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SA1 trail in Swansea

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A walking trail around the SA1 area of Swansea, taking

Text of SA1 trail in Swansea

  • Follow this heritage trail to discoverthe history of Swanseas docks andwaterfront, and to find out about thecurrent redevelopment of the area.

    Dilynwch y trywydd treftadaeth hwni ddarganfod hanes dociau a glannauAbertawe, ac i ddysgu amailddatblygiad presennol yr ardal.

  • Follow this heritage trail to discoverthe history of Swanseas docks andwaterfront, and to find out about thecurrent redevelopment of the area.

    The trail is about a mile and half long, andstarts and finishes at Swansea Museum inVictoria Road. There are places to eat andpublic toilets on the route (marked on themap), and its all on level ground suitablefor wheelchairs and pushchairs.

    To find out more information, see images of the past andpresent, and listen to audio clips, visit the Walking theSwansea Waterfront Website atwww.swansea.gov.uk/sa1trail

    The trail has beendeveloped with KeyStage 2 pupils in mind.Teachers can findpractical information andteaching resources onthe website.

    The trail has beendeveloped by WestGlamorgan Archive Service in conjunction with SwanseaMuseum and Swansea Central Library, and funded by theWelsh Assembly Government.

    Dilynwch y llwybr treftadaeth hwni ddarganfod hanes dociau Abertawear glannau, ac i gael gwybodaeth amyr ailddatblygu cyfredol yn yr ardal.

    Maer llwybr tua milltira hanner o hyd acmaen cychwyn ac yngorffen wrthAmgueddfa Abertawear Heol Victoria. Maelleoedd i fwyta athoiledau cyhoeddusar y llwybr (wediu marcio ar y map),ac maer llwybr ar dir gwastad syn addasi gadeiriau olwyn a chadeiriau gwthio.

    I gael mwy o wybodaeth, i weld lluniau or gorffennol arpresennol ac i wrando ar glipiau clywedol, ewch i wefanCerdded ar hyd Glannau Abertawe ynwww.swansea.gov.uk/sa1trail

    Maer llwybr wedii ddatblygu ar gyfer disgyblion CyfnodAllweddol 2. Gall athrawon gael gwybodaeth ymarferol acadnoddau addysgu ar y wefan.

    Datblygwyd y llwybr gan Wasanaeth Archifau GorllewinMorgannwg ar y cyd ag Amgueddfa Abertawe a LlyfrgellGanolog Abertawe, ac fei hariennir gan LywodraethCynulliad Cymru.

    Swansea DocksIn the late eighteenth century, Swansea wasboth a fashionable seaside resort and anexpanding port. However, in the nineteenthcentury docks were built to accommodaterapidly growing trade, and Swanseasambitions to be a seaside resort were ended.The first dock opened in 1852, to be followedby four more between 1859 and 1920.

    From the mid twentieth century the docks declined, andfour of the five docks are now closed or no longer used.Only one, the Kings Dock, remains in regular use bycommercial traffic.

    The area is now onceagain becoming thefocus of leisureactivities, with a retailpark on the site of oneformer dock, a marinaon the site of another,and a regenerationproject on a third. Thehistory of the area hascome full circle.

    Dociau Abertawe Yn hwyr yn yddeunawfed ganrif,roedd Abertawe yngyrchfan glan mrffasiynol ac ynborthladd a oedd ynehangu. Fodd bynnag,yn y bedwaredd ganrifar bymtheg,adeiladwyd dociau ar gyfer masnach a oeddyn tyfun gyflym a daeth dyheadau Abertawe ifod yn gyrchfan glan mr i ben. Agorwyd y doccyntaf ym 1852 gyda phedwar arall yn dilynrhwng 1859 a 1920.

    O ganol yr ugeinfed ganrif, dirywiodd y dociau ac maepedwar or pum doc wedi cau bellach neu nid ydynt yncael eu defnyddion rheolaidd. Dim ond un, sef Doc yBrenin, syn cael ei ddefnyddio gan draffig masnachol.

    Maer ardal unwaith eton datblygun gyrchfangweithgareddau hamdden, gyda pharc masnachol ar safleun or hen ddociau, marina ar safle un arall a phrosiectadfywio ar y trydydd. Mae hanes yr ardal wedi dod yn lir cychwyn.

