Romanticism Romanticism and Realism. Overview - Romanticism “Feeling is all!”

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Text of Romanticism Romanticism and Realism. Overview - Romanticism “Feeling is all!”

  • Romanticism and Realism

  • Overview - RomanticismFeeling is all!

  • Overviewdatesmusic (1820 1900)art (late 1700s/1800-1850)mostly in Northern Europe, especially in Britain, France, and Germanyvalues: intuition, emotion, and imaginationinspiration: Medieval and Baroque periods; Middle and Far Eastsubjects: legends, nature, violence, exotica

  • The Romantic Movementa reaction against classicismthe Romantic Hero:greatest example was Lord Byrontremendously popular among the European reading publicyouth imitated his haughtiness and rebelliousness

  • Musictransition between Classical and RomanticBeethovenother key composersSchubertChopinPaganiniWagner

  • Characteristics of Romanticism

    the Engaged and Enraged ArtistIndividualism - the Rugged Individualthe Power and the Fury of Naturethe Danger of Science and TechnologyGlorifying Country LifeGothic romanticizing the Middle AgesExotica and the MacabreNationalismArt and Literature

  • The Engaged & Enraged Artist:the artist apart from societythe artist as social critic/revolutionarythe artist as genius

  • Wandering Above the Sea of Fog Caspar David Friedrich, 1818

  • Individualismindividuals have unique, endless potentialself-realization comes through art artists are the true philosophers

  • The Dreamer Gaspar David Friedrich, 1835

  • Glorification and Fury of Naturepeaceful, restorative qualities: an escape from industrialization and the dehumanization it createsawesome, powerful, horrifying aspects of natureindifferent to the fate of humansoverwhelming power of nature

  • The Raft of the Medusa Thodore Gricault, 1819

  • The Eruption of Vesuvius - John Martin

  • The Slave Ship Joseph Mallord William Turner, 1842Danger of Science and Technology

  • The Hay Wain - John Constable, 1821Glorifying Country Life

  • The Corn Field John Constable, 1826

  • Gothic/Romanticizing the Middle AgesNeo-Gothic architectural styleMedieval ruins were a favorite theme for art and poetry

  • Salisbury Cathedral from the Meadows John Constable, 1831

  • British Houses of Parliament 1840-1865

  • Exotica and MacabreExotica:the sexy othera sense of escape from realitysomething to keep in mind: a psychological/moral justification of imperialism?

  • Massacre of Chios - Eugne Delacroix, 1824

  • The Fanatics of Tangiers Eugne Delacroix, 1837-1838

  • The Royal Pavilion at Brighton John Nash, 1815-1823

  • Exotica and the MacabreMacabreghosts, fairies, witches, demonsthe shadows of the minddreams & madnessthe romantics rejected materialism in pursuit of spiritual self-awarenessthey yearned for the unknown and the unknowable

  • Mad Woman With a Mania of Envy Theodore Gericault, 1822-1823

  • Witches Sabbath Francisco Goya, 1798

  • Liberty Leading the People Eugne Delacroix, 1830Nationalism

  • Detail of the Musket Bearer Delacoix, himself

  • His Majestys Ship, Victory (Trafalgar) - John Constable, 1806

  • The Shooting of May 3, 1808 Francisco Goya, 1815

  • The Great Age of the NovelGothic Novels:Jane Eyre - Charlotte Bronte (1847)Wuthering Heights - Emily Bronte (1847)Frankenstein - Mary Shelley (1817)Dracula Bramm Stoker (1897) Historical Novels:Ivanhoe - Sir Walter Scott (1819)Les Miserables - Victor Hugo (1862)The Three Musketeers Alexander Dumas (1844)

  • Other Romantic Writers Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm - Grimms Fairy Tales (1814-1816) Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Faust (1806-1832)

  • The Romantic PoetsPercy Bysshe ShelleyLord Byron (George Gordon)Samuel Taylor ColeridgeWilliam WordsworthJohn KeatsWilliam Blake

  • The Political Implicationsa key question: how can Romanticism justify liberalism? how could it support conservatism?contributed to growing nationalist movementsthe concepts of the Volk and the Volkgeistthe uniqueness of cultures was emphasized

  • Overview - Realismhow was this a reaction to both romanticism and neoclassicism?rejected romanticism as escapist, fantastical, and inward lookingrejected neoclassicism as anachronistic

  • Characteristics of Realismcapture visual perceptions without alterationtake on serious themesa look at the poorer classes

  • The Burial at OrnansGustave Courbet, 1849-1850

  • The Third Class WagonHonore Daumier, 1862