1. Recent space achievements of India. By, S.C.Swarna, II Msc Physics, Avinashiligam University. ,
2. A Civilian program with focus on with application of Space Technology for socio economic development of the country -Dr.Vikram Sarabhai (Father of Indian space program)
3. INTRODUCTION: Indian Space Research Organisation is the primary body for space research was established on August 15,1969. Since from Aryabatta(1975) to Chandrayan 1(2008), ISRO travelled along with a vast space missions. Here I am going to present the Recent space achievements of India merely from (2010-2014).
4. ORGANISATIONAL CHART OF DEPARTMENT OF SPACE ( INDIA )
5. SPACE CENTRES AND UNITS OF INDIA
6. SATELLITE SYSTEMS: ISRO has established two major space systems. First one is INSAT (Indian National Satellite System) series for communication , television broad casting and meteorological services. Then Indian Remote Sensing Satellites (IRS) system for resources monitoring and management.
7. AVAILABLE SATELLITE LAUNCHERS ISRO has successfully developed a complete array of launch vehicles launchers like: SLV-3( Satellite Launch Vehicle) ASLV(Augmented Satellite Launch Vehicle) PSLV(Polar Satellite Launch vehicle) GSLV(Geo Synchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle)
8. IMAGES OF INDIAN LAUNCH VEHICLES:
9. MAJOR SPACE MISSIONS OF 2010: April 15: GSLV-D3 launched GSAT-4. July 12: PSLV-C15 launched five satellites : CARTOSAT-2B ALSAT-2A NLS-6.1,6.2( Nano satellites) STUDSAT(A Pico satellite) November 27: HYLAS(Highly Adaptable Satellite) Dec 25: GSLV-F06 Launched GSAT-5P
10. GSLV-D3 : APRIL 15,2010 GSLV-D3 was the sixth flight of ISROs Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle(GSLV). GSLV launched 2220kg GSAT-4, a experimental advanced technology communication satellite. GSLV-D3 was the maiden flight of GSLV in which Indigenous cryogenic upper stage was used. GSLV-D3 was launched from the second launch pad (SLP) at Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota on April 15,2010. Flight testing of Indigenous cryogenic stage was unsuccessful. Hence this GSLV-D3 mission was failed.
11. IMAGES OF GSLV-D3 AND GSAT-4: GSAT-4 GSLV-D3
12. JULY 12, 2010: PSLV-C15: PSLV-C15 is the seventeenth flight of ISROs versatile Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle(PLSV). In this flight PSLV placed 694kg CARTOSTAT-2B in 630 km Polar Synchronous Orbit (SSO) and also launched 3 other foreign satellites namely ALSAT- 2A, NLS 6.1 and NLS 6.2. CARTOSAT-2B is the seventeenth satellite in the Indian Remote Sensing Satellite Series(IRS). CARTOSAT-2B carried a Pan Chromatic Camera which would send the scene specific spot imagery will be useful for Cartographic and other applications.
13. ALSAT-2A is a small satellite weighing 116 kg from Algeria for Remote Sensing Purpose NLS 6.1 weighing 6.5 kg, Canada for testing Various Satellite technologies. NLS 6.2 weighing 1 kg , Switzerland for testing Various Satellite Technologies. STUDSAT is a first Pico Satellite , by a Consortium from Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh, weighing less than 1 kg, gives telemetry data to earth station.
14. IMAGES OF PSLV C15, STUDSTAT AND CARTOSTAT-2B:
15. NOVEMBER 27, 2010:HYLAS An advanced communication satellite HYLAS (Highly Adaptable Satellite) built by ISRO on a commercial basis in partnership with EADS- Astrium of Europe. Was successfully launched on November 27, 2010 by the European Ariane-5 V198 launch vehicle. The satellite is designed to deliver high-speed broadband services through its spot beams over Europe.
16. IMAGE OF HYLAS:
17. DEC 25, 2010:GSLV F06: GSLV-F06 was the seventh mission of Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) aimed to inject a 2310 kg communication satellite, GSAT-5P, into a Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit (GTO). GSAT-5P was the fifth satellite launched in the GSAT series. It was an exclusive communication satellite to further augment the communication services currently provided by the Indian National Satellite (INSAT) .
18. IMAGE OF GSLV-F06 AND GSAT-5P:
19. MAJOR SPACE MISSIONS OF 2011: PSLV-C16 successfully launched Three Satellites - RESOURCESAT-2,YOUTHSAT, X-SAT from Sriharikota (April 20, 2011). Successful launch of GSAT-8 by Ariane-5 VA-202. (May 21, 2011). PSLV-C17 successfully launched GSAT-12 from Sriharikota (July 15, 2011). PSLV-C18 successfully launched Megha- Tropiques, Jugnu, SRMSat andVesselSat-1 from Sriharikota (October 12, 2011).
20. APRIL 20, 2011: PSLV-C16 PSLV-C16, is the eighteenth flight of ISRO's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle, PSLV. PSLV-C16 placed three satellites with a total payload mass of 1404 kg - RESOURCESAT-2 weighing 1206 kg, the Indo-Russian YOUTHSAT weighing 92 kg and Singapore's X-SAT weighing 106 kg into an 822 km polar Sun Synchronous Orbit (SSO) PSLV-C16 is launched from the First Launch Pad (FLP) at Satish Dhawan Space Centre SHAR, Sriharikota. RESOURCESAT-2 is the eighteenth Remote Sensing satellite built by ISRO. RESOURCESAT-2 is intended to provide data with enhanced multispectral and spatial coverage as well.
