Rimski Provincijski Novac

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    R O M A NP R O V I N C I A LC O I N A G E

    SUPPLEMENT2

    Andrew BurnettMichel AmandryPere Pau Ripolls

    Ian Carradice

    2006

    www.uv.es/~ripolles/rpc_s2

    ISBN: 978-84-690-5987-6

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    CONTENTS

    Introduction 3

    Acknowledgements 4General introduction 4

    Julio-Claudian period (RPCI) 6Spain 6Gaul 27Italy 28Sicily 28Africa 29Cyrenaica and Crete 31Achaea 32Macedonia 36Thrace 38

    Moesia 40The Northern Black Sea 42Bithynia and Pontus 43Asia 45Lycia-Pamphylia 54Galatia 55Cappadocia 56Cilicia Tracheia 57Kingdoms of Asia Minor 57Cyprus 59Syria 59

    Judaean Kingdom 68Egypt 69

    Uncertain 71

    Flavian period (RPCII) 74Crete 74Achaea 74Macedonia 76Thrace 78Moesia 79The Northern Black Sea 79Latin Coins from Thrace 80Bithynia and Pontus 80Asia 82Uncertain of Asia Minor 87Lycia-Pamphylia 87Galatia-Cappadocia 88Cilicia 90Cyprus 92Syria 92

    Judaea 93Egypt 94Uncertain 95

    Index to Cities 97

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    INTRODUCTION

    The second reprinting - in 2006 - of RPCI has been the occasion to publish also this secondSupplement toRPC. The first Supplement was published in 1998 and covered much new materialthat had appeared for the Julio-Claudian period between the date of the first publication ofRPCIin 1992 and 1997. This new Supplement includes new material from 1998 to about 2005, andcovers the Flavian period (RPCII) as well as the Julio-Claudian period. In due course there will bea third Supplement!

    The material has been arranged in two sequential parts, the first coveringRPCI and the secondcoveringRPCII.

    Index 1, Cities, is again brought up to date and is a consolidated Index for the cities representedinRPCI-II, the first Supplement and the second Supplement.

    The decision to publish the second Supplement on-line rather than as a book has been taken forthree reasons: first of all, it is easier; second it improves access for scholars, collectors, museumcurators and other users; and thirdly, an electronic version is easier to search. We do not claimany copyright over the text or pictures used here, and we would be happy for any scholar orcollector to use them for his or her own personal or academic purpose.

    We are very grateful to the University of Valencia for hosting the publication. The URL ishttp://www.uv.es/=ripolles/rpc_s2

    At the time of writing, we can give the following progress report on the series as a whole.RPCVII.1 covering the coinage of Gordian I-Gordian III (AD 238-44) from the province of Asia has

    just been published by M. Spoerri Butcher. Work is well advanced onRPC3 (Nerva-Hadrian) byMichel Amandry and Andrew Burnett, as is also the case for RPCIV (The Antonines) by C.Howgego and V. Heuchert. The material for RPC IV can now be found on-line:http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk. E. Levante has collected an enormous amount of material covering

    RPCVII,2-IX, and we hope in due course that we will be able to work with him in publishing it.William Metcalf continues to collect material forRPCX (Aemilian-Diocletian).

    Andrew Burnett, British Museum [email protected] Amandry, Bibliothque nationale de France [email protected] Pau Ripolls, Universitat de Valncia [email protected] Carradice, University of St. Andrews [email protected]

    August 2006

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    ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    We would like to express our warm thanks to the following scholars and collectors for correctingmistakes and giving us new information:

    R. Ashton, S. Bendall, M. Bernett, K. Buraselis, M. Campo, F. Chaves Tristn, G. Cores, M.Crawford, H. Cuvigny, T. Drew-Bear, J. Goddard, C. Grandjean, V. Heuchert, C. Howgego, R.Hudson, P.-F. Jacquier, F. Jarman, L. Keppie, A. Keshet, U. Klein, J. Knowler, F. Kovacs, M.Kreuzer, A. Kushnir-Stein, N. Litinas, C. Marcos, A. Meadows, S. Middleton, J. Montas, B.Murphy, J. Noory, P. Otero, O. Picard, R. Pincock, PV, J.-P. Righetti, D. Salzmann, A. Spaer,M. Spoerri, D. Stepaniuk, D. Syon, G. Terzian, A. Tsarabopoulos, L. Villaronga, F. Vink, L.Vonck, R. Weigel, A. Wenninger, R.B. Witschonke, R. Whiting and B. Zch.

    We apologise if we have inadvertently omitted anyone.

    GENERAL INTRODUCTION

    Reviews of RPCII have been published by K. Butcher SNR79 (2000), pp. 199-204; W. E.Metcalf,JRA13 (2000), pp. 584-88; B.M. Levick,NC162 (2002), pp. 442-5; B. Rmy,RN159

    (2003), pp. 482-3.

    The Leypold collection has now been published by W. Szaivert and C. Daburon, SNG sterreich.Sammlung Leypold, Wiener Neustadt. Band I : Pontus-Lydia(Vienna, 2000) and Band II : Phrygien-

    Kommagene(Vienna, 2004) (= SNG Leypold). Only the more unusual specimens are included inthe Supplement.

    Part of the Hunterian collection of provincial coins has also now been published by J. Goddard,SNGXII. The Hunterian Museum, University of Glasgow. Part I :Roman Provincial Coins, Spain-Kingdomsof Asia Minor(London, 2004). A very interesting touch is the inclusion in the list of the mints of allthe mints within their respective province or conventus, rather than just those in the Hunterian.

    The metal analyses referred to in RPC have now been published in M.R. Cowell, P. T.Craddock, A. W. G. Pike, A. M. Burnett, An analytical survey of Roman provincial copper-alloycoins and the continuity of brass manufacture in Asia Minor, in eds. B. Kluge and B. Weisser,

    XII. Internationaler Numismatischer Kongress Berlin 1997. Akten - Proceedings - Actes (Staatliche Museen zuBerlin Preussischer Kulturbesitz, Berlin, 2000), pp. 670-77.

    On Alliance coinages (RPC I, p. 48;RPCII, pp. 6-7), see also P. Weiss, Festgesandtschaften,Stdtisches Prestige und Homonoiaprgungen, Stadion(International Journal of the History ofSport) XXIV.1 (Colloquium Agonistik in der rmischen Kaiserzeit Landhaus Rothenberge bei

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    Mnster 25.-27. Oktober 1995) (1998) [1999], pp. 59-70; see also P. Weiss review of U.Kampmann,Die Homonoia-Verbindungen der Stadt PergamoninKlio81 (1999), pp. 554-55.

    On the question of authority, see now P. Weiss, Euergesie oder rmische Prgegenehmigung?!"#$%&'vo(-Formular auf Stdtemnzen der Provinz Asia, Roman Provincial Coinage (RPC)

    II und persnliche Aufwendungen im Mnzwesen, Chiron30 (2000), pp. 236-54; the same authorhas returned to a similar subject in The Cities and their Money in the Oxford conference citedbelow, pp. 57-68.

    Many individual matters and general considerations are raised by the authors of the papers,originally given at a conference at Oxford, in Coinage and Identity in the Roman Provinces, eds. C.Howgego, V. Heuchert, A. Burnett (Oxford, 2005). Mention should also be made of two otherconferences, which focus on the geographical areas of Syria and Egypt, but which give a goodsense of continuity and change from before and after the early imperial period. The first wasorganised in Damascus 1999 and has led to the publication ofLes Monnayages Syriens. Quel apport

    pour lhistoire du Proche-Orient hellnistique et romain?, eds. C. Aug, F. Duyrat (Beirut, Institut Franais

    dArchologie du Proche Orient, Bibliothque Archologique et Historique, Tome 162, 2002).The second was organised in Alexandria in 2002 has now been published asLexception gyptienne?

    Production et changes montaires en gypte hellnistique et romaine,Actes du Colloque Alexandria 13-15 Avril2002, eds. F.Duyrat, O. Picard, (Alexandria, tudes alexandrines Tome 10, 2005) . Finally, ageneral account of Latin on coins of the western empire was published by A. Burnett in theconference proceedings Becoming Roman, Writing Latin? ed. A.E. Cooley (Journal of Roman

    ArchaeologySupplementary Series Volume 48, 2002), pp. 33-40.

    Although it is not appropriate to refer here to more specific studies, mention should be made ofthe long-awaited publication of K. Butcher, Coinage in Roman Syria: northern Syria, 64 BC - AD 253

    (London, 2004) [abbreviation: Butcher, CRS]. Although the book focuses on Syria and Antioch, itthrows light on many broader aspects of provincial coinage, and the relationship of provincialmints to Rome.

    The forthcoming new edition ofRIC II (Part 1: the Flavians), being prepared by I. Carradice andT. Buttrey, will provide updated catalogue information and discussion on the following seriesincluded in RPC: Latin coins from Thrace (501-543); Asia, aurei and denarii (801-858) andcistophori (859-875); Denarii with O (1451-1469); Orichalcum coins of 77/8 (1470-1488); Syrianaurei and denarii (1901-1935); Antioch orichalcum (1982-2005).

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    ADDENDA TO RPC I

    SPAIN_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    Four important collections have been published: theReal Academia de la Historia, by P.P. Ripolls, J.M.Abascal,Monedas Hispnicas, Madrid, 2000 [= RAH,here]; the Instituto Valencia de Don Juan by M. RuizTrapero, J. Santiago Fernndez,Las monedas hispnicasdel Instituto de Valencia de Don Juan, Madrid, 2000 [=IVDJ, here]; the Royal Coin Cabinet, Stockholm, byP. P. Ripolls, Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Sweden II,The Collection of the Royal Coin Cabinet National Museum of

    Economy, Stockholm. Part 6, The G. D. Lorichs collection,Stockholm, 2003, and the Bibliothque nationale deFrance, by P. P. Ripolls, Monedas hispnicas de la

    Bibliothque nationale de France, Madrid, 2005 [= BnF,here].Other collections: E. Arslan, M. Cunegatti, L. Pozzi,

    Museo Civico Carlo Verri. Catalogo delle collezioninumismatiche. Le monete greche. Parte I. Hispania-Sicilia,Comune di Biassono, 2002.

    Uncertain mint (NW?)

    1/2. Cores coll., 38.19 (= Baldwin, MM, Vecchi,New York Sale Auction 2, 2/12/1999, lot 140).

    The legend is IMP AVG DIVI F and the palm issomewhat effaced. AlthoughRPCI/1 is very worn itseems that both coins were struck with the same obv.and rev. dies.

    2/15-16. IVDJ 3500-3501, 22.76, 17.10; 17.Montas coll., 19.32; 18. Aureo 1/2/2006, lot 215,17.88.

    3/38. IVDJ 3502, 9.33; 39. Cores coll., 9.93 (Twotimes cmk: on the obv.).

    4/56-59. IVDJ 3503-3506, 12.10 (cmk: on the

    obv.), 10.57, 10.65 (cmk: Gon the obv.), 10.44; 60.M. Len 251, 10.94 (cmk: G on the obv.); 61.lvarez coll., (= Saguntum 19, 1985, lm. IV-34),10.84 (cmk:>on the obv.).

    Emerita

    See a recent discussion about the foundation date andthe name of Emerita, in A. M. Faria, R. P. Arq.9.2,2006, pp. 212-217.

    5/16. IVDJ 3385, 9,80 (priest ploughing l.;[AVGVSTA] EMERIT[A]; [PER]M CAES [AVG]);17. Herrero 14/12/2004, lot 92, 14,64 (priestploughing r.; [AVGVST]A EMERITA; PER CAESAVG); 18. Herrero 19/5/2005, lot 58, 12.41 (priestploughing r.; [AVGVSTA] EMERITA; PER CAEAVG).

    S2-I-5A AE. 10 mm. 2.6 g (1). Axis: 10 (1) [0]

    [A]VG EME; female head r.

    EMERIT AVGV.

    1. Barcelona trade, 2.6. Not seen,verification needed. The rev. legend seemsclearly tooled. A forgery or just a tooledcoin?

    6/11. Aureo 7/3/2001, lot 207, 14.33 (PERM

    CAESA AVG).

    8/5. Aureo 21/10/1997, lot 1127, 5.26 ([PERM]CAESA AVG); 6. Aureo 20/9/2001, lot 503, 5.37(PERM CAESA AVG); 7. Cores coll., 5.4 (PERMCAESA AVG).

    9/5. Aureo 1/7/1999, lot 141, 2.20; 6. Aureo17/4/2002, lot 363 (= Herrero 10/10/2002, lot 62),2.96;7. Cores coll., 2.5; 8. Aureo 31/5/2006, lot2114, 2.45; 9. Montas coll., 2.77.

    10/4. IVDJ 3392, 16.20; 5. Vico, 1/6/2000, lot 11,

    23.60; 6. CNG 19/5/2004, lot 1003, 21.13; 7. Corescoll., 20.2.

    S2-I-10A AE. 30 mm. 17,07 g (1). Axis: 6 (1). [0]PERMISSV CAESARIS AVGVSTI;facing head; in front amphora pouring; allwithin wreath.AVGVSTA / EMERITA; priestploughing, l.1. Ba 09787, 17.07. The coin seemsgenuine; according to its weight and sizeit must be a dupondius.

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    11/56. Cores coll., 10,07 (cmk:Don the obv.); 57.Hervera 15/11/2005, lot 113 (= Herrero13/2/2003, lot 45), 15.29.

    13/34-36. IVDJ 3398-3400, 7.10, 12.18, 9.41; 37.Cores coll., 10.50 (cmk:on the obv.).

    14/5. One more, IVDJ 3403, 5.48 (E-M / A-V,instead of A-V/ E-M).

    15/3. Cores coll., 4.7 (on the rev. EMER L[E] V X),the reading AVG on the rev. is wrong.

    16. Four new coins with CO A E LE V X: 35. Aureo21/10/1997, lot 1134, 4.47; 36. Vico 15/03/2001,lot 20, 4.5; 37. Cayn 11/4/2002, lot 364, 6.20; 38.Aureo 31/5/2006, lot 2113, 4.65.

    17/5. Cores coll., 5.7.

    18/9. IVDJ 3409, 4.64; 10. IVDJ 3410, 7.21; 11.Montas coll., 5.60.

    S2-I-18AAE. 17 mm. 2.32 g (3). Axis: 5/6 (2) [0]

    PER CAE AVG; head l.EMERITA AVGVSTA; within wreath.

    1. Aureo 8/5/2001, lot 2153 (= Aureo17/4/2002, lot 364), 2.16; 2. Cores coll.,2.5; 3. Cores coll., 2.3.

    19/4. Aureo 17/4/2002, lot 365, 3.32; 5. Herrero4/4/2002, lot 34, 2.83; 6. Cayn 11/4/2002, lot 366,2,90. 7. Vico 27/3/2003, lot 138, 3.1; 8. Cores coll.,3; 9. Herrero 1/12/2005, lot 55, 2,91; 10. Montascoll., 3.05.

