Religion, Reformation & Counter- Reforma ¢â‚¬¢ Goal: begin a counter-reformation by: ¢â‚¬â€œ Attacking the

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    Religion, Reformation & Counter- Reformation Martin Luther

  • Religion? What do I know about religion?

    Why is so important?

    Why is historically a fountain of conflict?

  • Why is religion so important for humankind?

  • Why is important “fear”?

    ✤ Control (thoughts & behavior of individuals).

    ✤ Order (society as a whole).

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    Only two options? Let’s reform! let’s change!

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    Reformation? How did this event change (alter) the path of History?

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    Counter-Reformation? Why did the Catholics fight back Martin Luther’s ideas?

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    Roman Catholic Church 16th century, the only church in Europe after Muslims’ expulsion

  • Why is dangerous a unique interpretation?

  • Why a change? What should be changed? How was going to be the change?

  • 4 main reasons

    ✤ Poorly educated rural clergy.

    ✤ The sale of “indulgences”.

    ✤ High positions in Church = wealthy, powerful, high status (not caring about evangelization and teaching).

    ✤ Corruption denounced by the Christian humanists..

  • Thomas More Renaissance humanist

  • Erasmus of Rotterdam Christian humanist

  • Where did I hear his name before?

  • What is the main characteristic of the Humanism?

  • The sequence, step by step

  • Theocentrism

    ✤ Theo = God.

    ✤ Centrism = the center, the core.

  • Geocentrism

    ✤ Geo = earth.

    ✤ Centrism = the center, the core.

  • Heliocentrism

    ✤ Helio = the sun.

    ✤ Centrism = the center, the core.

  • Why were these 4 reasons so relevant for a change?

  • Indulgence?

    ✤ The full or partial remission of temporal punishment due for sins which have already been forgiven.

  • Evangelization?

    ✤ The process in the Christian religion which seeks to spread the Gospel (Lord’s word) and the knowledge of the Gospel throughout the world.

  • Why is the religious such a powerful tool?

    ✤ Control (thoughts & behavior of individuals).

    ✤ Order (society as a whole).

  • Hier finden Sie Listen sämtlicher Zeitungen mit Aktivitäten im Internet. Mit Hilfe der Suchfunktion rechts oben oder der Navigationen gelangen Sie von jeder Zeitungspage per Klick

    auf die von Ihnen gewählte Übersicht.

    – The Zeitung

  • Survey: “Do you believe in God? (2005)

  • Who is questioning the Pope’s authority?

  • Martin Luther A priest who changed the path of History with an idea.


  • John Calvin The Reformation in France


  • Luther & Calvin

    ✤ They never met.

    ✤ Their ideas together formed the basis of the Protestant Reformation in the 16th century in Europe.

    ✤ Lutheranism & Calvinism.