Romanian Music

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Romanian Music. Popular Music is the oldest form of Romanian musical creation, characterized by a great energy and is the source of cultural, secular and religious music. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of Romanian Music

Diapozitivul 1

Romanian Music

1 Popular Music is the oldest form of Romanian musical creation, characterized by a great energy and is the source of cultural, secular and religious music.

2 The Caluari - It is an old dance of pre-Christian origin, related to the old cult of the sun. The Calusarii perform magical rituals, which revolve around the nut fruit tree, called calu. In their magical dance there is a moment in which one of the performers is put to the ground with the nut tree flag. The dance is performed during the Pentecost. It is said that they can take peoples minds, and they cant be cured by doctors but only by the Caluari Dance.

3 The dance of the girls from Capalna - it was discovered 75 years ago by Stana Biris, in the village of Capalna in Transylvania. It was originally performed by 70 girls, but today the group has only 26 girls. The girls are local unmarried girls. The dance appeared during the summer holidays when girls and boys were gathering to dance the hora. When they were tired the girls were gathering in a dance, one singing and the next one dancing. The dance lasts for seven minutes and is significant for the folowing of the Tarnava river.

4 Maria Tnase is considered the greatest interpreter of Folk and Romance music. She became famous in 1938, when her first songs were heard on the radio. She received many awards and was appreciated in the entire world for her voice and extraordinary songs.

5 Secular music was influenced by Western Europe through Transylvania, but also by Livio Cintis band which was passing through Bucharest in 1772 and other tournaments of foreign bands.

6 In the second half of the 19th century the Consevatory in Bucharest was established and the National School of Choral music was developed. The first Romanian names in opera music became known.

7 HARICLEEA DARCLEE - (1860-1939) studied music in Paris, where she was discovered by the composer Charles Gounod. She was given the role of Margaret in Faustus. She performed of the greatest stages of the world: Paris, St. Petersburg, Milan, New York, and Berlin. Her voice conquered the King of Portugal, Don Carlos, who often sent her love letters.

8 Ciprian Porumbescu (1853-1883) - Coming from a poor family, he was unable to receive formal musical training. With the help of his friends who saw the value of his talent, he was able to go to Vienna where he continued his musical studies. He composed Choral music and the first Romanian Operetta,Crai nou (New Moon) in 1882.

9 Ateneul Roman (the Romanian Athenaeum) - is considered one of the architectural jewels of Romania. The building was constructed with the help of the public under the slogan Give a penny for the Athenaeum starting in 1886. The plans of the building are in the Neo-Classical style and were conceived by the architect Albert Galleron. The showroom has 600 seats on the ground with an additional 52 in the balcony. The interior is decorated with 25 painting depicting scenes from Romanian history. It is considered the sanctuary of Romanian culture.

10 The overwhelming personality of GEORGE ENESCU (1881-1955), composer (Opera Oedip), conductor, and interpreter, brought a universal dimension to Romanian music.

11 Oedip - Enescus masterpiece is a lyrical tragedy in four acts, inspired by Sofocles play. It was dedicated to his beautiful wife, Princess Maruca Tescanu-Rosetti. The worldwide premier took place at the Opera Garnier in Paris, on May 13th, 1936. In the season of 2010-2011, Oedip will be played for the second time on the same famous stage.

Maruca and Enescu12 In the period between the two wars, the Romanian school of music was present on the great stages of the world through Dinu Lipatti and Sergiu Celibidache.

13 Dinu Lipatti (1917-1950) He was a famous pianist, composer, and educator. He became known in 1934, when he was awarded the second prize at the International Contest of Piano in Vienna. Having Leukemia, he was financially supported by Yehudi Menuhin and Igor Strawinski. He is considered an artist of Divine Spirituality.

14 Gheorghe Zamfir - He is one of the greatest Romanian artists, known for playing the panpipe, called the King of the Panpipe. Expressing his artist mood through an almost forgotten instrument, the panpipe, he has managed to conquer the applause of the entire planet. He introduced the panpipe in all musical styles and genres, revolutionizing the sound at a universal scale.

15 The Madrigals - The most famous choral group in Romania, known and appreciated in the entire world, was created in 1963 by the teacher Marin Constantin and a group of students who loved music.

16 O-zone - The band formed by Dan, Arsenie and Radu, made its debut in 2002. Very soon their music conquered Romania and the world, becoming a real madness for all the radios, T.V. stations and thousands of fans. The song Dragostea din tei was a hit around the world.

17 Cerbul de Aur - The international festival which has become a tradition, takes place in Piata Sfatului (Saints Square) in Brasov, every year. It was first organized in 1968, and launched the careers many young talents who achieved success. At the second edition in 1969 Spain was represented by the young and talented Julio Iglesias who was loved by the public.