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SA Intelligencer #82

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Developments in the world of intelligence, this edition in Africa.

Text of SA Intelligencer #82

  • Developments in Africas intelligence sphere the last month gave rise to this separate edition of the SA Intelligencer. The Ugandan bombings impacted on the countrys intelligence service as it highlighted the unpreparedness of most countries to deal with the non-linear threats of the 21st century.

    Here in South Africa, the proposed Protection of Information Bill gave rise to an unprecedented debate on our hard-earned human rights of access to information and freedom of speech. The media and civil society are urging the government to reconsider certain sections of the bill that defines national security and the process of classification that are most probably unconstitutional. This debate reverberates in democracies all over the world and highlights the difficulties in balancing human rights with the states mandate to defend the country.

    Dalene Duvenage

    Uganda: ripple effect of Al Qaeda attack on intelligence community

    Editor integrated various sources

    A month after the 11 July 2010 bombings in Kampala, pres Museveni replaced Dr Amos Mukumbi, head of the Internal Security Organisation (ISO) with his deputy Lieutenant Ronnie Barya. Security sources said that the ISO didn't adequately monitor and share intelligence information with sister agencies prior to the July 11 attacks. Dr Mukumbi, after five years as a top spy chief, is now a senior presidential adviser on special assignments.

    (Continued on page 2)

    Reports from August 2010

    East Africa Page 1 Uganda: ripple effect of Al Qaeda attack on intelligence community Burundi, Uganda top regions most corrupt list Sudan: Agents of fear: the National Security Service CIA training Sudans spies as Obama officials fight over policy Southern Africa Page 6 Botswana Security ministry under fire Former Botswana Security Minister rin court over corruption Botswana spy agency boss denies snooping Botswana: DIS slush fund claims rock BDP Botswana: DIS a smelling rat South Africa: Intelligence link in row on Lonmin mine rights South Africa: laws to give financial regulator more power Other African intel news Page 11 Nigeria Terrorism-money laundering Bill - Jonathan expresses concern over delay Libya and South Korea in conflict over rare espionage case Group promotes Egypts spy chief for president Upcoming events Page 13

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    SA Intelligencer Number 82 3 September 2010

    Editor: Dalene Duvenage

    Contributions and enquiries [email protected]

    The Africa edition

  • 3 September 2010 SA Intelligencer Number 82


    (Continued from page 1)

    The Monitor reports on rumours of further reshuffling in the intelligence community ahead of the 2011 elections. Since the attacks, the Ugandan government has put in place a number of measures aimed at improving security, including the passing of the Regulation of Interception Bill 2007 into law on 19 July 2010.

    Interception to improve intelligence gathering Government is to set up a Communication Monitoring Centre with access to all service providers' systems reports. Failure by providers to make their systems technically capable of supporting interception will lead to revocation of their licenses. Phone users will be registered. A minister or a judge of the High Court will issue warrants of interception and a higher court will arbitrate in petitions and appeals filed by those aggrieved by the interception.

    Political power plays The Monitor says that the July 11 terror attacks which saw the President publicly castigate the intelligence community for failing to detect the threat, were just the perfect excuse to push a man who had refused to jump and was the handiwork of politics, intrigue and suspicion within the intelligence community and between national politicians. Inside Politics sources who did not want to be quoted because intelligence issues are not to be discussed openly in the media, say Dr Mukumbis fall from grace could be linked to the power play among senior ruling party cadres and top military chiefs.

    Monitor lists various reasons why Mukumbi was replaced as ISO Chief:

    Failure to listen to his superiors a sin in the shadowy world of security work -- especially the coordinator of Intelligence Services Gen. David Tinyefuza, Dr Mukumbis sacking became a matter of when, not if.

    Accusations of nursing political interests in the new district of Kyankwanzi.

    But even if Dr Mukumbi didnt have political ambitions, our sources say that some politicians feared that Dr Mukumbi was in a position to unsettle their own political prospects using the ISO network that has tentacles reaching as far as the parish level.

