Rocking the Metaverse: A/V Cataloging in a Web X.0 Environment OLAC/MOUG 2008 Lynne C. Howarth Faculty of Information University of Toronto

  • View
    214

  • Download
    0

Embed Size (px)

Text of Rocking the Metaverse: A/V Cataloging in a Web X.0 Environment OLAC/MOUG 2008 Lynne C. Howarth...

  • Slide 1

Rocking the Metaverse: A/V Cataloging in a Web X.0 Environment OLAC/MOUG 2008 Lynne C. Howarth Faculty of Information University of Toronto Slide 2 Sept 26-08Copyright Lynne C. Howarth, U of Toronto A walk down memory lane - 1 OLAC 1998 Audio/Visual materials Increasing prevalence of the Web Websites Portals CDs / DVDs (read only) Interactive multimedia Slide 3 Sept 26-08Copyright Lynne C. Howarth, U of Toronto A walk down memory lane - 2 OLAC 1998 Audio/Visual materials Digital and analog media E-commerce Amazon.com social commerce eBay Digital libraries e.g., Colorado Digitization Project (CDP), 1999- Slide 4 Sept 26-08Copyright Lynne C. Howarth, U of Toronto A walk down memory lane - 3 But not yet I-pods; MP3 players Camera phones Handheld devices with GPS, e-mail, etc., etc. USB memory sticks Social networking sites FaceBook(124M); MySpace (245M); LinkedIn (25M) Slide 5 Sept 26-08Copyright Lynne C. Howarth, U of Toronto A walk down memory lane - 4 But not yet Social tagging sites Flikr; deli.cio.us; LibraryThing; CiteULike (and entertaining derivatives, such as Wordle) And LCs pilot with Flikr http://www.loc.gov/blog/?p=233 (2008) http://www.loc.gov/blog/?p=233 Google Knol TM ; Wikipedia Blogs, wikis, aggregated content, Mashups, rss feeds, Twitter.com (2008), etc., etc. Second Life; Google TM Lively (July 2008) Slide 6 Sept 26-08Copyright Lynne C. Howarth, U of Toronto A walk down memory lane - 5 OLAC 1998 The State of Cataloguing 1997 Toronto Conference on the Principles and Future Development of AACR Content versus Carrier CC:DA Task Force on Rule 0.24 Dublin Core 1995- ISBD(ER) 1997 CC:DA Task Force on Metadata IFLA Working Group on Metadata Schemas 1998- Slide 7 Sept 26-08Copyright Lynne C. Howarth, U of Toronto A walk down memory lane - 6 But not yet RDA: Resource Description and Access, 2009 ISBD Preliminary Consolidated Edition, 2007 IME ICC Statement of International Cataloguing Principles, 2008 RDF Resource Description Framework Singapore Framework for DC Application Profiles, Sept. 2007 (maximizing interoperability and usability of metadata) Slide 8 Sept 26-08Copyright Lynne C. Howarth, U of Toronto A walk down memory lane - 7 But not yet OCLC WorldCat Steve.museum Endeca; Primo (ExLibris); Encore (Innovative Interfaces); WorldCat Local Biblio Commons the first truly social online catalog Free Range Librarian blog, Nov 2007 Slide 9 Time flies when youre having fun Or immersed in a digital revolution Slide 10 A/V materials from non- book channel To digital mainstream Slide 11 And A/V cataloguers from Cinderella To Metaverse avatar Slide 12 Sept 26-08Copyright Lynne C. Howarth, U of Toronto Cinderella ??? Slide 13 Sept 26-08Copyright Lynne C. Howarth, U of Toronto Some operational definitions Metaverse: The Metaverse is a virtual world, described in Neal Stephenson's 1992 science fiction novel Snow Crash, where humans, as avatars, interact with each other and software agents, in a three-dimensional space that uses the metaphor of the real world. The word metaverse is a compound of the words "meta" and "universe".virtual worldNeal Stephensonscience fictionSnow Crash avatars software agentsthree-dimensionalmetauniverse -- Wikipedia Slide 14 Sept 26-08Copyright Lynne C. Howarth, U of Toronto Libraries in the Metaverse of Second Life Over 400 tech-savvy librarians representing over 30 academic libraries are currently active in Second Life.. On Information Island, users can ask questions at a virtual reference desk, search Google, Wikipedia and other resources, and participate in lectures. Slide 15 Sept 26-08Copyright Lynne C. Howarth, U of Toronto Slide 16 So here we are Virtual reference librarians avatars in metaverse But where are the cataloguers ?? Slide 17 Sept 26-08Copyright Lynne C. Howarth, U of Toronto Whoaaaa a step back Developments in cataloguing from 1998- 2008 as they relate to the dynamic evolution of born digital resources Slide 18 Sept 26-08Copyright Lynne C. Howarth, U of Toronto Where it began for AACR The Toronto Conference, 1997 International Conference on the Principles & Future Development of AACR - Toronto Conference 1997 Three areas of particular interest: Considering AACR within context of FRBR and user tasks Find, Identify, Select, Obtain (FISO) and entities Work, Expression, Manifestation, Item Logical structure of Parts 1 and 2 of AACR entity- relationship modelling Primacy of carrier over content (AACR 0.24) Slide 19 Sept 26-08Copyright Lynne C. Howarth, U of Toronto Towards AACR3 JSC continues to issue amendments to AACR2 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005 JSC continues work on revisions to 0.24; Chapter 3, 9, 12 (seriality); logical structure; principles September 2004 Delsey appointed editor of AACR3 October 2004 JSC sees Part I of AACR3; December 