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    INTRODUCTION

    VIDEO 1

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    FORMALIZATION[DAN] Good day, Eminent Judges, ladies and gentlemen, We are Team Electrum , and in this

    Presentation, we shall be focusing on the Effects of Environmental Pollution caused by the oil industry onthe living conditions of the people in the Niger Delta. [LARA] We shall be taking you on a journey through

    these areas, show-casing the 3 MAJOR problems that people in this region have faced and are still facing

    as a result of the continuous and unmitigated oil-drilling activities going on in this part of Nigeria. [DAN]

    We would also be suggesting ways of alleviating the living conditions of people in these communities.

    My name is Ukasoanya Daniel, 300 Level Mechanical Engineering. I am the first Speaker on the Problem

    of Unemployment

    Hi, My name is Lara, 300 level, Architecture. I am continuing on the Problem of UnemploymentHi, My name is Tolu, 500 Level Building Technology. I am the first Speaker on the Problem of Epidemics

    and Inadequate health services.

    Hi, My name is Terrence brande, 400 Level Sociology, I am continuing on the Problem of Epidemics and

    Inadequate health services.

    Hi, My name is .., 300 level mass commm., I am the First speaker on the Problem of Inadequate

    Education for Youth.

    Hi, My name is .., 300 level mass commm., I am continuing on the Problem of Inadequate Education

    for Youth.

    And Together, we are, SETTING THE PACE FOR CHANGE

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    THE PROBLEMS

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    DAN ON PROBLEM 1UNEMPLOYMENT

    As a result of the excessive oil drilling activities in the

    Niger-Delta, there has been a surge in the rate of

    unemployment in theses areas. According to statistics

    given by Sweet Crude, a Crude oil Research Institute,

    the percentage of the unemployed is put at 40% for

    the ages 15-24 and 70-90% for adults. This is largely

    due to the decimation of marine life and consequent

    death of aquatic species which has caused most of thenatives who are fishermen by default, to become

    dispossessed of their sources of livelihood.

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    TOLU ON PROBLEM 2;UNEMPLOYMENT

    Also, due to the continuous and excessive oil spills in theseregion, agricultural activities are beginning to suffer. Areas that

    have been known to be fertile for farming in the past have

    suddenly become barren or are getting close to being so. The

    mangrove forest is slowly withering away and the agriculturalindustry is suffering. This is particularly sad because some of the

    natives, who used to make their living through subsistent

    farming, also have to look elsewhere.

    In 2008, a tragedy befell the citizens of Bodo creek, a communityin the Niger delta who were poisoned by toxic waste from Shell

    Oils operations. This graphic example clearly illustrates how the

    land pollution has affected their major sources of livelihood.

    VIDEO 2- MANGROVE FOREST

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    LARA ON PROBLEM 2INCREASED CASES OF EPIDEMICS AND INADEQUATE

    HEALTHCARE SERVICES

    As a consequence of the incessant oil spillage in the

    Niger-Delta, an increased number of disease cases

    has been recorded amongst the natives over the

    last 50 years of oil exploration. Most of these

    diseases are water borne and are caused when

    some of the spills seep into the ground and

    contaminate ground water. Also, many in the Niger-

    Delta Region have complained that water fromfreshly sunk boreholes show evidence of oil

    contamination. But since they are left with no

    alternatives, the natives use this same water for

    various domestic purposes which has led to high

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    BLOSSOM ADDRESSING PROBLEM 3INCREASED CASES OF EPIDEMICS AND INADEQUATE

    HEALTHCARE SERVICES

    Besides, a process called Gas Flaring, which isanother pollution source that goes conjointly

    with oil production, releases carbon monoxide

    and other chemicals into the air. Gas flaring hasobvious negative health effects and doctors have

    found unusually high occurrences of asthma,

    bronchitis, and other breathing problems in

    communities where gas flaring has beenpracticed most. These, together with the fact

    that medical attention for most villagers is hours

    away by boat, has made life unbearable foreo le in these communities.