    20/5. Aureo 21/10/1997, lot 1137, 18.30; 6.Hervera 20/5/2004, 21.3; 7. IVDJ 3413, 19.57.

    23/32. VQR 773; 33. Cores coll.

    24/8. IVDJ 3422, 19.03; 9. IVDJ 3423, 20.60; 10.IVDJ 3424, 18,95 (legend CAESAR [ ]TER PATRIon the obv.); 11. Borrs list 1998/99, lot 28 (]VSTVSPATER[); 12. Montas coll., 22.70; 13. Hervera15/11/2005, lot 115, 15.6.

    25. The obverse legend is DIVVS AVGVSTVSPATER. 4. Aureo 29/9/1998, lot 664, 26.01; 5.Aureo 30/5/2000, lot 2059, 18.73. Both share deobverse die. 6. IVDJ 3426, 28.93.

    26/40. Variant with obv. legend DIVVSAV[GVSTV]S IMPERA, CNG 26/6/1992, lot 454,10.29; 41. Cores coll., 15.4; 42. VQR 776.

    28/32. Montas coll., 15,23.

    29/15-17. IVDJ 3440-3441, 3489, 15.36, 12.59,11.40 (3440-3441 share the obv. die [D]IVVS AVG

    PA[TER] inverted; AETERNTAT AVGVST[AE]CAE) (the second speciment has the rev. erased); 18-19. The Hague (BM cast).

    31/7. IVDJ 3449, 14.01 (AVGVS).

    33/5. IVDJ 3452, 14.19; 6. Cayn 11/4/2002, lot371, 10.20 (cmk: on the obv.).

    34/29. VQR 779.

    35/6. IVDJ 3464, 7.62. 7. Aureo 17/4/2002, lot372, 11.22.

    36/6. Vico 8/7/1999, lot 62, 16.44; 7. IVDJ 3465,11.70; 8. Aureo 28/4/2004, lot 2282, 8.84; 9.Moreda 30/4/1993, lot 290, 10.5.

    37/2. IVDJ 3411, 6.82; 3. IVDJ 3466, 5.72 (DI[VVSAVGVST]VS PATER C A E; ]LE [)

    S2-I-37A. AE. 19 mm. 5 g (1). Axis: 1 (1) [0]

    PER AVG CAE; radiate head l.C A E LE V [X]; aquila between twosigna.

    1. Cores coll., 5.

    39/20. Herrero 1/12/2005, lot 52, 17.49.

    41/23. Another specimen in Tunisia, in Bardo

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    Museum, with legend going , as RPC 41/22 (=IVDJ 3472); 24. IVDJ 3471, 21.09 ().

    42/93-97. IVDJ 3474-3478, 14.09, 13.74, 11.69(AVGVSTV on the obv. legend), 15.70, 17.68; 98.Aureo 21/5/1998, lot 2174, 15.19. RPC42/13 (=

    IVDJ 3481 = Vives 146-4, has X V in the campgateway, 7.60.

    43/4. IVDJ 3479, 17.52, with obv. legend ]AVGPONT MAX[; 5. CNG 14/6/2000, lot 1063, 12.16,a variant with obv. legend TI CAESAR AVGV PONMAX IMP; 6. Berna (= SNG II, 21), 12.69, obv.legend [TI CAES]AR AVG PONT MAX IMP.

    44/6. Hervera 18/11/1999, lot 2057 (= Aureo27/5/1999, lot 110), 13.6, TI CAESAR AVGVSPON M[AX] IMP; 7. Aureo 21/10/1997, lot 1161,13.32, TI CAESAR AVGVS PON MAX IMP; 8.

    NY 1953.171.1437, 14.63, TI CAESAR AVGV[ ] PONTMA IM(cmk: on the obv.)

    45/7. Cores coll., 10.2 (TI CAESAR AVG[;PERMISSV AVGVST[I P]ROVDI[NT]); 8. IVDJ3485 (TI CAES[AR AVGVS P]ON MAX IMP;PERMI [AVG P]ROVID[ENT]), 13.51; 9. NY HSA21697, 11.69.

    46. As we have pointed out, coin Vives 146-7 is theresult of joining the obv. of IVDJ 3484, 10.26 (= S deC 320) with the rev. of another coin still notidentified, nevertheless the type as described inRPC

    exists; the legends are: TI [CAESAR AVGVS] PONMAX IMP; PERMI AVG PROVIDEN[T]; 2. Aureo21/10/1997, lot 1163, 11.98.

    47/10. IVDJ 3494 (AETERNITATI AVGVSTAE,without C A E), 13.88.

    49/6. IVDJ 3495, 7.38 (rev. legend CAE inverted): 7.IVDJ 3496, 5.68. Coin RPC49/5 also has the rev.letters of the legend inverted.

    Ebora

    50/23. Montas coll., 18,44.

    51/106. Cayn 11/4/2002, lot 352, 12.00 (cmk:on the obv.).

    Imperatoria Salacia

    L. Amela,R. P. Arq. 7.2, 2004, 245-250 and A. M.Faria, R. P. Arq. 9.2, 2006, pp. 228-230 havepublished new discussions about this mint. The firstdenies that this issue and the name Imperatoria

    Salacia are related to Sextus Pompeius; whereas, thesecond agrees with the absence of evidence aboutSextus Pompeius as the founder, but points out thathe gave the epithet Imperatoria; Faria also maintainsthat Salacia received the Latin statute between 27and 15-12 BC and thereafter became a municipium,

    perhapspost5/4 BC.

    S-51A.There are two groups of rev. with the legendbetween or without lines (A. M. Faria,R. P. Arq. 2.1,1999, p. 268). 16. Herrero 13/2/2003, lot 161, 12.64(with lines); 17. Cores coll., 7.7 (without lines); 18.Aureo 24-25/10/2000, lot 258, 9,65 (with lines); 19-20. IVDJ 1770-1, 12,08 (without lines), 10,77 (withlines). Aureo 7/3/2001, lot 436 (=RPCS-51A/10 =Calic 18-19/6/1979, lot 1052), 10.53, has no linesabove and below rev. legend). 21. Aureo21/10/1997, lot 263, 12.06; 22. Aureo 22/10/1998,2172, 11.33.

    S-51B/3. Aureo 5/3/2003, lot 1069 (= Vico4/11/2004, lot 147), 8.75 (IMP SAL on the obv.; ifthe legend is complete it is a variant).

    S2-I-51C AE. 26 mm, 7.20 g (1). Axis: - [0]Gomes, 1998, Sal 03.1.

    Cross, ended with brackets to right, withsmall circles in the quarters.Dolphin, l.; above IMP and SAL below.

    1. Villaronga photofile (=A. Gomes,Moedas do territrio portugus antes da fundao

    da nacionalidade, Lisboa, 1998, p. 44, Sal03.1, 7.20.

    Pax Iulia

    52/5. Herrero 13/2/2003, lot 160, 12.88; 6. Vico19/6/2003, lot 93, 10.8; 7. Herrero 16/10/2003, lot123, 19.60; 8. Aureo 29/9/2004, lot 289, 12.20; 9.Cores coll., 11.80.

    53/5. Herrero 16/10/2003, lot 124, 6.71.

    Baesuri

    A. M. Faria, (R. P. Arq, 9.2, 2006, p. 217) haspublished new comments about this mint.

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    S-53A/3. Barcelona trade, 7.0 (]ANT ET/[ ]ONL(struck over a coin of Osset, RPC58. It is amazingthat the three known specimens are all overstruck).Found in Alcolea del Ro. This coin reinforces thepossibility of this issue having been struck duringAugustus reign.

    S-53A/3

    The obv. legend is M AN ANT ET CONL as it canbe deduced from both this and the M 6365specimens (= RPC S-53A/2) (see below). We agreewith C. Castillo, Vestigia Antiquitatis: escritos de epigrafa yliteratura romanas, Pamplona, 1997, p. 5, n. 7, DCPHII, p. 50 and A. M. Faria,R. P. Arq.9.2, 2006, p. 217that a personal name could be identified in the firstpart of the legend.Aureo 5/3/2003, lot 1033, 4.63, has auctioned a leadpiece with types of Baesuri.

    S-53A/2

    Laelia

    The arrangement of the Laelia issues struckpost44BC, as stated in RPC (vol. I and Suppl. I), is still farfrom certain, since type CNH 380/8, could alsobelong to this period and RPC S-54A (= CNH379/4) be earlier. The order of Laelia isssuesproposed by CNH pp. 379-380 and DCPH II, 262 ismore likely.

    54. The obverse design is inside a wreath border. 17.Vico 25/11/1996, lot 20; 18. Tarkis 8/2/1996, lot63, 4.03; 19. Aureo 21/5/1998, lot 381, 4.36; 20.Hervera 27/5/2003, lot 66, 3,9; 21. Herrero5/2/2004, lot 71, 4.10; 22. Aureo 15/12/2005, lot4194, 4.33.

    S-54A/11. Aureo 2/7/2002, lot 2359, 2.60; 12.Cayn 11/4/2002, lot 461, 2.30. 13. Cores coll., 2.7;

    14. Aureo 3/3/1999, 3298, 2.18; 15. Aureo21/10/1997, 855.

    Irippo

    55/167. IVDJ 2245, 6.75 (cmk: Hon the obv.);168-169. Cores coll., 7.9(cmk:on the obv.), 10.7(cmk:on the obv.).

    56/21. Aureo 29/9/1998, lot 762, 3.90 (OII). 22.Aureo 28/5/2003, lot 3298, 4.36 (OII). 23. Corescoll., 5 (OII). 24. IVDJ 2250, 5.34 (OII); 25.IVDJ 2251, 4.70.

    Hybrid or Irippo

    S2-I-56A AE. 22 mm, 4.45 g (1). Axis: 3 (1) [0]

    [-]RIPP[-]; female head, r.Female figure seated l., holdingcornucopia and pine-cone.

    1. M. Blanco and J. A. Sez,GN138,2000, pp. 33-40, 4.45. The authors haveproposed that this is a hybrid coin with anOrippo obv., and an Irippo rev., in view ofthe similarity of the style of the femalehead whith that used in the latest Orippoissues. However, we prefer to think thatthe legend should be restored as[I]RIPP[O] and that what is unusual is the

    female head, probably copied from a coinminted by Orippo (CNH, 394, no. 4-7) onwhich the legend is always on the rev .

    Osset

    58/112. IVDJ 2226, 7.17 (cmk: !on the obv.);113. Stockholm (= SNG1204), 5.73 (cmk: !on theobv.); 114. Cores coll., 10.70 (cmk:Hon theobv.); 115. Cores coll., 6.2 (cmk:on the obv.).

    59/5. Aureo 21/10/1997, lot 940 (OSSIIT), 4.66; 6.Aureo 15-16/12/2004, lot 292, 6.97 (reversed lettersSS in obverse legend); 7. Cores coll., 3.7 (OSSET); 8.Herrero 1/12/2005, lot 115, 5.55; 9-10. IVDJ 2232-3, 5.10, 4.87.

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    Hybrid (obv.: Osset; rev.: Irippo)

    S-59A/4. Cores coll., 4.2.

    Italica

    62/14. Cayon 11/4/2002, lot 448, 6.70; 15. Herrero9/6/2004, 6.24; 16. Vico 9/3/2006, lot 43, 6 .6.

    63/8. Herrero 9/6/2004, lot 93, 2.97. 9. Cores coll.,3.5; 10. Montas coll., 2.77.

    65/182 = M. 3, 671, 1 (= SNG Glasgow 18): wt15.83, not 18.82; 183. IVDJ 3349, 12.72 (cmk: onthe obv.); 184-185. NY HSA 21593, 57.5027, 12.05,12.53 (both with cmk:on the rev.).

    S2-I-67A. AE. 36 mm. 20.06 g. (1). Axis: - h. [0]

    Giessener 11/10/1999, lot 667.

    PE[RM ]R DIVVS AVGVSTVSPATER; radiate head, r., star above,thunderbolt in front.IVLIA AVGVSTA [GENETRI]XORBIS; Livia seated, l., holding pateraand cornucopia.

    1. Giessener 11/10/1999, lot 667, 20.06It is very strange that this coin does notmention the name of the mint; in addition,the rev. legend is unique in RomanSpanish cities and belongs to ColoniaRomula (RPC 73). There seems to be aproblem with the Latin of the obverse. Notseen and confirmation needed: it may be atooled or false coin.

    Romula

    73/216-220. IVDJ 3332-3336, 23.73, 19.28 (cmk:on the rev.), 23.43 (cmk: on the obv. and rev.),22.33, 2250; 221. F A Walters coll., 25,38 (BM cast).

    74/234. IVDJ 3337, 11.21 (cmk: on the obv. andrev.).

    76/13-14. Stockholm (= SNG1242-1243), 4.30, 4.03;15. IVDJ 3341, 3.97; 16. Montas coll., 2.28.

    Gades

    77-97.For metal analyses, see F. Chaves Tristn, B.Gmez-Tubo, Nuevos datos de la composicinmetlica de monedas hispanicas: el caso de Gades,

    Mlanges C. Domergue, Pallas50, 1999, pp. 313-25.

    77/4. Aureo 21/10/1997, lot 1181 (= Vico13/11/2003, lot 53), 36,44.

    78/3. Herrero 9/6/2004, lot 72, 35.14.

    79/7. Aureo 26/1/1999, lot 323, 20.51.

    80/10. Aureo 21/10/1997, lot 1183, 40.75.

    82/4. Tarkis 10/10/1996, lot 52, 23.19.

    83/8. Aureo 19/12/1995, lot 2296, 29.23; 9. Aureo21/10/1997, lot 1185, 39.83.

    86/17. Cores coll., 22 (star between knife andsimpulum); 18. Vico 8/6/2006, lot 3074, 26.0.

    88/6. Herrero 9/6/2004, lot 74, 34.00; 7. Aureo18/10/1994, lot 73, 40.79.

    89/6, Aureo 21/10/1997, lot 1189, 35.18. 7. Corescoll., 39,6.

    90/24. Montas coll., 17.32.

    91/25. Cores coll., 18.4 (TI CLAVDIVS NERO andsimpulum to r.).

    92/11. Vico 27/3/2003, lot 139 (= Herrero4/10/2001, lot 76), 37.8.

    93/16. Herrero 9/6/2004, lot 75, 20.29.

    94/4. Herrero 5/2/2004, lot 32, 44.69 (tooledlegend).

    95/12. Herrero 4/10/2001, lot 77, 31.83; 13.Herrero 14/12/04, lot 97, 27.82.

