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Specifications for resinous flooring: requirements and test ... ... NATIONALBUREAUOFSTANDARDSREPORT NBSPROJECT 4216448 December7,1971 NBSREPORT 10655 SPECIFICATIONSFORRESINOUSFLOORING-

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    NATIONAL BUREAU OF STANDARDS REPORT

    10 655

    SPECIFICATIONS FOR RESINOUS FLOORING -

    REQUIREMENTS AND TEST METHODS

    U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE

    NATIONAL BUREAU OF STANDARDS

  • NATIONAL BUREAU OF STANDARDS

    The National Bureau of Standards ' was established by an act of Congress March 3, 1901. Today,

    in addition to serving as the Nation’s central measurement laboratory, the Bureau is a principal

    focal point in the Federal Government for assuring maximum application of the physical and engineering sciences to the advancement of technology in industry and commerce. To this end the Bureau conducts research and provides central national services in four broad program

    areas. These are; (1) basic measurements and standards, (2) materials measurements and

    standards, (3) technological measurements and standards, and (4) transfer of technology.

    The Bureau comprises the Institute for Basic Standards, the Institute for Materials Research, the

    Institute for Applied Technology, the Center for Radiation Research, the Center for Computer

    Sciences and Technology, and the Office for Information Programs.

    THE INSTITUTE FOR BASIC STANDARDS provides the central basis within the United States of a complete and consistent system of physical measurement; coordinates that system with

    measurement systems of other nations; and furnishes essential services leading to accurate and

    uniform physical measurements throughout the Nation’s scientific community, industry, and com-

    merce. The Institute consists of an Office of Measurement Services and the following technical

    divisions:

    Applied Mathematics—Electricity—Metrology—Mechanics—Heat—Atomic and Molec- ular Physics—Radio Physics -—Radio Engineering -—Time and Frequency -

    Astro-

    physics -—Cryogenics.- THE INSTITUTE FOR MATERIALS RESEARCH conducts materials research leading to im- proved methods of measurement standards, and data on the properties of well-characterized

    materials needed by industry, commerce, educational institutions, and Government; develops,

    produces, and distributes standard reference materials; relates the physical and chemical prop-

    erties of materials to their behavior and their interaction with their environments; and provides

    advisory and research services to other Government agencies. The Institute consists of an Office

    of Standard Reference Materials and the following divisions:

    Analytical Chemistry—Polymers—Metallurgy—Inorganic Materials—Physical Chemistry. THE INSTITUTE FOR APPLIED TECHNOLOGY provides technical services to promote the use of available technology and to facilitate technological innovation in industry and Gov-

    ernment; cooperates with public and private organizations in the development of technological

    standards, and test methodologies; and provides advisory and research services for Federal, state,

    and local government agencies. The Institute consists of the following technical divisions and

    offices:

    Engineering Standards—Weights and Measures— Invention and Innovation — Vehicle Systems Research—Product Evaluation—Building Research—Instrument Shops—Meas- urement Engineering—Electronic Technology—Technical Analysis.

    THE CENTER FOR RADIATION RESEARCH engages in research, measurement, and ap- plication of radiation to the solution of Bureau mission problems and the problems of other agen-

    cies and institutions. The Center consists of the following divisions:

    Reactor Radiation—Linac Radiation—Nuclear Radiation—Applied Radiation. THE CENTER FOR COMPUTER SCIENCES AND TECHNOLOGY conducts research and provides technical services designed to aid Government agencies in the selection, acquisition,

    and effective use of automatic data processing equipment; and serves as the principal focus

    for the development of Federal standards for automatic data processing equipment, techniques,

    and computer languages. The Center consists of the following offices and divisions:

    Information Processing Standards—Computer Information— Computer Services— Sys- tems Development—Information Processing Technology.

    THE OFFICE FOR INFORMATION PROGRAMS promotes optimum dissemination and accessibility of scientific information generated within NBS and other agencies of the Federal government; promotes the development of the National Standard Reference Data System and a

    system of information analysis centers dealing with the broader aspects of the National Measure-

    ment System, and provides appropriate services to ensure that the NBS staff has optimum ac- cessibility to the scientific information of the world. The Office consists of the following

    organizational units;

    Office of Standard Reference Data—Clearinghouse for Federal Scientific and Technical Information ‘—Office of Technical Information and Publications—Library—Office of Public Information—Office of International Relations.

