Robbie Shilliam - International Relations and Non-Western Thought

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  • International Relations and Non-Western Thought

    International relations, as a discipline, tends to focus upon European and Western canons of modern social and political thought. Alternatively, this book explores the global imperial and colonial context within which knowledge of modernity has been developed.

    The chapters sketch out the historical depth and contemporary significance of non-Western thought on modernity, as well as the rich diversity of its individuals, groups, movements and traditions. The contributors theoretically and substan-tively engage with non-Western thought in ways that refuse to render it exotic to, superfluous to or derivative of the orthodox Western canon of social and political thought. Taken as a whole, the book provides deep insights into the contested nature of a global modernity shaped so fundamentally by Western colonialism and imperialism. Now, as ever, these insights are desperately needed for a discipline that is so closely implicated in Western foreign policy-making and yet retains such a myopic horizon of inquiry.

    This work provides a significant contribution to the field and will be of great interest to all scholars of politics, political theory and international relations theory.

    Robbie Shilliam is a Senior Lecturer in International Relations at Victoria University of Wellington. He is currently working on the interface between the anti-colonial struggles of the indigenous Pacific and those of the Black Americas. He is author of German Thought and International Relations (Palgrave, 2009) and co-editor of Silencing Human Rights (Palgrave, 2008).

  • InterventionsEdited by Jenny Edkins, Aberystwyth University, and Nick Vaughan-Williams, University of Warwick

    As Michel Foucault has famously stated, knowledge is not made for under-standing; it is made for cutting. In this spirit The EdkinsVaughan-Williams Interventions series solicits cutting edge, critical works that challenge mainstream understandings in international relations. It is the best place to contribute post disciplinary works that think rather than merely recognize and affirm the world recycled in IRs traditional geopolitical imaginary.

    Michael J. Shapiro, University of Hawaii at Mnoa, USA

    The series aims to advance understanding of the key areas in which scholars working within broad critical post-structural and post-colonial traditions have chosen to make their interventions, and to present innovative analyses of impor-tant topics.

    Titles in the series engage with critical thinkers in philosophy, sociology, politics and other disciplines and provide situated historical, empirical and textual studies in international politics.

    Critical Theorists and International RelationsEdited by Jenny Edkins and Nick Vaughan-Williams

    Ethics as Foreign PolicyBritain, the EU and the OtherDan Bulley

    Universality, Ethics and International RelationsA grammatical readingVronique Pin-Fat

    The Time of the CityPolitics, philosophy, and genreMichael J. Shapiro

  • Governing Sustainable DevelopmentPartnership, protest and power at the World SummitCarl Death

    Insuring SecurityBiopolitics, security and riskLuis Lobo-Guerrero

    Foucault and International RelationsNew critical engagementsEdited by Nicholas J. Kiersey and Doug Stokes

    International Relations and Non-Western ThoughtImperialism, colonialism and investigations of global modernityEdited by Robbie Shilliam

  • International Relations and Non-Western ThoughtImperialism, colonialism and investigations of global modernity

    Edited by Robbie Shilliam

  • First published 2011by Routledge2 Park Square, Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon, OX14 4RN

    Simultaneously published in the USA and Canadaby Routledge270 Madison Avenue, New York, NY 10016

    Routledge is an imprint of the Taylor & Francis Group, an informa business

    2011 Editorial selection and matter, Robbie Shilliam; individual chapters the contributors.

    The right of Robbie Shilliam to be identified as editor of this work has been asserted by him in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and Patent Act 1988.

    All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reprinted or reproduced or utilised in any form or by any electronic, mechanical, or other means, now known or hereafter invented, including photocopying and recording, or in any information storage or retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publishers.

    British Library Cataloguing in Publication DataA catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library

    Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication DataInternational relations and non-western thought : imperialism, colonialism, and investigations of global modernity / [edited by] Robbie Shilliam.p. cm. (Interventions)Includes bibliographical references.1. International relationsStudy and teachingDeveloping countries. 2. Developing countriesColonial influence. 3. Developing countriesIntellectual life. I. Shilliam, RobbieJZ1238.D44I58 2010327.101dc222010013055

    ISBN 13: 978-0-415-57772-4 (hbk)ISBN 13: 978-0-203-84212-6 (ebk)

    This edition published in the Taylor & Francis e-Library, 2010.

