Focuses on increasing the number of assets present in youths lives
Is a promising framework
13. Resiliency Approach
Focuses on how children bounce back in the face of adversity
Based largely on the work of Emmy Werner
Includes several factors which foster resilience in kids
Is a promising approach
14. Case Studies on Theories 1. Select a facilitator, a timekeeper, and a recorder. 2. Read the case study assigned to your group. 3. Determine which risk factors and protective factors are at work in your case. 4. Report back to whole group.
15. Case Studies on Theories 1. Was there consensus on which risk factors were the most powerful? 2. Was there consensus on which protective factors were the most powerful? 3. How does the type of community determine which factors are at work? 4. How might the culture of the individuals determine which factors are at work?
16. Six Prevention Strategies
Problem Identification and Referral
[Center for Substance Abuse Prevention (CSAP)]
17. Information Dissemination
Complementary to other prevention approaches
Appeal to youths motives for using substances or perceptions of substance use
Television and radio spots in choice air times
Avoid the use of authority figures
18. Prevention Education
Interactive approaches engaging the target audience are more effective
Peer-led or include peer-led components
Academic year or longer and involve booster sessions
Two sets of workshops that work to improve parent skills along with adolescent skills
Part of a comprehensive prevention plan
High-risk youth who may not have adequate adult supervision can benefit
Example: Community service
One-shot community events do not, in themselves, change the behavior of participants
20. Community-based Processes
Characteristics of successful partnerships include: -- a clear vision -- committed partnership members -- diverse participants
Paid coalition staff operate as resource providers and facilitators
Elaborate committee structures are not productive
Minimum purchase age laws
Use and lose laws. Penalties should not be too harsh.
Increasing the minimum purchase age for alcohol to age 21
22. Problem Identification and Referral
Provide accurate estimates
Be careful of labeling
May expose youth to more problematic substance abusers
Example: family therapy
23. Enhancing Prevention Programs
Think of a familiar prevention program.
Select an appropriate CSAP strategy and examine the research findings. Infuse research-based concepts into the program.
Review the work sheets, Principles of Prevention for Children and Adolescents , and Prevention Strategies for Specific Settings . Infuse research-based concepts into the program.
Prepare to share with the group.
24. Prevention Research
Why study prevention research?
Theories assist in identifying how we can prevent a problem behavior from occurring, taking the guesswork out of planning.