Reviewing Verb Tenses

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Reviewing Verb Tenses

Reviewing Verb Tenses

Verb tense expresses the time of an event or action. Time and how it is expressed in writing is very important to English readers. Verb Tense ReviewThe Importance of TimeIn English, there are threebasic tenses: present, past, and future. Each has aperfect form, indicating completed action; each has aprogressive form, indicating on going action; and each has aperfect progressive form, indicating on going action that will be completed at some definite time. Here is a list of examples of these tenses and their definitions:

Simple FormsProgressive FormsPerfect FormsPerfect Progressive FormsPresenttake/sam/is/are takinghave/has takenhave/has been takingPasttookwas/were takinghad takenhad been takingFuturewill/shall takewill be takingwill have takenwill have been takingSimple Forms

ExampleMeaningThe mountainsaretall and white.Unchanging actionEvery year, the school councilelectsnew members.Recurring actionPbisthe chemical symbol for lead.Widespread truthPresent TensePresent tense expresses an unchanging, repeated, or reoccurring action or situation that exists only now. It can also represent a widespread truth. Adverbs of frequency such as, often, seldom, sometimes, never, etc. are used with this tense

ExampleFormW.W.IIendedin 1945.Regular -ed pastErnest Hemmingwaywrote"The Old Man and the Sea."Irregular formPast TensePast tense expresses an action or situation that was started and finished in the past. Most past tense verbs end in-ed. The irregular verbs havespecial past tense formswhich must be memorized.

Future TenseFuture tense expresses an action or situation that will occur in the future. This tense is formed by usingwill/shallwith thesimple formof the verb.The speaker of the Housewill finishher term in May of 1998.

The future tense can also be expressed by usingam,is, orarewithgoing to.The surgeonis going to performthe first bypass in Minnesota.

We can also use thepresent tenseformwith an adverbor adverbial phrase to show future time.The presidentspeakstomorrow. (Tomorrow is a future time adverb.)

Past, Present, and Future Tense VerbsDraw a circle around the action verb in each sentence. On the line, tellwhether the verb is past tense, present tense, or future tense.1. Daniel will choose a baseball bat. _____________________________2. He steps up to the plate. _____________________________3. The pitcher tossed the ball. _____________________________4. Daniel will swing hard. _____________________________5. The ball struck the bat. _____________________________6. The ball flies through the air. _____________________________7. It landed over the fence. _____________________________8. Daniel will run around the bases. _____________________________9. The crowd screams loudly. _____________________________10. He will slide into home plate. _____________________________11. Daniel's teammates cheered. _____________________________12. Daniel smiled proudly. ______________________ANSWER KEY1. Daniel will choose a baseball bat. future tense2. He steps up to the plate. present tense3. The pitcher tossed the ball. past tense4. Daniel will swing hard. future tense5. The ball struck the bat. past tense6. The ball flies through the air. present tense7. It landed over the fence. past tense8. Daniel will run around the bases. future tense9. The crowd screams loudly.present tense10. He will slide into home plate.future tense11. Daniel's teammates cheered. past tense12. Daniel smiled proudly. past tenseProgressive Forms

Present Progressive TensePresent progressive tense describes an on going action that is happening at the same time the statement is written. This tense is formed by usingam/is/arewith the verb form ending in-ing.The sociologistis examiningthe effects that racial discrimination has on society.Past Progressive TensePast progressive tense describes a past action which was happening when another action occurred. This tense is formed by usingwas/werewith the verb form ending in-ing.The explorerwas explainingthe latest discovery in Egypt when protests began on the streets.Future Progressive TenseFuture progressive tense describes an on going or continuous action that will take place in the future. This tense is formed by usingwill beorshall bewith the verb form ending in-ing.Dr. Joneswill be presentingongoing research on sexist language next week.Present Progressive ExercisePut in the verb in brackets into the gaps and form affirmative sentences. Usethe long form of the auxiliary.

Example: Jane __________ a magazine.(to read)

Answer: Janeis readinga magazine.

1) Alexander_______________a film.(to watch)2) We ________________a computer game.(to play)3) The dog______________at the cat.(to bark)4) Peter _______________his rabbits.(to feed)5) Philipp and Johnny_______________a song.(to sing)6) Mary________________her hair.(to wash)7) I_________________to Doris.(to talk)8) Peggy ________________a picture.(to draw)9) Henry and his sister__________________ their mother.(to help)10) You__________________the poem by heart.(to learn)

Answer1) Alexanderis watchinga film.2) Weare playinga computer game.3) The dogis barkingat the cat.4) Peteris feedinghis rabbits.5) Philipp and Johnnyare singinga song.6) Maryis washingher hair.7) Iam talkingto Doris.8) Peggyis drawinga picture.9) Henry and his sisterare helpingtheir mother.10) Youare learningthe poem by heart.Past Progressive ExerciseWrite the correct verb form into the gap. Use thePast Progressive.

