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Socioemotional Development In Infancy Chapter 6 © 2013 by McGraw-Hill Education. This is proprietary material solely for authorized instructor use. Not

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Text of Socioemotional Development In Infancy Chapter 6 © 2013 by McGraw-Hill Education. This is...

  • Socioemotional Development In InfancyChapter 6 2013 by McGraw-Hill Education. This is proprietary material solely for authorized instructor use. Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted on a website, in whole or part.

  • 6 - *Chapter OutlineEmotional and personality developmentSocial orientation/ understanding and attachmentSocial contexts 2013 by McGraw-Hill Education. This is proprietary material solely for authorized instructor use. Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted on a website, in whole or part.

  • 6 - *Emotional and Personality DevelopmentEmotional developmentTemperamentPersonality development

    Before we dive in, what are your thoughts on personality development from birth to adulthood? Do babies have personalities? Why or why not?

    2013 by McGraw-Hill Education. This is proprietary material solely for authorized instructor use. Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted on a website, in whole or part.

  • 6 - *Emotional DevelopmentEmotion: Feeling, or affect, that occurs when a person is in a state or interaction that is important to him or herIn other words it provides either a positive, negative, or neutral coloring of an event, thought, or behavior. Play important roles in:Communication with othersBehavioral organizationMotivation 2013 by McGraw-Hill Education. This is proprietary material solely for authorized instructor use. Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted on a website, in whole or part.

  • 6 - *Emotional DevelopmentBiological and environmental influencesCertain brain regions play a role in emotionsPrefrontal, Limbic area, amygdala, etc. Emotion-linked interchangesProvide the foundation for the infants developing attachment to the parentSocial relationshipsProvide the setting for the development of a rich variety of emotionsRelationships and culture provide diversity in emotional experiences 2013 by McGraw-Hill Education. This is proprietary material solely for authorized instructor use. Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted on a website, in whole or part.

  • 6 - *Emotional DevelopmentEarly emotionsPrimary emotions: Present in humans and other animals and emerge early in lifeSelf-conscious emotions: Require self-awareness, especially consciousness and a sense of meDirectly related to theory of mind acquisitionInterestingly, high functioning autism have increased self-consciousness but decreased ToM 2013 by McGraw-Hill Education. This is proprietary material solely for authorized instructor use. Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted on a website, in whole or part.

  • 6 - *Emotional Development 2013 by McGraw-Hill Education. This is proprietary material solely for authorized instructor use. Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted on a website, in whole or part.Emotional expression and social relationshipsCryingBasic cry: Rhythmic pattern usually consisting of :A cry Briefer silenceShorter inspiratory whistle that is higher pitched than the main cry Brief rest before the next cry

  • 6 - *Emotional DevelopmentAnger cry: Variation of the basic cry, with more excess air forced through the vocal cordsPain cry: Sudden long, initial loud cry followed by breath holding 2013 by McGraw-Hill Education. This is proprietary material solely for authorized instructor use. Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted on a website, in whole or part.

  • 6 - *Emotional DevelopmentSmilingReflexive smile: Smile that does not occur in response to external stimuliSocial smile: In response to an external stimulusFearStranger anxiety: Fear and wariness of strangersSeparation protest: Distressed crying when the caregiver leaves 2013 by McGraw-Hill Education. This is proprietary material solely for authorized instructor use. Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted on a website, in whole or part.

  • 6 - *Emotional DevelopmentEmotional regulation and copingCaregivers actions and contexts can influence emotional regulation (i.e., limbic development)Orbitoprefrontal area especiallySoothing a crying infant helps infants develop a sense of trust and secure attachment to the caregiver 2013 by McGraw-Hill Education. This is proprietary material solely for authorized instructor use. Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted on a website, in whole or part.

  • 6 - *TemperamentIndividual differences in behavioral styles, emotions, and characteristic ways of respondingDescribing and classifying temperamentChess and Thomas classificationEasy child: Generally in a positive moodQuickly establishes regular routines in infancyAdapts easily to new experiences 2013 by McGraw-Hill Education. This is proprietary material solely for authorized instructor use. Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted on a website, in whole or part.

  • 6 - *TemperamentDifficult child: Reacts negatively and cries frequentlyEngages in irregular daily routinesSlow to accept changeSlow-to-warm-up child: Low activity levelSomewhat negativeDisplays a low intensity of mood 2013 by McGraw-Hill Education. This is proprietary material solely for authorized instructor use. Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted on a website, in whole or part.

  • 6 - *Emotional and Personality DevelopmentBiological foundations and experienceBiological influencesContemporary view - Temperament is a biologically based but evolving aspect of behaviorGender, culture, and temperamentParents may react differently to an infants temperament depending on genderCultural differences in temperament were linked to parent attitude and behaviors 2013 by McGraw-Hill Education. This is proprietary material solely for authorized instructor use. Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted on a website, in whole or part.

  • 6 - *Emotional and Personality DevelopmentGoodness of fit: Match between a childs temperament and the environmental demands the child must cope with 2013 by McGraw-Hill Education. This is proprietary material solely for authorized instructor use. Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted on a website, in whole or part.

  • 6 - *Personality DevelopmentTrustDeveloping sense of selfIndependenceAutonomy versus shame and doubtEriksons theory of development 2013 by McGraw-Hill Education. This is proprietary material solely for authorized instructor use. Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted on a website, in whole or part.

  • 6 - *Social Orientation/Understandingand AttachmentSocial orientation/ understandingAttachment and its developmentIndividual differences in attachmentCaregiving styles and attachmentDevelopmental social neuroscience and attachmentOxytocin, serotonin, etc. 2013 by McGraw-Hill Education. This is proprietary material solely for authorized instructor use. Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted on a website, in whole or part.

  • 6 - *Social Orientation/UnderstandingSocial orientationFace-to-face playSocial referencing: Reading emotional cues in others to help determine how to act in a particular situation 2013 by McGraw-Hill Education. This is proprietary material solely for authorized instructor use. Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted on a website, in whole or part.

  • 6 - *Attachment and its DevelopmentAttachment: Close emotional bond between two peopleFreud - Infants become attached to the person that provides oral satisfactionHarlow - Contact comfort preferred over foodErikson - Trust arises from physical comfort and sensitive care 2013 by McGraw-Hill Education. This is proprietary material solely for authorized instructor use. Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted on a website, in whole or part.

  • 6 - *Attachment and its DevelopmentBowlby - Four phases of attachmentAttachment to human figuresFocus on one figureSpecific attachments developBecome aware of others feelings 2013 by McGraw-Hill Education. This is proprietary material solely for authorized instructor use. Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarde