHappy negativeh self-consciousnessSelf-doubth time alone (room) Find new peersAntagonismhostility that results in active resistance, opposition, or contentiousness33Psychosocial Development: AdolescenceExplore own valuesTest themAmbivalenceTwo opposing feelings at the same timeMood swingsLove / hate familyFreedom/supervisionWanting to be part of a group / wanting to be alone

EmotionsExpressed feelings behaviorMood swingsAngerFearsWorriesJealousyEnvyHappiness

BoredomDaydreamingHumorBitingWork / employmentAge 13 - 14Hide feelingsNegative & hostileNarrow perspective compromise

Ages 15 - 16i self absorptionh compromiseh independent thinkingDiscussDebateExperimentingh risk takingh adventureDatingAge 17 -19SeriousIdealistich StressRelationshipsFamilyboy-friend /girl-friendPeersCareer

DisciplineClear rulesSet rules DatingCurfewOpen communicationBe realisticBe availableListen!Cognitive DevelopmentConcrete thinking (with training) formal operationalLogicalScientific reasoningProblem solvingLook at all possibilities

Moral DevelopmentCognitive development is a prerequisite for moral reasoningConventional LevelFollow rulesShow concern for othersWant to be trustedBEGIN TO QUESTION EVERYTHINGPost conventionalCommunicationVerbal communication

NutritionCaloric intake2,600 / day3,000 / day

Key nutrientsProtein15% CalciumIron

Sleep & Resth need for sleep8 hoursAffects of poor sleepIrritableI school performancei concentrationh stressh susceptibility to illnessAuto accidents

University of Chicago Medical Center October 23, 1999 The Lancet.Chronic sleep loss can reduce the capacity of even young adults to perform basic metabolic functions, such as processing and storing carbohydrates or regulating hormone secretion Cutting back from the standard eight down to four hours of sleep each night produced striking changes in glucose tolerance and endocrine function--changes that resembled the effects of advanced age or the early stages of diabetes--after less than one week.Anorexia NervosaEating + emotional disorder Willful starvation< minimum body weightFear of weight gainExtreme dietingDiet pillsLaxativesIpecac Excessive exercise

Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder that involves an inability to stay at the minimum body weight considered healthy for the person's age and height.Persons with this disorder may have an intense fear of weight gain, even when they are underweight. They may use extreme dieting, excessive exercise, or other methods to lose weight.SymptomsTo be diagnosed with anorexia, a person must:Have an intense fear of gaining weight or becoming fat, even when they are underweightRefuse to keep weight at what is considered normal or acceptable for her age and height (15% or more below the expected weight)Have a body image that is very distorted, be very focused on body weight or shape, and refuse to admit or acknowledge the seriousness of weight lossHave not had their period for three or more cycles (in women)People with anorexia may severely limit the amount of food they eat, or eat and then make themselves throw up. Other behaviors include:Cutting food into small pieces or moving them around the plate rather than eatingExercising all the time, even when the weather is bad, they are hurt, or their schedule is busyGoing to the bathroom right after mealsRefusing to eat around othersUsing pills to make themselves urinate (water pills or diuretics), have a bowel movement (enemas and laxatives) or to decrease their appetite (diet pills)Other symptoms of anorexia may include:Blotchy or yellow skin that is dry and covered with fine hairConfused or slow thinking, along with poor memory or judgmentDepressionDry mouthExtreme sensitivity to cold (wearing several layers of clothing to stay warm)Loss of bone strengthWasting away of muscle and loss of body fat

49BulimiaBinge & purgeloss of controlSafetyMVADrivingIndependencePoor judgmentDont drink and drive

SafetySporting activitiesPre-sport physicalsProtective equipment

FootballHockeygymnasticsSafetyFirearmsStorageTraining

Health Promotionnutrition patterns = health levelAnnual physicalVision & hearing Height & weightDepressionProlonged feeling of sadness and unworthiness h d/t long period ofSelf reflectionS&S of Depression in AdolescenceCryingInsomniaEating disordersSocial isolationActing outHopelessnessPhysical symptomsLoss of interest in appearanceGiving away thingsContributing Factors to Adolescent suicideDepressionLow self-esteemPoor impulse controlSubstance abuseEmotional isolation

Depression/suicide: Nursing interventionsAssess for cluesListen carefullyDo not undervalue emotions!Ask if they are thinking about suicideDo they have a plan?Constant supervision

Substance AbuseHow to knowhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_detailpage&v=RkgZujOQSFU