Semne si simptome sugestive pt un anumit toxic.doc

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medicina, semne si simptome sugestive pt un anumit toxic

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SEMNE I SIMPTOME SUGESTIVE PENTRU UN ANUMIT TOXIC

SEMNE SI SIMPTOME SUGESTIVE PENTRU UN ANUMIT TOXICSemne i simptomeToxic

TegumenteIcterciuperci, Paracetamol, CCl4, arsen, fosfor, naftalin, nitrobenzen

Cianoz MetHb: nitrii, nitrai, nitrobenzen, colorani anilinici, clorhidrat, fenacetin; CO

Roea CO, cianuri, anticolinergice, acid boric

Transpiraiicolinergice, organofosforice, carbamati, metale grele, nicotina, alcool, insulina, nitrai, aspirin, floruri, ciuperci, fum, gaze iritante, amfetamin, cocain, LSD, barbiturice

Tegumente uscateanticolinergice, antihistaminice, botulism

Leziuni buloaseCO, barbiturice

Alopeciethaliu (otrav de obolani), Na, As, ergotamin, hipervit A

MucoaseUscateanticolinergice, cofein, sedative, opiacee, antiparkinsoniene, ciuperci, antialergice, Pb, botulism, K

Hipersalivaieorganofosforice, carbamati, ciuperci, metale grele, antidepresive, salicilai

Leziuni oralecorozive, paraquat

Lcrimarecaustice, organofosforice, gaze iritante

Gingii decolorate Pb, Hg, Bi, As

TemperaturHipotermieetanol, sedative hipnotice, barbiturice, antidepresive, fenotiazine, CO

Hipertermieanticolinergice, antihistaminice, antidepresive, atropin, fenotiazine, salicilai, amfetamine, cocain, teofilin

APARAT RESPIRATOR

HalenaAlcoolicetanol, methanol, isopropyl-alcool

Acetonaceton, isopropyl-alcool, metanol, salicilai, cianuri

Migdale amarecianuri, saruri Zn, nitrobenzol

Usturoimetale grele (P, As, Pb, thaliu), organofosforice

Petrolhidrocarburi distilate

Crbune arsCO

Parcloralhidrat

RespiraiiDepresie respiratoriealcool, opiacee, barbiturice (tardiv), sedative/ hipnotice, benzodiazepine, antidepresive, CO

Tahipneeamfetamine, cofein, cocain, barbiturice (iniial), atropin, CO, ciuperci, salicilai, cianuri, methanol, hidrocarburi

R Kussmaulsalicilai, amfetamine, methanol, etilenglicol

Wheezingorganofosforice, opiacee, somnifere, vapori de metale grele, gaze iritante (fosgen, nitrai)

Pneumoniehidrocarbonate

Edem pulmonaraspiraie, salicilati, opioide, S-mimetice

APARAT CARDIOVASCULAR

PulsBradicardiedigitalice, sedative hinotice, barbiturice, opioide, -blocani, blocani de Ca, organofosforice, carbamai, cianuri, CO, Clonidin

Tahicardiealcool, anticolinergice, antihistaminice, teofilin, S-mimetice (amfetamine, cofein, cocain, antigripale), aspirin, antidepresive

Aritmieanticolinergice, S-mimetice, antidepresive, digoxin, organofosforice, fenotiazine, -blocani, CO, cianuri, cloralhidrat

TAHipotensiuneAntihipertensive, barbiturice, benzodiazepine, -blocani, blocani de Ca, clonidin, cianuri, CO, metHb, opiacee, fenotiazine, antidepresive, Fe

HTAS-mimetice (amfetamine, remedii antigripale, cocain), fenciclidin, marijuana, anticolinergice, antihistaminice, organofosforice, sevraj alcoolic

APARAT DIGESTIV

Diaree, vrsturimetale grele (Fe, As, Pb, P), alcooli, caustice, digitalice, aspirin, ciuperci, organofosforice, plante, ac. oxalic, ac boric, morfin, nicotin

Hemoragie GIciuperci, corozive, Fe, metale grele, salicilai, antidepresive, alcool, nicotin, muscarin,

organofosforice, aminofilin

SNCConvulsiiorganofosforice, carbamai, CO, Pb, salicilai,

S-mimetice/ amfetamine, fenciclidin, atropina, nicotin, stricnin, cianuri,

teofilin, hipoglicemiante (etanol), fenotiazine, antihistaminice, antidepresive, isoniazid, Li

Fasciculaii musculareorganofosforice, teofilin

Slbiciune muscular, paralizieOrganofosforice, carbamai, metale grele, CO, botulism, plante toxice

HipertonieAnticolinergice, fenotiazine, stricnin

Mioclonii, rigiditateAnticolinergice, fenotiazine, haloperidol, antidepresive TCL

Delir/ psihozedroguri (S-mimetice, cocain, heroin, FC, LSD, marijuana, mescalin), alcool

anticolinergice, antihistaminice, fenotiazine, teofilin, metale grele (Pb), benzen, barbiturice

Halucinaiidroguri halucinogene, amfetamine, somnifere, alcool, aminofilin, anticolinergice, -blocante, Ca, digital, CO, metale grele, tetraetil de Pb

Ataxiealcool, barbiturice, benzodiazepine, antidepresive, anticolinergice, fenitoin, CO, metale grele (As, Pb), solveni organici

Tulburri de auzCO, metanol, salicilai, chinidin, Hg

CefaleeCO, nicotin, nitrii, NTG, dizolvani (aceton)

ComaComa linititalcooli (etanol), benzodiazepine, barbiturice, opiacee, cianuri, organofosforice, fenotiazine, antihistaminice, salicilai, benzen, cocain, cloroform

Coma agitatalcool, fenotiazine, anticolinergice, atropina, cocain, antidepresive, HIN, organoclorurate, salicilai, amfetamine, tetraetil de Pb

alte come: CO, metale grele, insulin

OCHIMioz

Midriaz

Nistagmus

Cecitate, atrofie optic