    96/8. Herrero 13/2/2003, lot 54 (= Aureo21/10/1997, lot 1195), 33.71; 9. Herrero9/6/2004, lt 73, 35.15.

    97/4. Cores coll., 18.11 (= Herrero 4/10/2001, lot78).

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    Iulia Traducta

    98/5. Cores coll., 21.8.

    100/5. Montas coll., 12.20.

    105/3. Pliego 22/4/2004, lot 166, 6.62 (bunch ofgrapes to l.).

    106/4. Cores coll., 2.2 (but simpulum to r.); 5.Montas coll., 3.36.

    107/58. Calic 8-9/11/1978, lot 780, 18.29 (cmk:on the obv.).

    108/416-424. IVDJ 3317-3325, 8.15, 12.41 (cmk:fon the obv.), 7.92, 7.90 (cmk: , , on the obv.andon the rev.), 7.10 (cmk:on the obv.),10.32 (cmk:on the obv.), 8.41 (cmk:on the

    obv.), 8.11 (cmk:"on the obv. and#on the rev.),6.63 (mark8on the obv. and cmk:Kon the rev.);425-433. Cores coll., 7.5 (cmk:on the obv.), 10.2(cmk:won the obv.), 8.6 (cmk:won the obv.), 8.6(cmk:on the rev.), 12.90 (cmk: and(two times)on the obv. andon the rev.), 10.0 (cmk:on the obv. andon the rev.), 12.6 (cmk:"onthe obv. and#on the rev.), 11,24 (cmk:#on therev.), 8,15 (cmk:fon the obv.); 434-435. Ba 45193,300676, 8.33 (cmk:on the obv.), 9.56 (cmk:on the obv. and on the rev.); 436. Cayn11/4/2002, lot 612, 8.10 (cmk:on the obv.); 437.

    Mi (= SNGMi 396) 8.44 (cmk:j

    on the obv.);438. M 11943, 7.96 (cmk: con the rev.).

    109/95. Another specimen with retrograde rev.legend, IVDJ 3327, 4.79.

    110/8. Stockholm (= SNG 1284), 2.34; 9. Aureo2/7/2002, lot 2358 (= Aureo 24/1/200, lot 308),1.95.

    Carteia

    The coin auctioned by CNG 57, 4/4/2001, lot 768,and labelled as a rare representation of a fishermanand apparently unrecorded is in fact a known coinminted by C. Mini(us) IV C. Vibi(us) it IIIIvir (CNH,p. 418, no. 52; Chaves, 1979, no. 788-791; L. Amela,Gac. Num. 156, 2005, pp. 3-16). It has been dated byChaves in 55 BC, and because of th is it was excludedfromRPC.

    111/5. Herrero 14/2/2004, lot 83, 8,02; 6. Aureo20/9/2001, lot 469, 8.98.

    112/13. Aureo 21/10/1997, lot 1042, 6.10 (EX SC); 14. Cayn 11/4/2002, lot 166, 6.50 (EX S C).

    113/41.The Hunter coin,M.3, 662, 15 (pl. 98.23)(= SNGGlasgow 31), 4.82g., not cited inRPC, hasrev. with C E rather than C F.

    115/25. Cayn 11/4/2002, lot 169, 5.40.

    117/4. Vico 19/6/2003, lot 30, 3.9; 5. IVDJ 2682,3.5.

    118/40-1. Stockholm (= SNG1342-3), 3.85, 3.34.

    122/296. MSV 17/12/1981, lot 396 (ex coll.Cardim), 9.12 (cmk:on the rev.).

    Abdera

    124/14. RAH 2425, 8.24 (cmk:on the obv.).

    125/19. Aureo 7/3/2001, lot 4, 7.96; 20-21. IVDJ3262-3263, 9.75, 12.35 (cmk:don the rev.).

    126/18. Pliego 6/11/2003, lot 38, 13.99; 19-21.Stockholm (= SNG1361-1363), 7.88, 9.46, 11.24; 22.Cores coll., 10.6.

    Patricia

    127/11. Herrero 10/10/2002, lot 50, 42.93; 12.Vico 9/3/2006, lot 57, 39.5.

    129/385. Ba 45208, 13.66 (cmk:Jon the rev .); 386.Cores coll., 11,18 (cmk: on the obv.).

    130/275. Cores coll., 3.8 (simpulum and apexinstead of apex and simpulum as usual); 276. M10500, 4.73 (cmk:on the rev.).

    131/61. Stockholm (= SNG1393), 3.18.

    Acci

    133/33. Stockholm (= SNG1394), 8.12 (AVG); 34.Aureo 5/4/1995, lot 183, 11.17 (AVGVSTVS); 35.Aureo 21/10/1997, lot 1216, 9.17 (AVGVSTVS);36. Herrero 14/12/2004, lot 50, 8.32 (AVGVSTVS);37-38. IVDJ 2833 (AVG), 2834 (AVGVSTVS), 8.36,8.

    134/6. Cores coll., 5; 7. IVDJ 2836, 5.19.

    135/44-46. Stockholm (= SNG 1396-1398), 11.88,12.60, 14.04; 47-48. IVDJ 2828-2839, 14.78, 13.56(cmk:9on the obv.). CoinsRPC135/20 and 22have cmk:; 20:on the rev. (laterally struck);22:on the obv.

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    136/31. Stockholm (= SNG1400), 5.46.

    137/33. Vico 4/11/2004, lot 2, 22.4 (cmk:9onthe obv.); 34. NY 0000.999.30694, 30.84, cmk:9on the obv.; 35. Cores coll., 21.59 (cmk: 3on the

    rev.); 36. Aureo 21/9/2006, lot 168, 26.50 (cmk:9on the obv.).

    138/29-30. IVDJ 2843, 2845, 24.29, 23.03 (cmk:9 on the obv.); 31. ANE 16-18/6/1992, lot 26(cmk:9on the obv.); 32. Calic 8-9/11/1978, lot9, 29.32; 33. Cores coll., 25,50 (cmk:9on the obv.andXon the rev.); 34. M 7690, 25.88.

    139/52-54. IVDJ 2846-2848, 15.30, 17.66, 19.09(2847-2848 have cmk: 9 on the obv.); 55. NYNewell 69844, 21.23 (cmk: 9 on the obv.); 56.Tarkis 28/5/1998, lot 2 (cmk:on the obv.); 57.

    Cores coll., 18.6; 58. Ba 30787, 14.58 (cmk:9onthe obv.). 59. Montas coll., 14.20; 60. Calic 8-9/11/1978, lot 10, 13.70 (cmk:9on the obv.); 61.Aureo 7/3/2001, lot 5, 17.72 (cmk:9on the obv.).

    140/26-28. IVDJ 2849-2851, 6.94, 9.01, 7.85(double struck); 29-30. Stockholm (= SNG 1408-1409), 8.46, 6.20; 31. M 7727, 7.72.

    141/21-23. IVDJ 2853-2855, 13.79, 20.02, 18.47(cmk: Ion de rev.); 24. NY HSA 57.5515, 13.68(cmk: Ion de rev.); 25. Ba 43475, 26.87 (cmk: Gon the rev.).

    142/5. Stockholm (= SNG1412), 21.95; 6. IVDJ2852, 11.94.

    144/15-16. IVDJ 2859-2860, 9.79, 12.73.

    145/8. M 7752, 7.55.

    Carthago Nova

    See now J. M. Abascal, Mastia1, 2002, pp. 21-44,who proposes to move RPC151 just before 174, inthe reign of Tiberius, and who argues that the citywas promoted to the rank of colony by Pompey in ca.54 BC.

    148/3. Vico 27/3/03, lot 121, 4.3; 4. Cores coll.,3.45.

    158/58. Gotha, 5.25.

    159/8. Vico 19/6/2003, lot 26, 7.2; 9. Aureo29/9/2004, lot 216, 2.04.

    160/52. Aureo 27/2/2002, lot 138, 4.78 (II VI VQVIN; II V QVINQ); 53. IVDJ 2498, 4.19 (II VIRQVIN; II V QVIN); 54. Villaronga coll., 5.20 (IIVIR QVIN; II V QVIN).

    161/2. Cores coll., 2,7 (HIBERVS [ ]N; C LVCI P

    F [ ]IN).

    165/9. Herrero 13/2/2003, lot 33 (= Herrero4/10/2001, lot 59), 2.18. 10. Cores coll., 2.9; 11.Herrero 1/12/2005, lot 45, 3.70.

    167/102. Aureo 27/2/2002, lot 137, 10.81.

    169/58. Ba 109081, 5.27 (II V QV / II V Q).

    170/54. Cores coll., 11.62 (uncertain circular cmk:on the rev.).

    176/12 =M.3, 647, 11 (pl. 98.3) (= SNGGlasgow59), 4.17 not 5.37g.

    178/7. Variant with legend [V]IN[K ALBIN]QVINQ [ITER] on the reverse, IVDJ 2788, 2.49. 8.Herrero 4/4/2002, lot 22, 2.18.

    179/94-95. P (=BnF1595-1596), 12.40 (countemark!on the rev.), 9.54 (cmk:on the obv. and onthe rev.); 96. Stockholm (= SNG 1496), 12.12(countemark ! on the rev.); 97. Class. Num. Rev.,summer 1995 (contermark on the obv.); 98. Aureo21/10/1997, lot 1246, 12.70 (cmk:"on the rev.).

    182/53. Aureo 3/3/1999, lot 1189, 15 (TI CAESARDIV AVGV F AVG P M / C CAES TI N QVINQIN V I N K); 54. Cores 178, 14,56 (TI CAESARDIVI AVG F AVGVSTV P M / C CAESAR TI NQVINQ IN V I N K); 55. FNMT 252, 13.55 (TICAESAR DIVI AVGV F AVGV P M / C CAESARTI N QVINQ IN V I N K); 56. Herrero 11/1/1996,lot 69, 15.8 (TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVST PM / C CAESAR TI N QVINQ IN V I N K).

    184/19. Montas coll., 3.87 (TI CAESAR DIVIAVGV F / C CAESAR TI N QVI IN V I K); 20-21.

    Cores coll., 3,24 (TI CAESAR DIVI AVGVS F / CCAESAR TI N QV IN V I N K), 2,63 (TI CAESARDIV AVG F / C CAESAR QVINQ N K); 22. Aureo3/3/1999, lot 1190, 2.72 (TI CAES[AR DIVI]AVGVS F / C CAESAR TI N QVI IN V I N K).

    185/82. Cores coll., 12.6 (cmk: on the obv.); 83NY Newell 66825, 12.56 (cmk: on the obv. andon the rev.); 84. Tarkis 28/1/1999, lot 10, 13.53(cmk:on the rev.).

    186/27. CNG 6-7/6/1996, lot 650, 5.79; 28. IVDJ2813, 5.81.

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    Ilici

    Several papers have been published in recent yearsdealing with the colony of Ilici. The most relevant isR. Ramos and J. Uroz,Dialoghi di Archeologia10, 1992,pp. 95-104, arguing that Ilici had been granted the

    colony statute in 40 B.C. In a recent paper, G.Alfldy (Canelobre48, 2003, pp. 35-57) deals with thefoundation of Colonia Ilici and its issues, and he hasproposed that it was probably established in 42 BC,thinking that Lepidus could have been involved tosome degree; but A. M. Faria (R. P. Arq. 9.2, 2006,pp. 220-224) discusses reasons in favour of dating itsfoundation as a colony to 29-28 BC, by T StatiliusTaurus as a deductor or adsignator, as M. Grantsuggested (FITAp. 214).

    187. The identification of the obv. object as a sportula,by M. Torelli (see R. Ramos and J. Uroz, Dialoghi di

    Archeologia10, 1992, pp. 99-100) is far from certain,since simpula with two long handles have beenengraved on coins minted in Ebora (RPC 50), IuliaTraducta (RPC 109) and Patricia (RPC 130). Wemaintain the identity of the object as a simpulum,although we recognize the unusual shape depicted onIlici coins and on the other mentioned mints as well(about simpula see, M. Castoldi, M. Feugre, LaVaisselle tardo-rpublicane en Bronze, Dijon, 1991, pp. 61-88; C. Prez Gonzlez, Arqueologa militar romana en

    Europa, Segovia, 2005, pp. 75-88).

    187/13. Aureo 2/6/2004, 2236, 6,14; 14. Villarongacoll. (= Alfldy, Canelobre 48, 2003, p. 39, fig 5)(TERENTVS).

    190/60-611. IVDJ 2816-2817, 6.54 (PETRONI),5.98 (PETRO).

    192/59 = M.3, 650, 1 (= SNGGlasgow 65), 8.22(not 6.82g, as inM); 123. IVDJ 2821, 6.35 (TER).

    196. Herrero 13/2/2003, lot 63, 10.50, with variantSETAL, has been tooled, since it was struck with therev. die Llorens R29 which shows SETTAL.

    p. 99. Add q. at the end of the heading for LTerentius Longus and L Papirius Avitus IIviri.

    199. The object between the two togate figurespreviously described as an altar is in fact athymiaterion (see A. M. Faria, R. P. Arq. 9.2,2006, p. 222). 54. IVDJ 2832, 6.30.

    Saguntum

    200-204. See now, P. P. Ripolls, M. M. Llorens,Arse-Saguntum. Historia monetaria de la ciudad y sus

    territorio, Sagunto, 2002 [Ripolls-Llorens, here].The new readings of some Latin legends show thatSaguntum was a colony during a short period,dropping the Iberian name Arse. According to Cicero(pro Balbo IX, 23), in 56 BC, the city still had afederate status and from an inscription (CILII2/14,

    305), of 4/3 BC, we know that it had obtainedmunicipal legal status; so, some (or all) colonial coinscould have been minted after 44 BC (P.P. Ripollsand J. Velaza, ZPE141, 2002, pp. 285-291). As far asthe quarters are concerned, it is not possible toattribute any to this period with certainty. The newcoins that have been included have a diversemetrology (some of them were overstruck on coinsfrom other mints, with very extreme weights), lighterthan the initial standard of 19-21 g for this type ofcoins.

    RPC485, attributed to a Spanish uncertain mint, isnow proposed to have been struck in Saguntum, since

    finds surrounding this city have increased in number (Ripolls-Llorens, p. 478).

    S2-I-199A AE. 30 mm, 17.26 g (16). Axis: var.[0]

    Vives 18-5,MAS110, CNH75, Ripolls-Llorens 388.

    L AEM [-] BAE AED COL; femalehelmeted head, r.SAGV; prow, r.; in front, caduceus.

    1. Trade (= Ripolls-Llorens 388a),20.36; 2. C. F. coll. (= Ripolls-Llorens,388 OE no. 2), 19.70; 3-15. See Ripolls-

    Llorens 388b-m and OE no. 1). 16. Trade(Valencia), 21.2.