2004 Draft issued for constituency review Extensive comment in response to review review of Draft for discussion at JSC meeting, April 2005 Slide 20 Sept 26-08Copyright Lynne C. Howarth, U of Toronto Towards RDA April 2005 name change to RDA Parts I (Resource Description), II (Relationship), III (Access Point Control) proposed December 2005 Draft of RDA Part I (Chapters 1-2, 4-6) issued for constituency review April 2006 RDA restructured to Parts A (incorporating former Parts I and II) and B (Part III) or, loosely, bibliographic elements based on FRBR model (Part A), and authority control elements based on FRAD model (Part B) Slide 21 Sept 26-08Copyright Lynne C. Howarth, U of Toronto Towards RDA August 2006 Part A Categorization of content and carrier October 2006 IME ICC draft Statement of International Cataloguing Principles affirmed as basis of cataloguing principles throughout RDA October 2006 meeting with Dublin Core and IEEE-LOM representative engagement with metadata communities Slide 22 Sept 26-08Copyright Lynne C. Howarth, U of Toronto RDA 2009 October 2007 new organization for RDA announced 10 sections; 37 chapters to fine-tune RDA to better align with FRBR/FRAD models December 2007 Drafts of Sections 2-4, and 9 issued for review Complete full draft of RDA to be issued in online product for review, mid- October 2008 Slide 23 Sept 26-08Copyright Lynne C. Howarth, U of Toronto RDA 2009 RDA released in third quarter of 2009! LC, NAL, and NLM a decision to implement the rules will be based upon the positive evaluation of RDA's utility within the library and information environment . - D. Marcum (May 1, 2008) 2009/early 2010 CoP national libraries evaluate prior to implementation JSC Sept. 19, 2008 Slide 24 Sept 26-08Copyright Lynne C. Howarth, U of Toronto Resolving the content/carrier problem from AACR - 1 RDA 6.10 Content type Content type reflects the fundamental form of communication in which the content is expressed and the human sense through which it is intended to be perceived. For content expressed in the form of an image or images, content type also reflects the number of spatial dimensions in which the content is intended to be perceived and the perceived presence or absence of movement. Slide 25 Sept 26-08Copyright Lynne C. Howarth, U of Toronto Resolving the content/carrier problem from AACR - 2 RDA 3.2 Media type Media type reflects the general type of intermediation device required to view, play, run, etc., the content of a resource. Slide 26 Sept 26-08Copyright Lynne C. Howarth, U of Toronto Resolving the content/carrier problem from AACR - 3 RDA 3.3 Carrier Type Carrier type reflects the format of the storage medium and housing of a carrier in combination with the type of intermediation device required to view, play, run, etc., the content of a resource. Slide 27 Sept 26-08Copyright Lynne C. Howarth, U of Toronto So what about the content/carrier types? Based on and derived from the RDA-ONIX Framework for Resource Categorization (August 2006) Clearly delineates content from carrier Recognizes increasing prominence/ predominance of non-textual resources Specific; detailed; inclusive (and exclusive) Brings together two metadata communities cataloguing and publishing Possibilities for harvesting, exchanging data following common standard Slide 28 Sept 26-08Copyright Lynne C. Howarth, U of Toronto ISBD Consolidated Bringing the family of ISBDs together in one consolidated text with preliminary signalling other changes to come Pending worldwide review of changes to material designations recognizing importance of signalling content and carrier in a separate [new] area of description RDA views ISBD as display format Slide 29 Sept 26-08Copyright Lynne C. Howarth, U of Toronto IME ICC - 1 Statement of International Cataloguing Principles, April 10, 2008 version Introduction: These new principles replace and broaden the Paris Principles from just textual works to all types of materials . (p.1) General Objectives (p. 2) 0.9 Integration. The descriptions for all types of materials should be based on a common set of rules, as far as possible. Slide 30 Sept 26-08Copyright Lynne C. Howarth, U of Toronto IME ICC - 2 Statement of International Cataloguing Principles, April 10, 2008 version. Content type A designation that reflects the fundamental form of communication in which the content is expressed and the human sense through which it is intended to be perceived. Content type reflects attributes of both work and expression. [Source: modified from Jan. 2008 Glossary for RDA] may serve as optional access points or as filtering or limiting devices for a search (7.1.3) Slide 31 Sept 26-08Copyright Lynne C. Howarth, U of Toronto IME ICC - 3 Statement of International Cataloguing Principles, April 10, 2008 version. Carrier type a designation that reflects the format of the storage medium and housing of a carrier in combination with the type of intermediation device required to view, play, run, etc., the content of a resource. [Source: modified from Jan. 2008 Glossary for RDA] may serve as optional access points or as fi