    ’ Headquarters and Laboratories at Gaithersburg. Maryland, unless otherwise noted: mailing address Washington, D.C. 20234. - Located at Boulder, Colorado 80302.

    “ Located at 5285 Port Royal Road, Springfield, Virginia 22151.

  • NATIONAL BUREAU OF STANDARDS REPORT

    NBS PROJECT 4216448 December 7, 1971

    NBS REPORT

    10 655

    SPECIFICATIONS FOR RESINOUS FLOORING -

    REQUIREMENTS AND TEST METHODS

    by

    Winthrop C. Wolfe

    Materials Durability and Analysis Section

    Building Research Division

    National Bureau of Standards

    Washington, D.C. 20234

    Sponsored by

    Office of the Chief of Engineers, U. S. Army

    Directorate of Civil Engineering, U. S. Air Force

    Naval Facilities Engineering Command, U. S. Navy

    NATIONAL BUREAU OF STAN for use within the Government. Bel

    and review. For this reason, the pi

    whole or in part, is not authorizec

    Bureau of Standards, Washington, !

    the Report has been specifically prt

    IMPORTANT NOTICE

    Approved for public release by the director of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)

    on October 9, 2015

    jccounting documents intended

    )jected to additional evaluation

    ting of this Report, either in

    iffice of the Director, National

    he Government agency for which

    es for its own use.

    U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE

    NATIONAL BUREAU OF STANDARDS

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  • TABLE OF CONTENTS Page

    INTRODUCTION 1

    1.0 Corps of Engineers Guide Specifications for Resinous Floors. First Drafts 1

    1.1 Comments on Corps of Engineers Draft Guide Specifications. 2

    1.2 Review of Guide Specification by ASTM 3

    1.3 Guide Specifications issued by the Corps of Engineers .... 4

    1.3.1 OCE Guide Specification GE 244.02, RESINOUS TERRAZZO FLOORING 4

    1.3.2 OCE Guide Specification 244.03, INDUSTRIAL RESINOUS FLOORING 5

    1.3.3 OCE Guide Specification CE 244.04, CONDUCTIVE RESINOUS TERRAZZO FLOORING 6

    1.3.4 OCE Guide Specification CE 244.05, CONDUCTIVE SPARKPROOF INDUSTRIAL RESINOUS FLOORING 6

    2.0 National Terrazzo and Mosaic Association (NTMA) Specifications 7

    2.1 NTMA Specification for Conductive Epoxy Resin Terrazzo.... 8

    2.1.1 NTMA 1.10 PERFORMANCE AND PROPERTIES OF CONDUCTIVE EPOXY MATRIX 8

    2.1.2 NTMA 1.11 PERFORMANCE AND PROPERTIES OF CONDUCTIVE EPOXY TERRAZZO 9

    2.2 NTMA Specification for Conductive Polyester Resin Terrazzo 9

    2.2.1 NTMA 1.10 PERFORMANCE AND PROPERTIES 9

    2.3 NTMA Specification for Epoxy Resin Terrazzo 11

    2.3.1 NTMA 1.10 PERFORMANCE AND PROPERTIES OF EPOXY MATRIX 11

    2.3.2 NTMA 1.11 PERFORMANCE AND PROPERTIES OF EPOXY RESIN TERRAZZO 11

    2.4 NTMA Specification for Polyester Resin Terrazzo 11

    2.5 NTMA Specification for Latex Matrix Terrazzo 11

    2.5.1 NTMA 1.10 PERFORMANCE AND PROPERTIES 11

    3.0 Tentative Specification for Resinous Chemical Resistant Monolithic Surfacings of ASTM Committee C-3 16

  • TABLE OF CONTENTS - continued

    Page

    4.0 Measurement by Building Research Division of Physical Properties of Resin Mixes 28

    4.1 Compressive strength 29

    4.2 Shrinkage on curing and coefficient of thermal expansion.. 31

    4.3 Flexural strength and Flexural modulus of elasticity 34

    4.4 Tensile strength 36

    4.5 Comparison of BRD values with values of physical properties in ASTM specification 36

    5.0 Conclusions and recommendations 41

    ii

  • SPECIFICATIONS FOR RESINOUS FLOORING - REQUIREMENTS AND TEST METHODS

    INTRODUCTION

    At the request of the U. S. Army, Office of the Chief of

    Engineers (OCE) , The Building Research Division (BRD) reviewed the

    Guide Specifications for Military Construction dealing with resinous flooring, described in Part 1 of the re