Example: ___ she ______ a book?(to read)

Answer:Wasshereadinga book?

1)_______Ashley _____________on the computer?(to work)2) _______they______________the bike?(to repair)3)_______Melissa ____________out a book?(to take)4)_______you _________to music?(to listen)5)_______Nicolas __________at a picture?(to look)6) _______Emma___________ and Berthatheir friend?(to phone)7)_______the girl __________the window?(to open)8)_______he _______judo?(to do)9)_______the friends__________home from school?(to come)10) _______Tyler __________with the cooking?(to help)Answer 1)WasAshleyworkingon the computer?2)Weretheyrepairingthe bike?3)WasMelissatakingout a book?4)Wereyoulisteningto music?5)WasNicolaslookingat a picture?6)WereEmma and Berthaphoningtheir friend?7)Wasthe girlopeningthe window?8)Washedoingjudo?9)Werethe friendscominghome from school?10)WasTylerhelpingwith the cooking?Future Progressive ExerciseUsing the words in parentheses, complete the text below with the appropriate tenses.1.Sandra:Where is Tim going to meet us?Marcus:He (wait)__________for us when our train arrives. I am sure he (stand)__________on the platform when we pull into the station.Sandra:And then what?Marcus:We (pick)__________Michele up at work and go out to dinner.2.Ted:When we get to the party, Jerry (watch)________TV, Sam (make) _______drinks, Beth (dance)________by herself, and Thad (complain) _________about his day at work.Robin:Maybe, this time they won't be doing the same things.Ted:I am absolutely positive they (do)___________the same things; they always do the same things.3.Florence:Oh, look at that mountain of dirty dishes! Who (wash)____________all of those?Jack:I promise I (do)__________them when I get home from work.Florence:Thanks.Jack:When you get home this evening, that mountain will be gone and nice stacks of sparkling clean dishes (sit)_______in the cabinets.4.Doug:If you need to contact me next week, I (stay)___________ at the Hoffman Hotel.Nancy:I (call)__________you if there are any problems.Doug:This is the first time I have ever been away from the kids.Nancy:Don't worry, they (be)_______________ fine.5.Samantha:Just think, next week at this time, I (lie)_____________on a tropical beach in Maui drinking Mai Tais and eating pineapple.Darren:While you are luxuriating on the beach, I (stress)______________out over this marketing project. How are you going to enjoy yourself knowing that I am working so hard?Samantha:I 'll manage somehow.Darren:You're terrible. Can't you take me with you?Samantha:No. But I (send)______________you a postcard of a beautiful, white sand beach.Darren:Great, that (make)_______________me feel much better.Answer1.Sandra:Where is Tim going to meet us?Marcus:He (wait)will be waitingfor us when our train arrives. I am sure he (stand)will be standingon the platform when we pull into the station.Sandra:And then what?Marcus:We (pick)are going to pickMichele up at work and go out to dinner.

2.Ted:When we get to the party, Jerry (watch)will be watchingTV, Sam (make)will be makingdrinks, Beth (dance)will be dancingby herself, and Thad (complain)will be complainingabout his day at work.Robin:Maybe, this time they won't be doing the same things.Ted:I am absolutely positive they (do)will be doingthe same things; they always do the same things.

3.Florence:Oh, look at that mountain of dirty dishes! Who (wash)is going to washall of those?Jack:I promise I (do)will dothem when I get home from work.Florence:Thanks.Jack:When you get home this evening, that mountain will be gone and nice stacks of sparkling clean dishes (sit)will be sittingin the cabinets.

4.Doug:If you need to contact me next week, I (stay)will be stayingat the Hoffman Hotel.Nancy:I (call)will callyou if there are any problems.Doug:This is the first time I have ever been away from the kids.Nancy:Don't worry, they (be)will bebe fine.

5.Samantha:Just think, next week at this time, I (lie)will be lyingon a tropical beach in Maui drinking Mai Tais and eating pineapple.Darren:While you are luxuriating on the beach, I (stress)will be stressingout over this marketing project. How are you going to enjoy yourself knowing that I am working so hard?Samantha:I 'll manage somehow.Darren:You're terrible. Can't you take me with you?Samantha:No. But I (send)will sendyou a postcard of a beautiful, white