SANCHI: THE LAND OF STUPAS - cse.iitk.ac.in is the site of three Stupas. Stupa No. 1, ... with the decline…

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<ul><li><p>CONNECTING INDIA WITH ITS DIASPORA</p><p>Vol 1 Issue 6 June 2008</p><p>Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs www.moia.gov.in, www.overseasindian.in</p><p>SANCHI: THE LAND OF STUPAS</p><p>S anchi is a small village in Raisen district, located 46 km north east of Bhopal, and 10 km from Besnagar andVidisha in the central part of the state of Madhya Pradesh. It is home to several Buddhist monuments dating fromthe 3rd century BC to the 12th century CE. Sanchi is the site of three Stupas. Stupa No. 1, also called the Great Stupa is one of the most magnificent monu-</p><p>ments of its time. Emperor Ashoka probably started its construction in the middle of the 3rd century BC and was lat-er enlarged. It is enclosed by a massive stone railing pierced by four gateways. These gateways have elaborate carvings,depicting the life of the Buddha. Each gateway is made up of two square posts, topped by statues of animals and dwarfs.It consists of a base, bearing a hemispherical dome (anda) representing the dome of heaven enclosing the earth. It is sur-mounted by a square-rail unit (harmika) from which rises a mast (Yatsi). It symbolises the cosmic axis. The mast bearsumbrellas (chatras) that represent the various heavens (devaloka).</p><p>Stupa No. 2, with railing decorations, has carvings relating to late Sunga period (1st century BC) while Stupa No.3, with its single gateway (torana) was constructed in late 1st century AD. These stupas attract thousands of visitorsevery year. Other prominent features of Sanchi include a commemorative pillar erected by Ashoka (265-238 BC).There is also a famous temple Gupta temple built in early 5th century AD and contains some of the best specimens ofIndian sculpture.</p><p>However, with the decline of Buddhism in India, Sanchi became a forgotten place. In 1881, a British officer, GeneralTaylor, took the initiative to preserve this land. Amateur archaeologists and treasure hunters had by then ravaged thesite. Between 1912 and 1919 the structures were restored to their present condition under the supervision of Sir JohnMarshall, then Director General of the Archaeological Survey of India . Today, around 50 monuments remain on thehill of Sanchi, including three stupas and several temples. The monuments have been listed among the UNESCOWorld Heritage Sites.</p><p>M I N I S T R Y O F O V E R S E A S I N D I A N A F FA I R S</p><p>Revolutionon a wireRevolutionon a wireWWith 300 million telephone subscribers, India hasith 300 million telephone subscribers, India hasthe second-largest telecom network in the world the second-largest telecom network in the world </p></li><li><p>Vol 1 Issue 6 June 2008</p><p>www.overseasindian.in</p><p>An initiative of theM i n i s t r y o f O v e r s e a s I n d i a n A f f a i r s</p><p>PRAVASI BHARATIYA SEWA</p><p>If you are an Indian living overseas andlooking at investing in India or creditingmoney to banks in India, then log on to</p><p>www.nriconnect.co.in</p><p>CONNECTING INDIA WITH ITS DIASPORA</p></li><li><p>A pril wasnt the cru-ellest month, notcertainly for Indiastelecom industry. Thecountry, at rank bottom ofthe digital divide, shot toNo. 2 in the world in</p><p>mobile subscription after China, replacing the UnitedStates, the supremo in the wireless market for decades.Today, Indian telecom companies add an astounding 9to 10 million new subscribers to the network everymonth. According to the Telecom Regulatory Authorityof India (TRAI), the countrys telecom watchdog, 10.16million new wireless subscribers joined Indias telecomnetwork in March to take the total subscription to 300.51million with a tele-density of 26.22 percent. In the samesegment, the subscriber base in China stood at 550.50million and 250.93 million in the United States. </p><p>If the last few years in telecom were exciting, it willbe even more exciting in the coming years, says TRAIChairman Nripendra Misra. In terms of numbers wewould easily achieve the target of 500 million by 2010,Misra tells Pravasi. Such are the perspectives on Indiastelecom revolution. This issue of Pravasi presents a van-tage view of a sector which seems to have ignored theglobal economic slowdown and spiralling inflationarytrends. A Price Waterhouse Coopers report adds theclincher: It says at a compounded annual growth rate of28 percent, India could very well achieve 539 millionmobile subscribers by 2010, with revenues topping $35billion from the $22 billion now. Only connect, said E.M.Forster, in a different context.