    The President was faced with a country increasingly distraught about the authorities inability to come to grips with the horrifying crime. It was not good for his politics. ISO took the flack for the spate of human sacrifice crimes. Questions were asked as to why ISO, despite its wide network, appeared operationally impotent. Comparisons were drawn between ISO

    Sacked ISO chief: Dr Mukumbi Minister of Security Mbabazi

    (The Monitor)

  • 3 September 2010 SA Intelligencer Number 82


    Editor: Dalene Duvenage Click on hyperlinks to open documents [email protected]

    and the more settled state of affairs at the sister External Security Organisation despite being run on a meaner budget.

    The fact that ESO was able to build its own three-storeyed office block in Nakasero, Kampala without asking for additional funds while ISO operatives perpetually cried of miserable facilitation may have been used as the other nail to seal Dr Mukumbis fate.

    Intelligence community in-fighting The Observer reports on 15 August 2010 that the Police boss, Maj Gen Kale Kayihura called a press conference on 12 August 2010 at Uganda Media Centre. As if to prove some validation of his speech, the General summoned some of his trusted lieutenants and the investigators who have been picking up the clues on the July 11 bombers at the media centre.

    The purpose of this high powered press briefing was to update the country on the status of their investigations. The bespectacled General told the press that the investigations were complete but not closed. Therefore, he appealed to the press sense of responsibility not to publish the photographs of these captured suspects. In his view, publishing the suspects pictures would jeopardize the investigations and probably endanger the informers. In fact the press and the General left with a tacit pact that neither party would violate it.

    But the General did not know that his colleague, the head of the Chieftaincy of Military Intelligence (CMI) Brigadier James Mugira had totally different ideas up his sleeve. As the General was

    wheedling the media, the Brigadier was parading the suspects in the full glare of TV cameras!

    The suspects made full public confessions, some rolled tears down their cheeks. They apologised and blamed their acts on religious extremism. Not many people are convinced by these confessions. So, the public is still seesawing between the information given by the General and the one by the Brigadier. Mugira sounded like he had an inkling that Ugandans were in no mood to give him a benefit of the doubt. So, he needed to redeem his image. And he had to do it with a bang.

    He said that he had told Ugandans after the 7/11 bombing that they would hunt down the culprits and since he had them in his custody, he felt

    Ugandans had a right to know, the restraint and responsibility requested by the Police boss not withstanding. Since 1986, the Police have always complained that the military are either pampered or are preferred by the President to do their (Police) work. Their fears are even compounded by the fact that the President has twice appointed military men to lead them.

    It was also thought that putting a military man at the helm of a Police force, would neutralize these latent rivalries between the two security agencies. This doesnt seem to have worked either.

    Burundi, Uganda Top Region's Most Corrupt List Dennis Kawuma All 24 July 2010 (Ed: excerpted)

    Burundi has been named the most corrupt country in the region, according to the 2010 East African Bribery Index which was launched by Transparency International in Nairobi on Thursday. The index, which was previously confined to Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania, has expanded to include Rwanda and Burundi this year.

    CMI Head Brig Mugira (New Vision)

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    Editor: Dalene Duvenage Click on hyperlinks to open documents [email protected]

    Burundi takes the top position with a corruption prevalence of 36.7 per cent. Uganda comes second with a corruption prevalence of 33 per cent, while Kenya takes the third position after registering an improvement, by moving from a prevalence rate of 45 per cent in 2009 to 31.9 per cent this year. Tanzania is fourth with a prevalence of 28.6 per cent while Rwanda is the least corrupt country in the region with a corruption prevalence of 6.6 per cent.

    The East African Bribery Index is a governance tool developed to measure bribery levels in the private and public sectors in the region. The survey was conducted among 10,505 respondents selected through random household sampling across all the administrative provinces in the five countries

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