READABILITY COMPARISON BETWEEN ORIGINAL AND SIMPLIFIED ... COMPARISON BETWEEN ORIGINAL AND SIMPLIFIED VERSION ... Keterbacaan menjadi salah satu faktor yang ... Readability Comparison

  • View
    213

  • Download
    1

Embed Size (px)

Text of READABILITY COMPARISON BETWEEN ORIGINAL AND SIMPLIFIED ... COMPARISON BETWEEN ORIGINAL AND...

  • i

    READABILITY COMPARISON

    BETWEEN ORIGINAL AND SIMPLIFIED VERSION

    OF NOVEL OF DAVID COPPERFIELD

    BY CHARLES DICKENS

    By

    MUHAMMAD HANIF

    NIM. 201132246

    ENGLISH EDUCATION DEPARTMENT

    TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION FACULTY

    MURIA KUDUS UNIVERSITY

    2015

  • ii

  • iii

    READABILITY COMPARISON

    BETWEEN ORIGINAL AND SIMPLIFIED VERSION OF

    NOVEL OF DAVID COPPERFIELD

    BY CHARLES DICKENS

    SKRIPSI

    Presented to the University of Muria Kudus

    in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for Completing

    the Sarjana Program in the Department of English Education

    By

    MUHAMMAD HANIF

    NIM. 201132246

    ENGLISH EDUCATION DEPARTMENT

    TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION FACULTY

    MURIA KUDUS UNIVERSITY

    2015

  • iv

    MOTTO AND DEDICATION

    MOTTO

    Be the first, be the best and be

    different then youll survive.

    Great person comes with great

    ideas.

    Make your parents become

    your purpose and your life

    looks easy.

    DEDICATION

    The writer dedicates his works to

    His beloved father, mother,

    sister and brother.

    His respectable auntys family

    in Kudus.

    Especially his great

    grandmother who takes rest in

    peace.

  • v

  • vi

  • vii

    ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

    First of all, overwhelming praise and gratitude to God Allah S.W.T, who

    has given His mercies and blessing, so the writer can finish this research without

    problem.

    During this struggle to finish this research proposal, the writer would also like

    to convey her special gratitude to:

    1. Drs. Slamet Utomo, M.Pd as the Dean of the Teacher Training and

    Education Faculty, for all his supports.

    2. Diah Kurniati, S.Pd, M.Pd as the Head of English Education Department,

    for all her supports.

    3. Drs. Muh. Syafei, M.Pd as the the first advisor, for all his valuable time

    and patience in guiding the writer during the process of writing this

    skripsi.

    4. Fajar Kartika, SS, M.Hum as the second advisor, for all of the guidance

    and helps during the process of writing this skripsi.

    5. All the lecturers of English Education Department, for giving new

    knowledge, advices in facing life, and for giving gorgeous study

    experiences.

    6. The writers beloved family, mother, father, sister and brother who always

    give spirit and love.

    7. The writers aunty and family in Kudus for giving more experience in

    facing life with values.

  • viii

    8. All my best friends for the joy and our friendship. Especially for Eron

    Abdul Azis, Ellisa Miftahul Jannah and Sugiyanto for big support.

    9. All people involved during the writing process of this research.

    Finally, thanks are also due to those whose names could not be mentioned

    here, their contributions have enabled her completing this skripsi. The writer has a

    great expectation that her study will be beneficial and useful for everybody who

    interest in reading this research.

    The writer realizes that this research is still far from being perfect; therefore,

    the writer hopes some suggestions or critics to make it better and further research.

    Kudus, May 2015

    The writer

  • ix

    ABSTRAKSI

    Hanif, Muhammad. 2015. Perbandingan Keterbacaan antara Versi Asli dan Versi

    Ringkasan dari Novel David Copperfield karangan Charles Dickens.

    Skripsi. Program Studi Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris, Fakultas Keguruan

    dan Ilmu Pendidikan, Universitas Muria Kudus. Dosen Pembimbing: (1)

    Drs. Muh. Syafei, M.Pd. (2) Fajar Kartika, SS, M.Hum

    Kata kunci: Keterbacaan, Novel Versi Asli, Novel Versi Ringkasan.

    Pada saat ini banyak para penulis dan penerbit menciptakan karangan yang

    berbentuk ringkasan (baik berupa buku, novel, koran dsb) untuk menarik lebih

    banyak konsumen serta membantu pembaca untuk lebih mudah memahami isinya.