    To purchase your own copy of this or any of Taylor & Francis or Routledgescollection of thousands of eBooks please go to

    ISBN 0-203-84212-X Master e-book ISBN

  • Contents

    Acknowledgements xiContributors xiii

    1 Non-Western thought and international relations 1ROBBIE ShILLIAM

    The challenge 1Organization of the volume 4

    2 The perilous but unavoidable terrain of the non-West 12ROBBIE ShILLIAM

    Introduction 12The inadequacy of Western thought 12The perils of representing the non-West 15Reorientation towards the non-West 19The West viewed from elsewhere 21Conclusion 24

    PaRT IColonial conditions 27

    3 On colonial modernity: civilization versus sovereignty in Cuba, c. 1840 29GERARD ACHING

    Introduction 29Civilization and colonialism 34Civilized nationhood versus sovereignty 37The Atlantic space of colonial modernity 43

  • viii Contents

    4 anti-racism and emancipation in the thought and practice of Cabral, Neto, Mondlane and Machel 47BRANWEN GRUffyDD JONES

    Introduction 47Cosmopolitanism in IR theory 50Anti-racism and internationalism in the thought and practice

    of Neto, Cabral, Mondlane and Machel 52The emergence of connected struggles and shared consciousness 53Anti-racism and internationalism 56Conclusion 61

    5 Voices from the Jewish colony: sovereignty, power, secularization, and the outside within 64WILLI GOETSChEL

    Introduction 64Indigenous colonists 67Power, state, and sovereignty in Spinoza and Mendelssohn 73Sovereignty and secularization in Mendelssohn and Heine 79Contentious modernity 82

    PaRT IICultural contexts 85

    6 International relations of modernity in Sayyid Qutbs thoughts on sovereignty: the notion of democratic participation in the Islamic canon 87SAyED KhATAB

    Introduction 87Modernity: challenges and Muslim responses 88Qutbs response 93Conclusion 106

    7 Decoding political Islam: uneven and combined development and ali Shariatis political thought 108KAMRAN MATIN

    Introduction 108International relations of/and non-Western political thought 109The politico-historical context of the emergence of political

    Islam in Iran 112Ali Shariati: the ascetic ideologue of social revolution 115Conclusion 121

  • Contents ix

    8 Beyond Orientalism and reverse Orientalism: through the looking glass of Japanese humanism 125RyOKO NAKANO

    Introduction 125Orientalism and reverse Orientalism in modern Japan 127Uchimura Kanz: departure from Orientalism and reverse

    Orientalism 129Yanaihara Tadao: the principle of autonomy as an

    internationally legitimated norm 132Conclusion 136

    9 Culture in contemporary IR theory: the Chinese provocation 139ARIF DIRLIK

    Introduction 139IR theory with Chinese characteristics 140Theory under siege: IR theory in Chinese perspective 149

    PaRT IIIBeyond the nation-state 157

    10 alternative sources of cosmopolitanism: nationalism, universalism and Crolit in Francophone Caribbean thought 159MARTIN MUNRO AND ROBBIE ShILLIAM

    Introduction 159Haiti, from revolution to indigenism 163The American occupation: race and the new nationalism 166Ngritude, Antillanit and Crolit in the French Caribbean 170Conclusion 175

    11 The internationalist nationalist: pursuing an ethical modernity with Jawaharlal Nehru 178PRIyA ChACKO

    Introduction 178Against narrow nationalism 182An ethical modernity 185Towards a world community 190Conclusion 195

  • x Contents

    12 Radical anti-colonial thought, anti-colonial internationalism and the politics of human solidarities 197ANThONy BOGUES

    Introduction 197Early twentieth-century anti-colonial thought: the

    International African Service Bureau 200The second moment: Bandung and non-alignment 205Manley and Nyerere: the NIEO 207Conclusion 211

    PaRT IVReflections 215

    13 Untimelyreflections 217MUSTAPHA KAMAL PASHA

    appendix Working on non-Western perspectives in both theory and practice: an interview with Christopher LaMonica 227

    Bibliography 239Index 265

  • acknowledgements

    I would like to acknowledge the generosity of Wadham College, University of Oxford, in funding and hosting a workshop in 2007 in which some of the con-tributors to this volume participated. I would like to thank my old colleagues at Wadham, Paul Martin, Jane Garnett, Ankhi Mukherjee and Alexander Sedlmaier, for their enthusiasm, support and input into the workshop. A grant from the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences at Victoria University of Wellington helped to further the project. I would like to thank one reviewe