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Reflexive verbs Los verbos reflexivos Reflexive verbs In this presentation, we are going to look at a special group of verbs called reflexive Let’s start

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Text of Reflexive verbs Los verbos reflexivos Reflexive verbs In this presentation, we are going to look at...

  • Reflexive verbsLos verbos reflexivos

  • Reflexive verbsIn this presentation, we are going to look at a special group of verbs called reflexiveLets start out by thinking of the English verb to wash. List several things that you can wash.

  • Some examplesI wash my clothesI wash the dishesI wash the carI wash the windowsI wash my handsI wash my hair

  • Whats the difference?I wash my clothes. I wash the dishes. I wash the car. I wash the windows.I can wash things that are not part of me, that is, they are not part of my body.In Spanish, we say, lavo la ropa, lavo los platos, lavo el coche, lavo las ventanas

  • andI wash my hands. I wash my hair. I wash my faceI also wash things on my body: hands, face, hair (unless you wear a toupee)In Spanish, we say, me lavo las manos, me lavo el pelo, me lavo la cara

  • And your point is?Lavo la ropa, lavo los platos, lavo el coche, lavo las ventanas.Me lavo las manos, me lavo el pelo, me lavo la cara.If you are washing something that is attached to your body, you need to add the word me

  • Huh?There are two ways to talk about washing in SpanishFirst, to wash something elseSecond, to wash part of ones body

  • LavarseHere are the forms:

    Me lavo nos lavamosTe lavas os lavisSe lavase lavan

    Me, te, se, nos, os, se forms are called reflexive pronouns

  • How do you get those forms?The infinitive has a se attached to it to show that the subject is doing something to him/herselfDrop the seChange the verb endingPut the appropriate -ar, -er, or ir conjugation of the verb.

  • Lets try oneLlamarse: to call oneselfYome llamoT te llamasl se llamaNosotros nos llamamosEllos se llaman

    The verb endings are the usual ones!!

  • Some more reflexive verbsLevantar___: to get/stand up.Sentarse (ie): to sit downDormirse (ue): to fall asleepPonerse (-go verb): to put on an article of clothing

  • LevantarseYo me levantoT te levantasl se levantaNosotros nos levantamosVosotros os sentis Ellos se levantan

  • Sentarse (ie)Yo me sientoT te sientasl se sientaNosotros nos sentamosVosotros os sentisEllos se sientan

  • Dormirse (ue)Yo me duermoT te duermesl se duermeNosotros nos dormimosVosotros os dormsEllos se duermen

  • Ponerse (-go verb)Yo me pongoT te ponesl se poneNosotros nos ponemosVosotros os ponisEllos se ponen

  • Dormir vs. DormirseThe verb forms are the same: duermo, duermes, duerme, dormimos, dorms, duermenThe difference in form is the addition of the reflexive pronouns: me, te, se, nos, os, seThe difference in meaning is:Dormir is to sleepDormirse is to fall asleepReflexive verbs often have a special meaning, such as________________from being awake to being asleep.

  • A morning routineTodos los das, yo ___________ (levantarse) a las 7:00. _______(ir) al bao, _________(lavarse) la cara, y _______________ (afeitarse). Luego (vestirse (i)) y _________(tomar) un poco de desayuno. Por fin, __________ (lavarse) los dientes.

  • RespuestasTodos los das yo me levanto a las 7:00. Voy al bao, me lavo la cara y me afeito. Luego me visto y tomo un poco de desayuno. Por fin, me lavo los dientes

  • Lets do anotherJuana ________(despertarse (ie) a las 6:30, ____________(levantarse). _________ (ir) al bao, y __________(ducharse). Ella ________(secarse), ________(peinarse) y _________(peinarse) la cara.

  • Juana se despierta a las 6:30 se levanta. Va al bao, y se ducha. Ella se seca, se peina y se pinta la cara.

  • Whew! Thats a lot to rememberTrue! But keep in mind that the verb changes as it always does. You just have to remember to use the reflexive pronouns (me, te, se, nos, os, se) if you see an infinitive that ends in se

  • Lets practice!

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