Square One Presents – “The Pipeliner” - Special Presentations/The Pipeliner...Square One Presents – “The Pipeliner ... Microsoft PowerPoint - The Pipeliner presentation Author: xp pro Created Date: 6/17/2011 9:33:25 AM ...

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  • Square One Presents The Pipeliner

    One Chemists Quest for the Holy Grail of Compressed Gas Design Information for High Purity Installations.

  • What is The Pipeliner?

    Thedesignbibleofhighpuritycompressedgas

    Whatis ThePipeliner ?

    g g p y p gdeliverysystems???

    Your personal road map to the successful design Yourpersonalroadmaptothesuccessfuldesignandinstallationofhighpuritygasdeliverysystems???

    Everythingyoualwayswantedtoknowaboutcompressed gases and equipment but didnt knowcompressedgasesandequipment,butdidn tknowwhotoask!

    Y h f h H l G l f d Your journey on the quest for the Holy Grail of compressed gasknowledge has just begun.

  • How do we achieve a successful project?Howdoweachieveasuccessfulproject?

  • Keys to SuccessKeystoSuccess

    Asking the right questions!Askingtherightquestions!

    The goal of the presentation is to teach youThegoalofthepresentationistoteachyouhowtoasktherightquestions.

  • What are the right questions?Whataretherightquestions?

    Letsstartwithanapplication

    GASCHROMATOGRAPHY

    QUESTION#1:

    What is the application?Whatistheapplication?

    SeePg.18

  • WhatisaGCandd kHowdoesitwork?

    Agaschromatographisananalyticalinstrumentusedtoseparateandidentifyindividualgases/compoundsinasample.

    Itgenerallyrequiresacarriergas,suchasheliumorg y q g ,nitrogenandaprocessgas,suchashydrogenandair.

  • What are the right questions?Whataretherightquestions?

    Question#2:Quest o : Whatarethegasesrequired? InourGCExample

    Helium=CarrierGas Hydrogen&Air=ProcessGases

    Ingeneral,anapplicationmayrequire3differentkindsofgasesg Carrier,Process&PurgeGases Canalsohavecalibrationgas

  • What are the right questions?Whataretherightquestions?

    Question #3Question#3.Whataremymaterialsofconstruction?

    Gasservice/MaterialsCompatability &GaspuritySeePg.10&20

    CanIusebrassorstainlesssteel?(HARD)

    WhattypesofsoftmaterialscanIuse?

  • Gas Purity LevelsGasPurityLevels

    SeePg.10

  • Materials Compatibility ChartMaterialsCompatibilityChart

    Payattentiontothree(3)areas:1.Metals2.Plastics3.Elastomers

    SeePg.20

  • What are the right questions?Whataretherightquestions?

    Question#4:Quest o : Whatarethepressureandflowrequirements?

    A.Inletpressure

    B Delivery Pressure and/or PointofUse Pressure B.DeliveryPressureand/orPoint of UsePressure

    C.Flow,generallyexpressedinSCFH( d d bi f h )(standardcubicfeetperhour)

    D.Pipevs.TubePressure&FlowCalcs

  • What are the right questions?Whataretherightquestions?

    Question #4A:Question#4A: Whatistheinletpressure?

    Question#5:/ Whatisthesourceofsupplyofthegas/liquid?

    WhatistheCGAconnection?Thingsthatmakeyougohmmm

  • GasSupplyModes TheanswertodQuestions4A.And5.

    SeePg.12&13

  • Gas Supply Modes, contGasSupplyModes,cont

    SeePg.14

  • Common Gases Reference InfoCommonGases ReferenceInfo

    Typical A size cylinder of Helium NitrogenTypical A sizecylinderofHelium,Nitrogen,Argon,Air,OxygenorHydrogen 9 x 55 9 x55 3,000psigrated,actual~2,640psig@70F~250 350 cubic feet ~250350cubicfeet

    TypicalAsizecylinderofNitrousOxideGas 9x55 3,000psigrated,actual~745psig@70F 65Lbs.or~570cubicfeet