</p><p>This issue of Pravasi takes a quick detour and looks atNRI remittances and foreign investments in India. Anestimated 5.7 million India workers abroad sent home$27 billion in 2007 to make India the top recipient ofmigrant remittances, according to World Bank datareleased in March 2008. There was a difference though.Instead of the Middle East with its estimated 5 millionNRI workers, the United States with about 2.4 millionNRIs was the main remittance source. So, the demo-graphics of remittances are shifting. However, what hasit meant for the country and how are trends in invest-ments by foreign investors shaping the countrys eco-nomic activities. We take a tour of the key facts and fig-ures. But at the heart of it all what is gladdening is whatRBI Governor had to say at a forum in New Yorkrecently: Following sustained higher growth in India,a reverse process of brain flow has also begun by way offoreign nationals and expatriate Indians expressing theirinterest for pursuing more fruitful ventures in India. Asa result, corresponding trade and private business link-ages have also started growing. </p><p>From the month of June, a quiet but decisive revo-lution takes place in foreign travel: India will get its firste-passports. To be issued to diplomats and officials first,it will eventually reach the citizens within the next fewmonths. The other big news making a splash is that ofReliance Big Entertainment foraying into Hollywoodproduction and tying up with the likes of Brad Pitt, TomHanks and six other big stars in the United States. </p><p>Come 2012, India aims to produce 124 million tonnesof steel and by 2015 hopes to become the worlds sec-ond-largest producer of finished steel. Meanwhile,financials have been pretty good with public sector steelundertakings posting a profit before tax of Rs. 206.24billion in 2007-08 from Rs. 53.98 billion in 2003-04.Around 193 memoranda of understandings have alsobeen signed with various states including Orissa,Jharkhand, Karnataka and Chattisgarh. Another devel-opment brought a glimmer to Indias infrastructure sec-tor: the opening of the Bengaluru International Airport.The spanking new airport, a product of the Public-Private Partnership (PPP) model is expected to handle10-12 million passengers till 2012. Read more aboutthese and other news in our economy section.</p><p>We also look at the stories and personalities shapingour diaspora narrative in our regular sections.Environment has been one of chief concerns and wetake you to Manila, a small village in Karnataka, where79-year-old Achyutha Bhat has for decades carried outa suranga revolution a nature-friendly method oftapping water, one of humanitys most valuable and fastshrinking resources. Join Bhat for a sojourn in surangacountry.Happy reading...</p><p>Printed and Published by V. K. Bhatia on behalf of </p><p>the Ministry ofOverseas Indian Affairs </p><p>Akbar Bhavan, Chanakyapuri,New Delhi - 110021 </p><p>Website: http://moia.gov.inwww.overseasindian.in</p><p>Consulting EditorK.G. Sreenivas</p><p>Printed atAditi Print-o-Fast, A-21/26,</p><p>IInd Floor,Naraina Industrial Area</p><p>Phase II, New Delhi-110028 </p><p>Pravasi Bharatiya is a monthlypublication. The views expressed in thisjournal are those of the contributorsand do not necessarily reflect the viewsof the Ministry of Overseas IndianAffairs (MOIA). All rights reserved.No part of this journal may beproduced, stored, or transmitted in anyform or by any means electronic,mechanical, photocopying, recording,or otherwise, without the permissionof MOIA. </p><p>Editorial correspondence andmanuscripts can be addressed topravasi.bharatiya@gmail.com</p><p>Designed and produced by IANS(www.ians.in) on behalf of the Minstryof Overseas Indian Affairs. </p><p>f rom the editors desk </p></li><li><p>c.o.</p><p>n.t.e</p><p>.n.t.</p><p>s</p><p>INDIA RINGING</p><p>REMITTANCES TOPNRI PRIORITY</p><p>RAANNDEZVOUSKUTCH</p><p>From the rank bottom of the digital divide to No. 2 in the world for mobile phonesubscribers, India is adding on at a rate of nine-ten million new subscribers everymonth. By 2010, revenues will top $35 billion from the $22 billion now. The Indiantelecom story is an amazing tribute to the countrys capacity for scalable growth.</p><p>The benefits of remittances in generatinghigher levels of consumption may come atthe expense of long-term growth. Recipientstates should, therefore, devise policies tohelp promote economic growth and socialwelfare, says Kul Bhushan.</p><p>With amazing vistas, an intriguing historyand a rich tradition coloured by mysticalenchantment, Kutchs experience is at onceremote and strange...</p><p>Correction: In the preceding issues, the Confederation of Indian Industryhas been inadvertently referred to as the Confederation of IndianIndustries in the advertisement on the back inside jacket of PravasiBharatiya. The error is regretted.</p><p>Makhan Singh, an unsung Sikh heroof the Kenyan freedom struggle, andlargely forgotten today, was thefounder of East African trade unionmovement. </p><p>ROYALS WIN INAUGURAL IPLRegarded as underdogs early on, Rajasthan Royals, led by the intrepidShane Warne, clinched the inaugural Indian Premier League beatingChennai Super Kings in a last-ball win thriller. Yusufs blazing 56 runs,studded with 4 huge sixes and 3 fours, and his 3 wickets earned himthe Man of the Match in the final. Under Warnes stewardship, playerslike Yusuf Pathan and Swapnil Asnodkar blossomed into future Indianprospects. </p><p>PP 1199</p><p>PP 3388</p><p>PP 3344</p><p>IN TRIBUTE</p><p>LORD OF THE RINGS KHALI . . . . . . 36E-PASSPORT IN JUNE . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8GURUKULA FOR SURANGAS . . . . . . 40FORGING NEW FRONTIERS . . . . . . . . 