Spices Caravel Prince Henry Bartolomeu Dias Vasco da Gama Line of Demarcation Treaty of Tordesillas Challenger to Portugal

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Slide 2 Slide 3 Spices Caravel Prince Henry Bartolomeu Dias Vasco da Gama Line of Demarcation Treaty of Tordesillas Challenger to Portugal Slide 4 Spices Most important trade good from the East Italy Profited the most from trade with the East after the Crusades Slide 5 Motives behind European exploration Slide 6 Could sail effectively against the wind Portugal Leader in developing and applying sailing innovations Slide 7 The Navigator Portuguese leader in overseas exploration Founded a navigation school Slide 8 Bartolomeu Dias Captained the first ship to sail around the tip of Africa AKA: Cape of Good Hope Slide 9 Vasco da Gama Gained Portugal a sea route between Portugal and India Slide 10 Both made exploration claims Line of Demarcation Established a boundary between new land each could claim Treaty of Tordesillas Purpose Decrease conflict over claiming of new lands Slide 11 Netherlands(Dutch) Dominated Indian Ocean trade by 1700 Slide 12 Slide 13 Ming Dynasty Qing Dynasty Slide 14 Ruled China at the end of the Mongol rule Hongwu Son of peasants Founded the Ming Dynasty Yonglo Attempted to expand Chinas tribute system Sponsored voyages of exploration Slide 15 Yonglo Moved the Chinese capital to Beijing Built the Forbidden City Slide 16 Zheng He Led all seven exploration voyages Slide 17 Foreign trade Only conducted by the government Slide 18 Founded in the mid 1600s by the Manchus Rulers Kangxi Reduced government spending Lowered taxes Supported intellectuals by offering government positions Qian-long Slide 19 Dutch Accepted Chinese restictions Paid tribute to the emporer Gifts kowtow ritual Slide 20 Manchus Korea A vassal state Slide 21 Slide 22 Daimyo Oda Nobunaga Tokugawa Ieyasu Tokugawa Ieyasu cont. Christian Missionaries Japan Slide 23 ChinaJapan Slide 24 lords in a new kind of Japanese feudalism Slide 25 rule ended the "warring states" period did not succeed in unifying Japan Slide 26 1600 Finally unified Japan Used the "alternate attendance policy" to control the daimyo Slide 27 Founded the Tokugawa Shogunate Military government Slide 28 Successful Upset Tokugawa Ieyasu Feared religious uprising Slide 29 Japan remained closed to Europeans for more than 200 years. Slide 30 China Japan