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Review of Middle Adulthood Ch. 15: Cogni7ve Development Ch. 16: Social & Emo7onal Development

Review of Middle Adulthood · 1. What are the “Big 5 Personality Traits?” What general trends are typically seen in these traits as one moves through adulthood? 2. Research on

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Page 1: Review of Middle Adulthood · 1. What are the “Big 5 Personality Traits?” What general trends are typically seen in these traits as one moves through adulthood? 2. Research on

ReviewofMiddleAdulthood

Ch.15:Cogni7veDevelopmentCh.16:Social&Emo7onalDevelopment

Page 2: Review of Middle Adulthood · 1. What are the “Big 5 Personality Traits?” What general trends are typically seen in these traits as one moves through adulthood? 2. Research on

Cogni7veDevelopmentinMiddleAdulthood–changesinabili7es

1. Whymightasteep,age-relateddeclineinintelligenceappearincross-sec7onal,butnotlongitudinal,studies?a.  Cross-sec7onalstudiesareespeciallyvulnerabletoresearcherbias.b.  Cross-sec7onalstudiesshowtheimprovedhealthandeduca7onofeach

newgenera7on.c.  Longitudinalstudiesrevealthemorerigorouseduca7onofearlier

genera7ons.d.  Cross-sec7onalstudiesaremorelikelytobeaffectedbycohorteffects.

2. Whatdowecallaresearchdesignthatcombinescross-sec7onalandlongitudinalcomponents?Howdoesthisdesignincorporatethestrengthsofbothtypesofdesign?

3. AccordingtoShaie’sSeaQleStudy,whichskillshowedthegreatestdeclineinmiddleadulthood?a. perceptualspeed c.verbalmemoryb. spa7alorienta7on d.induc7vereasoning

Page 3: Review of Middle Adulthood · 1. What are the “Big 5 Personality Traits?” What general trends are typically seen in these traits as one moves through adulthood? 2. Research on

Cogni7ve--CrystallizedandFluidIntelligence

1. Whatisthedifferencebetweencrystallizedintelligenceandfluidintelligence?

2. Howdoesthedevelopmentofthesetwodifferinmiddleadulthood?

3. Whichofthesetasksmakesuseofcrystallizedintelligence?a.  pressingabuQonquicklyinresponsetoagreenlightb.  findinghiddenfiguresinadrawingc.  expressingideasandinforma7onar7culatelyd.  crea7ngnovelpiecesofartwork

Page 4: Review of Middle Adulthood · 1. What are the “Big 5 Personality Traits?” What general trends are typically seen in these traits as one moves through adulthood? 2. Research on

Cogni7ve–Informa7onProcessing1. Response7meonbothsimpleandcomplexreac7on7metasks

(decreases/remainsstable/increases)fromearlytolateadulthood.

2. Adultsinmidlifeshow(declines/improvements/stability)intheamountofinforma7ontheycanretaininworkingmemory.

3. Angelo,a60-year-oldofficemanager,findsithardtoignoreoutsidedistrac7ons,suchasaringingtelephone,whileworking.Angeloisexperiencingdifficultywitha.  metacogni7on.b.  workingmemory.c.  problemsolving.d.  cogni7veinhibi7on.

Page 5: Review of Middle Adulthood · 1. What are the “Big 5 Personality Traits?” What general trends are typically seen in these traits as one moves through adulthood? 2. Research on

Cogni7on–prac7calproblemsolving,exper7se,andcrea7vity

1. Whatisprac7calproblemsolving?

2. Exper7se(peaks/declines)inmidlife.

3. Indicatewhichofthefollowingchangesincrea7vityoccurinmiddleadulthood.–  Iso]enspontaneousandintenselyemo7onal–  Appearsmoredeliberatelythough^ul–  Combinesextensiveknowledgeandexperienceintouniquewaysofthinking

–  Focusesongenera7ngunusualproducts–  Reflectsalargelyegocentricconcernwithself-expression–  Reflectsaltruis7cgoals

Page 6: Review of Middle Adulthood · 1. What are the “Big 5 Personality Traits?” What general trends are typically seen in these traits as one moves through adulthood? 2. Research on

Erikson1. ____________________involvesreachingouttoothersinwaysthatgive

toandguidethenextgenera7on.Citecharacteris7csofadultswhopossessthistrait.Givesomeexamples.

2. True/False:Havingchildrenfostersgenera7vedevelopmentinbothmenandwomen.

3. Atmiddleage,Donald’sthoughtsfocusmainlyonwhathecangetor

preserveforhimself.HetakesliQleinterestinhisgrownchildrenorhisnewgrandchild,andinconversa7onswithneighborsandco-workers,heseemsdisengagedunlesstheyhavesomethingspecifictoofferhim.Donaldhasasenseof_____________a. obliga7on.b. stagna7on.c. genera7vity.d. incompetence.