    Akan tetapi tidak semua ringkasan mampu menyentuh tingkat keterbacaan yang

    tepat dari target pembacanya. Keterbacaan merupakan ukuran tingkat pemahaman

    terhadap bacaaan. Keterbacaan menjadi salah satu faktor yang mempengaruhi

    keberhasilan kegiatan membaca sehingga seluruh pembaca harus memperhatikan

    faktor tersebutt

    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengukur, menganalisa dan

    membandingkan tingkat keterbacaan dari versi asli dan versi ringkasan dari novel

    David Copperfield karangan Charles Dickens. Cakupan penelitian ini difokuskan

    pada analisa tingkat keterbacaan dari 10 paragraf pilihan dari kedua novel tersebut

    dengan menggunakan formula Flesch Reading Ease dan formula Gunning FOG.

    Kemudian, dalam penelitian ini penulis menggunakan metode analisis diskriptif

    yang bertujuan mendeskripsikan perbedaan tingkat keterbacaan antara dua novel

    tersebut. Data dalam penelitian ini berupa nilai keterbacaan yang diperoleh dari

    perhitungan formula keterbacaan. Penulis menggunakan formula Flesch Reading

    Ease dan Gunning FOG sebagai instrumen untuk menentukan nilai keterbacaan

    dari masing-masing novel tersebut.

    Hasil penelitian ini menujukan bahwa berdasarkan formula Flesch Reading

    Ease novel versi asli tergolong cukup sulit dan versi ringkasanya tergolong cukup

    mudah. Kemudian berdasarkan formula Gunning FOG novel versi asli tersebut

    tergolong sulit sedangkan versi ringkasanya tergolong cukup mudah.

    Berdasarkan hasil penelitian kualitatif ini, penulis menyimpulkan bahwa

    (1) novel versi asli tersebut termasuk kategori tingkatan sulit, (2) novel versi

    ringkasanya termasuk kategori tingkatan cukup mudah, dan (3) kedua novel

    tersebut memiliki tingkat keterbacaan yang berbeda dimana versi ringkasan dari

    novel tersebut lebih mudah terbaca dibandingkan versi aslinya. Sehingga penulis

    menyarankan kepada semua pembaca, peneliti dan pelajar untuk lebih

    memperhatikan aspek keterbacaan dari semua sumber bacaan yang mereka punyai

    dan lebih memperkaya baham bacaan mereka agar menjadi pembaca yang kritis.

  • x

    ABSTRACT

    Hanif, Muhammad. 2015. Readability Comparison between Original and

    Simplified Version of Novel of David Copperfield by Charles Dickens.

    Skripsi. English Education Department, Teacher Training and Education

    Faculty, Muria Kudus University. Advisor: (1) Drs. Muh. Syafei, M.Pd.

    (2) Fajar Kartika, SS, M.Hum

    Keyword: Readability, Original Version of Novel, Simplified Version of Novel.

    Writer and publisher nowadays produce simplified publications (book,

    novel, newspaper and etc.) to reach the larger consumer and help the reader easier

    to understand the meaning. But then not all of the simplification success to reach

    approiate readability level with their target reader. Readability is the measurement

    of level of ease of understanding. Readabiliy becomes one of the factors

    influences succes of reading acivity so that all readers must concern about it.

    This research aims to measure, analyse and compare the readability level

    of original and simplified version of the novel of David Copperfield by Charles

    Dickens. The Scope of the research is focused on analysing the readability level of

    10 passages selected from those novels by using the Flesch Reading Ease Formula

    and the Gunning FOG Formula.. Furthermore, in this research, the writer uses the

    Descriptive Analysis method since this research is aimed to describe the

    readability level difference of the novels. The data of this research is the

    readability score taken from the calculation of readability formula. The writer uses

    the Flesch Reading Ease Formula and the Gunning FOG Formula as the

    instruments to find out the readability score of the novel.

    The result of this research shows that based on the Flesch Reading Ease

    Formula the original version of the novel is categorized as fairly difficult level and

    simplified version is categorized as fairly easy level. Then based on Gunning FOG

    Formula the original version of the novel is categorized as difficult level wheather

    the simplified version is categorized as fairly easy level.

    Based on the result of this qualitative research, the writer concludes that

    (1) the original version of the novel belongs to difficult level, (2) the simplified

    version of the novel belongs to fairly easy level and (3) both those two novel has

    different readability level where the simplified version is more readable than the

    original one. So that the writer suggests to all reader, researcher and English

    learner to pay more attention to the aspect of readability of all reading source they

    have and enrich their reading materials to be critical readers.

  • xi

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    Page

    COVER ........................................................................................................... i

    LOGO ............................................................................................................... ii

    TITLE ............................................................................................................... iii

    MOTTO AND DEDICATION ........................................................................ iv

    ADVISORS APPROVAL ............................................................................. v

    EXAMINERS APPROVAL