Reformation Ideas Spread: The English Reformation and the Catholic Reformation

  • View
    63

  • Download
    0

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

Reformation Ideas Spread: The English Reformation and the Catholic Reformation. HWH UNIT 1 CHAPTER 1.4. Anabaptists. Rejected infant baptism Rejected violence Advocated separating church and state Munster, 1534-1535. King Henry VIII (r. 1509-1547). “ Defender of the Faith ”. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of Reformation Ideas Spread: The English Reformation and the Catholic Reformation

Reformation Ideas Spread: The English Reformation and the Catholic Reformation

Reformation Ideas Spread: The English Reformation and the Catholic ReformationHWH UNIT 1CHAPTER 1.4AnabaptistsRejected infant baptismRejected violenceAdvocated separating church and stateMunster, 1534-1535

King Henry VIII (r. 1509-1547)

Defender of the FaithDefense of the Seven SacramentsLeo XDevout advisorsCardinal Thomas Wolsey (1475-1530)Thomas More (1478-1535)

Henry and His Wives

Mary I Elizabeth I Edward VI Henrys Wives#1: Catherine of Aragon (m. 1509-1533)Daughter of Ferdinand and IsabellaAunt of Charles VHad a daughter, Marybut no sonAnnulment?

Thomas Cranmer (1489-1556)Archbishop of CanterburyAdvised the split with Rome

#2: Anne Boleyn (m. 1533-1536)Secretly married to Henry in 1533Already six months pregnant with ElizabethThe Act of Supremacy (1534)Established the Church of England (Anglican Church)Henry was the head of the churchAll Roman Catholic lands and monasteries were confiscated25% of all land in EnglandThomas More would not convertAnne was executed in 1536

Anglican Doctrine Under HenryThe Six Articles (1539)Maintained almost all of Catholic doctrineHenry, not the pope, was the authorityThe doctrine of the Anglican Church will be in flux until the late 17th century#3: Jane Seymour (m. 1536-1537)Had a son, Edward (VI)Died from complications of childbirth

#4: Anne of Cleves (m. 1540)GermanUglyDivorced

#5: Kathryn Howard (m. 1540-1542)30 years younger than HenryCheatedExecuted

#6: Katherine Parr (m. 1543-1547)Outlived Henry

King Edward VI (r. 1547-1553)

Moved the Anglican church toward CalvinismBook of Common Prayer (1549Cranmer) Somewhat CalvinistAdvisors were ProtestantCommunicated directly with CalvinChanges:Clergy could marrySalvation by faith aloneOnly baptism and communionIconic images removed from churchesDenied transubstantiationBurial place of Edward VI, Westminster Abbey, London

Queen Mary I (r. 1553-1558)CATHOLIC1st daughter of Henry and Catherine of Aragon Married Philip II of SpainExecuted Cranmer and other ProtestantsBloody Mary

Elizabeth I (r. 1558-1603)

The Elizabethan SettlementTwo ExtremesElizabeth took the middle roadCatholicsPuritansUndid Marys anti-Protestant lawsMade Elizabeth head of the Church of EnglandCranmers Book of Common PrayerMade moderate Protestantism the official religionThe Church of England under ElizabethTwo SacramentsClergy could not marryCatholicism tolerated (in private)Mandatory attendance at churchNo monasteriesMass given in English The Counter (or Catholic) Reformation

Romes Response to the ReformationPope Paul III (r. 1534-1549)Ignatius of Loyola (1491-1556)and the JesuitsSpiritual Exercises (1522-24)Focus: education and conversion

The Council of Trent (1545-1563)Pope Paul III (r. 1534-1549)Conclusions:Reaffirmed Catholic doctrineEnded corruption within the clergyPluralismAbsenteeismSale of indulgencesMore education for clergy

The Roman Inquisition and the Index of Forbidden Books