Ready for Advanced - Macmillan ?· Ready for Advanced Spanish Companion 1 Ready for Advanced ... result…

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  • Ready for Advanced Spanish Companion 1

    Ready for AdvancedSpanish Companion

  • Ready for Advanced Spanish Companion 2

    English SpanishUNIT 1 UNIDAD 1

    combat combatir

    come up against tropezar con

    confront confrontar

    encounter encontrar

    face enfrentarse a

    face up to a problem enfrentarse a un problema

    resolve resolver

    rise above superar

    run into chocar con

    sort out solucionar

    tackle atajar

    a common un comn

    a major un importante

    a minor un menor

    a potential un potencial

    a recurrent problem un recurrente

    a serious un grave

    a tough un difcil

    a trivial un trivial

    an unexpected un inesperado

    an urgent un urgente

    B Challenges and achievements B Retos y logros

    accept aceptar

    face enfrentarse a

    pose plantear

    present a challenge presentar

    rise to dar lugar

    take up emprender

  • Ready for Advanced Spanish Companion 3

    English Spanisha daunting un desalentador

    an exciting un excitante

    a formidable un formidable

    a major challenge un importante

    a new un nuevo

    a serious un grave

    improve mejorar

    increase aumentar

    lack motivation faltar

    lose perder

    strengthen reforzar

    high/strong alta/fuerte

    low/poor baja/pobre

    personal motivation personal

    political poltica

    staff personal empleado

    student estudiante

    achieve conseguir

    be assured of estar seguro de

    deserve merecer

    enjoy success disfrutar

    guarantee garantizar

    meet with reunirse con

    be a/an great ser un gran

    huge enorme

    overnight success por la noche

    resounding rotundo

    roaring estruendoso

  • Ready for Advanced Spanish Companion 4

    English Spanishadmit admitir

    be doomed to estar condenado a

    be resigned to estar resignado a

    end in failure terminar en

    meet with tropezar con

    result in resultar en

    complete completo

    continued continuo

    dismal failure deprimente

    inevitable inevitable

    total total

    achieve conseguir

    fulfil satisfacer

    have an ambition tener un(a)

    pursue perseguir

    realize realizar

    a burning un(a) ardiente

    my greatest mi mayor

    a lifelong de toda la vida

    my main ambition mi principal

    a personal un(a) personal

    a secret un(a) secreto(a)

    a great un gran

    a major un importante

    an outstanding un excepcional

    a remarkable achievement un notable

    a scientific un cientfico

    a sporting un deportista

  • Ready for Advanced Spanish Companion 5

    English Spanisha technological un tecnolgico

    chance

    Theres every/little/no likelihood that something will happen/of something (happening) Hay muchas/pocas/ninguna

    possibility

    distinct

    faint

    good

    real

    Theres a (very) realistic chance/possibility of sth (happening) / that sth will happen Hay una (muy)

    remote

    slight

    strong

    every

    a fair

    a good

    They have/stand little chance of doing something Tienen/presentan

    no

    an outside

    a slim

    She is bound/certain/sure to do it Est obligada/cierta/segura de hacerlo

    She is highly likely to do it. Es altamente probable que lo haga.

    She may/might/could well do it. Podra/bien podra hacerlo.

    She could easily/conceivably do it. Podra fcilmente/posiblemente hacerlo.

    She is hardly likely to do it. Es altamente probable que lo haga.

    She is highly unlikely to do it. Es altamente improbable que lo haga.

    It is highly likely/probably/unlikely/improbably that she'll do it

    Es altamente probable/probablemente/improbable/improbablemente que lo haga.