  • Common Gases Reference InfoCommonGases ReferenceInfo

    Typical B size cylinder of Carbon Dioxide GasTypical B sizecylinderofCarbonDioxideGas 9x513 000 psig rated actual ~ 830 psig @ 70F 3,000psigrated,actual 830psig@70F

    ~39Lbs.or~341cubicfeetT i l d f C b Di id Li id Typicaldewar ofCarbonDioxideLiquid Size~20x~62 350psigrated,actualwillvary ~375Lbs.or~3,200cubicfeet

  • Common Gases Reference InfoCommonGases ReferenceInfo

    Gases&CGAConnections

    Air,Compressed/Medical =CGA346 Air,Industrial =CGA590 Argon =CGA580 CarbonDioxide =CGA320 Helium =CGA580 Hydrogen =CGA350 Nitrogen =CGA580 NitrousOxide =CGA326 Oxygen =CGA540

    Mixtures ASKYOURGASSUPPLIER!

  • What are the right questions?Whataretherightquestions?

    Question #4:Question#4: Whatarethepressureandflowrequirements?

    A.Inletpressure determinedbythesourceofsupply.p y pp yCheckwiththegassupplierifyouareunsure.

    B Delivery Pressure and/or Point of Use Pressure B.DeliveryPressureand/orPointofUsePressure C.Flow,generallyexpressedinSCFH(standardcubicfeetperhour)( p )

    Checkwiththeenduserorconsultinstallationandoperatingmanual for given piece of analytical equipmentmanualforgivenpieceofanalyticalequipment.

  • Pipes&Tubes&Calcs OHMY!!!

    SeePg.22 SeePg.26

  • Pipes&Tubes&Calcs OHMY!!!

    SeePg.23 SeePg.24 SeePg.25

  • Pipes&Tubes&Calcs OHMY!!!

    SeePg.27

  • Question ReviewQuestionReview

    Question #1: What is the application? Question#1:Whatistheapplication? Question#2:Whatarethegasesrequired? Question #3: What are my materials of Question#3:Whataremymaterialsofconstruction?

    Question #4: What are the pressure and Question#4:Whatarethepressureandflowrequirements?

    Question #5: What is the source of supply?Question#5:Whatisthesourceofsupply?

  • How do we control the system?Howdowecontrolthesystem?

    Question #6: What type of manifold do IQuestion#6:WhattypeofmanifolddoIneed? How critical is the supply of gas to the application? Howcriticalisthesupplyofgastotheapplication?

    Notcritical,lowdemandProtocolStation Not critical, higher demand Simplex, ManualNotcritical,higherdemandSimplex,ManualChangeover

    CriticalAutomaticChangeover SuperCriticalFullyAutomaticSwitchover

  • SeePg.16&17

  • GC Ex. Controlling the GasesGCEx.ControllingtheGases

    SeePg.18

  • How do we the system?Howdowethesystem?

    Question #7: How many cylinders do I need?Question#7:HowmanycylindersdoIneed? RecallQuestion#4CFlowRequirements

    On average cylinder change outs/delivery should be Onaverage,cylinderchangeouts/deliveryshouldbenomorethanonce/week.

    Example:ShimadzuGC2010p Maxflowof1200mL/min 1200mL/min=72L/hour=2.54cubicfeetperhour(CFH) Recall,astandardheliumcylindercontains~300cubicfeet,so

    1cylinderwilllast~118hoursor5daysy y

  • How do we protect the system?Howdoweprotectthesystem?

    Question #8: What type of safetyQuestion#8: WhattypeofsafetyequipmentdoIneed? Protect the gas control equipment Protectthegascontrolequipment

    Protect the analytical equipment Protecttheanalyticalequipment

    P t t th l i th i t Protectthepeopleusingtheequipment

  • Protecting the SystemProtectingtheSystem

    Pipeline ProtectionPipelineProtection DualSafetyReliefValveAssembly

    PROTECT = PRESSURE RELIEF VALVESPROTECT=PRESSURERELIEFVALVES ISOLATE=SHUTOFFBALLVALVE BYPASS=DIVERTERVALVE/ISOLATIONVALVECOMBO/ VENT/PURGE=BLEEDBallValve Sample/TestPort TieInPort

