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Stanford, Mar 21, 2005 P. Colas - Microme gas TPC 1 Results from a Micromegas Results from a Micromegas TPC Cosmic Ray Test TPC Cosmic Ray Test Berkeley-Orsay-Saclay Progress Report Berkeley-Orsay-Saclay Progress Report Reminder: the Berkeley- Reminder: the Berkeley- Orsay-Saclay cosmic setup Orsay-Saclay cosmic setup News since the Paris News since the Paris LCWS04 : cosmic ray data LCWS04 : cosmic ray data taking taking Preliminary results Preliminary results First MC studies First MC studies Future plans Future plans P. Colas 5 , I. Giomataris 5 , V. Lepeltier 4 , M. Ronan 1 , K. Sachs 2 , T. Zerguerras 3 1) LBNL Berkeley, 2) Carleton Univ., 3) IPN Orsay, 4) LAL Orsay, 5) DAPNIA Saclay 2005 LC WORKSHOP

Stanford, Mar 21, 2005P. Colas - Micromegas TPC1 Results from a Micromegas TPC Cosmic Ray Test Berkeley-Orsay-Saclay Progress Report Reminder: the Berkeley-Orsay-

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Page 1: Stanford, Mar 21, 2005P. Colas - Micromegas TPC1 Results from a Micromegas TPC Cosmic Ray Test Berkeley-Orsay-Saclay Progress Report Reminder: the Berkeley-Orsay-

Stanford, Mar 21, 2005 P. Colas - Micromegas TPC 1

Results from a Micromegas TPC Results from a Micromegas TPC Cosmic Ray TestCosmic Ray Test

Berkeley-Orsay-Saclay Progress ReportBerkeley-Orsay-Saclay Progress Report

Results from a Micromegas TPC Results from a Micromegas TPC Cosmic Ray TestCosmic Ray Test

Berkeley-Orsay-Saclay Progress ReportBerkeley-Orsay-Saclay Progress Report

• Reminder: the Berkeley-Reminder: the Berkeley-

Orsay-Saclay cosmic setupOrsay-Saclay cosmic setup

• News since the Paris LCWS04 News since the Paris LCWS04

: cosmic ray data taking: cosmic ray data taking

• Preliminary resultsPreliminary results

• First MC studiesFirst MC studies

• Future plansFuture plans

P. Colas5, I. Giomataris5, V. Lepeltier4, M. Ronan1, K. Sachs2, T. Zerguerras3

1) LBNL Berkeley, 2) Carleton Univ., 3) IPN Orsay, 4) LAL Orsay, 5) DAPNIA Saclay

2005 LC WORKSHOP

Page 2: Stanford, Mar 21, 2005P. Colas - Micromegas TPC1 Results from a Micromegas TPC Cosmic Ray Test Berkeley-Orsay-Saclay Progress Report Reminder: the Berkeley-Orsay-

Stanford, Mar 21, 2005 P. Colas - Micromegas TPC 2

Berkeley Saclay Orsay

Chamber diameter 50 cm length 50 cm

Copper mesh

50 m pitch

50 m gap

The setupThe setupThe setupThe setup

DAQ speaded up by a factor 20 in May 2004

Trigger improved : 20/min 67% eff.

2T magnet at Saclay

Page 3: Stanford, Mar 21, 2005P. Colas - Micromegas TPC1 Results from a Micromegas TPC Cosmic Ray Test Berkeley-Orsay-Saclay Progress Report Reminder: the Berkeley-Orsay-

Stanford, Mar 21, 2005 P. Colas - Micromegas TPC 3

Online event display Rows 4 & 5

(software from D. Karlen, adapted by M.Ronan)

Page 4: Stanford, Mar 21, 2005P. Colas - Micromegas TPC1 Results from a Micromegas TPC Cosmic Ray Test Berkeley-Orsay-Saclay Progress Report Reminder: the Berkeley-Orsay-

Stanford, Mar 21, 2005 P. Colas - Micromegas TPC 4

Data150 000 cosmic tracks recorded at magnetic fields of 0.1, 0.3, 0.5, 0.7, 1, 1.5 & 2 teslawith Ar-CF4:3%, Ar-CH4:10%(P10), Ar-Isobutane:5% and some TDR gas data.

Trigger simulation shows good understanding of angular distribution.

Page 5: Stanford, Mar 21, 2005P. Colas - Micromegas TPC1 Results from a Micromegas TPC Cosmic Ray Test Berkeley-Orsay-Saclay Progress Report Reminder: the Berkeley-Orsay-

Stanford, Mar 21, 2005 P. Colas - Micromegas TPC 5

2x10 mm2 pads

1024 pads

1x10 mm2 pads

Readout anode pad plane

Track reconstructionTrack reconstructionTrack reconstructionTrack reconstruction

Subtract pedestals, using the first 15 time buckets + 15 after the chamber end

Max-likelihood fit the distribution of the number of electrons per pad with 4 parameters :

(x0, ,1/R, )

is the track width

2 programs: one by D. Karlen, adapted by M. Ronan, in Java, and one by K. Sachs in F95, adapted by P.C. and T. Zerguerras.

Page 6: Stanford, Mar 21, 2005P. Colas - Micromegas TPC1 Results from a Micromegas TPC Cosmic Ray Test Berkeley-Orsay-Saclay Progress Report Reminder: the Berkeley-Orsay-

Stanford, Mar 21, 2005 P. Colas - Micromegas TPC 6

Plot truncated mean energy deposition vs drift distance, and fit an exp. dependance

attenutation length in ArCF4 > 440 cm at 90% C.L.