  • Ready for Advanced Spanish Companion 6

    English Spanish

    We are going to investigate/look into Vamos a investigar/examinar

    One cannot ignore/rule out/exclude the possibility that /of No se puede ignorar/descartar/excluir

    You should not overlook No debera pasarlo por alto

    In order to reduce Con el fin de reducir

    UNIT 2 UNIDAD 2

    Changes Cambios

    Verbs and nouns Verbos y sustantivos

    bring about a originar un

    call for a reclamar un

    cope with tratar con un

    introduce a change presentar un

    lead to a llevar a un

    resist resistir

    welcome a dar la bienvenida a un

    witness a atestiguar un

    adapt to a change adaptarse a

    adjust to a college ajustarse a

    life

    a new job

    adjust clothing/ ajustar

    /the volume

    the height of

    alter plans alterar

    clothes

    your appearance

    amend a law corregir

  • Ready for Advanced Spanish Companion 7

    English Spanisha document

    change places cambiar

    the subject

    your mind

    your tune

    your ways

    convert a building convertir

    money

    to a religion

    modify your behaviour modificar

    your language

    a design

    the blame trasladar

    shift the responsibility

    No English equivalent

    switch sides conmutar

    TV channels

    over to a new currency

    transfer money to another account

    to a team/department transferir

    transform the appearance

    the character transformar

    vary your diet variar

  • Ready for Advanced Spanish Companion 8

    English Spanishthe menu

    your routine

    in price

    Verbs and adverbs Verbos y adverbios

    adapt to automatically adaptarse/ajustarse

    adjust easily

    effortlessly

    completely

    dramatically

    slightly

    change drastically cambiar

    overnight

    significantly

    modify slightly modificar

    substantially

    subtly

    transform completely transformar

    instantly

    radically

    vary considerably variar

    greatly

    widely

    Adjectives and nouns Adjetivos y sustantivos

    a dramatic un dramtico

    economic econmico

    a far-reaching de largo alcance

  • Ready for Advanced Spanish Companion 9

    English Spanisha pleasant un agradable

    political poltico

    a refreshing change un refrescante

    a significant un significativo

    social social

    a sudden un sbito

    a sweeping un extenso

    an unexpected un inesperado

    a welcome un bienvenido

    Prepositions and nouns Preposiciones y sustantivos

    a change in attitudes un cambio en

    policy

    the law

    a patient's condition

    s.b's fortunes

    the weather

    a change of address un cambio de

    direction

    government

    heart

    luck

    mind

    mood

    pace

    plan

    scene

    UNIT 3 Unidad 3

    Information Informacin

    Verbs Verbos

  • Ready for Advanced Spanish Companion 10

    English Spanishaccess acceder

    broadcast difundir

    collect recoger

    compile information compilar

    find encontrar

    gather reunir

    get conseguir

    give dar

    obtain obtener

    provide proporcionar

    publish publicar

    Adjectives Adjetivos

    (in)accurate (im)precisa

    (un)ambiguous (in)equvoca

    (un)biased (im)parcial

    (un)clear (poco)clara

    comprehensive comprensiva

    confidential information confidencial

    limited limitada

    misleading engaosa

    (ir)relevant (ir)relevante

    (un)reliable (poco)fiable

    up-to-date actualizada

    useful til

    useless intil

    vague vaga

    B Smell B Olor

    Verbs Verbos

    detect detectar

    get rid of deshacerse de

  • Ready for Advanced Spanish Companion 11

    English Spanishgive off a/the smell (of sth) desprender

    leave dejar

    notice percibir

    remember recordar

    Adjectives to describe smells Adjetivos para describir olores

    acrid acre

    distinct definido

    faint dbil

    foul ftido

    fresh fresco

    mouth-watering apetitoso

    musty mohoso

    overpowering irresistible

    (un)pleasant (des)agradable

    pungent picante

    rancid rancio

    sickly enfermizo

    stale aejo

    strong fuerte

    sweet dulce

    unmistakable inconfundible

    Nouns Sustantivos

    aroma aroma

    fragrance fragancia

    odour olor

    perfume perfume

    scent esencia

    smell olor

    stench hedor

    smell good/bad buen/mal olor

  • Ready for Advanced Spanish Companion 12

    English Spanish

    Adjectives to describe methods and ways of doing things Adjetivos para describir mtodos y formas de hacer cosas

