Soalan Pep Kertas 2 Akhir Tahun Ting 2.doc

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Section A

Bahagian A[40 marks]

[40 markah]

Answer all questions.

Jawab semua soalan.

1Diagram 1 shows a section of the human skin.

Rajah 1 menunjukkan keratan kulit manusia.

Diagram 1 / Rajah 1(a) Match the receptors P, Q, R, and S to the following.

Padankan reseptor P, Q, R, dan S yang berikut.

( i ) Pain receptor:

Reseptor kesakitan ( ii ) Pressure receptor: .

Reseptor tekanan ( iii ) Cold receptor: ..

Reseptor kesejukan ( iv ) Touch receptor:

Reseptor sentuhan

[ 4 marks / 4 markah ]

(b) State two factors that effect the degree of sensitivity of the skin.

Nyatakan dua faktor yang memberi kesan kepada darjah kepekaan kulit.

( i ) .

.

( ii ) .[ 2 marks / 2 markah ]

2(a) Diagram 2.1 shows the food pyramid. Rajah 2.1 menunjukkan piramid makanan.Diagram 2.1 / Rajah 2.1

State two healthy eating habits based on this food pyramid.

Nyatakan dua tabiat makan yang sihat berdasarkan piramid makanan ini.

.

.

[ 2 marks / 2 markah]

(b) Diagram 2.2 shows classes of food. Rajah 2.2 menunjukkan kelas-kelas makanan.

Diagram 2.2 / Rajah 2.2

(i) What is class Y?

Apakah kelas Y?

[1 mark / 1 markah]

(ii) State one disadvantage of the insufficient intake of the class of food in 3(b)(i).

Nyatakan satu keburukan daripada kekurangan pengambilan kelas makanan di 3(b)(i).

[1 mark / 1 markah](iii) Why is fibre important in our diet.

Mengapakah serat penting dalam diet kita.

[1 mark / 1 markah]

(iv) Carbohydrates is one of the classes that are also known as nutrients. What are nutrients?

Karbohidrat adalah satu daripada kelas makanan yang juga dikenali sebagai nutrien. Apakah nutrien?

..

[1 mark / 1 markah]

3 Diagram 3.1 shows three animals.

Rajah 3.1 menunjukkan tiga ekor haiwan.

Animal J Animal K Animal L

Haiwan J Haiwan K Haiwan LDiagram 3.1 / Rajah 3.1(a) Which of the animal is theManakah haiwan adalah

(i) Most stable?: ........................................................................................................

Paling stabil

(ii) Least stable?: .......................................................................................................

Paling kurang stabil

[ 2 marks / 2 markah]

(b) Briefly explain your answer in (a)(i)

Jelaskan secara ringkas jawapan anda di (a)(i)

......................................................................................................................................

[ 1 mark / 1 markah](c) How does animal J obtain its stability when drinking water from the river?

Bagaimanakah haiwan J mencapai kestabilan apabila meminum air di sungai?

......................................................................................................................................

[ 1 mark / 1 markah]

(d) Digram 3.2 shows two models of cars.

Rajah 3.2 menunjukkan dua model kereta

Diagram 3.2 / Rajah 3.2(i) State two features of car H that make it most stable than car G?Nyatakan dua sifat kereta H yang menjdikannya lebih stabil daripada kereta G?1. .....................................................................................................................

2. ..............................................................................................................................

[ 2marks / 2 markah]4.

Diagram 4.1 shows the set-up of an experiment. The two plants are kept in the dark for three days before the experiment started.

Rajah 4.1 menunjukkan susunan radas bagi satu eksperimen. Kedua-dua tumbuhan itu disimpankan dalam kegelapan selama 3 hari sebelum eksperimen itu dimulakan.

Diagram 4.1 / Rajah 4.1(a) What is the aim of this experiment?

Apakah tujuan eksperimen ini?

...........................................................................................................................................

[ 1 mark / 1 markah](b) What is the purpose of sodium hydroxide in set P?

Apakah tujuan natrium hidroksida dalam set P?

..

[ 1 mark / 1 markah ](c) The leaf from each set of plant is tested with iodine solution. Complete Table 1.

Daun daripada setiap set tumbuhan diuji dengan larutan iodin. Lengkapkan Jadual 1.Set

SetObservation

Pemerhatian

P

Q

Table 1/ Jadual 1

[ 2marks / 2 markah ]

(d) State one source carbon dioxide gas in air.

Nyatakan satu sumber gas karbon dioksida dalam udara.

[ 1 mark / 1 markah ]

(e) Complete the equation for photosynthesis below.

Lengkapkan persamaan bagi fotosintesis di bawah.

