Social Work 18a- Report

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REPORT ON POLITICS AND SOCIAL WORK Social Work 18a- Social Services and Related Disciplines MWF, 4pm-5pm, Academic Year 2011-2012 Room 403, Waldo Perfecto Bldg., Saint Louis University, Bonifacio St., Baguio City

I.

INTRODUCTION:

The term Politics is derived from the Greek word polis which means a city and/or a state. It is defined as the art or science of governing and/or government especially the governing of a political entity such as a nation and the administration and control of its internal and external affairs.

To understand politics in a broader sense, we will use a way of modeling different political positions by placing them into a geometric axes symbolizing independent dimensions which is called as the political spectrum

It is divided by the ideologies in the left and the right, and the ideologies upwards and downwards. To the right are the conservatives, to the left would be the liberals, to the upperwing would be the libertarians, to the lower-wing would be the statists or sometimes referred as authoritarians, and to those who attempt to blend these ideologies are referred as centrists.

II.

THE RELATIONSHIP OF AN IDEOLOGY TO SOCIAL WELFARE

Each Ideology in the political spectrum has different viewpoints in the relationship of the state to the people which shall be presented by determining the social, economic, political, beliefs as well as their views on social welfare and the nature of the social work practice. This includes Neo-Conservatism, Liberalism, Social Democracy, and Marxism as well as including the viewpoints of the order and conflict perspective and the emerging trends of the progressive view on social work and the structural social work theory.

REPORT ON THE RELATIONSHIP OF SOCIAL WORK AND POLITICS BY EDUARD AUNG COLOD KYU JR., PATRICK PAHIGON BABAYONGAN, and HERSHEE GAYBAN MOLINAPage 1 of 16

REPORT ON POLITICS AND SOCIAL WORK Social Work 18a- Social Services and Related Disciplines MWF, 4pm-5pm, Academic Year 2011-2012 Room 403, Waldo Perfecto Bldg., Saint Louis University, Bonifacio St., Baguio City

Neo-Conservatism:

Social Beliefs: Freedom (from government coercion), Individualism, and Inequality. Economic Beliefs: Free Market, Competitive Capitalism, and Private Ownership Political Beliefs: Elite Rule, Depoliticization of the economic system, a strong emphasis on Law, Order, & Stability, and as well as Paternalism View of Social Welfare: Fundamentally Hostile Ideal = residual model Nature of Social Work Practice: Use of coercive measures to make people look after themselves, control peoples behavior, poor law treatment of separating the deserving and the undeserving, emphasize investigation, and monitoring to prevent cheating the system.

Liberalism

Social Beliefs: Freedom, Individualism, Inequality (in a humanitarian and pragmatic sense) Economic Beliefs: Competitive Capitalism with Government intervention (i.e. mixed economy) Political Beliefs: Representative Democracy, and Pluralism View of Social Welfare: An instrument to modify negative aspects of capitalism, Ideal = Institutional model, provides the social minimum. Nature of Social Work Practice: Personal Reform, Limited Social Reform, and Advocacy.

REPORT ON THE RELATIONSHIP OF SOCIAL WORK AND POLITICS BY EDUARD AUNG COLOD KYU JR., PATRICK PAHIGON BABAYONGAN, and HERSHEE GAYBAN MOLINAPage 2 of 16

REPORT ON POLITICS AND SOCIAL WORK Social Work 18a- Social Services and Related Disciplines MWF, 4pm-5pm, Academic Year 2011-2012 Room 403, Waldo Perfecto Bldg., Saint Louis University, Bonifacio St., Baguio City Social Democracy

Social Beliefs: Participation.

Humanitarianism,

Collectivism,

Equality,

Freedom,

and

Democratic

Economic Beliefs: Government Intervention, Public control of the means of production and distribution, equitable distribution of income and opportunities. Political Beliefs: Participatory decision-making in all areas of life, capitalism can be transformed by a social democracy into a better form of socialism, and the state has the highest positive role to perform in the society. View of Social Welfare: Welfare Capitalism can be used as stepping stone to a socialist state. Ideal: Social Welfare State = structural model. Nature of Social Work Practice: Provide practical humanitarian care to casualties of capitalism, further the democratization and restructuring of society along socialist lines.