    controversial controvertido

    convenient conveniente

    (un)conventional (no) convencional

    costly caro

    cost-effective rentable

    effective eficaz

    efficient eficiente

    familiar familiar

    frustrating frustrante

    handy prctico

    inexpensive barato

    ingenious ingenioso

    innovative innovador

    novel novedoso

    obsolete obsoleto

    old-fashioned anticuado

    persuasive persuasivo

    rapid rpido

    (un)reliable (poco)fiable

    subtle sutil

    time-saving ahorrador de tiempo

    traditional tradicional

    tried and tested probado

    unique nico

    (un)usual (in)usual

    UNIT 4 UNIDAD 4

    A Body idioms Giros idiomticos

    be written all over ones face llevarlo escrito en la cara

    find ones feet encontrar su sitio

  • Ready for Advanced Spanish Companion 13

    English Spanishget off on the wrong foot empezar con mal pie

    get out of hand irse de las manos

    give sb the cold shoulder dar la espalda a alguien

    go over sbs head pasar por encima de alguien

    go weak at the knees temblar las piernas

    have a good head for business tener buen olfato para los negocios

    keep ones ear to the ground estar atento a lo que ocurre

    (not) see eye to eye with sb (no) estar de acuerdo con alguien

    off the top of ones head sobrepasarle a uno

    pick sbs brains averiguar todo lo que sabe alguien

    point the finger at sb acusar a alguien

    put sbs nose out of joint irritar, ofender a alguien

    talk about sb behind their back hablar de alguien a sus espaldas

    turn a blind eye to sth hacer la vista gorda sobre algo

    B Time B Tiempo

    Verbs Verbos

    allocate asignar

    be pressed for estar presionado, tener prisa

    devote dedicar

    find encontrar

    free up liberar, desocupar

    invest time invertir

    kill matar

    manage gestionar

    run out of agotar

    set/put aside reservar, dejar de lado

    take up emprender

    waste desperdiciar

    Adjectives Adjetivos

    free/leisure/spare libre/ocioso/disponible

  • Ready for Advanced Spanish Companion 14

    English Spanishkick-off/injury/half inicial/lesin/medio

    qualifying/winning/recordbreaking calificativo/ganador/que bate rcords

    arrival/departure/flying time llegada/salida/volador

    (off)-peak viewing/prime (no) mxima audiencia

    opening/closing/sale apertura/cierre/venta

    sowing/milking/harvest siembra/ordeo/cosecha

    Other expressions Otras expresiones

    at a specific/set/predetermined time a una hora especfica/fijada/predeterminada

    in the time allocated/allowed/available a la hora asignada/permitida/disponible

    extend/(fail to) meet/miss/set/work to a deadline ampliar/(no) satisfacer/faltar/fijar/ un trabajo respecto a un plazo

    take time off work tomarse tiempo libre

    time is against you el tiempo est en tu contra

    a matter of time una cuestin de tiempo

    make time for oneself darse tiempo a s mismo

    UNIT 5 Unidad 5

    A Adjectives to describe relationships A Adjetivos para describir relaciones

    business empresarial

    close cercana

    difficult difcil

    family familiar

    formal formal

    friendly amistosa

    intimate ntima

    lasting duradera

    love-hate de amor-odio

    personal personal

    professional relationship profesional

    prickly espinosa

    relaxed relajada

  • Ready for Advanced Spanish Companion 15

    English Spanishrocky rocosa

    solid slida

    stable estable

    strong fuerte

    uneasy incmoda

    working de trabajo

    B Adjective and noun collocations B Disposiciones de adjetivos y nombres

    heated/furious/fierce/pointless argument discusin caliente/furiosa/acalorada/intil

    courting/elderly/married/young couple pareja de novios/anciana/casada/joven

    adoptive/extended/immediate/single-parent family familia adoptiva/ampliada/directa/unifamiliar

    inner/mixed/negative/strong feelings sentimientos ntimos/encontrados/negativos/fuertes

    best/close/mutual/school friend mejor amigo/amigo ntimo/mutuo/compaero de estudios

    brotherly/first/true/unrequited love amor fraternal/primer amor/amor verdadero/no correspondido

    family/heightened/rising/social tension tensin familiar/en aumento/creciente/social