  • Protecting the SystemProtectingtheSystem

    SeePg.18

  • Protecting the Analytical EquipmentProtectingtheAnalyticalEquipment

    PointofUse EquipmentPoint of UseEquipment PrecisePressureControlPrecise Flow Control PreciseFlowControl

    Filtration/PurificationM lti l E i t C t l MultipleEquipmentControls

  • Protecting the InstrumentsProtectingtheInstruments

  • Protecting PersonnelProtectingPersonnel

    Audio/Visual AlarmsAudio/VisualAlarms ProperSignage Gas Detection Equipment GasDetectionEquipment VoiceDialersFl hi B FlashingBeacons

    FailSafeAutomaticShutoffs ExcessiveFlowShutoffs GasCabinets

  • Gas CabinetsThecodeisasclearasMUD!

    GasCabinets Question#9:DoIneedagascabinet?

    NFPA 55 is the standard for storage use and NFPA55isthestandardforstorage,useandhandlingofcompressedgases.

    NFPA55dividesgasesinto5classesg Corrosives{Section7.5} Flammables{Section7.6}

    HYDROGEN {Chapter 10} HYDROGEN{Chapter10} Oxidizers{Section7.7} Pyrophorics {Section7.8}

    Thingsthatmake Toxic&HighlyToxics{Section7.9} yougohmmm

  • HowdoIknowwhattypeofgasIam

    dealing with?dealingwith?

    SeePg.20

  • Compressed Gas ClassificationsCompressedGasClassifications

    Corrosives{Section7.5}{ } Ammonia,Chlorine,HydrogenSulfide,SulfurDioxide

    Flammables{Section7.6} Hydrogen,Acetylene,Methane

    Oxidizers{Section7.7}Oxygen Nitrous Oxide Oxygen,NitrousOxide

    Pyrophorics {Section7.8} Silane

    Toxic&HighlyToxics{Section7.9} Ammonia,CarbonMonoxide,Chlorine

  • Thesystemischaracterizedbythediamondshapethatisactuallyasquareonpointshape.Itidentifiesthehazardsofamaterialandthedegreeofseverityofth h lth fl bilit d i t bilit h d Ha ard se erit is indicated b athehealth,flammability,andinstabilityhazards.Hazardseverityisindicatedbyanumericalratingthatrangesfromzero(0)indicatingaminimalhazard,tofour(4)indicatingaseverehazard.Thehazardsarearrangedspatiallyasfollows:healthatnineo'clockposition,flammabilityattwelveo'clockposition,andinstabilityatthreeo'clockposition.Inadditiontothespatialorientationthatcanbeusedtodistinguishthehazards,theyarealsocolorcodedasfollows:blueforhealth,redforflammability,andyellowforinstability.

  • ThistableappliestoALL gases.

  • GC Application Hydrogen UseGCApplication HydrogenUse

    HowmuchHydrogenisrequired?o uc yd oge s equ ed? RecallfromourchartHydrogenisFlammable!!! FortheGCw/FIDweneed~50mL/min

  • Safe Storage of Gas CylindersSafeStorageofGasCylinders

  • GC Application Cylinder LocationGCApplication CylinderLocation

  • Question ReviewQuestionReview

    Question#1:Whatistheapplication? Question#2:Whatarethegasesrequired? Question#3:Whataremyallowablematerialsof

    construction?construction? Question#4:Whatarethepressureandflowrequirements? Question#5:Whatisthesourceofsupply?

    Q ti #6 Wh t t f if ld/ i t d I i ? Question#6:Whattypeofmanifold/equipmentdoIrequire? Question#7:HowmanycylindersdoIneed? Question#8:WhattypeofsafetyequipmentdoIneed,inyp y q p

    ordertoprotectthebothgascontrolandanalyticalequipmentandthepersonnelusingthem?

    Question#9:DoIneedagascabinet?g

  • Useful DocumentsUsefulDocuments

    SeePg.8&9

  • SUMMARYSUMMARY

  • Questions or CommentsQuestionsorComments

  • Weappreciateyourtime.Thanksforattending!

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