Attenuation in Ar+3% CF4

Page 7: Stanford, Mar 21, 2005P. Colas - Micromegas TPC1 Results from a Micromegas TPC Cosmic Ray Test Berkeley-Orsay-Saclay Progress Report Reminder: the Berkeley-Orsay-

Stanford, Mar 21, 2005 P. Colas - Micromegas TPC 7

dE/dx measurement

Plot average truncated mean vs momentum for our cosmic tracks:

Bethe-Bloch curve clearly visible, with the relativistic rise and the 1/2 fall-off

Page 8: Stanford, Mar 21, 2005P. Colas - Micromegas TPC1 Results from a Micromegas TPC Cosmic Ray Test Berkeley-Orsay-Saclay Progress Report Reminder: the Berkeley-Orsay-

Stanford, Mar 21, 2005 P. Colas - Micromegas TPC 8

Gas mixture

E drift (V/cm)

Vdrift

(cm/s)Magboltz

Ar+5%iso 210 4.24±0.08 4.17

P10 66 4.43±0.07 4.46

P10 150 5.61±0.09 5.50

Ar+3%CF4 200 8.8±0.2 8.51

Drift velocity measurement

sAr+3%CF4

Select tracks near the far end. Look at the time at which they exit the chamber. Add offset 200+-100 ns (trigger delay)

Divide by the length (47.9 cm)

Excellent agreement with Magboltz

(S. Biaggi, 2004)

within 2% accuracy!

Page 9: Stanford, Mar 21, 2005P. Colas - Micromegas TPC1 Results from a Micromegas TPC Cosmic Ray Test Berkeley-Orsay-Saclay Progress Report Reminder: the Berkeley-Orsay-

Stanford, Mar 21, 2005 P. Colas - Micromegas TPC 9

Transverse diffusion measurements

Fit = (02+DT

2z)

Ar CF4

B=0.3T

Ar CF4

Page 10: Stanford, Mar 21, 2005P. Colas - Micromegas TPC1 Results from a Micromegas TPC Cosmic Ray Test Berkeley-Orsay-Saclay Progress Report Reminder: the Berkeley-Orsay-

Stanford, Mar 21, 2005 P. Colas - Micromegas TPC 10

Transverse diffusion Monte Carlo

Check with MC:

input 140 m/cm

Fit 137.5 +- 1.0 m/cm

Page 11: Stanford, Mar 21, 2005P. Colas - Micromegas TPC1 Results from a Micromegas TPC Cosmic Ray Test Berkeley-Orsay-Saclay Progress Report Reminder: the Berkeley-Orsay-

Stanford, Mar 21, 2005 P. Colas - Micromegas TPC 11

Transverse diffusion Results

97:3

PRELIMINARY

Page 12: Stanford, Mar 21, 2005P. Colas - Micromegas TPC1 Results from a Micromegas TPC Cosmic Ray Test Berkeley-Orsay-Saclay Progress Report Reminder: the Berkeley-Orsay-

Stanford, Mar 21, 2005 P. Colas - Micromegas TPC 12

Transverse diffusion Results

Expect DT=DT(B=0)/(1+22)

Plot 1/DT2 vs B2

Find good agreement for ArIsobutane and ArCF4, but factor of 2 in 22/B2DT

2(0) for P10.

Page 13: Stanford, Mar 21, 2005P. Colas - Micromegas TPC1 Results from a Micromegas TPC Cosmic Ray Test Berkeley-Orsay-Saclay Progress Report Reminder: the Berkeley-Orsay-

Stanford, Mar 21, 2005 P. Colas - Micromegas TPC 13

Resolution studies

Fit residuals distribution with all lines in the track fit, and with all except one. The point resolution is point=(withxwout).

Plot point vs z : observe resolutions about 100 m and variation with z due to diffusion

Resistive foil probably needed to obtain the full resolution that Micromegas can yield.

Gain~500

Gain~2000

Page 14: Stanford, Mar 21, 2005P. Colas - Micromegas TPC1 Results from a Micromegas TPC Cosmic Ray Test Berkeley-Orsay-Saclay Progress Report Reminder: the Berkeley-Orsay-

Stanford, Mar 21, 2005 P. Colas - Micromegas TPC 14

Resolution studies

Results obtained at Carleton with M. Dixit et al. (see next talk) using 4.5 keV X-rays

Being reproduced with a photo-electron laser source at IPN Orsay

80 resol. with

2mm pads

Page 15: Stanford, Mar 21, 2005P. Colas - Micromegas TPC1 Results from a Micromegas TPC Cosmic Ray Test Berkeley-Orsay-Saclay Progress Report Reminder: the Berkeley-Orsay-

Stanford, Mar 21, 2005 P. Colas - Micromegas TPC 15

MPI-KEK beam test in preparation

(With R. Settles, T. Matsuda, A. Sugiyama et al., M. Dixit et al., Ph. Rosier, …)

Detector PCB, mechanical adapter and mesh ready.

Soldering of RO connections in progress (380 wires).

Field cage

Soldering tool

Page 16: Stanford, Mar 21, 2005P. Colas - Micromegas TPC1 Results from a Micromegas TPC Cosmic Ray Test Berkeley-Orsay-Saclay Progress Report Reminder: the Berkeley-Orsay-

Stanford, Mar 21, 2005 P. Colas - Micromegas TPC 16

ConclusionsConclusionsConclusionsConclusions

The Berkeley-Orsay Saclay Micromegas TPC has taken good data and is performing interesting measurements.

Monte Carlo is now available for the diffusion and resolution studies.

Bulk Micromegas now produced daily at Saclay. A new method for cutting bulks is developped.

Future plans include:

Perform beam tests in the MPI setup at KEK

Intensify electronics R&D