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    Walking the Swansea Waterfront

    Cerdded ar hyd Glannau Abertawe

  • Stopping Point 1: the Assembly Rooms, 5 Cambrian PlaceThe Assembly Rooms opened in 1822, at a time when Swansea was a fashionable seaside resort. Theyprovided visitors and upper-class residents with a place to meet for social events such as balls, concertsand other entertainments.

    Stopping Point 2: the Sail BridgeThe Sail Bridge was built in 2003, in order to provide access for pedestrians and cyclists from the citycentre to the new SA1 development. Looking to the north from the bridge, Sainsburys supermarket andthe Parc Tawe Retail Park are built on the site of what was once the North Dock. It was opened in 1852and closed in 1930, and was later filled in. Looking to the south, the river is covered with small leisureboats - once it would have been full of working ships, making their way into the dock.

    Stopping Point 3: the Ice HouseThe Ice House was built in the 1890s to manufacture ice using a machine powered by a steam engine(hence the tall chimney). The ice was used to keep fish fresh: there was a wharf nearby where thefishing trawlers landed their catches which were then transported by rail, packed in boxes in ice.

    Stopping Point 4: the J-ShedThe warehouses at the dockside were given letters of the alphabet to identify them, fromA through to M. Warehouse J (the J-Shed) is the only one still standing. It was completed in 1896, andwas initially used to store grain. The J-shed was restored as part of the SA1 redevelopment.

    Stopping Point 5: the Norwegian ChurchThe Norwegian Church served the Norwegian seamen who visited Swansea. The building has beenmoved twice: it was originally situated in Newport Docks, but was moved to Swansea in 1910. In 2004,as part of the redevelopment of the SA1 site, it was moved again to its present location. It stopped beingused as a church in 1998, and is now a jewellers studio and gallery.

    Stopping Point 6: the Prince of Wales Dock, north-western endThe dock was opened by Edward Prince of Wales, later King Edward VII, in 1881. Looking at the docknow, it is hard to imagine that it was once a noisy, bustling scene, filled with ships loading or unloadingtheir cargoes. Hoists and cranes lined the dockside, and a network of railway lines transported thegoods to and from the mainlines. The dock is still no longer used for commercial traffic, and a sanddredger is the only ship to use the dock regularly.

    Stopping Point 7: Prince of Wales Dock, South Western End The anchor here reminds us of the ships and seamen who visited the dock. In 1881, when the dockopened, many of the ships using it would have been sailing ships. By the beginning of the twentiethcentury, sail had given way to steam, and steam was in turn replaced by diesel-engined ships in the second half of the century. Whatever the type of ship, life at sea could be hard anddangerous, with voyages lasting many months.

    Stopping Point 8: The BarrageThe Tawe Barrage was completed 1992, creating an attractive long lake in place of the tidal mudflats.A lock on the western side of the barrage enables boats to enter the river, while a fish pass allows fishto move up and downstream.

    Stopping Point 9: the Pilot HouseShips entering and leaving Swansea docks were guided by a harbour pilot, a qualified and experiencedlocal sailor who would board the ship while it was at sea, and then navigate it safely into the docks.Pilots operated from the Pilot House, with its tower where they could watch for approaching ships.

    Stopping Point 10: Fishmarket QuayIn addition to the facilities for trawlers near the Ice House (Stopping Point 3), others were developed inthe South Dock Basin in the early 1900s. By the mid 1920s, the Basin was home to a fleet of about 40deep-sea steam trawlers, with a fish market and large ice factory. In 1982 the Basin became a marinafor leisure boats.

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  • Man Aros 1: yr Ystafelloedd Cynnull, 5 Cambrian PlaceAgorwyd yr Ystafelloedd Cynnull ym 1822, ar adeg pan oedd Abertawe yn gyrchfan glanmr ffasiynol. Roeddent yn lle i ymwelwyr a thrigolion or dosbarth uchaf gwrdd am ddigwyddiadaucymdeithasol megis dawnsiau, cyngherddau ac adloniant eraill.

    Man Aros 2: yr HwylbontAdeiladwyd yr Hwylbont yn 2003 er mwyn rhoi mynediad i gerddwyr a beicwyr o ganol y ddinas irdatblygiad SA1 newydd. Wrth edrych ir gogledd or bont, mae archfarchnad Sainsbury a PharcManwerthu Parc Tawe wedi eu hadeiladu ar hen safle Doc y Gogledd. Fei hagorwyd ym 1852 ac feicaewyd ym 1930 a chafodd ei lenwin ddiweddarach. Wrth edrych ir de, maer afon yn llawn cychodhamdden byddai wedi bod yn llawn llongau gweithio yn teithio ir doc ar un adeg.