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    SPEAKER 5 ON PROBLEM 3INADEQUATE EDUCATION FOR THE YOUTH

    As a result of the social instability caused by the oil

    drilling activities in the Niger-delta, Education has

    now become a luxury that most people in affected

    communities cannot afford. The reason is that mostof the areas in these communities have become unfit

    for the construction of such social infrastructures like

    Schools, Universities and Local learning centers. And

    since most of the natives are unlearned, Most of theteachers and tutors that can administer knowledge

    have to come from nearby communities and cities.

    But, as a result of the environmental degradation it

    difficult to get these people to come down to these

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    TOMISIN ON PROBLEM 3INADEQUATE EDUCATION FOR YOUTH

    Eminent Judges, Ladies and Gentlemen, It is awidely accepted fact, that when the mind is notproductively engaged, it has to be engaged insome other negative business. In the absence of

    education, to engage the minds of these youngpeople, they begin to indulge in social vices suchas Armed Robbery, Prostitution, drugs and othercriminal activities that are detrimental to the lives

    of these youth. All these problems have causedsocial unrest in the Niger-Delta and suitableActions have to be taken to curb these issues.

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    DAN

    IN LINE WITH THIS, WE HAVE DECIDED TO

    SUGGEST WAYS OF ALLEVIATING THE LIVING

    CONDITIONS OF PEOPLE IN THESE COMMUNITIES.

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    SOLUTIONS WE PROFFER

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    LARA

    Statistics Reveal that it will take 30 long years and awhooping 600 billion dollars to eradicate the effects of theoil spill in the Niger-Delta. This might look like an uphilltask. But us remember the words of John F. Kennedy, Hesaid

    All this will not be finished in the first one hundred days.Nor will it be finished in the first one thousand days, nor inthe life of this Administration, nor even perhaps in ourlifetime on this planet. But let us begin.

    - John .F. Kennedy (Inaugural Address, Jan 20, 1961)

    - Therefore the solutions we provide in this presentation arejust short-term ways of creating the long-term solutions weseek.

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    DAN

    We suggest that Oil companies in Nigeria shouldbe compelled to abide by world environmentalstandards as they carry out their business. They

    should also modernize their equipment andestablish proactive maintenance schedules forageing and corroding pipes that cause leaks.Before drilling commences in an area, a

    satisfactory and exhaustive environmental impactassessment should be conducted to ascertain theimpact of prospecting in the area.

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    LARA

    The Nigerian government should also impressupon oil companies to become very responsivewhen spills occur to restore the pipes. Emergencyresponse teams must always be handy to

    immediately plug leaks while full-blownmaintenance crews are dispatched to providelasting fixes. Also fully equipped educationalcentres should be established in major locations

    around these communities to make it easier forthe youth in these areas to access adequateeducational services.

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    TOLU

    Of course, in the unfortunate event of a spill,

    the companies must always compensate the

    communities affected and provide continuous

    education on how to deal with the spills. It is

    also important that more and better-equipped

    hospitals are provided for treatment of people

    who fall sick from ailments that may bepollution-related.

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    BLOSSOM

    On the issue of gas flaring, the oil companies

    should modernize their drilling equipment to

    bring them in line with modern ones that

    make the need for gas flaring obsolete. Also,

    since some oil reserves contain more gas than

    others, drill sites that reveal high levels should

    be left alone until better ways of containingassociated gas are found.

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    SPEAKER 5

    Also, it has been recently stated in the United

    States that a plant called `Kenaf' and `Dorama'

    in the northern part of Nigeria, which closely

    resembles `Rozel', used for `zobo' and also in

    the same family with Okro, can be used to

    clean oil spillage. This crop can grow easily in

    Nigeria without special efforts and should beemployed in curbing the issue of oil spillage in

    the Niger-Delta.

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    TOMISIN

    The Niger-Delta, is Nigerias home of tourism, ab