Marxism

Social Beliefs: Liberty, Collectivism, and Equality Economic Beliefs: Public ownership of means of production, industrial democracy, distribution of resources according to need, and a planned economy. Political Beliefs: Government planning, participatory democracy, parliamentary system of government, and transformation of capitalism into socialism/communism by class conflict. View of Social Welfare: Welfare capitalism props up capitalism but also represents the fruits of the working-class efforts. Ideal: Social Welfare State = Structural Model Nature of Social Work Practice: Revolutionary Marxists doesnt acknowledge a role of Social Workers for Social Transformation in a capitalist society. Evolutionary Marxists see the practice of Social Work as similar to its role in Social Democracy but emphasizes and adheres more into class conflict. REPORT ON THE RELATIONSHIP OF SOCIAL WORK AND POLITICS BY EDUARD AUNG COLOD KYU JR., PATRICK PAHIGON BABAYONGAN, and HERSHEE GAYBAN MOLINAPage 3 of 16

REPORT ON POLITICS AND SOCIAL WORK Social Work 18a- Social Services and Related Disciplines MWF, 4pm-5pm, Academic Year 2011-2012 Room 403, Waldo Perfecto Bldg., Saint Louis University, Bonifacio St., Baguio City

Order Perspective:

Nature of Existence: Competitive, Contentious, Individualistic, and Acquisitive. Nature Social Institutions: It must endure and regulate human interactions to avoid disorder. Nature of Society: It consists of interdependent and integrated institutions and a supportive ideological base; viewed as an organism or system with each part contributing to the maintenance of a whole. Continuity of Social Institutions: It prevails because of agreements among societys members. Nature and Relationship between people and the society: The members are expected to conform and adapt to consensus-based social arrangements. Nature of Social Problems: Socialization will occasionally fail whereby reverence for institutions and respect for rules will not be learned; such occurrence on a large scale is a social problem. Approach to Social Problems: A) Behavior must be changed through resocialization or neutralized through formal systems of state control. B) Social Change can only involve minor adjustments that are consistent with the nature of the existing system. Ideologies: Neo-conservatism, and Liberalism

Conflict Perspective

Nature of Existence: Cooperative, Collective, and Social

REPORT ON THE RELATIONSHIP OF SOCIAL WORK AND POLITICS BY EDUARD AUNG COLOD KYU JR., PATRICK PAHIGON BABAYONGAN, and HERSHEE GAYBAN MOLINAPage 4 of 16

REPORT ON POLITICS AND SOCIAL WORK Social Work 18a- Social Services and Related Disciplines MWF, 4pm-5pm, Academic Year 2011-2012 Room 403, Waldo Perfecto Bldg., Saint Louis University, Bonifacio St., Baguio City Nature Social Institutions: Dynamic with no sacred standing as well as facilitate cooperation, sharing, and common interests Nature of Society: In a society of structural inequality the social nature of human existence is denied with social institutions serving private rather than public interests. Continuity of Social Institutions: It prevails in a class-divided society because of control and coercion. Nature and Relationship between people and the society: There is acceptance, conformity, and adaptation to a coercive social order is questioned. Nature of Social Problems: Faulty socialization is more of a matter of defective rules than defective control; rules are problematic. Approach to Social Problems: Institutions and Ideology must be changed to protect the social nature of human existence. Behavioral change can only involve minor adjustments consistent with cooperative and collective nature of society; massive commitment to behavioral change is a form of blaming the victims. Ideologies: Social Democracy, and Marxism

As a result of these ideologies an emerging trend of a progressive view on social work and the structural social work theory was developed.

The Progressive Social Work Ideals and Beliefs

Social Beliefs: Humanitarianism, Community, and Equality Economic Beliefs: Government intervention, Social Priorities dominates economic decisions, and equitable distribution of societys resources. Political Beliefs: Participatory Democracy (Self-determination) on both governmental and nongovernmental areas. View on Social Welfare: An instrument to promote equality, solidarity, and community. REPORT ON THE RELATIONSHIP OF SOCIAL WORK AND POLITICS BY EDUARD AUNG COLOD KYU JR., PATRICK PAHIGON BABAYONGAN, and HERSHEE GAYBAN MOLINAPage 5 of 16

REPORT ON POLITICS AND SOCIAL WORK Social Work 18a- Social Services and Related Disciplines MWF, 4pm-5pm, Academic Year 2011-2012 Room 403, Waldo Perfecto Bldg., Saint Louis University, Bonifacio St., Baguio City Principles of Social Work Practice: Treat people with respect, enhance dignity and integrity, facilitate self-determination and self-realization, accept differences, lastly, advocate and promote social justice.

The Structural Social Work Theory

It is a theory on Social Work with a socialist ideology, a radical social work heritage, a critical theory base, an adaptation of the conflict perspective with the dialectical analysis, the inclusion of the all the forms of oppression, and a conceptual framework that incorporates and integrate