    S2-I-199B AE. 28-30 mm; 17.61 g (9). Axis: var. [0]

    Vives 18-3,MAS98,MI199, CNH66,Ripolls-Llorens 389-90.

    M FABI AED - M AEMILI; femalehelmeted head, r.SAGV; prow, r.; Nike above; in front,caduceus.

    1. RAH1034(= Ripolls-Llorens, 389a),10.92; 2. NY 24151 (= Ripolls-Llorens389b); 3-11. Ripolls-Llorens 389c-h, 390and OE no. 1.

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    S2-I-199C AE. 29-33 mm, 14.26 g (31). Axis: var. [4]

    Vives 18-1, 2, Hill 23-2,MAS96-97,MI200, CNH64-65, Ripolls-Llorens 391-397.

    CN BAEBI GLAB L CALPVRN AED CS or L CALPVR AED COL CN BAEBI;female helmeted head, r.SAGV; prow, r.; Nike above; in front,

    winged caduceus.CN BAEBI GLAB L CALPVRN AED CS: 1. Ex coll. Petit, ( = Ripolls-Llorens392d) 24; 2-32. Ripolls-Llorens 391-392a-c, e-r, 393-395, OE 1-2.

    L CALPVR AED COL CN BAEBI: 33.Cores coll. (= Arcanos 23/11/1989, lot26 = Ripolls-Llorens 397b), 13.9; 34-35.See Ripolls-Llorens 396-397a. Forgery:Hervera (= Heiss 28-18) on which, inadition, the letters CVR on the obv.legend were tooled.

    S2-I-199C/1

    S2-I-199C/33S2-I-199D AE. 29 mm, 16.28 g (1). Axis: 3 (1).[0]

    Ripolls-Llorens 407a.

    [ ] BAEB GLOB [A]E[D COL] M POP

    RV[?]; Female helmeted head, r.SAGV; prow, r.; Nike above; in front,caduceus.

    1. Private coll.(= Ripolls-Llorens 407a)16.28.

    200/14-18. Variant with legend S M L SEMPRVETTO, Ripolls-Llorens, Arse-Saguntum, p. 476,no. 410-411 and no. 6 (other examples).

    485/19-27. Coin finds suggest Saguntum as thelocation where this issue could be struck, see Ripolls-Llorens 412c, 413d, and other pieces 1-3, 6-8, 11.

    Dertosa

    205-209. See now M. M. Llorens, X. Aquilu,Ilercavonia-Dertosa i les seves encunyacions monetries,Barcelona, 2001.

    206/2. Cores coll., 4.6.

    209/3. NY 24362 is a forgery. The average weight oftheRPC209 is now 4.23 (3 pieces).

    Tarraco

    p. 102/11-12. Two specimens belonging to thealleged local imitation ofRPC217 (217a on plate 16)in the M. Civico C. Verri (= E. Arslan, M. Cunegatti,L. Pozzi, Museo Civico Carlo Verri. Catalogo dellecollezioni numismatiche. Le monete greche. Parte I. Hispania-Sicilia,Comune di Biassono, 2002, no. 80-81), 2.17and 1.14. The right reading of the rev. legend seems

    to be C A I B, on coin no. 81.

    211/43. NY HSA 24568, 3.67.

    214/12. M. Civico C. Verri (= E. Arslan, M.Cunegatti, L. Pozzi,Museo Civico Carlo Verri. Catalogodelle collezioni numismatiche. Le monete greche. Parte I.

    Hispania-Sicilia, Comune di Biassono, 2002, n 79),1.95; 13. Herrero 1/12/2005, lot 91, 2,19; 14. Coll.R. A. (= P. P. Ripolls - M. Llorens, Arse-Saguntum.

    Historia monetaria de la ciudad y su territorio, Sagunto,2002, p. 526, no. 128), 2.04; 15. Cores coll., 2.18.

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    216/11. Aureo 21-22/10/2003, lot 149 (= Aureo31/5/2006, lot 59), 2.51; 12. Aureo 15-16/12/2004,lot 3340, 2.32; 13. Herrero 11/5/2006, lot 35, 3.15.

    217/6. Cores coll., 3.21 (= Aureo 2/7/2003, lot140); 7-8. IVDJ 2713-2714, 2.41, 1.75.

    219/20. Herrero 5/2/2004, lot 63, 23.43.

    220/7. G. Missere, F. Missere,La collezione Missere dimonete romane provinciale, Modena, 1999, n 10, 24.3, 5h.

    223/3. J. Benages, Les monedes de Tarragona,Tarragona, 1994, p. 176, no. 6, 23.24.

    226/9. Aureo 15-16/12/2004, lot 303, 27.79; 10.Cores coll., 27.8 (= ANE 7-9/3/1989, lot 220).

    227/8-9. IVDJ 2724-2725, 22.59, 21.17.

    230/3. Aureo 7-8/3/1994, lot 551, 9.34 (CTT); 4.Benages, 1997, p. 21, n 14 (CTT).

    Emporiae

    236/47. Ba 33669, 11.20.

    237/38-39. IVDJ 2418, 2420, 12.44 ([E]MPORIT),14.21 (EMPORIT).

    238/39. Aureo 21/10/1997, lot 278, 9.55 (P L L Lon line); 40. Ba 20814, 11.70 (P L L L on line).

    239/71. Ba 4577, 1.51.

    241/67. L 94, 9.47; 68. Moreda 30/4/1993, lot 310,11, cmk: iandon the obv.; 69-70. Ba 9754,14337, 7.92, 11.60 (both with cmk: iandonthe obv.).

    242/27. Museo Civico C. Verri (= E. Arslan, M.Cunegatti, L. Pozzi,Museo Civico Carlo Verri. Catalogodelle collezioni numismatiche. Le monete greche. Parte I.

    Hispania-Sicilia, Comune di Biassono, 2002, n 41),10.02; 28. M 4404, 10.87.

    244/27. IVDJ 2458, 1.85.

    245/29. Stockholm (= SNG1597), 5.81; 30. IVDJ2431, 9.24 (EMPORIT).

    248/35. IVDJ 2436, 10.72.

    249/11. Cores coll., 7.8; 12-13. IVDJ 2437-2438,12.06 (EMPORI), 9.05 (EMPORIT); 14. Ba 20798,9.18 (EMPORIT).

    250/23. Museo Civico C. Verri (= E. Arslan, M.Cunegatti, L. Pozzi,Museo Civico Carlo Verri. Catalogodelle collezioni numismatiche. Le monete greche. Parte I.

    Hispania-Sicilia, Comune di Biassono, 2002, n 40),12.67; 24. IVDJ 2439, 8.28; 25-26. Ba 5084, 109204,8.55 (cmk:~on the obv.), 10.48.

    252/69-70. IVDJ 2442-2443, 12.70 (CAR - Q;EMPORI), 10.03 (CAR - Q; EMPORI); 71.Stockholm (= SNG1599), 9.93 (CAR - Q; EMPORI).

    254/24. P S de R (= BnF1743), 6.84, cmk: iandon the obv.

    256/24. Ba 20804, 12.00 (M A B M F - MQ).

    257/395-396. Stockholm (= SNG1600-1601), 12.13,7.28 (both EMPORIT): 397. IVDJ 2448, 13.88, cmk:~ on the obv.; 398-399. P (= BnF1762, 1764),

    10.70 (cmk: on the obv. and rev.), 8.23 (cmk:~on the obv.); 400. Ba 20861, 9.55 (cmk:,jand on the obv.).

    258/37. Ba 33709, 3.03.

    Ilerda

    259/21-22. IVDJ 2872-2873, 7.42, 6.80.

    260/82. Mi (= SNG Mi 299), 6.95 (IMP AVGVSDIVI F; MVN ILERDA); 83. Aureo 7/3/2001, lot311, 7.12 (IMP AVGVSTVS DIVI F; MVNILERDA); 84. Vico 4/11/2004, lot 105, 7.3; 85.Montas coll., 8.05 (IMP AVGVST - DIVI F;ILERDA).

    Lepida / Celsa

    L. Amela, Kalathos20-21, 2001-2002, pp. 239-249,deals with the foundation date of the colony,proposing the second term of Lepidus (44-42 BC). M.P. Garca-Bellido, La historia de la colonia Lepida-

    Celsa segn sus documentos numismticos: su cecaimperial, AEspA, 76, 2003, pp. 273-290, tries toargue that the imperial aurei and denarii ofuncertain mint 1 (Colonia Caesaraugusta?) (RICI2,26-49) were struck at Celsa and that colonial bronzewas minted to supply the army. These hypotheses,none of them proven, are heavily biased in favour ofthe army. We disagree with these points of view, see

    RPCI, pp. 9 and 16-17.A possible lead test-piece of a reverse die of an as ofCelsa has been published by E. Collado and M.Gozalbes Un plomo indito de Celsa, Gac. Num. 122,1996, 47-51.

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    261/37. IVDJ 2517, 18.26 (CVIL on the obv.). 38.Cores coll., 17.6 (CVIL on the obv.).

    265/9. Herrero 13/2/2003, lot 90 (= Aureo 16-17/12/1997, lot 1240), 7.80; 10. Aureo 21/1/1997,lot 151, 4.82; 11. Herrero 24/5/1990, lot, 40, 7.56;

    12. Aureo 21/10/1997, lot 447, 7.97; 13. Aureo2/7/1996, lot 6.62; 14. Vico 19/11/1992, lot 34, 6.9,with uncertain cmk: on the obverse; 15. Aureo31/5/2006, lot 43, 7.14. Forgery: 1. Aureo7/03/2001, lot 165, 6.32 (this coin was cast from theIVDJ 2530, 6.77 or both are cast from an as yet notidentified model; confirmation about genuineness ofIVDJ 2530 needed).

    266/4. Aureo 30/5/2000, lot 64 (= Aureo3/3/1999, lot 1195), 5.18; 5. Herrero 16/10/2003,lot 89, 6.55, the legends seem tooled; 6. RAH 3090,5.48; 7. Aureo 1/7/2004, lot 2118 (= Herrero

    1/12/2005, lot 84), 5.19.

    267/2. The direct examination of the coin Herrero19/5/1994, lot 65, 7.84 shows that the legend is LCALP SEX NI (without AED) (A. M. Faria,R. P. Arq.2.1, 1999, p. 270). 3. Cores coll., 6.3.

    268/2. Villaronga photofile 7230, 3.2 (CAL); 3.Herrero 1/12/2005, lot 85, 3.31 (CAL).

    269/67. Variant with FRON on the rev., Aureo 16-17/12/1997, lot 1241, 18.66; 68. Another variantwith POMPE on the rev., Vico 16/3/1999, lot 22,

    15.20; 69. Aureo 1/7/1999, lot 2240, 14.52,seemingly with BVC on the rev.

    273/135. Cores coll., 11.8, (V I C[EL] / L BAGGIO/ [MN FESTO] / II VIR) letters L and B, of LBACCIO, are inverted.

    275/8. Aureo 18-19/12/2001, lot 294, 3.55. 9. Vico13/6/2002, lot 31, 3.6; 10. Herrero 13/2/2003, lot92, 4.10; 11. RAH 3155, 3.08; 12.Aureo 7/3/2001,lot 167, 4.11; 13. Vico 9/6/2005, lot 25 (= Hervera27/6/2006, lot 91), 3.1.

    276/16. MARQ (= CMTM, lm. 36-180), 3.80; 17.Aureo 26/4/94, lot 2143, 5.45; 18. Aureo 15-16/12/1999, lot 2073, 7.79; 19. Vico 11/3/2004, lot32, 7.1; 20. Hervera 15/11/05, lot 99, 4 .2.

    277/4. Aureo 21/10/1997, lot 1282, 3.13; 5. Aureo22/9/1999, lot 209, 3.45; 6. Herrero 10/10/2002,lot 103 (= Aureo 19-20/10/1999, lot 1229), 4.89; 7.Aureo 2/7/2002, lot 2309 (= Aureo 1/7/2004, lot2121 = Aureo 26/4/2006, lot 2139), 4.14; 8. RAH3158, 3.55; 9. Aureo 21-22/4/1998, lot 131, 3.09;

    10. Aureo 26/4/1994, lot 265, 4.17. 11. Cores coll.,4.3.

    278/107. MARQ, 9.10 (cmk on the rev.) (=CMTM, pl. 36-186).

    Osca

    Metal analyses (XRF) on coins kept in the MuseoArqueolgico Nacional (Madrid), published by A.Domnguez,Actas XI Congreso Nacional de Numismtica,Zaragoza, 2002, pp. 53-70, show they were struck in

    bronze without or with a low amount of lead(Augustus: RPC 281, 282, 283, 284, 285, 286, 287,289; Tiberius: RPC 291, 292, 293, 295, 296, 297,298; Caligula:RPC302, 303); in contrast, coinRPC301 (Caligula) was struck on brass, as we predictedfrom the colour of the known specimens.

    281/18. Mi (= SNG 309), 11.33; 19. Cores coll.,14.00; 20-21. Stockholm (= SNG1680-1691), 11.02,12.68.

    282/3. Aureo 21-22/4/1998, lot 165 (= Aureo28/10/1991, lot 158), 2.51 (obv. legend: MVN, but it

    seems tooled); 4. Aureo 4/3/1998, lot 1485 (= Vico-Pliego 20/11/2002, lot 118 = Vico 13/11/2003, lot76), 2.35; 5. Aureo 3/3/1999, lot 1232 (= Aureo24/1/2001, lot 328), 2.65 (obv. legend: MVN); 6.Vico 17/11/1994, lot 55 (= Aureo 14/6/1994, lot2186) 3.0 (obv. legend: VV); 7. IVDJ 2507, 1.9(tooled, but VV); 8. Montas coll., 2,81. We are notstill sure about the reading of the obv. legend (VV,MVN, MV or MV (?)) because some coins seemtooled, but we prefer VV.

    284/26. Stockholm (= SNG1682), 10.44.

    285/16. IVDJ 3043, 12.59; 17-18. Stockholm (= SNG1683-1684), 9.89, 12.63.

    286/23-25. Stockholm (= SNG 1685-1688), 6.66,5.77, 5.96, 5.21.

    287/22-23. IVDJ 3048-3049, 12.69, 11.95. 24-25.Stockholm (= SNG1689-1690), 13.02, 11.42.

    288/4. IVDJ 3050, 7.92; 5. Cores coll., 8.8.

    289/19-20. IVDJ 3052-3053, 11.09, 10.66; 21-23.Stockholm (= SNG1691-1693), 10.93, 897, 10.71.

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    292/9-10. Stockholm (= SNG1695-1696), 6.51, 4.70.