24AUTHORS VOICE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46</p><p>PP 1122</p><p>&gt;</p><p>&gt; PP 4444</p></li><li><p>W ith the government nego-tiating a slew of labourtreaties, Indian workersmay soon find job-hunting in the con-tinent relatively painless. India has alsoagreed to join the InternationalOrganisation for Migration (IOM)further paving the way for smootherlabour movement to Europe. </p><p>The Indian cabinet had on May 1approved of India applying for admis-sion to the 122-member, Geneva-headquartered IOM the multilat-eral body that facilitates inter-govern-mental migration consultations andprojects. </p><p>Minister of Overseas Indian Affairs(MOIA) Vayalar Ravi will lead a del-egation to the IOM Council meetingin Geneva on June 18 to 19, whenIndias application will be formallysubmitted, considered and approved. </p><p>An official noted that the mostimportant advantage for Indiasmembership would be the capacity of</p><p>the IOM to facilitate bilateral instru-ments with potential destinationcountries. </p><p>The first in line may be Denmark,only the latest European country tocome to India looking to plug itsdemographic hole of young workingpopulation. Earlier on May 8, a fact-finding team of the DanishImmigration Services had come toIndia a follow-up to the visit ofDenmarks Prime Minister AndersFogh Rasmussen in February. </p><p>We are planning to sign a socialsecurity agreement, as well as a labourmobility partnership, an MOIA offi-cial, who spoke on condition ofanonymity, said. </p><p>The Indian side has proposed thatthe labour mobility agreement be a tri-partite one, with the IOM as third par-ty. The Danish seemed to welcomeour suggestion. But it is still in an ear-ly stage, so this has to be decided," saidthe official.</p><p>pravasi bharatiya | june 2008 9pravasi bharatiya | june 20088</p><p>I ndias firste-passport,which willmake traveleasy, is expect-ed to be issued</p><p>in the month ofJune. It will be</p><p>issued to diplomatsand officials first.</p><p>Others may have to waitfor about 10 months or</p><p>even more. If all goes well, the first e-passport will be issued around June 15to President Pratibha Patil or PrimeMinister Manmohan Singh orboth. </p><p>The e-passport project is on a roll. Arecent test conducted in a U.S. gov-ernment laboratory was so impressivethat American officials remarked thatthey would need to study the Indiantechnology. An eight-member officialIndian delegation in May had visitedWashington carrying 25 test e-pass-ports made in India. The e-passportwill have thicker front and back cov-</p><p>ers. The rear cover will have a smallsilicon chip, smaller than a postagestamp, as well as an embedded rect-angular antenna. </p><p>The eight officials, drawn from theministry of external affairs, theNational Informatics Centre (NIC),the Indian Security Press (Nasik) andthe Indian Institute of Technology(IIT)-Kanpur, had an appointment tokeep at the inter-operability test cen-tre in the U.S. Department ofHomeland Security. </p><p>We found that while the Americane-passport took a minimum of 10 sec-onds to be read, our passports tookjust four seconds. The reason for thequicker response of the chip in Indianpassports was the software developedby IIT-Kanpur and NIC, said abeaming Indian official. </p><p>Unlike the U.S. software which isproprietary and developed by vendors,ours is entirely made in-house. Sothere is no commercial aspect to it,said Rajat Moona, professor of com-puter science at IIT-Kanpur. And</p><p>those extra seconds will make valuabledifference when the immigration dealswith long queues. The Americanswere highly impressed. If it is two anda half times faster, it means the crowdcan be cleared that quicker, the offi-cial said. </p><p>The International Civil AviationOrganisation has set down normshow e-passports may be read, but itdoes not prescribe how the informa-tion in the chip is to be written orhow its security features should be.These guidelines were decided by atechnical committee headed by theNIC director general and were madepart of tender notice. </p><p>There are certain advanced securi-ty features incorporated in the Indiandesign. For example, to prevent any-body from reading the passport fromafar, other countries prescribe thatthe document should be carried in ametal jacket. But the Indian e-pass-port cannot be read unless it comesinto contact with the readingmachine.</p><p>Europe favours legalIndian workers</p><p>I ndia and Bahrain will sign alabour agreement in June tofacilitate labour mobility andmanpower development, a ministry of overseasIndian affairs (MOIA) official said onApril 26.</p><p>The decision was taken after talksbetween Minister for Overseas IndianAffairs Vayalar Ravi and visitingBahrain Labour Minister Majid Al-</p><p>Alawi at Kumarakom, Kerala afamous tourist destination. </p><p>A draft of the memorandum ofunderstanding (MoU) has been ini-tialled and the agreed minutes to thiseffect have also been cleared at thehighest level. The MoU delves intolabour mobility and manpower devel-opment, said the official.</p><p>Further details were announced lat-er at Kochi where Ravi addressed apress conference.</p><p>There are about 280,000 Indiansworking in Bahrain and nearly 80 per-cent of them are believed to be fromKerala.</p><p>India has signed similar labouragre...</p></li></ul>

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