    Man Aros 3: y Ty IAdeiladwyd y Ty I yn y 1890au i gynhyrchu i gan ddefnyddio peiriant wedii bweru gan injan stm(dynar rheswm dros y simnai uchel). Defnyddiwyd yr i i gadw pysgod yn ffres: roedd glanfa gerllawller oedd treill-longau pysgotan storio eu pysgod, ac yna roeddent yn cael eu cludo ar drn wediupacio mewn blychau llawn i.

    Man Aros 4: y J-ShedRhoddwyd llythrennaur wyddor o A i M i ystordai ar y cei er mwyn eu hadnabod. Ystordy J(y J-Shed) ywr unig un syn dal i fodoli. Cafodd ei gwblhau ym 1896 ac fei defnyddiwyd i storio grawnar y cychwyn. Cafodd y J-shed ei hadnewyddu fel rhan o ddatblygiad SA1.

    Man Aros 5: yr Eglwys NorwyaiddRoedd yr Eglwys Norwyaidd yn gwasanaethur morwyr Norwyaidd a oedd yn ymweld ag Abertawe.Maer adeilad wedi cael ei symud ddwywaith: roedd yr adeilad yn NociauCas-newydd yn wreiddiol ond symudodd i Abertawe ym 1910. Yn 2004, fel rhan o ailddatblygu safleSA1, cafodd ei symud eto iw lleoliad presennol. Daeth ei ddefnydd i ben fel eglwys ym 1998, a bellachmaen stiwdio ac oriel gemwaith.

    Man Aros 6: Doc Tywysog Cymru, ochr y gogledd-orllewinAgorwyd y doc gan Edward Tywysog Cymru, Brenin Edward y Seithfed yn ddiweddarach ym 1881. Wrthedrych ar y doc erbyn hyn, mae'n anodd dychmygu yr oedd unwaith yn olygfa swnllyd, brysur gydallongaun llwytho neun dadlwythou nwyddau. Roedd teclynnau codi a chraeniaun rhes ar ochr y cei acroedd rhwydwaith o linellau trn yn cludor nwyddau or prif linellau ac oddi yno. Ni ddefnyddir y doc argyfer traffig masnachol erbyn hyn, a charthlong dywod ywr unig long syn defnyddior doc yn rheolaidd.

    Man Aros 7: Doc Tywysog Cymru, Ochr y De-orllewin Maer angor yman ein hatgoffa or llongau ar morwyr a ymwelodd r doc. Ym 1881, pan agorwyd ydoc, llongau hwylio fyddai wedi ei ddefnyddion bennaf. Erbyn dechraur ugeinfed ganrif, roedd stmwedi gorchfygu hwylio ac yna cafodd stm ei orchfygu gan longau ag injans disel yn ystod ail hanner yganrif. Pa fath bynnag o long, gallai bywyd ar y mr fod yn beryglusa chaled, gyda theithiaun para sawl mis.

    Man Aros 8: Y MorglawddCwblhawyd Morglawdd Tawe ym 1992, gan greu llyn hir deniadol yn ller traethellau llanw. Mae loc arochr orllewinol y morglawdd yn galluogi cychod fynd ir afon, tra bod llwybr pysgod yn caniatu ibysgod symud i fyny ac i lawr yr afon.

    Man Aros 9: Tyr PeilotArweiniwyd llongau a oedd yn cyrraedd ac yn gadael dociau Abertawe gan beilot harbwr, sef morwr lleolcymwys a phrofiadol a fyddain mynd ar y llong pan oedd ar y mr ac yna ei thywys ir dociau. Roeddpeilotiaid yn gweithio o Dyr Peilot lle gallent wylio am longau a oeddyn nesu oi dw r.

    Man Aros 10: Ceir Farchnad BysgodYn ogystal r cyfleusterau ar gyfer treill-longau ger y Ty I (Man Aros 3), datblygwyd rhai eraill ym MasnDoc y De ar ddechraur 1900au. Erbyn canol y 1920au, roedd y Basn yn gartref i fflyd o tua 40 treill-long stm dr dwfn, gyda marchnad bysgod a ffatri i fawr.Ym 1982, trodd y Basn yn farina i gychod hamdden.

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