    293/7. IVDJ 3057, 2.66; 8. Aureo 29/10/2002, lot2306, 3.60; 9. Afinsa 9/10/2003, lot 300. 3.1; 10.Herrero 16/10/2003, lot 121, 2.98; 11-12. Aureo

    26/1/1999, lots 356-7, 3.53, 3.13; 13. Herrero18/5/1995, lot 73 (= Herrero 19/5/1994, lot 140 =Aureo 19710/1994, lot 1157), 3.08.

    S-293B/4. Cores coll., 3.5.

    294/2. Tarkis 5/10/2000, lot 3, 3.12.

    295/25-26. Stockholm (= SNG1698-1699), 10.47,10.12; 27. Vico 8/6/2006, lot 3100, 11.8.

    296/32-33. Stockholm (= SNG1700-1701), 11.88,14.62.

    297/16-17. Stockholm (= SNG1702-1703), 15.08,12.75.

    298/7. IVDJ 3064, 5.78; 8. Montas coll., 6.07.

    300/7. Aureo 9/4/2003, lot 3343, 23.50, obv. andrev. damaged by a round punch mark.

    301/8. IVDJ 3066, 11.88.

    302/25. IVDJ 3068, 16.15; 26-27. Stockholm (= SNG1705-1706), 11.52, 13.51.

    303/8. IVDJ 3071, 5.93; 9. Aureo 14-15/1/1992, lot781, 5.93.

    Caesaraugusta

    M. Gmez Barreiro, El papel de la colonia deCaesaraugusta en el contexto imperial augsteo. Eltestimonio histrico de la numismtica, AEspA, 76,2003, pp. 291-307, discusses the date of settlement,given support to years 15-14 BC, moving from it theimperial aurei and denarii of uncertain mint 1

    (Colonia Caesaraugusta?) (RICI2, 26-49, dated 19-18BC), because dates are incompatible. Gmez alsodeals with finds, halved and countermarked coins.Eight new coin analyses have been published by M.Gmez, Actas XI Congreso Nacional de Numismtica,Zaragoza, 2002, pp. 104-109, with some interestinginformation for entries RPC344, 363 and 365 (seebelow).More ancient forgeries of RPC 352: Aureo21/10/1997, 1309 (= Aureo 29/9/1998, lot 454),6.23 (rev. die is the same as NAH1090); ofRPC354-355, IVDJ no. 3001-3004, 8.48, 5.34, 5, 5.73 (no.3002 = Gil Farrs no. 147).

    p. 119. Left column, fourteen line, instead of Vives137 read Vives 153.

    304/9. IVDJ 2922, 12.12 (CAESARAVGVSTA,LVTAT, FABI). Coin RPC 304/7 has a laureate

    head, so must be included inRPC305.305/17. Lanz 94 (Benz), 1999, lot 121; 18. IVDJ2923, 13.08 (CAESARAVGVSTA, LVTATI,FABIO); 19. Aureo 28/5/2003, lot 53, 12.52(CAESARAVGVSTA, LVTATI, FABI).

    306/8-9. IVDJ 2924-2925, 14.91 (cmk: on theobv.), 12.71.

    S-308A/2. IVDJ 2927, 11.56.

    308/4. Oslo, 8.12 (cast in BM).

    309/31. Stockholm (= SNG 1712), 12.47([CAE]SARAVGSTA [L CASSIO] C VALE FEN IIVIR); 32-33. Cores coll., 13.8 (cmk: gon the obv.),11.2 (cmk: e on the obv.); 34. Ba 44686, 9.84([CAESAR AVGVSTA] L CASSIO C VALERFENE II VIR); 35. M 8013, 12.10 (CAESARAVGVSTA L CASSIO C VALE FEN II VIR).

    311/15. Herrero 20/5/1999, lot 15, 6.67 (II VIR tor.); 16. Aureo16-17/12/1997, lot 3290, 8.31; 17.Aureo 2/7/2002, lot 2225, 7 .31.

    313/5. Aureo 15-16/10/1999, lot 2054, 3.31; 6.

    Aureo 26/1/1999, lot 241, 3.87; 7. IVDJ 2942, 3.71(wrongly classified asRPC316).

    314/37-39. IVDJ 2935-2937, 7.22, 8.98, 12.31 (cmk:on the obv.); 40. NY Newell 65138, 8.90 (cmk: Gon the obv.); 41-42. Cores coll., 10.10 (cmk:Gon theobv.), 14.80 (cmk:1on the obv.). 43. IVDJ 2958,10.22 (cmk:on the rev) (it is notRPC322).

    315/60-63. Stockholm (= SNG 1719-1722), 5.84,7.94 (cmk:on the rev.), 6.17, 6.35.

    316/24. IVDJ 2940, 3.75.317/11-14. Stockholm (= SNG1724-1727), 14.05,11.92, 14.00, 11.22 (cmk: 7on the obv.); 15. ANE11/12/1991, lot 40. 16. IVDJ 2943, 10.10.

    318/17. IVDJ 2944, 13.61; 18. Stockholm (= SNG1728), 14.94.

    319/8. IVDJ 2946, 24.30; IVDJ, no. 2947 is a tooledor counterfeit specimen; 9. Vico 12/11/1998, lot 22,27.00; 10. Villaronga coll., 23.4.

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    319/8. IVDJ 2946, 24,30.

    320/50. Lanz 94 (Benz), 1999, lot 122; 51. Variantwith CAESAVGV on the rev., Aureo 29/9/1998, lot451 (= Aureo 22/7/1999, lot 176, 14,43; 52. IVDJ2949, 8.04 (countemark on the rev); 53-57.Stockholm (= SNG1730-1734), 12.95, 10.67 (cmk:xon the rev.), 13.29, 12.58, 12.35; 58. M 8140,9.57 (cmk: ?on the obv.).

    322/46. MMAG liste 518, 1989, lot 29, 13.74 (:[CAES]AR AVGVSTA;JITER, TITIO); 47-53.IVDJ 2951-2957, 11.87, 14.74, 12.73, 8.26 (cmk:Gon the obv.), 10.17, 11.80, 10.46; 54-60. Stockholm(= SNG1735-1741), 11.84, 13.31, 15.54, 9.81 (cmk:5on the rev.), 11.40, 12.30, 9.44; 61-62. Cores coll.,14.20 (cmk: ; on the obv.), 8.30 (cmk: on theobv.); 63. NY HSA 20975, 10.54 (cmk: on therev.).

    323/7. IVDJ 2959, 7.67.

    327/19-21. IVDJ 2963-2965, 12.56 (cmk: #on therev.), 10.59, 13.10.

    328/21-24. Stockholm (= SNG1746-1749), 11.97,10.28, 11.50 (TIB FLAVO PRAEF GERMAN LIVVENT LVPERCO II VIR), 9.95 (cmk:andon the obv.); 25-26. IVDJ 2966-2967, 11.18 (TIBFLAVO PRAEF GERMAN L IVVENT LVPERCOII VIR), 12.42.

    329/8. Aureo 2/7/2003, lot 85, 6.75; 9. Stockholm(= SNG1750), 7.00.

    S2-I-329A AE. 16 mm, 3.46 g (1). Axis: 4. [0]

    AVGVSTVS DIVI F; laureate head, l.FLAVO ET LVPERCO; within wreath.

    1. Cores coll. (= Herrero 28/5/1998,lot 63 (= Herrero 13/2/2003, lot 21),3.46.

    330/17-18. IVDJ 2970 and 2972, 8.48, 6.48 (variantwith reverse legend TI CAESAR AVG F; this variantwas recorded in the RPC on a specimen from theGmez Moreno coll.,; 19. Herrero 14/12/2004, lot74, 7,18 (AVGVSTVS C C A ; TI CAESAR

    AVGVSTI F); 20. Stockholm (= SNG1751), 5.38.

    331/3. Cores coll., 7,3 (obv. AVGVSTVS CCA).

    333/17. IVDJ 2973, 13.26; 18-19. Stockholm (= SNG1752-1753), 10.24, 13.64 (markon the obv.).

    334/21. Herrero 5/2/2004, lot 17, 13.81.

    337/2. Aureo 2/7/2002, lot 7.48.

    338/5. IVDJ 2977, 10.42.

    339/14. IVDJ 2979, 12.45; 15-17. Stockholm (=SNG1757-1759), 12.20, 11.44, 10.36 (pierced); 18.ANE 11-12/1961, lot 64 (PRAEFEC).

    340/25. NY HSA 7403, 10.49 (cmk:on therev.); 26. IVDJ 2974, 12.67 (wrongly catalogued as

    RPC334).

    342/10. Herrero 10/10/2002, lot 34, 12.09. 11.Cores coll., 12.6; 12. Stockholm (= SNG1764),12.40; 13. IVDJ 2981, 12.74.

    343/22-25. 2982-2985, 13.95 (TI CAESAR DIVI

    AVGVSTI F AVGVSTVS; NERO CAESARDRVSVS CAESAR VIR), 10.59, 13.17 (TICAESAR DIVI AVGVSTI F AVGVSTVS; NEROCAESAR DRVSVS CAESAR VIR), 11.30 (TICAESAR DIVI AVGVSTI F AVGVSTVS; NEROCAESAR DRVSVS CAESAR VIR); 26. M 8305,13.02 (TI CAESAR DIVI AVGVSTI FAVGVSTVS; NERO CAESAR DRVSVS CAESARVIR).

    344. The BM analysis showed that this denominationwas struck on brass (Zn 28.21 %), but in the M.Gmez analysis, a coin classified asRPC344, has the

    following results: Cu 93.4 %; Sn: 0.24 %; Pb: 0.09 %;Zn 4.7 %.

    344/7. Vico 12/11/1998, lot. 23, 25.80 (TI CAES -AR DIVI AVGV F AVGVSTVS PO MAX TR POT

    XXX). 8. Cores coll., 23.6. (TI CAE[SAR DIVIAVGV F] AVGVST P M TR POT XXX;[PIETA]TI AVGVSTA[E CAE]); 9. Aureo31/5/2006, lot 39, 22.02 (TI CAES - AR DIVIAVGV F AVGVSTVS PO MAX TR POT XXX).

    345/9. Aureo 7/3/2001, lot 74, 20.37.

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    346/22. Herrero 5/2/2004, lot 16, 24.75; 23-24.IVDJ 2989-2990, 19.88, 33.90.

    347/2. From IVDJ 2991 coin we are sure that thecorrect reading of the legends is TI CAESAR DIVIAVGVSTI F AVGVSTVS and M CATO L

    VETTIACVS / II VIR; C C A; 3. Calic 8-9/11/1978, lot 717, 11.26.

    348/6. Cores coll., 14.

    352/2. ANE 11-12/1961, lot 55. More ancientforgeries: see above, p. 17.

    353/15-16. Cores coll., 6.80 (C C A on the aquilainstead of between aquila and signa), 7.3.

    354/12-13. IVDJ 2998-2999, 6.03, 5.35. Moreancient forgeries: see above, p. 17.

    355/13. IVDJ 3000, 6.25, 8.48. More ancientforgeries: see above, p. 17.

    360/6. IVDJ 3008 (= Gil Farrs, no. 162), 10.74; 7.Cores coll., 12.8.

    361/18-19. IVDJ 3009-3010, 5.49, 6.72; 20. Corescoll., 5.7.

    S2-I-361A AE. 4,05 g (2), 18 mm. Axis: var. [0]

    TI CAES-AR; laureate head, r.Q ROSC C Q TVREL; in field, C C A.

    1. Herrero 1/12/2005, lot 34, 4.90; 2.Cores coll., 3.2 (tooled). The reading is notcompletely certain.

    362/6. Aureo 17/10/2001, lot 3155, 13.97; 7.Vico 17/11/1994, lot 10, 11.80; 8. Aureo

    22/9/2003, lot 163, 14.09.

    363. Metal analysis on a coin, published by M.Gmez (p. 106), shows that it was struck on brass (Cu82.1 %; Zn 14.52 %); so, this denomination must beconsidered as a dupondius and the order of entries

    RPC362 and 363 must be reversed.

    363/5. Triton III, 30/11/1999, lot 729, 12,59; 6.IVDJ 3013, 9.59.

    365.RPCproposed (with uncertainty) a sestertius, butit was struck on almost pure copper (Cu 96,4 %; Sn

    0.98 %; Zn 0.76 %; Pb 0,58 %), according to theresults of a coin published by M. Gmez (p. 107).

    365/10. IVDJ 3014, 22.81; 11. Herrero 4/4/2002,lot 1010 (= Herrero 8/5/1997, lot 14 = Vechi5/6/1998, lot 968 = Herrero 21/12/2000, lot 17 =

    Hervera 25/9/2003, lot 78), 18; 12-13. Stockholm (=SNG1782-1783), 24.25, 24.34; 14. Tarkis 9/6/1994,lot 99, 24.81; 15. Vico 16/3/1995, lot 11, 23.00; 16.Montas, coll., 26.45.

    366/4. IVDJ 3016, 10.20.

    367/30. Cores coll., 14.2 (CCA LEPIDO ETGEMELLO).

    368/9. Vico 12/11/1998, lot 25, 27; 10. Aureo7/3/2001, lot 79, 24.36.

    369/11. Aureo 7-8/3/1994, lot 271 (= Calic 8-9/11/1978, lot 725), 22.48; 12. Aureo 1/7/1997, lot2126 (= Aureo 16-17/12/1996, lot 81), 22.53; 13.Herrero 11/1/1996, lot 223, 23.47.

    372/4. G. Missere, F. Missere,La collezione Missere dimonete romane provinciale, Modena, 1999, no. 2, 12.40;5. Ba 44712, 9.09.

    373/6. Aureo 7/3/2001, lot 81, 23.13, pierced.

    376/11. Vico 12/11/1998, lot 24 (= ArgenorNumismatique S.A. 13/4/1999, lot 129), 26.40; 12.

    Herrero 11/1/1996, lot 222, 25.41.

    377/12. Vico 12/11/1998, lot. 28, 13.60; 13. Aureo2/6/2004, lot 2127, 13.09.

    380/14. IVDJ 3033, 12.42; 15. Aureo 26/4/1994,lot 204, 12.66.

    383/4. Tarkis 9/7/1998, lot 94, 26.11.

    385/7. ANE 11-12/1961, lot 77; 8. ANE1/12/1998, lot 51, 9.18.

    386/16. Calic 8-9/11/1978, lot 723, 12.94.

    Bilbilis

    387/28. IVDJ 2514, 12.36.

    388/31-35. IVDJ 2509-2513, 12.88, 10.97, 12.19,10.30, 15.22; 36-37. Stockholm (= SNG1803-1804),13.18, 11.16 (cmk: H on the obv.); 38. Aureo24/1/2001, lot 256, 10.83 (cmk:on the rev.).

    389/20. NY 1953.171.1634, 10.6 (genuine?) (cmk:K

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    on the obv); 21. IVDJ 3072, 11.78; 22. Cores coll.,9.8 (cmk:on the rev.).

