Relationship between Regulators and Competition ... Relationship between Regulators and Competition

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  • Relationship between Regulators and Competition Authorities 1998

    The OECD Competition Committee debated the relationship between regulators and competition authorities in June 1998. This document includes an executive summary, an analytical note by Mr. Gary Hewitt for the OECD and submissions from Australia, Canada, Denmark, the European Commission, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Korea, Mexico, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Spain, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the United States, as well as an aide-memoire of the discussion.

    The introduction of greater competition in regulated sectors has required establishing new regulators or seriously rethinking what existing regulators were doing, bringing to the fore important questions concerning the proper relationship between sector specific regulators and economy-wide competition agencies. On the one hand, competition agencies have a comparative advantage over regulators when it comes to ensuring that anti-competitive conduct and mergers do not undo the benefits expected to flow from introducing greater competition into regulated sectors. There should be a strong presumption in favour of leaving these functions in the hands of a competition agency. On the other hand, sector-specific regulators have a comparative advantage in obtaining and analysing the cost data needed for economic regulation and for some aspects of access regulation. This favours leaving regulatory functions to sector-specific regulators. The assessment should also consider synergies and the ability to resist regulatory capture. In sectors expected to soon become competitive, transitory economic and access regulation might be better left to an economy-wide competition agency. At the same time, in sectors where there is likely to be a long term need for regulation, that task should probably be left to sector-specific regulators.

    OECD Guiding Principles for Regulatory Quality and Performance (2005) Regulating Market Activities by Public Sector (2004) Competition Issues in the Electricity Sector (2003) Recommendation of the Council concerning structural separation in regulated industries (2001) Restructuring Public Utilities for Competition (2001)

  • Unclassified DAFFE/CLP(99)8

    Organisation de Coopération et de Développement Economiques OLIS : 24-Jun-1999 Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Dist. : 29-Jun-1999 __________________________________________________________________________________________

    English text only DIRECTORATE FOR FINANCIAL, FISCAL AND ENTERPRISE AFFAIRS COMMITTEE ON COMPETITION LAW AND POLICY

    RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN REGULATORS AND COMPETITION AUTHORITIES

    U nclassified

    D A

    F F

    E /C

    L P

    (99)8 E

    nglish text only

    79571

    Document complet disponible sur OLIS dans son format d’origine

    Complete document available on OLIS in its original format

  • DAFFE/CLP(99)8

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    FOREWORD

    This document comprises proceedings in the original languages of a Roundtable on Relationships between Regulators and Competition Authorities which was held by the Committee on Competition Law and Policy in June 1998.

    It is published under the responsibility of the Secretary General of the OECD to bring information on this topic to the attention of a wider audience.

    This compilation is one of several published in a series entitled “Competition Policy Roundtables”.

    PRÉFACE

    Ce document rassemble la documentation dans la langue d’origine dans laquelle elle a été soumise, relative à une table ronde sur la relation entre les responsables de la réglementation et les autorités chargées de la concurrence, qui s’est tenue en juin 1998 dans le cadre de la réunion du Comité du droit et de la politique de la concurrence.

    Il est publié sous la responsabilité du Secrétaire général de l’OCDE afin de porter à la connaissance d’un large public, les éléments d’information qui ont été réunis à cette occasion.

    Cette compilation fait partie de la série intitulée “Les tables rondes sur la politique de la concurrence”.

    Visit our Internet Site -- Consultez notre site Internet

    http://www.oecd.org/daf/clp

  • DAFFE/CLP(99)8

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    OTHER TITLES

    SERIES ROUNDTABLES ON COMPETITION POLICY

    1. Competition Policy and Environment (Roundtable in May 1995, published in 1996) OCDE/GD(96)22

    2. Failing Firm Defence (Roundtable in May 1995, published in 1996) OCDE/GD(96)23

    3. Competition Policy and Film Distribution (Roundtable in November 1995, published in 1996) OCDE/GD(96)60

    4. Competition Policy and Efficiency Claims in Horizontal Agreements (Roundtable in November 1995, published in 1996) OCDE/GD(96)65

    5. The Essential Facilities Concept (Roundtable in February 1996, published in 1996) OCDE/GD(96)113

    6. Competition in Telecommunications (Roundtable in November 1995, published in 1996) OCDE/GD(96)114

    7. The Reform of International Satellite Organisations (Roundtable in November 1995, published in 1996) OCDE/GD(96)123

    8. Abuse of Dominance and Monopolisation (Roundtable in February 1996, published in 1996) OCDE/GD(96)131

    9. Application of Competition Policy to High Tech Markets (Roundtable in April 1996, published in 1997) OCDE/GD(97)44

    10. General Cartel Bans: Criteria for Exemption for Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (Roundtable in April 1996, published in 1997) OCDE/GD(97)53

    11. Competition Issues related to Sports (Roundtable in October 1996, published in 1997) OCDE/GD(97)128

    12. Application of Competition Policy to the Electricity Sector OCDE/GD(97)132 (Roundtable in October 1996, published in 1997)

    13. Judicial Enforcement of Competition Law OCDE/GD(97)200 (Roundtable in October 1996, published in 1997)

  • DAFFE/CLP(99)8

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    14. Resale Price Maintenance (Roundtable in February 1997, published in 1997) OCDE/GD(97)229

    15. Railways: Structure, Regulation and Competition Policy (Roundtable in October 1997, published in 1998) DAFFE/CLP(98)1

    16. Competition Policy and International Airport Services DAFFE/CLP(98)3

    17. Enhancing the Role of Competition in the Regulation of Banks DAFFE/CLP(98)16

    18. Competition Policy and Intellectual Property Rights DAFFE/CLP(98)18

    19. Competition and Related Regulation Issues in the Insurance Industry DAFFE/CLP(98)20

    20. Competition Policy and Procurement Markets DAFFE/CLP(99)3/FINAL

    21. Regulation and Competition Issues in Broadcasting in the Light of Convergence DAFFE/CLP(99)1

  • DAFFE/CLP(99)8

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    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY OF THE DISCUSSION......................................................................... 7 SYNTHÈSE DE LA DISCUSSION................................................................................................. 11

    BACKGROUND NOTE................................................................................................................... 17 NOTE DE RÉFÉRENCE ................................................................................................................. 51

    SECRETARIAT’S SUGGESTIONS FOR SUBMISSIONS ........................................................... 91 SUGGESTIONS DU SECRÉTARIAT POUR LES SOUMISSIONS............................................. 97

    NATIONAL CONTRIBUTIONS

    Australia .......................................................................................................................... 105 Canada ............................................................................................................................ 113 Denmark.......................................................................................................................... 125 Espagne......... .................................................................................................................. 131 Finland ............................................................................................................................ 141 France ............................................................................................................................ 147 Germany.......................................................................................................................... 157 Hungary........................................................................................................................... 161 Italy.............. ................................................................................................................... 165 Japan................................................................................................................................ 169 Korea.. ............................................................................................................................ 175 Mexico ............................................................................................................................ 181 Netherlands ..................................................................................................................... 187 New Zealand ................................................................................................................... 211 Norway............................................................................................................................ 219 Sweden ............................................................................................................................ 235 United Kingdom............................

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