Realism, Impressionism, Post-Impressionism Symbolism

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Realism, Impressionism, Post-Impressionism Symbolism. 19 th century Reaction to Romanticism’s flight of fantasy Photography 2 types 1. Daguerreo produced lightly detailed, mirror like images on a metal plate 2. photography on paper was invented in England by William Henry Talbot - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of Realism, Impressionism, Post-Impressionism Symbolism

Realism, Impressionism, Post-Impressionism, Symbolism

Realism, Impressionism, Post-Impressionism Symbolism19th centuryReaction to Romanticisms flight of fantasyPhotography 2 types1. Daguerreo produced lightly detailed, mirror like images on a metal plate2. photography on paper was invented in England by William Henry TalbotDepicted botanical specimens reproducing works of art, and taking surveillance pictures in the darkRealism

Daguerreo by Daguerre

Daguerreo by DaguerreDaguerrerotype

Sculptural realismRumors started that he was trying to pass off a statue taken directly from plaster casts of a living modelSculpted by handAge of BronzeToo lifelikeAuguste Rodin

Auguste Rodin

Rodin: The Age of Bronze

Rodin: Burghers of Calais

French artist Gustave Courbet realistic painterPaintings were of real people who posed for him Did not believe in painting souls or goddesses When he was asked why he never painting angels he replied, Show me an angel and Ill paint oneShow Me an Angel

Gustave Courbet

Mdchen an der Seine

The Stonebreakers 1849oil on canvasManet-OlympiaNude, seems unbothered by things/people People found it hard to understand Not goddess, but real modelRealism ScandalEdouard Manet-Olympia, 1863

The unfinished, the complete, an act of instantaneous vision, a sensation rather than a perception Stimulate by the new discoveries in science of optics, color theory, and nature of light, as well as recent knowledge about the physiology of the eyeDiscovered when all of the colors of the spectrum are rotated, the eye sees them as whiteMade discoveries about art in NatureNo hard lines shadows take on color of objects Ex. grass shadow in greenishUse primary colors to make the spectrumImpressionists invented a new method of visual representationImpressionism



Idea of creating a stream of suggestive ideasSymbolists investigated recent discoveries in psychologyLeft the connection, order, and form of their of their poetry inconclusive and fragmentedReader was given plenty of room for use of their imagination (room for interpretation)SymbolismImpressionists left the mixing of color to the eye and the relationship of subject matter to the mind of the viewerSymbolists left the connection, order, and form of their verbal still lifes to be completed by the readerA combination of the senses, or an attempt to have one sense, such as sight, be stimulated by another senseChain reactionTried to stimulate the capacity for new and peripheral experiencesImplies that the images are revelations of something beyond sense dataSynesthesiaSymbolists explored listening to colors, looking at sounds, savoring perfumes, and all such mixtures of separate sensationsSynesthesia

Synesthesia, Sounds and Perfumes Turn in the Evening Air


Philadelphia born painter Absorbed the tenets of Impressionist color and atmospheric effectsAdded the dimension of fine drawing Carefully controlled compositionWorked with Parisian friendBerthe Morisot Worked closely together with Impressionist painterHelped create ideas generated by the movementCassatt often painted pictures of womens activitiesPushed impressionism in a different direction from that represented by Monet and RenoirMary CassattMary Cassatt

Mary CassattMary Cassatt

Mary Cassatt

Central figure of impressionismLa Gare Saint LazareRenders the humid atmosphere, the mixture of steam and smoke, the hazy sunlight filtering from the open background and transparent ceiling glassHis figures are represented by thick dabs of paintFull development of Monets broke color technique is seen clearly in Japanese Bridge at GivernyIn order to capture a particular moment, Money would paint a succession of canvases during a single dayClaude MonetMonet

Monet, La Gare Saint Lazare

Monet, Japanese Bridge at Giverny

Monet, The Iris Garden at Giverny

Monet, Lady with Parasol

Later work was on the style of impressionismIntroduced a contemplative note in the figureRue Mosnier, Paris and Bar at the Folies-Bergere are examples of his workBar at the Folies-Bergere was his last large scale work and is a technical tour de forceEdouard ManetEdouard Manet

Manet, Bar at the Folies-Bergere

Manet, Rue Mosnier

Manet, Rue Mosnier Flags

Depicted casual, light-hearted city scenesEx. gaslit evening at a popular Parisian cafLe Moulin de la GaletteThe Moulin was frequented by working class families Use of full force Impressionist colorsAuguste RenoirRenoir

Renoir, Le Moulin de la Galette

Renoir Girl

Renoir Girl

Renoir Girl, Lorelai Gilmore

Coined in 1910 by the art of Roger FryDiffers from Impressionism More psychological depth, emotional involvement, or aesthetic explorationEx. Starry Night, Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte Post-ImpressionismVincent van Gogh, Starry NightPost-Impressionism

Post-Impressionism, Georges Seurat, Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte

Paul Gauguin, Day of the God