    390/29-30. IVDJ 3075, 3078 (wrongly catalogued asRPC391), 11.54, 7.99 (both, cmk: #on the rev.); 31-32. NY HSA 24369 y 24370, 10, 10.7 (both, with

    cmk:Gon the obv.).

    391/35. Specimen countermarked with monogramcmk 93 () on the rev., A. Abascal, J.M. Alberola,

    Moneda antigua y vida econmica en las comarcas delVinalop, Valencia, 1998, coin n 62; 36. Vico15/11/2001, lot 29, 13.00.

    392/81. Aureo 15-16/12/2004, lot 3183, 12.92(AVGVSTVS DIVI F PATER PATRIAE; MVNAVGVSTA BILBILIS M SEMP TIBERI L LICIVARO II VIR); 82-88. Stockholm (= SNG 1814-1820), 18,61, 12.77, 12.06, 11.76, 15.73, 13.10 (cmk:

    =on the obv.), 11.07 (cmk:and on !, on theobv.); 89-90. NY 1953.171.1635, HSA 24376, 10.8(cmk:Gon the obv.), 11.8 (cmk: on the obv.).

    393/8. IVDJ 3083, 9.18.

    394/10. Aureo 26/1/1999, lot 231, 5.47(AVGVSTA BILB SEM M SEMP TIBERI L LICIVARO II VIR); 11. Craven-Bartle 1995, lot 1150(MVN AVGVSTA BIL M SEMP TIBERI L LICIVARO II VIR); 12. Vico 25/11/1996, lot 8 (MVNAVGVSTA BIL M SEMP TIBERI L LICI VAROII VIR).

    395/65 =M.3, 642, 3 (= SNGGlasgow 110),14.36(not 13.53 (RPC) nor 13.71 (Macd.). 73-75. IVDJ3085-3087, 13.04, 12.17 (cmk:on the obv.), 12.85(cmk: = on the obv.). 76-82. Stockholm (= SNG1821-1827), 12.03, 12.00, 10.29, 13.10, 13.23, 12.68,12.66 (cmk: =on the obv.).

    396/18. Moreda 30/4/1993, lot 94, 6.8; 19. Aureo22/9/1997, lot 235, 7.77; 20. Aureo 4/3/1998, lot1437, 6.93; 21. Stockholm (= SNG1828), 6.64.

    397/37-38. IVDJ 3089-3090, 13.91, 12.08; 39-41.Stockholm (= SNG1829-1831), 14.33, 12.74, 13.38.42. M 7959, 11.38 (CAP, TR ANQ). Coin RPC397/25 (= L 975) has the legend CAP, TRANQ andnot CAPE, TRANQ.

    397A. As proposed by A.M. Faria, R. P. Arq. 9.2,2006, 225, the reading MANL is more suitable forthe nomina of both magistrates than MAL, becausethe sloping position of the vertical stroke of letter L,whose lower part is in contact with the lower rightstroke of A.

    398/20. CNG 7/12/1994, lot 470, 11.98 (L AELIO

    SEIANO erased); 21-22. IVDJ 3092-3093, 12.23,12.88 (AELIO SEIANO erased); 23-25. Stockholm(= SNG1832-1834), 10.81, 14.26, 12.90.

    399/8. IVDJ 3094, 6.76.

    400/26-28. IVDJ 3095-3097, 10.67 (C CORNREFE M HELV FRONTO), 11.43 (C CORNREFEC M HE LV FRONT), 11.02 (C COR REF MHELV FRONTO); 29-33. Stockholm (= SNG1836-1840), 11.08, 11.58, 12.63, 12.20, 14.02; 34. Hervera25/9/2003, lot 70, 12.80; 35. Vico 7/3/2002, lot 12,13.80.

    Turiaso

    401-424. M. Beltrn Lloris, IV. Augusto y Turiaso,Caesaraugusta 76, 2002, pp. 259-295, discusses the

    issues of Turiaso trying to explain the types chosen bythe city.

    401/30. IVDJ 2538, 11.38; 31. Montas coll.,11.43.

    402/3. Cores coll., 15.2.

    403/46-51. Stockholm (= SNG 1846-1851), 8.41,12.36, 14.82, 15.31 (cmk: on the obv.), 11.95,12.12; 52. NY HSA 20925, 9.86 (cmk: G on theobv.); 53-54. IVDJ 3098-3099, 12.10, 14.27.

    404/9. Tarkis 20/6/1996, lot 65, 4.56 (PATERPATRI); 10. Aureo 30/6/1993, lot 2213, 5.63 (PP).

    405/34. IVDJ 3102, 13.97; 35. NY HSA 20927,12.09 (cmk: on the obv.).

    406/10. Aureo 7/3/2001, lot 536, 7.10.

    407/2. Cores coll. (= Aureo 21/10/1997, lot 1320),3.56; 3. Herrero 4/4/2002, lot 100, 3,75 (letters PPon the obv. legend have been erased, probably whencleaning).

    S2-I-407A AE. 15 mm, 3 g (1). Axis: 10 (1). [0]

    IMP AVG P P; laureate head, r.IMP; within wreath. Traces of lettersabove?

    1. Cores coll.,3.

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    408/20-21. Stockholm (= SNG 1857-1858), 14.88(cmk: Oon the obv.), 12.02 (cmk:on the obv.).

    409/2. Is now in the IVDJ 3105, 6.42; 5. Stockholm1860, 7.28.

    410/7-8. IVDJ3107-3108, 12.28, 11.94 (cmk:Sonthe obv.). These coins are the only ones on which it ispossible to read the upper left part of the rev. legend,since on other coins this part is off flan or has beenpoorly minted.DCPHII, pp. 374-375 has proposedthe reading MVN AV, but it is not absolutely certainthat in that part of the legend MVN AV has to beread, since: (1) the supposed crosspiece of the letter Ais not like in the rest of the A, as much in the obverseas in reverse; (2) on the better conserved piece thepresumed crosspiece extends to the right and it doesnot reachs the left side; (3) until now the possibility ofthis reading only occurs in the reverse of two coins,

    which share the same die, and no other die inTuriasos output. It seems more logical to read MVNand to look for another type of explanation for thepresence of the two small lines.The epithet AVGVSTA, complete or abbreviated,does not occur on any other coin of Turiaso or onother recorded document.

    9-11. Stockholm (= SNG1861-1863), 11.73, 12.90,11.36; 12. Ba 44778, 11.49 (cmk:on the obv.).

    411/33 = M. 3, 653,2 (= SNG Glasgow 113):confirm Macdonald is correct with rev. MVN; 35-37.IVDJ 3109-3111, 13.55 (MVN), 14.14 (MVN), 12.69(MVN); 38-44. Stockholm (= SNG 1864-1870), allcoins with MVN on the rev., 10.07, 12.84, 12.23,12.56, 13.00, 12.18, 11.18 (cmk:on the obv.); 45.NY 1953.171.1622, 8.81 (cmk: Gon the obv.); 46.Cores coll., 11.19 (cmk:and on the obv.).

    413/69-76. IVDJ 3113-3120, 12.35 (AVGVSTI FAVGVSTVS IMP; SVLP LVCAN), 12.89

    (AVGVSTI F AVGVSTVS IMP; SVLP LVCAN),11.67 (AVGVSTI F AVGVSTVS IMP; TVRIASOMN SVLP LVCAN M SEMP FRONT), 10.63(AVG F AVGVSTVS IMP; SVLP LVCAN), 13.51(cmk: =on the obv.), 14.90 (AVG F AVGVSTVSIMP; SVLP LVCAN), 12.03 (AVG F AVGVSTVS

    IMP; SVLP LVCAN), 10.93 (AVG F AVGVSTVSIMP; SVLP LVCAN); 77-80. NY HSA 11976, HSA20946, 1953.171.1624, HSA 20944, 11.13(countemarkon the obv.), 7.99 (countemark =on the obv.), 11.49 (countemark on the obv.),11.51 (countemark on the obv.); 81-85.Stockholm (= SNG1871-1875), 10.85, 10.65, 13.81,12.29 (PONT), 11.12 (countemarkon the obv.)(all coins with obv. legend TI CAESAR AVG FAVGVSTVS IMP); 86. Superior Galleries 7-10/6/1982, lot 444 (cmk: on the obv.); 87.Villaronga coll., 12.2 (TI CAESAR AVG FAVGVSTVS IMP; MVN TVRIASO MN SVLP

    LVCAN M SEMP FRONT) (cmk:mon the obv.).

    414/12. IVDJ 3121, 5.81. 13. Aureo 26/4/1994, lot516, 6.27; 14. Tarkis 23/4/1998, lot 63 (= Aureo 16-17/12/1997, lot 1316), 5.97; 15. Aureo 26/1/1999,lot 401 (= Aureo 15/4/1997, lot 2204), 8.29.

    415/ 7. ANE 19-21/12/1989, lot 269 (MARIO); 8.Aureo 21/10/1997, lot 1324 (= Aureo 29/9/1998,lot 986 = Aureo 24/1/2001, lot 364), 6.21(MARIO).

    417/65-72. Stockholm (= SNG 1879-1886), 12.40(SERE), 12.78 (SERE) (cmk: Gon the obv.), 13.90,13.51 (SER), 11.84 (SER) (cmk: G on the obv.),13.26, 13.30, 10.00 (cmk: on the rev.) (broken);73-75. NY 1953.171.1626, HSA 20957, HSA 20950,11.34 (cmk:

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    20972, 57.5518, 8.92, 10.64, 8.46 ((L)MVN TVR(;) M PONT MARSO (k) C MARI VEGETO (L)II / VIR), 11.18 ((L) MVN TVR (;) M PONTMARSO (k) C MARI VEGETO (L) II / VIR), 9.74((L) MVN TVR (;) M PONT MARSO (k) CMARI VEGETO (L) II / VIR), 13.21 (all with cmk:

    ? on the obv.); 79. Calic 8-9/11/1978, lot 798,10.39 (cmk:on the rev.).

    419/51-56. IVDJ 3132-3137, 13.79, 13.98, 12.90,11.41 (cmk: Gon the obv.), 10.91, 14.16 (L CAECAQVIN M CELS PAL VD); 57-64. Stockholm (=SNG1894-1901), 12.18, 13.61, 12.79, 8.84 (broken),11.89, 14.58, 10.07, 15.30 (cmk:Von the obv.); 65-67. NY HSA 20962, 57.5522 (forgery?) y 20963,12.17, 10.90, 12.47 (all with cmk:Gon the obv.); 68.Calic 8-9/11/1978, lot 800, 11.83 (cmk:on therev.).

    420/10. Aureo 17/10/2001, lot 3221 (= Aureo24/1/2001, lot 365), 6.35; 11. Aureo 16-17/12/2002, lot 3205, 5.78; 12. IVDJ 3139, 4.86(broken); 13. Stockholm (= SNG1902), 4.78; 14. Vico16/3/1995, lot 71, 5.4; 15. Aureo 22/9/1997, lot384, 4.61; 16. Aureo 21/10/1997, lot 1328 (= Aureo29/9/1998, lot 987), 5.50; 17. Aureo 30/5/2000,2112, 5.56; 18. Aureo 16-17/9/2001, lot 445, 5.25.

    421/3. IVDJ 3140, 3.77; 4. IVDJ 3141, 5.61; 5.IVDJ 3142, 5.47; 6. Herrero 10/10/2002, lot 153,4.82; 7. Cores coll., 4.

    422/12. Aureo 7/3/2001, lot 537, 24.54; 13. CNG22/5/2002, lot 1179, 26.56 (pierced).

    423/32. IVDJ 3145, 14.93 (MVN TVR); 33-34.Stockholm (= SNG1903-1904), 13.24 (MVN TVR);11.45 (MVN TVR[I]A[SO])

    Cascantum

    425/49-55. IVDJ 3146-3152, 11.87, 11.55 (cmk:eon the obv.), 12.25 (cmk: fon the obv.), 11.10 (cmk:

    ; and on the rev.), 10.64 (cmk: on theobv.), 10.39 (cmk:7on the obv.; and;and twotimeson the rev.), 9.83; 56-58. Stockholm (= SNG1905-1907), 12.63, 11.78, 12.44; 59-63. NY HSA20810, 11931, 1953.171.1627-1628, 23605, 10.92(cmk: ; and two times on the rev.), 11.39(cmk:;and on the rev.), 11.92 (cmk: 2onthe obv.), 10.31 (cmk: on the rev.), 11.86; 64.Aureo 21/1/2004, lot 240, 13.66 (cmk: on therev.).

    426/18. IVDJ 3157, 6.85; 19. Stockholm (= SNG1908), 4.72.

    427/64-66. IVDJ 3153-3155, 13.58, 10.33 (cmk: on the obv.), 12.58; 67-76. Stockholm (= SNG1909-1918), 12.60, 10.20, 12.39, 16.14, 13,66 (cmk:8onthe obv.), 13.18 (cmk:on the rev.), 11.36 (cmk:on the rev.), 11.80 (cmk: and; on the

    rev.), 13.63 (cmk: and;on the rev.), 12.66(cmk:on the rev.); 77-98. NY 1953.171.1629,HSA 23602, 1953.171.1630, HSA 20808,1953.171.1631, HSA 20814, Newell 69858, 69859,69860, HSA 20813, Newell 69861, HSA 23603,57.5535, 57.5536, 20812, Newell 69862, Anderson2392, HSA 57.5538, 57.5539, 57.5540, 57.5541,10.95 (cmk:;on the rev.), 11.48, 10.41 (cmk: ?on the obv.), 12.24, 9.79 (cmk: ?on the obv.), 13.75(cmk: ? on the obv.), 7.78 (cmk: ? on the obv.),14.65 (cmk:;andon the rev.), 12.31 (cmk:?on the obv.), 13.40 (cmk:?on the obv.), 13.78, 12.68

    (cmk: ? on the obv. and and;on the rev.),9.91, 11.99 (cmk: ; on the rev.), 12.34 (cmk:;andon the rev.), 12.64, 10.13 (cmk:?onthe obv.), 11.13 (cmk: ; and on the rev.),11.26, 13.83, 11.00 (cmk:?on the obv.), 10.20 (cmk:;andon the rev.); 99-100. Cores coll., 10.9(cmk:?on the obv. and on the rev.), 10.8 (cmk: on the rev., two times); 101-102. Ba 11859, 44732,13.48 (cmk: on the rev.), 11.17 (cmk: 2on theobv.); 103. Tarkis 13/2/1997, lot 13, 12.29 (cmk:and;on the rev.); 104. ANE 19-21/12/1989, lot52 (holed and cmk: on the rev.).

    428/9. IVDJ 3156, 5.91; 10. Stockholm (= SNG1919), 5.48; 11. Aureo 22/9/1997, lot 253, 5.27; 12.Aureo 21/10/1997, lot 1332, 6.95.