21. Youthsat is a mini satellite and the second in the Indian Mini Satellite (IMS) series. Youthsat mission intends to investigate the relationship between solar variability and thermosphere-Ionosphere changes. X-SAT is a Mini Satellite with a multispectral camera weighing 106 kg. X-SAT mission mainly intends to demonstrate technologies related to satellite based remote sensing and onboard image processing.
22. IMAGE OF RESOURESAT-2,YOUTHSAT,X-SAT INTEGRATED WITH PSLV-C16:
23. MAY 21,2011: GSAT-8. GSAT-8, Indias advanced communication satellite, is a high power communication satellite being inducted in the INSAT system, Weighing about 3100 Kg is Launched by Ariane-5 VA-202 from French Guiana. IMAGE OF GSAT-8:
24. JULY 15.2011:PSLV-C17 Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV-C17), in its nineteenth flight, launched India's communication satellite GSAT-12 from the Second Launch Pad of Satish Dhawan Space Centre, SHAR, Sriharikota, India. GSAT-12, the latest communication satellite built by ISRO, weighing about 1410 kg, will augment the capacity in the INSAT system for various communication services like Tele- education, Telemedicine and for Village Resource Centres (VRC).
25. IMAGES OF PSLV-C17 AND GSAT-12
26. OCTOBER 12, 2011: PSLV-C18: Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle, in its twentieth flight (PSLV- C18)launched Megha-Tropiques satellite along with three auxiliary payloads with a total payload mass of 1047 kg from the first launch pad of Satish Dhawan Space Centre. Megha-Tropiques is an Indo-French Joint Satellite Mission for studying the water cycle and energy exchanges in the tropics. Nano satellite Jugnu weighing 3 kg is designed and developed by Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur under the guidance of ISRO to Evaluate GPS receiver for its use in satellite navigation etc., The Nanosatellite SRMSat weighing 10.9 kg is developed by the students and faculty of SRM University attempts to address the problem of Global warming and pollution levels in the atmosphere by monitoring Carbon dioxide (CO2) and water vapour (H2O). VesselSat-1 weighing 28.7 kg is a microsatellite developed and built by LuxSpace of Luxembourg.
27. IMAGES OF PSLV-C18, MEGHA- TROPIQUES, JUGNU,VESSELSAT-1,SRMSAT:
28. MAJOR SPACE MISSIONS OF 2012: PSLV-C19 successfully launched RISAT-1 from Sriharikota (April 26, 2012). ISRO's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle, PSLV- C21 successfully launched SPOT 6 and PROITERES from Sriharikota (September 09, 2012). Successful launched GSAT-10 by Ariane-5 VA-209 from Kourou French Guiana (September 29, 2012)
29. APRIL 26, 2012:PSLV-C19: The Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle, in its 21st flight (PSLV-C19), launches Indias first Radar Imaging Satellite RISAT-1. RISAT-1 is a state of the art Microwave Remote Sensing Satellite ,which enables imaging of the surface features during both day and night under all weather conditions.
30. IMAGE RISAT-1:
31. SEPTEMBER 9, 2012: PSLV-C21: India's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle, in its twenty- second flight (PSLV-C21) will launch the French earth observation satellite SPOT 6 along with a micro-satellite from Japan. IMAGE OF PSLV-C21:
32. SEPTEMBER 29, 2012: GSAT 10: GSAT-10, Indias advanced communication satellite, is a high power satellite being inducted into the INSAT system. Weighing 3400 kg at lift-off. Which provides the accuracy of the positioning information obtained from the GPS satellites is improved by a network of ground based receivers and made available to the users in the country through geo-stationary satellites. IMAGE OF GSAT-10:
33. MAJOR SPACE MISSIONS OF 2013: PSLV - C20 successfully launched SARAL from Sriharikota (Feb 25, 2013). PSLV - C22 successfully launched IRNSS-1A from Sriharikota (Jul 01, 2013). Successful launch of INSAT-3D by Ariane-5 VA-214 from Kourou French Guiana (July 26, 2013). Successful launch of GSAT-7 by Ariane-5 VA-215 from Kourou French Guiana (August 30, 2013). PSLV - C25 successfully launched Mars Orbiter Mission Spacecraft from Sriharikota (Nov 05, 2013).
34. FEB 25, 2013: PSLV C20: India's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle in its twenty third flight (PSLV - C20), launched the Indo-French satellite SARAL along with six commercial payloads from Canada, Austria, Denmark and UK into a 785 km polar sun synchronous orbit from Sriharikota. The Satellite with ARGOS and ALTIKA (SARAL) is a joint Indo-French satellite mission for oceanographic studies. SARAL will perform altimetric measurements designed to study ocean circulation and sea surface elevation.
35. IMAGES OF PSLV C20 AND SARAL:
36. JULY 01,2013:PSLV-C22: Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle, in its twenty fourth flight (PSLV-C22), will launch Indias first dedicated navigational satellite IRNSS-1A, launched from Sriharikota. IRNSS-1A is the first satellite in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS). It is one of the seven satellites constituting the IRNSS space segment....