    C Further expressions C Otras expresiones

    call sb names decir de todo a alguien, insultar a alguien

    call sb by their first name llamar a alguien por su nombre, tutearle

    fall for sb estar atrado (colado) por alguien

    fall out with sb pelearse con alguien

    get on like a house on fire llevarse como ua y carne

    get on sbs nerves poner a alguien de los nervios

    have it in for sb tener algo contra alguien

    keep oneself to oneself ser muy reservado

    keep in touch with sb mantenerse en contacto con alguien

    look up to sb admirar a alguien

    look down on sb mirar a alguien por encima del hombro

    put a great strain on a relationship poner mucha tirantez en una relacin

    put sb down hablar mal de alguien

  • Ready for Advanced Spanish Companion 16

    English Spanishtake after sb parecerse a alguien

    take an instant dislike/liking to sb caer mal/bien al instante a alguien

    take to sb empezar a parecerse a alguien

    turn down a proposal of marriage rechazar una propuesta de matrimonio

    turn ones back on sb dar la espalda a alguien

    turn to sb for help/advice pedir ayuda/consejo a alguien

    a relationship can turn sour una relacin puede deteriorarse

    UNIT 6 Unidad 6

    A Intelligence and ability A Inteligencia y capacidad

    Adjectives and nouns Adjetivos y sustantivos

    accomplished dancer/pianist/singer consumado bailarn/pianista/cantante

    born artist/teacher/writer artista/profesor/escritor nato

    competent driver/lawyer/skier conductor/abogado/esquiador competente

    experienced journalist/manager/professional periodista/director/profesional experimentado

    expert cook/gardener/skier cocinero/jardinero/esquiador experto

    gifted musician/sportswoman/student msico/deportista/estudiante dotado

    proficient horsewoman/pilot/typist amazona/piloto/mecangrafa hbil

    promising (young) athlete/player/student (joven) atleta/jugador/estudiante prometedor

    skilful card player/diplomat/footballer jugador de cartas/diplomtico/futbolista habilidoso

    skilled craftsman/technician/worker artesano/tcnico/obrero cualificado

    strong swimmer buen nadador

    talented actor/player/youngster actor/jugador/muchacho talentoso

    art/computer/wine expert experto en arte/computadoras/vinos

    be brilliant/good/weak/terrible/hopeless at a subject,a sport or a skill

    ser brillante/bueno/flojo/terrible/imposible en un tema, deporte, habilidad

    a brainy/brilliant/bright/gifted child ser un nio listo/brillante/inteligente/dotado

    a whizzkid un nio muy dotado

    a child prodigy un nio prodigio

  • Ready for Advanced Spanish Companion 17

    English SpanishExpressions Expresiones

    be an ace at solving puzzles/(playing) tennis ser un as resolviendo puzles/(jugando) al tenis

    be good with your hands ser bueno con las manos

    be a dab hand at DIY/at painting/with a paintbrush

    ser un manitas del bricolaje/con la pintura/con un pincel

    have a (natural) flair for languages/design/improvisation

    tener una facilidad (natural) para los idiomas/el diseo/la improvisacin

    have a (natural) gift for languages/music/writing tener un don (natural) para los idiomas/la msica/la escritura

    have an ear for accents/language/music tener odo para los acentos/idiomas/la msica

    have an eye for detail tener ojo para los detalles

    have a head for figures tener cabeza para los nmeros

    have a nose for a good news story tener olfato para una buena noticia

    have a good/poor memory tener buena/mala memoria

    academically acadmicamente

    exceptionally excepcionalmente

    highly gifted altamente

    intellectually intelectualmente

    musically musicalmente

    naturally naturalmente

    highly altamente

    incredibly intelligent increblemente

    remarkably notablemente

    enormously enormemente

    exceptionally excepcionalmente

    highly talented altamente

    hugely enormemente

    outstandingly extraordinariamente

    extremely extremadamente

  • Ready for Advanced Spanish Companion 18

    English Spanishhighly promising altamente

    very muy

    B Adjectives for reviews B Adjetivos para reseas

    action-packed lleno de accin

    atmospheric atmosfrico

    clichd tpico

    compelling convincente

    credible creble

    disappointing decepcionante

    entertaining entretenido

    excruciating insoportable

    exhilarating estimulante

    fast-moving rpido

    gripping apasionante

    implausible improbable

    impressive impresionante

    innovative innovador

    memorable memorable

    moving mvil

    overhyped sobrevalorado

    powerful potente

    predictable predecible...

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