    Graccurris

    429/72. P Y-708 (= BnF 2017), 9.45 (cmk:^andon the rev.); 73-81. IVDJ 3158-3166, 10.39 (cmk:^and on the rev.), 10.69 (cmk:"on the obv.),10.41 (cmk: on the obv.), 10.61 (cmk: G on theobv.), 10.58 (cmk: Gon the obv.), 10,13 (cmk:^

    on the rev.), 15.46 (cmk:^ on the rev.), 11.94,9.31; 82-87. Stockholm (= SNG1920-1925), 14.34(cmk:^on the rev.), 10.32, 12.05 (cmk: Gon theobv.), 10.45 (cmk:^on the rev.), 14.86 (cmk:Gonthe obv.), 10.93 (cmk: G on the obv.); 88-96. NY0000.999.30703, Newell 69865, HSA 7539, 7541,Newell 69866, 1953.171.1632-1633, HSA 57.5542,57.5544, 11.20 (cmk: on the obv. and on the rev.),11.92 (cmk: 8on the obv.), 14.66 (cmk: Gon theobv.), 11.75, 10.86 (cmk:Gon the obv.), 11.39 (cmk:8on the obv.), 13.37 (cmk: Gon the obv.), 11.71(genuine?) (cmk: Gon the obv.), 10.08 (cmk: #on

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    the obv.); 97-100. Ba 44767, 23788, 105737, 30646,11.91, 11.12, 9.40, 8.64 (all with cmk:Gon the obv.).101. Ba 14997, 12.61 (cmk:^on the rev.); 102.Aureo 26/4/1994, lot 327, 9.50 (cmk:^ on therev.).

    430/8. IVDJ 3167, 7.19; 9. Herrero 13/2/2003, lot56 (= Herrero 28/5/1998, lot 30), 5.83; 9. Herrero5/2/2004, lot 34, 5.15. NY HSA 24586, Newell69868, 4.38, 7.56.

    Calagurris

    431/14. Aureo 7/3/2001, lot 87, 15.05; 15. Aureo21/10/1997, lot 1334, 10.23; 16. Aureo 15-16/12/1999, lot 2055, 13.47; 17-18. Aureo7/3/2001, lots 87-8, 15.05, 12.48; 19. Herrero4/10/2001, lot 40, 14,28; 20. Herrero 14/12/2004,

    lot 114, 10.99; 21. IVDJ 2539, 12.37.

    433/22 = M. 3, 644, 2 (= SNG Glasgow 121):uncertain cmk: (not 78 or 96) on bull not noted in

    RPCnor in Macd. 45-46. IVDJ 2550-2551, 11.28(VALER), 19.79 (VALERIO); 47. NY HSA 20755,14.07 (cmk:Gon the obv.).

    435/23. P (=BnF2025), 9.13 (cmk:Gon the obv.);24. Ba 44717, 10.67 (cmk: on the rev.).

    436/22-24. IVDJ 2546-2547, 2549, 9.68, 10.43,

    10.39 (cmk:!4[ ]above the galley and 42: [/]2)!/9 below:Padova, 10.12. See also G. Missere, F. Missere, Lacollezione Missere di monete romane provinciale, Modena,1999, no. 148, 10.4g.

    1371/10. M (uncertain), 9.86.

    1373/1 : NY 1944.100.17882 was bought from R.Ball Auction VI, 9 Feb. 1932, lot 670.

    1374/2. M (uncertain), 9.91. Same dies as1374/1.

    Buthrotum

    1378/14. Now Yale.

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    1381/4. Now Yale.

    1393/2. Now Yale.

    Magnetes

    S2-I-1420B. AE. 11.19 g. Axis : 7. [0]

    =2)!=9.=1!,439!4; laureate headof Augustus, r.95)2:5.= =2)!=9.= ; bare head ofTiberius, r.

    1. BCD, 11.19

    1422/2. BCD, 14.18; 3-4. BCD, 13.03, 9.36; 5. J.Noory coll., 12.80 (Axis : 12 (3), 6).

    1422A/1. This specimen = BCD (a cast inWinterthur gives further information about thatspecimen which was found in 1944 at Volos and soldin 1955 by Kricheldorf), 10.47 (Axis : 6).

    1423/5. BCD, 4.62 (Axis : 12) (in Supp. I, the Muand Fethiye specimens were numbered 5 and 6 errore).

    1424/2-6. BCD, 9.60, 8.84, 8.57, 7.70, 7.49 (Axis :6).

    Thessalian League

    S-1431A/8. BCD (new obv. die and retrograderev.).

    1448/7. CNG MBS 69, 8 June 2005, lot 949, 18.60

    Fleet coinage

    1453-61, 1462-70 See R.A. Fischer, Fulvia undOctavia(Berlin, 1999), pp. 191-211.

    MACEDONIA_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    Apollonia

    1501gives head r.: some have a bare head(RPCpl. 75), and some a laureate (RPC 1501/5=M.2, 3, 25 = SNG Glasgow 633).

    Dium

    The thesis by S. Kremydi has now been published(Athens, 1996).

    1504/4. CNG MBS 45, 18 March 1998, lot 815,9.87.

    S-1506A/3. P 1999/760 (ex Jacquier 23, Herbst1999, lot 235), 4.39.

    Cassandrea or Dium

    1509-1511See now S. Kremydi-Sicilianou, QuintusHortensius Hortalus in Macedonia (44-42 BC),Tekmria4, 1998/9, pp. 61-76 and pl. 1-3 where a full

    list of the specimens known is given. In addition, S.

    Kremydi argues that Hortensius activity as founderof a colony should be assigned to Caesars initiative,not to Brutus and, therefore, his emission dated to 44BC, not 43/42 BC. But the question to which colonythese coins refer still remains open; thoughprovenances favour Dium (where eleven out of thethirty-two known coins of Hortensius were found),the obverse type of the smaller denomination favoursCassandrea.

    1509/5. now Lanz 88 (Benz), 23 Nov. 1998, lot 814.

    Cassandrea

    1511/7. Yale (ex PRF), 5.58.

    1517/4-5. G (=M.1, 273, 4-5 = SNGGlasgow 640-1) are listed as having IMP buthave no IMP.

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    Edessa

    1521/3. Yale(ex PRF), 7.40 (no specimen illustratedin RPC).

    1531/3. Gorny and Mosch 108, 3 Apr. 2001, lot1470, 6.59.

    Pella or Dium

    1542/8. now CNG MBS 55, 13 Sep. 2000, lot 905.

    1543/8. now Lanz 94 (Benz), 22 Nov. 1999, lot 136.

    Thessalonica

    S2-I-1551A AE. 27mm, 15.10 g (1). [0]

    !,!4.*2=I!; head of Agonothesia, r.[1 !49 !;9] , ?!I !;9; Nike

    advancing, l., with wreath and palm.

    1. CNG MBS 51, 15 Sep. 1999, lot 825,15.10. A hybrid with the obv. of 1552and a rev. of 1551. The diameter andweight are right for 1551.

    S2-I-1561A.As 1562, but laureate head of Tiberius, l. [1]

    1. P 2004/179, 9.06

    S2-I-1595A As 1596, but horse r. [0]

    1. Jacquier 22, Frhjahr 1999, lot 275,3.78.

    1607/2. G ( =M. 1, 371, 50 (pl. 25.10) = SNGGlasgow 681; 17.22g) is cited as 1602/2 in thetext but illustrated as 1602/1 on pl.79.

    Macedonian Koinon

    1610See also CNG MBS 55, 13 Sep. 2000, lot 925,

    19.84.

    1612/49. Righetti.

    1613/8. CNG MBS 53, 13 March 2000, lot 1025,19.00.

    1618/4. CNG MBS 55, 13 Sep. 2000, lot 926, 9.41;5. Righetti, 8.92.

    Amphipolis

    1628/6. CNG MBS 54, 14 June 2000, lot 1071 (>inexergue), 10.02.

    Philippi

    1646/7. RBW (ex Malloy XXXIII, 19 June 1992, lot2), 7.90; 8. RBW(ex F. Robinson 59, 2 March 2004,lot 164), 7.98; 9. RBW, 7.22; 10. RBW (ex Peus 369,31 Oct. 2001, lot 1027), 10.85Countermark : clasped hands (GIC-) on 8-9.

    1647/18. RBW (ex Van der Dussen 24, 1 June 1995,lot 3864), 7.32; 19. RBW, 10.03; 20. RBW, 4.62; 21.RBW, 7.15; 22. RBW, 8.17Countermark : hand holding caduceus (GIC-) on 20.Same cmk as on 6, 9, 14-15.

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    1648/9. RBW, 3.96.

    1649/6. RBW, 3.27.

    1655/6. A 1328, 12.54; 7. A 1910-1911 LZ' 21,11.96.

    Uncertain (Philippi?)

    1656/89. L 1999-3-8-2, 5.03. The coin has the cmk.on rev. 3:!(GIC-).

    1657/29. P 2004/34, 4.84. On the obverse, a

    rectangular countermark inscribed 3:!?(GIC-).

    THRACE_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    Thracian kings

    1701See now C. Preda, Ein neuer Vorschlag zurChronologie der Koson-Mnzen, in (ed.) U. Peter,Stephanos nomismatikos. Edith Schnert-Geiss zum 65.Geburtstag(Berlin, 1998), pp. 555-61.

    1715laureate not bare.

    1722/6. Yale (ex PRF), 21.64.

    1723/5. MM Deutschland Auktion 3, 15-16 Oct.1998, lot 198, 16.71; 6. Lanz 112, 25-26 Nov. 2002,lot 310, 15.55.

    1725/5. Gorny and Mosch 126, 13-14Oct. 2003, lot 1659, 5.84 (Victory is onglobe).

    Abdera

    On the coinage of Abdera, see now K.Chryssanthaki,Lhistoire montaire dAbdre du VIe avant

    J.-C. au IIe sicle aprs J.-C. (Universit Paris-Sorbonne, Paris IV, 2000, unpublished thesis). Thefigures concerning the Julio-Claudian coinage are:

    1727 7.49 (11) 4 obv. dies1728 6.24 (10) 4 obv. dies1729 3.42 (7) 1 obv. die1730 5.61 (17) 3 obv. dies1731 2.57 (5) 1 obv. die

    Imbros

    1735/6. B 107/1977 (= S. Schultz, Erwerbungen desMnzkabinetts (Abteilung Antike), Forschungen und

    Berichte 27 (1989), p. 4, n 4), 8.14

    Aegospotami

    S-1738AThe coins attributed to Aegospotami in RPCSupplement I are probably coins of Artaxata inArmenia : see below , S2-I-3844A-D. So there areno coins from Aegospotami after all.

    Sestos

    1742/5. Righetti, 5.83 (axis: 12) (very goodspecimen, unlike that illustrated inRPC).

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    Perinthus

    1748/2. CNG MBS 49, 17 March 1999, lot 929,21.47.

    1753/5. CNG MBS 53, 13 March 2000, lot 1042,

    19.81; 6. Yale(ex PRF), 18.78.

    1757/2 corr.Lanz 123, 30 May 2005, lot 469,20.58 (the obv. legend can be read as 42:!4?!5=!:=2)!=9.=; laureate head of Nero, to r.[not l.]).

    1758/2. CNG MBS 43, 24 Sep. 1997, lot 1825,19.99; 3. CNG MBS 60, 22 May 2002, lot 1541,25.31 (probably same rev. die as 1758/1); 4. Lanz112, 25-26 Nov. 2002, lot 330, 22.27.

    S2-I-1758A AE. 25mm, 27.12g (1). Axis: 9(1). [1]

    [ ]CAESAR AVG GERMP M TR PIMP P P ; laureate head of Nero, r.Two horsemen galloping r.

    1. O (ex Rauch 71, March 2003, lot 551),27.12.Countermark: Standard ? and ,!!;(GIC525). The coin belongs to the group of coinswith Latin legends but attributed toPerinthus inRPCI, 1758ff., on the basis ofcountermarks. However the new piece has acountermark that suggests Nicomedia and isreminiscent of a similar coin with Greekinscriptions (RPCI, 2103-4).

    1759/2. H. Berk, 143rd BBS, 18 May 2005, lot 322,12.92.

    1760/2. CNG MBS 60, 22 May 2002, lot 1547,

    12.09; 4. Lanz 112, 25-26 Nov. 2002, lot 332, 9.17 (-TR P).

    1760 var.: P 2000/316 (NERO CLAVDIVSCAESAR AVG GERM on the obv.), 9.28.

    S2-I-1762A AE. 26mm, 8.95 g (1). [0]

    [NERO CLAVDI]VS CAESAR AVGGERM P M TR[ ]; laureate head, l.GENIVS AVGVSTI; Genius standing l.,holding patera over altar and cornucopia

    1. CNG MBS 49, 17 March 1999, lot

    1486, 8.95. The rough fabric and unusualobverse legend show that this is not a coin ofRome or Lyon, and that it belongs with thegroup of similar style given to Perinthus in

    RPCI. (It may well originally have had SCin the exergue.)Countermark: capricorn r. The capricorn inthis large square(ish) punch does not seem

    the same as any in GIC297-311.

    S2-I-1763AAs 1763, but with 3:!on the obv.:CNG 51, 1999, lot 845, 6.12.

    Byzantium

    S2-I-1782A AE.20 mm, 5.76 g (1). Axis : ? [0]

    42[ ]=2)!=9.4; laureate head of Nero,l.);@!495!4; prow, r.

    1. Gorny and Mosch 142, 10-11 Oct.

    2005, lot 1865, 5.76.

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    Calchedon

    1787/2. Gorny 95, 9 March 1999, lot 547, 7.07; 3.Freeman and Sear MBS 5, 15 May 1999, lot 93,

    6.80; 4. Gorny 101, 6 March 2000, lot 586, 6.21.3 allows the obv.legend to be completed: 9I?-!Y+I.Y ?!I=!:.==2)!=9.Y.Countermark :?!(cf. GIC611: 2; ??? also on 3??, 4).

    MOESIA_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    Odessus

    1801/4. Now P 2002/201; 5. P 2002/200, 7 .42; 6.Giessener 87, 2 March1998, lot 341, 7.49 (for 2-4, seeRPC Supplement1).

    Callatis

    1802/5. Mnz Zentrum 100, 2 March 1999, lot 172,7.35; 6. Spinks Numismatic Circular April 2000 lot1409; 7. Lanz 97, 22 May 2000, lot 492, 6.72; 8.CNG MBS 69, 8 June 2005, lot 917 (ex CNG MBS47, 16 Sep. 1998, lot 832).