Page 7: Review of Middle Adulthood · 1. What are the “Big 5 Personality Traits?” What general trends are typically seen in these traits as one moves through adulthood? 2. Research on

BeyondErikson1.  Yolandastayedhomeformanyyearstoraiseherchildrenand

thencareforheragingmother.Atage46,shefeltastrongdesiretolaunchacareer.Overthenextfewyears,sheearnedacollegedegreeandbecameanurse.Yolanda’sexperienceillustratesoneexampleofLevinson’s___________task.a. destruc7on-crea7onb.  engagement-separatenessc.  young-oldd.  masculinity-femininity

2.  WhatdoesVaillantseeasthemaintasksofmiddleadulthood?3. Whatcharacteris7csareimpliedbythetermmidlifecrisis?

Page 8: Review of Middle Adulthood · 1. What are the “Big 5 Personality Traits?” What general trends are typically seen in these traits as one moves through adulthood? 2. Research on

Self-conceptandiden7ty

1.  Whatarethe“Big5PersonalityTraits?”Whatgeneraltrendsaretypicallyseeninthesetraitsasonemovesthroughadulthood?

2. Researchonpossibleselvesrevealsthatasweage,wea. usesocialcomparisonstojudgeourownself-worth.b. judgeourself-worthaccordingtohowwellwearedoing

inrela7ontowhatwehadplanned.c. Increasethenumberoffutureselves.d. becomemoreidealis7cinourideasoffutureselves.

3. Genderiden7tybecomes(less/more)androgynousinmidlife.Explainyour answer.

Page 9: Review of Middle Adulthood · 1. What are the “Big 5 Personality Traits?” What general trends are typically seen in these traits as one moves through adulthood? 2. Research on

Ch.16:Rela7onships1.  Themiddleadulthoodphaseofthefamilylifecycleis

knowasa. “launchingchildrenandmovingon.”b. “breakingdownandbuildinganew.”c. the“goodbyephase.”d. the“emptynest. –explainthedifferencebetweenchoiceaand choiced–

2. Maritalsa7sfac7on(does/doesnot)predict

psychologicalwell-beingofmiddle-agedadults.3. Describesomeoftheimportantrela7onshipsinmidlife

andchangesthattheymayundergo.

Page 10: Review of Middle Adulthood · 1. What are the “Big 5 Personality Traits?” What general trends are typically seen in these traits as one moves through adulthood? 2. Research on

Ch.16:Voca7onalLife

1.   True/False:Jobsa7sfac7onincreasesinmidlifeindiversena7onsandatalloccupa7onallevels.

2.  Whyisplanningforre7rementimportant?

3.  Womenandethnicminori7eso]enfaceaglassceilingintheircareers.Whatdoesthismean?

Page 11: Review of Middle Adulthood · 1. What are the “Big 5 Personality Traits?” What general trends are typically seen in these traits as one moves through adulthood? 2. Research on

Fortune500ChiefExecu7ves…

whoarewomen. whoaremennamedJohn!

fromApril24,2018NewYorkTimes

Page 12: Review of Middle Adulthood · 1. What are the “Big 5 Personality Traits?” What general trends are typically seen in these traits as one moves through adulthood? 2. Research on

OverviewofLateAdulthoodPhysicalDevelopment(Ch.17)•  Lifeexpectancy•  Physicalchanges:nervoussystem,sensorysystem,cardiovascularandrespiratorysystems,

immunesystem,sleep,appearanceandmobility,adapta7ons•  Health,fitnessanddisability:nutri7onalandexercise,sleep,physicaldisability,mentaldisability

Cogni7veDevelopment(Ch.17)•  Memory•  Language•  Problemsolving•  Wisdom•  Cogni7vechange•  Lifelonglearning

Emo7onalandSocialDevelopment(Ch.18)•  Erikson’stheory•  Otherpsychosocial•  Self-concept&personality•  Eldersuicide•  Communi7es,neighborhoods&housing•  Maltreatment•  re7rement

Page 13: Review of Middle Adulthood · 1. What are the “Big 5 Personality Traits?” What general trends are typically seen in these traits as one moves through adulthood? 2. Research on

Quiz17

Page 14: Review of Middle Adulthood · 1. What are the “Big 5 Personality Traits?” What general trends are typically seen in these traits as one moves through adulthood? 2. Research on

Quiz17Con’t

Page 15: Review of Middle Adulthood · 1. What are the “Big 5 Personality Traits?” What general trends are typically seen in these traits as one moves through adulthood? 2. Research on

Afewinspira7onallooksatLateAdulthood

IdaKeeling TaoPorchon-Lynch