Preparing pre-service teachers to teach sexuality education
Debbie Ollis firstname.lastname@example.org Lyn Harrison email@example.com
Claire Maharaj firstname.lastname@example.org
Deakin University Faculty of Arts and Education
School of Education Burwood, Victoria
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AuthorsDebbie Ollis, Lyn Harrison and Claire Maharaj
PhotographyDonna Edwards, Deakin University. All photos used with permission.
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Suggested citationOllis, D, Harrison, L & Maharaj, C 2013, Sexuality Education Matters: Preparing pre-service teachers to teach sexuality education, Deakin University, Burwood, Vic.
Further informationFor more information about this publication contact: Dr Debbie Ollis, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Hwy, Burwood VIC 3125 Australia
Area of Study 1Setting the Context
Area of Study 2Gender, Power & Sexuality
Area of Study 3Diversity
Area of Study 4Discourses in Sexuality Education
Area of Study 5Frameworks, Policies & Approaches
Area of Study 6Plumbing & Sexual Health
Area of Study 7Sexuality & Relationships
Area of Study 8Dealing with Sexuality as a Whole-School Issue
Area of Study 9Assessment
Areas of Study
ContentsAreas of Study iiiContents ivAcknowledgments viIntroduction & Context 1Area of Study 1Setting the Context 9Introduction 101 Aims & expectations 132 Setting up safe learning spaces 163 Building an understanding of sexuality education 23Extra activities 27Additional information 32Resources 35Area of Study 2Gender, Power & Sexuality 37Introduction 381 Starting to unpack gender 422 A gender model 493 Gender & sexuality into practice 50Extra activities 59Resources 64Area of Study 3Diversity 65Introduction 661 Affirming diversity:
The big picture 702 A focus on sexual diversity 793 Understanding & including diversity in sexuality education 1003a Cultural & linguistic diversity 1023b Religious diversity 1063c Aboriginal & Torres Strait Islander diversity 1123d Diverse abilities 1183e Geographical diversity 1274 Reflection 131Extra activities 133Resources 135Area of Study 4Discourses in Sexuality Education 143Introduction 1441 Starting from lived experience 1472 What do we mean by discourse? 1493 Comparisons of sexuality education approaches 164Resources 165
ContentsArea of Study 5Frameworks, Policies & Approaches 167Introduction 1681 From international to local:
A look at what is needed for effective sexuality education 1712 A framework: From harm minimisation to a strengths-based approach 188Resources 199Area of Study 6Plumbing & Sexual Health 201Introduction 2021 Secondary students & sexual health 2062 Sexuality education in primary schools 2083 Safer sex education 223Extra activities 238Resources 253Area of Study 7Sexuality & Relationships 255Introduction 2561 Respectful relationships 2602 Understanding & practice in gender-based violence education 2803 Pornography, sexualisation, young people & relationships 307Resources 352Area of Study 8Dealing with Sexuality as a Whole-School Issue 355Introduction 3561 The whole-schoool community 3592 Implementation in the classroom 388Extra activities 392Resources 396Area of Study 9Assessment 397Introduction 3981 Example assessment methods 4012 Additional assessment suggestions 412Resources 414Final activityBringing it all together 417Bringing it all together 418ReferencesWorks cited in this resource 422
We have developed this resource with funding from the Sexual Health and Viral Hepatitis Unit of the Victorian Department of Health. It draws and expands on previous resources and programs developed by Debbie Ollis and is largely based on the sexuality education unit Teaching Sexuality Education in the Middle Years, developed and taught by Debbie Ollis and Lyn Harrison at Deakin University.
We would like to thank the following groups and individuals for their advice and guidance:
Sexuality Education Matters Steering CommitteeAnne Mitchell, Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health and Society (ARCSHS)Kylie Stephens, Melbourne UniversityAmanda Mooney, Ballarat UniversityKatherine Reed, Victorian Department of Human Services (DHS)Steven OConnor, Department of Education and Early Childhood Development (DEECD)Nerida Matthews, Victorian Curriculum and Assessment Authority (VCAA)Health and Physical Education Teacher Educators Alliance Victoria (HEPTA-V)
Pre-service Teachers Consultation
Jacqui Peters, Deakin UniversityJenny Walsh, La Trobe UniversityMaree Crabbe, Brophy Foundation Mary-Lou Rasmussen, Monash UniversityCathleen Farrelly, La Trobe UniversityZali Yager, La Trobe UniversityNerida Matthews, VCAALiz Weir, Australian Catholic UniversityMichael Crowhurst, RMIT UniversityLinda Kirkman, La Trobe UniversityEmma Price, Centre Against Sexual Assault
Pam Blackman, La Trobe UniversityChris Brown, Ballarat UniversityMandy Stevens, Family Planning VictoriaSteven OConnor, DEECDAmanda Mooney, Ballarat UniversityKristen Le Gassick, DEECDKristen Douglas, DEECDAnna Dansie, DEECDClare Grogan, DEECD
We would also like to thank the pre-service and in-service teachers who have been instrumental in trialling these materials and providing rich insights as part of our research more broadly, and to inform Sexuality Education Matters.
In particular we would like to thank the following pre-service teachers:
Jo Bayes, David Bucknell and Jarrod Noll for sharing their assessment tasks as part of the resource
Jo Bayes, Stephanie Boemo, Simon Brown, David Bucknell, Tess Smith, Jarrod Noll, Ken Millar, Sally Parkinson, Greg Rogash and Lisa Wiffen for agreeing to be filmed for the DVD and sharing their experience of pre-service sexuality education.
We would also like to thank and acknowledge:
Anthony Richardson and Laurel McKenzie for their contributions to the literature reviews included in the resource
Maree Crabbe and David Corlett for assistance with the development of the pornography sub-area of study
- Kristy Lang, Kathleen Cooper and Jan Dunlop from the Southern Teaching Unit for their input
Anne Savige for her administrative support throughout the project.
Sexuality Education Mattersvi
Little is known about the provision of sexuality education in pre-service teacher education programs. In 2009 the Victorian Health Department commissioned research to map and document the extent and content of current programs in Victorian universities and make some assessment of how teachers are trained (Carman, Mitchell & Walsh 2009). This report found that little teacher education exists for pre-service secondary teachers and even less for primary teachers. In most cases, sexuality education will be allocated only a few hours in secondary health and physical education courses, and is increasingly being integrated with more general content related to student health and wellbeing.
Primary school teachers are rarely prepared with the knowledge, skills and understandings to confidently and competently address sexuality education (Leahy, Horne & Harrison 2004; Harrison & Ollis 2011). Yet, sexuality does not suddenly emerge at secondary schools. Primary school students live in a social contex