    Dionysopolis

    No coinage was attributed to Dionysopolis in RPCIor II (though see RPC Supplement I, p. 25), but it ispossible that pseudoautonomous coins were struckduring the first century: see D. Draganov, Thebronze coinage of Dionysopolis. Typology, in eds. B.Kluge and B. Weisser, XII. Internationaler

    Numismatischer Kongress Berlin 1997. Akten - Proceedings -Actes (Staatliche Museen zu Berlin PreussischerKulturbesitz, Berlin, 2000), p. 279, nos. 39-41. Thethree series have stylistic resemblances with coins of

    Tomi dated to the first century AD. They have in

    common to be countermarked with an objectvariously described as a T, a hammer or a poppyhead (GIC484).

    Tomi

    Over the last few years several new specimens haveappeared suggesting the following imperialattributions:

    Augustus S-1823A (no personal name)

    Tiberius S2-I-1829corr (Dionysios)S2-I-1831A,1805-6 (Chairion)perhaps 1828 (Chairoxenos)1830-31 (Mikkos: attributed toClaudius inRPCI)

    Caligula 1825-7 (Hegetoris)Claudius S2-I-1831B and 1834 (Britannicus)

    (Hero[]dos)1832-3 (Antonia, no personalname)1835 (Agrippina II) (Phaidro[ ):could be reign of Nero

    Nero 1836-9 (Hestiaios, Epistra[ )

    The status of 1824 remains unsure, indeed doubtful.

    1826/6. now SNGXI. The William Stancomb Collectionof Coins of the Black Sea Region(1999), no. 892.

    1827/7. now SNGXI. The William Stancomb Collectionof Coins of the Black Sea Region(1999), no. 893.

    S2-I-1829corr/5. Lanz 86, 18 May 1998, lot

    384 (this new specimen reads 9I)2:I.[ ] onobv., confirming Grants attribution to Tiberius.These are therefore the earliest definite coins of Tomiwith an imperial portrait), 2.66; 6. Righetti (reading

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    [ ]?!I/!:.//9.[1I], +I[.4Y]=I.Y), 4.57.

    S2-I-1831A 20mm, 2.98 g (2). Axis: 6 or 12. [0]

    9I)2:I.Y [?-!Y+I.Y?]; laureate head,r.9.1I, [A]!I :I [ ]4.Y; Nike advancing l.

    1. Righetti (9.1I, [A]!I :I [ ]4.Y),4.26; 2. Righetti (9.[ , A!I[ ), 1.96. Thepersonal name could be completed as eitherA!I:I!4.Y (as occurs on pseudo-autonomous coins: RPCI,1805-6). RPCI,1828 is described as having very similardesigns and legends and while the reversecould be restored as A!I:IB24.Y, thename A!IP.B24.Y, as given for 1828,can be ruled out. Attribution to Tiberiusseems more probable.

    S2-I-1831B 19mm, 3.09 g (2). Axis: 6. [0]

    9I)2:I.Y K(?)[ ]; laureate head, r.9.1I9!4, 3:![ ]+.Y; Nike on globe, l.

    1. Righetti, 3.31 (9I)2:I.Y[ ]/9.1I9C4, 3:C[ ]+.Y); 2. O2000.8.1125 (9I)2:I.Y K(?)[ ]/[9.]1I9C4, [3]:C[ ]+.[ ]), 2.86.Probably to be attributed to Claudius, inview of the extra letter K visible on 2 andsince the personal name is probably thesame as the 3:C[ found on coins ofBritannicus (RPCI, 1834).

    1833corr. On the reverse, three ears of cornbetween torches (not caps of Dioscuri).

    1834/5. CNG MBS 49, 17 March 1999, lot908 =Hauck and Aufhuser 14, 6-7 Oct. 1998, 2.09; 6.CNG MBS 50, 23 June 2002, lot 1183, 2.16.

    1836/4. Righetti, 3.81; 5. Righetti, 4.15. Both from

    same obv. die as 1836/1.

    1837/4. now SNGXI. The William Stancomb Collectionof Coins of the Black Sea Region (1999), n 894; 5.Righetti, 4.11. The new specimen completes theobv. legend: KAICAP.

    Istrus

    S-1841A/2?. Righetti, 3.43 (axis: 12). This coin hasan illegible head r. on the obv., and on the rev. aneagle and dolphin l.; above, I=9:I. The rev. designseems smaller than on S-1841A/1, but the portraitseems very similar.

    S2-I-1841B 19mm, 4.28 g (1). Axis: 6 [0]

    Head of Dionysus, r.; behind, thyrsusIllegible; eagle l. and dolphin

    1. Righetti, 4.28. The style andappearance of the rev. is very similar to S-1841A.

    S2-I-1841C 21mm, 5.39 g (1). Axis: 12. [0]

    Laureate head, r.I=9:I34[ ; eagle r. and dophin

    1. Righetti, 5.39. The form of the sigmaindicates a date before Antoninus Pius(AMNG 485), and the portrait has a firstcentury look.

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    THE NORTHERN BLACK SEA_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    Aspurgus

    1903var: as 1903, but on the reverse, the head isturned l., BI in l. field and monogram BAR in r. field: Hirsch 214, 2001, lot 1606.

    1904/3. G = M.2, 229, 1: (Rhescuporis I) = SNGGlasgow 1027) has rev. Aspurgus diademed head notbare head.

    Mithradates I

    1910Rev has bow in case, rather than bow.Coin illustrated is 1910/7 not 1910/5.

    Kings of Bosporus

    Cotys I

    S-1925Acorr. The Samsun specimen reads5.;-5!4!,:50054!4?!5=!:.= and shouldtherefore have been catalogued as S-1924A. A secondspecimen can be found in Nomisma AstaNumismatica 22, 24-25/IX/2002, lot 291, 9.1.

    1934 Obv. Chair with crown and sceptre =Curule chair with wreathand sceptre?

    Chersonesus

    S2-I-1936A AV. 19-20mm, 7.95g (1). Axis: 12 (1).[0]

    A2:; laureate head of Chersonas, l.Maiden standing l., with bow and arrow; tol., monogram of 0!:; above, )4

    1. Lanz 86, 18 May 1998, lot 385 (exGiessener 90, 12-13 Oct. 1998, lot 559),7.95. Year 52 = AD 28, during the reign of

    Tiberius and 19 years earlier than RPC I,

    1937.

    Tyra

    Zograph, Ancient Coinage (1977), p. 176, mentionedcopper coins of Augustus (with the head of Augustuson the obverse and an eagle with the inscription9Y:!4W4 on the reverse) found at BelgorodDniestrovski, but no illustration was provided. Wefailed to take account of V.A. Anokhin, Moneti

    Antitchich Gorodov. Cerebro-Zapadnogo Pritchernomoria(Kiev, 1989), where such a coin is illustrated as no.483, but attributed to Vespasian. Given the fact thatthe obverse legend is ?!I/!:.//

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    S2-I-1947B AE. 25-6mm, 13.66 g (4). Axis: 12. [2]

    ?!I/!:.//

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    2058Add G. Missere, F. Missere,La collezione Misseredi monete romane provinciale, Modena, 1999, no. 224,3.25. Reverse legend scaped off (see comment on S2-I-2057A).

    2062/4. Now Yale (ex PRF).

    2065corr/3. Weigel collection, 8.56. The newspecimen confirms the obverse legend and shows thatClaudiuss head is laureate, not bare.

    2073/3. CNG MBS 69, 8 June 2005, lot 980, 10.59(8h).

    2077/3. Now Winterthur 6715.

    S2-I-2077A As 2077, but head of Britannicus, l.[0]

    1. Basel (cast in Winterthur)

    2083/3. Weiss (cast in Winterthur).

    S2-I-2083A AE. 35-36 mm, 26.85 g (1). Axis :? [0]

    [ ]+5.=?!5=!:=2)!=9.=,2:1;laureate head of Nero, l.425?.13+2; Nero on horseback, r.,followed by a soldier on horseback.

    1. Gorny and Mosch 134, 11-12 Oct.

    2004, lot 1930, 26.85.Countermark : ,!-(GIC- cf. 525-6). This isa sestertius size coin from Nicomediabelonging to the group from Bithyniacopying bronze coins from the mint of Rome(see RPC 2060-1, 2084 and 2103-4).

    S2-I-2086A AE. 19 mm, 4.87 g (1). Axis : 6 [0]

    NE:WN K-[ ]=TO=,ERMANI; bare head, l.As 2086

    1. Cambridge (Ma) HUAM

    1981.74.236 (H.B. Wells coll.), 4.87.

    Heraclea

    S-2092A/1. BCD, 3.92.

    Uncertain of Bithynia

    2097/5. Now Gorny and Mosch 104, 9-10 Oct.2000, lot 661.

    2099corr. The obv. legend ends withKAI/A:. Specimen 2099/5isillustrated.

    2100/5. Gotha (cast in Winterthur incerta).

    2104/1. now Peus 366, 25 Oct. 2000, lot 567.

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    Sinope

    2109/4. Cambridge (Ma) HUAM 1983.56.16(H.B. Wells coll.), 14.90.

    2111/4. RBW collection, 13.67.

    2130/2. MM Deutschland and Nomos AG Auktion12, 11 Apr. 2003, lot 156 (ex Auctiones AG Auktion10, 12-13 June 1979, lot 170), 12.73.

    Amisus

    2143/6. CNG 51, 15 Sep. 1999, lot 841, 22.36.

    2145/3. Knker 83, 17 June 2003, lot664, 12.22.

    2146/1. This coin (Rec 50a = pl G.11) is housed in P1176, under Pius, 2.93. The obv. design and legendare obscure; the reverse reads !1IC34[?!4]

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    T ANICIO C MATVINO AED in three linesThe RBW collection has now 2 coinscorresponding to that description : 1. 5.40; 2.4.27.

    2259/17. Now RBW.

    2260/15-16. RBW, 14.27, 12.61.

    2262/13-15. RBW, 9.16, 8.48, 6.70.

    2267/3. CNG 64, 24 Sep. 2003, lot 601(ex Lanz109, 27 May 2002, lot 334), 8.60.

    Lampsacus

    2268/3 (G) isM. 3, 738, 60 (pl. 102.26) (uncertain) =SNG Glasgow 1235, not G uncertain 59, as cited; 15.RBW (ex Lanz 82, 24 Nov. 1997, lot 248), 6.80; 16.RBW (ex Hirsch 236, 23 Sep. 2004, lot 2123), 8.00.Countermark : cornucopia between C C on the obv.of 15.

    2269/8. Lanz 88 (Benz), 23 Nov. 1998, lot 792.

    2271/2. RBW (ex Bankhaus Aufhuser 10, 5 Oct.1993, lot 329), 5.68; 3. RBW (ex MM Deutschland15, Righetti collection, 21 Nov. 2004, lot 513), 7.41.

    2278/14. Winterthur 6332, 3.12.

    Abydos

    S2-I-2285A AE. 12 mm, 1.90 g (1). Axis : ? [0]

    C2)!C9.;; bare head of Augustus, r.; tor., star

    !);; eagle, r.

    1. Munthandel G. Henzen lijst 161,

    2005, lot 279, 1.90

    Ilium

    2314corrSmall figure to r. field of reverese

    Gargara

    S2-I-2324A AE. 19mm, 4.42 g (1). Axis: 12. [1]

    =2); laureate head, r.,!:,; bull, butting, r.

    1. L 2000-3-35-1, 4.42. No coins havepreviously been recorded for the Julio-Claudian period for Gargara, the earliestimperial issue otherwise being for Vespasian(RPC II, 901). The head is presumablyAugustus. Coins of Augustus are mentionedby Head and BMC (p. xxxviii), but notactually attested before this.Cmk: incuse R (?) (GIC -). A Latin letterwould be a bit unexpected, so perhaps B is apossibility. KM 39, 7 mentions a K on itsside im Felde eingeritzt for a coin of

    Vespasian, omitted in error for RPC II,901/2, but visible on the illustration at thetop of the reverse.

    Adramyteum

    2332corr/3. Plankenhorn. ,2==I.= is legible onthe reverse, confirming the attribution to Augustus,and bringing the coin into relation with 2330-31. Asnoted inRPCI, p. 394, the portrait on 2332 seemsdifferent from that on 2330-31; unless it is just anaberrant die, then it was probably made at a differenttime showing that Gessios signed coins on more thanone occasion.

    Mytilene

    2345 Specimen with cmk. of terminal figure ofDionysus on prow (GIC248), which otherwise occurson Mytilenian coins of the Flavian period: Hudsoncollection, 4.56. Wrongly under Divus Augustus inindex 2.1.

    S2-I-2332C AE, 20 mm, 5.59 g (1). Axis: 12. [0]

    =2)!=9.Y; bare head, with drapery (ofAugustus?), r.Helmeted head of Athena, r.; monogram!+:, l.; legend (?), r.

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    1. Hoyland coll., 5.59. For the obv., see S1,2332A; for the rev., see RPCI, 2332. Theportrait does not look like Augustus.

    2348/9. Hanscotte (Hess 1967), 4.26 (cast inWinterthur).

    Pergamum

    2367/17. Winterthur 6917.

    Pitane

    2395/2. L 1999-3-8-1, 3.20.

    Elaea

    2399Add G. Missere, F. Missere,La collezione Misseredi monete romane provinciale, Modena, 1999, no. 285,5.25.

    2403Add G. Missere, F. Missere,La collezione Misseredi monete romane provinciale, Modena, 1999, no. 286,3.1g.

    2406/2. Yale (ex PRF), 3.14.

    Chios

    See K. Lagos, Chian coins and amphorae during theHellenistic and Roman periods,Nomismatika Chronika18 (1999), pp. 77-100, for the relationship betweenthe shapes of real amphorae and those depicted oncoins.

    Myrina

    S2-1-2424A AE. 18mm, 5.58 g (3). Axis: 1. [3]C2)!C9.C; laureate head of Augustus r.1;:I4!I!4; Tripod

    1. P Incertaines (= RPC I, 5426, illegiblerev.), 5.68; 2. Lindgren 3, 1657 (= RPCSupplement5426/2; /2)!/9.//[ ]:I[ ]![

    ]!4). 3. L 2002-2-1-1(C2)!C9.C/[1;]:I4!I[!4]), 5.64; 4.P 2002/387 (C2)!C9.C/1;:I4!I!4),5.42. The coins seem all to belong to thesame dies. They are distinct from the

    enigmatic 2424, whose attribution remainsunclear.

    Aegae

    2427/5. Athens (cast in Winterthur) (under Aegeae,Cilicia).

    2428/3. RBW (ex Kunst und Mnzen XXIX, 20May 1993, lot 19), 2.48.

    2431/4. Now Winterthur 6902 (ex BankhausAufhuser 5, 5-7 Oct. 1988, lot 247); 5 : CNG MBS66, 19 May 2004, lot 1071, 2.90.

    S2-1-2431A AE. 20mm, 4.31 g (1