Carbon dioxide + water P + oxygen

P : ......................................................................................................................................[ 1 mark / 1 markah ]5

Diagram 5.1 shows three identical handkerchiefs, P, Q and R. All the handkerchiefs are wet and are dried under the hot sun for 2 hours in the following manner. Handkerchief P is folded into 4, handkerchief Q is folded into 2 and handkerchief R is not folded.

Rajah 5.1 menunjukkan tiga sapu tangan, P, Q dan R yang serupa. Semua sapu tangan itu adalah basah dan dijemur di bawah cahaya matahari selama 2 jam dalam keadaan berikut: Sapu tangan P dilipat 4, sapu tangan Q dilipat 2 dan sapu tangan R tidak dilipat.

Diagram 5.1 / Rajah 5.1(a) (i)

Which handkerchief will dry first?

Sapu tangan yang manakah akan kering dahulu?

_______________________________________________________________[1 mark / 1 markah ]

(ii)

Give one reason for your answers in 5 (a) (i).

Beri satu sebab bagi jawapan di 5 (a) (i).

______________________________________________________________[1 mark / 1 markah ](b) Haris wears a wet shirt. He stands under a moving fan to dry the shirt. Explain how the situation can help Haris to dry his shirt.Haris memakai baju yang basah. Untuk mengeringkan baju itu, dia berdiri di bawah kipas angin yang berputar.

Terangkan bagaimana keadaan itu boleh membantu Haris mengeringkan bajunya.

______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________[ 2 marks / 2 markah ]

(c)Diagram 5.2 shows pictures of three states of matter.

Rajah 5.2 menunjukkan gambar bagi tiga keadaan jirirn.

Picture 1 Picture 2 Picture 3

Gambar 1 Gambar 2 Gambar 3

___________________________________________________________Diagram 5.2 / Rajah 5.2(i) On Diagram 5.2, label the states of matter for each picture using the following words: Pada Rajah 5.2, labelkan keadaan jirim bagi setiap gambar menggunakan perkataan berikut:

GasSolidLiquid

GasPepejalCecair

[ 2 marks / 2 markah ](ii)Based on Pictures 1, 2 and 3, draw diagrams to show the arrangement of the particles in each state of matter.

Berdasarkan Gambar 1, Gambar 2 dan Gambar 3, lukiskan gambar rajah untuk menunjukkan susunan zarah-zarah bagi setiap keadaan jirim.

Picture 1 Picture 2 Picture 3

Gambar 1 Gambar 2 Gambar 3

[ 2 marks / 2 markah ]

6.

Figure 6.1 shows a wheelbarrow.

Rajah 6.1 menunjukkan sebuah kereta sorong.

Diagram 6.1 / Rajah 6.1(a) On Diagram 6.1 label the position of the fulcrum.

Pada Rajah 6.1, labelkan kedudukan fulkrum.

[ 1 mark / 1 markah ](b) (i) Based on Diagram 6.1, state the class of lever of the wheelbarrow.

Berdasarkan Rajah 6.1, nyatakan kelas tuas bagi kereta sorong itu.

_________________________________________________________________[1 mark / 1markah]

(ii)Give one reason for your answer in (b)(i).

Berikan satu sebab bagi jawapan di (b)(i).

_________________________________________________________________[1 mark / 1markah] (c) Based on Diagram 6.2 choose one tool with the same class of lever as the wheelbarrow in Diagram 6.1

Berdasarkan Rajah 6.2 pilih satu alat yang sama kelas tuasnya dengan kereta sorong dalam Rajah 6.1Mark () in the box for the tool. Tandakan () pada petak bagi alat itu.

Figure 6.2 / Rajah 6.2[ 1 mark / 1 markah ]

(d) Diagram 6.3 shows the situation when a force and a load are balanced. Rajah 6.3 menunjukkan keadaan daya dan beban dalam keadaan seimbang.

Diagram 6.3 / Rajah 6.3Calculate force P needed to balance the metre rule.

Hitungkan daya P yang diperlukan untuk menyeimbangkan pembaris meter itu.

Use the following formula:

Load X Distance of load from fulcrum = Force X Distance of force from the fulcrum Gunakan rumus berikut:

Beban X Jarak beban dari fulkrum = Daya X Jarak daya dari fulkrum

[ 2 marks / 2 markah ](e)Diagram 6.4 shows a worker carrying a load using a whell-barrow.

Rajah 6.4 menunjukkan seorang pekerja membawa beban menggunakan kereta sorong.

Diagram 6.4 / Rajah 6.4Draw a lever system for the wheel-barrow and label the position of load, force and fulcrum. Lukis satu sistem tuas bagi kereta sorong itu dan labelkan kedudukan beban, daya dan fulkrum.

[ 2 marks / 2 markah ]Section B

Bahagian B

[ 20 marks ]

[20 markah ]

Answer all questions.

Jawab semua soalan7Diagram 8 s